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The Bahmani Sultanate
Bahmani Sultanate
(also called the Bahmanid Empire or Bahmani Kingdom) was a Muslim state of the Deccan in South India
India
and one of the major medieval Indian kingdoms.[3] Bahmanid Sultanate was the first independent Muslim kingdom in South India.[4] The empire was established by Turkic general Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah after revolting against the Delhi Sultanate
Delhi Sultanate
of Muhammad bin Tughlaq.[5] Nazir Uddin Ismail Shah who had revolted against the Delhi Sultanate stepped down on that day in favour of Bahman Shah. His revolt was successful, and he established an independent state on the Deccan within the Delhi Sultanate's southern provinces. The Bahmani capital was Hasanabad (Gulbarga) between 1347 and 1425 when it was moved to Muhammadabad (Bidar). The Bahmani contested the control of the Deccan with the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
to the south. The sultanate reached the peak of its power during the vizierate (1466–1481) of Mahmud Gawan. The south Indian Emperor Krishnadevaraya
Krishnadevaraya
of the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
defeated the last remnant of Bahmani Sultanate power after which the Bahmani Sultanate
Bahmani Sultanate
collapsed.[6] After 1518 the sultanate broke up into five states: Nizamshahi of Ahmednagar, Qutb Shahi of Golconda
Golconda
(Hyderabad), Baridshahi of Bidar, Imadshahi of Berar, Adilshahi of Bijapur... They are collectively known as the "Deccan Sultanates".

Contents

1 History 2 Culture 3 List of Bahmani Shahs 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

History[edit] Further information: History of the Bahmani Sultanate

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2016)

Culture[edit] Later rulers of the dynasty believed that they descended from Bahman, the mythological figure of Greater Iranian legend and lore. The Bahamani Sultans were patrons of the Persian language, culture and literature, and some members of the dynasty became well-versed in that language and composed its literature in that language.[4] The craftspersons of Bidar
Bidar
were so famed for their inlay work on copper and silver that it came to be known as Bidri. List of Bahmani Shahs[edit]

Titular Name Personal Name Reign

Independence from Sultan
Sultan
of Delhi, Muhammad Tughlaq.

Shah شاہ‬ Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah علاء الدین حسن بہمن شاہ‬ Ala-ad-Din Bahman Shah I حسن گنگو‬ 3 August 1347 – 11 February 1358

Shah شاہ‬ Mohammad Shah I محمد شاہ بہمنی ‬ 11 February 1358 – 21 April 1375

Shah شاہ‬ Ala-ud-Din Mujahid Shah علاء الدین مجاہد شاہ ‬ Mujahid Shah 21 April 1375 – 16 April 1378

Shah شاہ‬ Dawood Shah داود شاہ بہمنی‬ 16 April 1378 – 22 May 1378

Shah شاہ‬ Mohammad Shah II محمود شاہ بہمنی‬ 21 May 1378 – 20 April 1397

Shah شاہ‬ Ghiyath-ad-din Shah عیاث الدین شاہ بہمنی‬ 20 April 1397 – 14 June 1397

Shah شاہ‬ Shams-ad-din Shah شمس الدین شاہ بہمنی‬ Puppet King Under Lachin Khan Turk 14 June 1397 – 15 November 1397

Shah شاہ‬ Taj-ud-Din Feroze Shah تاج الدین فیروز شاہ ‬ Feroze Shah فیروز خان‬ 24 November 1397 – 1 October 1422

Shah شاہ‬ Ahmed Shah Wali Bahmani احمد شاہ ولی بہمنی‬ 1 October 1422 – 17 April 1436

Shah شاہ‬ Ala-ud-Din Ahmed Shah علاء الدین احمد شاہ ‬ Ala-ud-Din Ahmed Shah Bahmani علاء الدین احمد شاہ بہمنی‬ 17 April 1436 – 6 May 1458

Shah شاہ‬ Ala-ud-Din Humayun Shah علاء الدین ھمایوں شاہ ‬ Humayun Shah Zalim Bahmani ھمایوں شاہ ظالم بہمنی‬ 7 May 1458 – 4 September 1461

Shah شاہ‬ Nizam Shah Bahmani نظام شاہ بہمنی‬ 4 September 1461 – 30 July 1463

Shah شاہ‬ Muhammad Shah Lashkari محمد شاہ لشکری‬ Muhammad Shah Bahmani II محمد شاہ بہمنی دوئم ‬ 30 July 1463 – 26 March 1482

Vira Shah ویرا شاہ‬ Mahmood Shah Bahmani II محمود شاہ بہمنی دوئم‬ 26 March 1482 – 27 December 1518

Shah شاہ‬ Ahmed Shah Bahmani II احمد شاہ بہمنی دوئم‬ Puppet King Under Amir Barid I 27 December 1518 – 15 December 1520

Shah شاہ‬ Ala-ud-Din Shah علاء الدین شاہ ‬ Ala-ud-Din Shah Bahmani II علاء الدین شاہ بہمنی دوئم‬ Puppet King Under Amir Barid I 28 December 1520 – 5 March 1523

Shah شاہ‬ Waliullah Shah Bahmani ولی اللہ شاہ بہمنی‬ Puppet King Under Amir Barid I 5 March 1522 – 1526

Shah شاہ‬ Kaleemullah Shah Bahmani کلیم اللہ شاہ بہمنی‬ Puppet King Under Amir Barid I 1525–1527

Dissolution of the Sultanate into 5 Kingdoms namely; Bidar
Bidar
Sultanate; Ahmednagar Sultanate; Bijapur Sultanate; Golconda
Golconda
Sultanate and Berar Sultanate.

Great Mosque in Gulbarga
Gulbarga
Fort

Taj ud-Din Firuz Shah
Taj ud-Din Firuz Shah
of the Bahmani Sultanate's Firman.

Ahmad Shah I Wali.

Tomb of Ahmad Shah I Wali.

Mahmud Gawan Madrasa
Mahmud Gawan Madrasa
was built by Mahmud Gawan, the Vizier
Vizier
of the Bahmani Sultanate
Bahmani Sultanate
as the centre of learning in the Deccan.

See also[edit]

Military of Vijayanagara

References[edit]

^ Shia Islam
Shia Islam
in India, Islamic Civilization in South Asia: A History of Muslim Power and Presence in the Indian subcontinent, (Routledge, 2013), 91. ^ Farooqui Salma Ahmed, A Comprehensive History of Medieval India: From Twelfth to the Mid-Eighteenth Century, (Dorling Kindersley Pvt. Ltd., 2011), 170. ^ "The Five Kingdoms of the Bahmani Sultanate". orbat.com. Archived from the original on 23 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-05.  ^ a b Ansari, N.H. "Bahmanid Dynasty" Archived 19 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Encyclopaedia Iranica ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 106–108, 117. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.  ^ Eaton, Richard M. A Social History of the Deccan, 1300–1761: Eight Indian Lives. p. 88. 

Further reading[edit]

Avari, Burjor (2013), Islamic Civilization in South Asia: A history of Muslim power and presence in the Indian subcontinent, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-58061-8  Kulke, Hermann; Rothermund, Dietmar (2004), A History of India
India
(Fourth ed.), Routledge 

External links[edit]

Library of Congress – A Co

.