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Bahdinan[1] or Badinan (1376–1843)[citation needed] was one of the most powerful and enduring Muslim
Muslim
Kurdish principalities. It was founded by Baha-al-Din originally from Şemzînan area in Hakkari
Hakkari
in sometime between 13th or 14th century CE. The capital of this emirate was Amadiya
Amadiya
for a long time. The rulers of the Bahdinan emirate claim descent from the Abbasid Caliphate, an early dynasty in Islamic history. It was centered in the town of Amadiya
Amadiya
(or Amêdî) in the present-day Dahuk province in Iraqi Kurdistan. The principality also included Akra to the east and Zakho
Zakho
to the west. The principality reached its peak during the reign of Bahram Pasha the Great (re. 1726–1767). Threatened by the expansionist and centralizing efforts of the Ottoman and Safavid
Safavid
empires, Bahdinan princes were drawn into prolonged confrontations with these two rival powers. The Bahdinan rulers, Esamil Pasha and Mohammad Said Pasha were deposed by the emir of the neighboring Soran principality in 1832. However, their rule was restored after the Ottomans defeated Soran in 1834. Although the Soran influence lasted only for a few years, the Bahdinan principality never fully recovered. Pursuing their centralization policy, the Ottomans overthrew the Bahdinan principality in 1843 (or 1838) and incorporated it in the Sandjak of Mosul. The most famous ancient library in the region, in the Qubehan school at Amadiya, was destroyed by British troops putting down a revolt in the region in 1919, although some 400 manuscripts were rescued and eventually found their way into the Iraq Museum’s collection.[2] References[edit]

^ Michael Eppel (13 September 2016). A People Without a State: The Kurds from the Rise of Islam to the Dawn of Nationalism. University of Texas Press. pp. 34–. ISBN 978-1-4773-0913-1.  ^ Faraj, S.S. Libraries and Librarianship in Iraqi Kurdistan. In: Libraries in the Early 21st Century: An International Perspective, edited by R.N. Sharma, vol.2, 297-311. 2012. Berlin: de Gruyter Saur.

Bahdinan, Encyclopædia Iranica, p. 485, By Amir Hassanpour. Bahdīnān [permanent dead link], The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Brill Academic Publishers.

See also[edit]

Bahdini

v t e

Islamic dynasties in Mashriq
Mashriq
region

Umayyads (661–750) Abbasids (750–1258) Tulunids
Tulunids
(868–905) Hamdanids (890-1004) Hadhabani
Hadhabani
(10th-11th century) Fatimids (909-1171) Ikhsidids (935–969) Jarrahids
Jarrahids
(970-11th/12th century) Numayrids (990-1081) Marwanids
Marwanids
(990-1085) Uqaylids (990-1096) Mirdasids (1024-1080) Artuqids
Artuqids
(11th–12th century) Burids (1104–1154) Zengids (1127–1250) Ayyubids (1171–1341) Lu'lu'ids (1234-1262) Bahri (1250–1382) Bahdinan (1376-1843) Burji (1382–1517) Harfush (15th-19th century) Soran (16th-19th century) Ridwan (1560s-1690) Baban
Baban
(1649–1850) Shihabs (1697-1842) Mamluks (1704-1831) Jalilis (1726-1834) Alawiyya (1805–1952) Hashemites
Hashemites
of Iraq (1921–1958) Hashemites
Hashemites
of Jordan (1921–present)

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