Bahdinan or Badinan (1376–1843) was one of the
most powerful and enduring
Muslim Kurdish principalities. It was
founded by Baha-al-Din originally from Şemzînan area in
sometime between 13th or 14th century CE. The capital of this emirate
Amadiya for a long time. The rulers of the
Bahdinan emirate claim
descent from the Abbasid Caliphate, an early dynasty in Islamic
It was centered in the town of
Amadiya (or Amêdî) in the present-day
Dahuk province in Iraqi Kurdistan. The principality also included Akra
to the east and
Zakho to the west. The principality reached its peak
during the reign of Bahram Pasha the Great (re. 1726–1767).
Threatened by the expansionist and centralizing efforts of the Ottoman
Bahdinan princes were drawn into prolonged
confrontations with these two rival powers. The
Esamil Pasha and Mohammad Said Pasha were deposed by the emir of the
neighboring Soran principality in 1832. However, their rule was
restored after the Ottomans defeated Soran in 1834. Although the Soran
influence lasted only for a few years, the
Bahdinan principality never
fully recovered. Pursuing their centralization policy, the Ottomans
Bahdinan principality in 1843 (or 1838) and incorporated
it in the
Sandjak of Mosul.
The most famous ancient library in the region, in the Qubehan school
at Amadiya, was destroyed by British troops putting down a revolt in
the region in 1919, although some 400 manuscripts were rescued and
eventually found their way into the Iraq Museum’s collection.
^ Michael Eppel (13 September 2016). A People Without a State: The
Kurds from the Rise of Islam to the Dawn of Nationalism. University of
Texas Press. pp. 34–. ISBN 978-1-4773-0913-1.
^ Faraj, S.S. Libraries and Librarianship in Iraqi Kurdistan. In:
Libraries in the Early 21st Century: An International Perspective,
edited by R.N. Sharma, vol.2, 297-311. 2012. Berlin: de Gruyter Saur.
Bahdinan, Encyclopædia Iranica, p. 485, By Amir Hassanpour.
Bahdīnān [permanent dead link], The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Brill
Islamic dynasties in
Hadhabani (10th-11th century)
Jarrahids (970-11th/12th century)
Artuqids (11th–12th century)
Harfush (15th-19th century)
Soran (16th-19th century)
Hashemites of Iraq (1921–1958)
Hashemites of Jordan (1921–present)
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