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Baggage
Baggage
or luggage consists of bags, cases, and containers which hold a traveller's articles while the traveler is in transit. [1] The modern traveller can be expected to have packages containing clothing, toiletries, small possessions, trip necessities, and on the return-trip, souvenirs. For some people, luggage and the style thereof is representative of the owner's wealth. Baggage
Baggage
(not luggage),[2] or baggage train, can also refer to the train of people and goods, both military and of a personal nature, which commonly followed pre-modern armies on campaign.

Contents

1 Overview 2 Etymology 3 Types of luggage 4 Luggage features

4.1 Wheels

5 Hold luggage 6 Hand luggage
Hand luggage
(carry-on) 7 Baggage
Baggage
claim/reclaim 8 Left luggage 9 Luggage forwarding 10 Military baggage 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Overview[edit] Luggage has changed over time. Historically the most common types of luggage were chests or trunks made of wood or other heavy materials. These would be shipped by professional movers. Since the Second World War smaller and more lightweight suitcases and bags that can be carried by an individual have become the main form of luggage. Etymology[edit] According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word baggage comes from Old French bagage (from baguer "tie up") or from bagues ("bundles"). It may also be related to the word bag.[3] Also according to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word luggage originally meant inconveniently heavy baggage and comes from the verb lug and the suffix -age.[4] Types of luggage[edit]

A set of custom made (bespoke) suitcases.

Carpet bag.

Trunk - A wooden box, generally much larger than other kinds of luggage. Trunks come in smaller sizes as in the case of footlockers and larger ones called steamers. These days trunks are more commonly used for storage than transportation. Items large enough to require a trunk are now usually shipped in transport cases. Some of the better known trunk makers are Louis Vuitton, Goyard, Moynat, M. M. Secor
M. M. Secor
and Leatheroid. Suitcase
Suitcase
- A wheeled or non-wheeled luggage, as well as soft or hard side luggage. Garment bag - A style of luggage that folds over on itself to allow long garments such as suits or dresses to be packed flat to avoid creasing. Garment bags come in both wheeled and non-wheeled models, and are usually one of the largest pieces in any set of luggage Tote - A small bag, usually worn on the shoulder Duffle bag
Duffle bag
- A barrel-shaped bag, almost exclusively soft side, is well suited to casual travel, with little organization inside. Carpet bag
Carpet bag
- travel luggage traditionally made from carpets. Packing Cubes - Small rectangular bags of different sizes and different colors created to keep the baggage organized and save space Gate Check Bags - Bags specially designed to protect frequent gate checking items, such as strollers and car seats

Luggage features[edit]

Locks - locks serve multiple purposes; a deterrent to dishonest airport workers and locks also help keep baggage closed during handling. Since 2003 most locks integrated into luggage use the TSA Lock standard developed by Travel
Travel
Sentry to allow opening by the US Transportation Security Administration. Expandable Luggage - suitcases that can be unzipped to expand for more packing space.

Wheels[edit]

Smaller pieces of luggage awaiting loading at airport

Look up rollaboard or roll-aboard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Luggage carriers – light-weight wheeled carts or harnesses on which luggage could be temporarily place or that can be temporarily attached to luggage – date at least to the 1930s, such as in US patent 2,132,316 "Luggage carrier" by Anne W. Newton (filed 1937, published 1938).[5] These were refined over the following decades, as reflected in patents such as US patent 2,650,105 A "Luggage carriage" (filed 1949, published 1953)[6] and US patent 2,670,969 "Luggage carriage harness,[7] both by Kent R. Costikyan.[8] However, the wheels were external to the suitcases. Patents were published for wheeled luggage – a wheeled trunk in 1887, and a wheeled suitcase in 1945 – but these were not successfully commercialized.[9] The first commercially successful rolling suitcases was invented in 1970, when Bernard D. Sadow applied for a patent that was granted in 1972 as United States patent 3,653,474 for "Rolling Luggage".[10] The patent application cited the increase in air travel, and "baggage handling [having] become perhaps the single biggest difficulty encountered by an air passenger", as background of the invention.[11] Sadow's four-wheeled suitcases, pulled using a loose strap, were later surpassed in popularity by suitcases that feature two wheels and are pulled in an upright position using a long handle. These were invented in 1987 by US pilot Robert Plath, and initially sold to crew members. Plath later commercialized them, after travelers became interested after seeing them in use by crew members, and founded the Travelpro company, which marketing the suitcases under the trademark "Rollaboard".[10][12][13] The terms rollaboard and roll-aboard are used generically, however. While initially designed for carry-on use (to navigate through a large terminal), as implied by the analogous name, similar designs are also used for checked baggage. More recently, four-wheeled luggage with casters has become popular, notably since their use by Samsonite
Samsonite
in the 2004 version of their signature Silhouette line.[14] These are otherwise similar in design to two-wheel roll-aboards, with a vertical orientation and a retracting handle, but are designed to be pushed beside or in front of the traveler, rather than pulled behind them. These are often referred to as "spinner" luggage, since they can spin about their vertical axis. Sadow attributes the late invention of luggage on wheels to a "macho thing" where "men would not accept suitcases with wheels".[10] Others attribute the late invention to "the abundance of luggage porters with carts in the 1960s, the ease of curbside drop-offs at much smaller airports and the heavy iron casters then available."[15] Hold luggage[edit] Some vehicles have an area specifically for luggage to be held, called the automobile "trunk" in the United States. Items stored in the hold are known as hold luggage. A typical example would be a suitcase. If travelling by coach passengers will often be expected to place their own luggage in the hold, before boarding. Aeroplanes in contrast are loaded by professional baggage handlers. Hand luggage
Hand luggage
(carry-on)[edit]

Hand luggage
Hand luggage
compartments of an Airbus 340-600
Airbus 340-600
aircraft (economy class)

Main article: Hand luggage Passengers are allowed to carry a limited number of smaller bags with them in the vehicle, these are known as hand luggage (more commonly referred to as carry-on in North America), and contain valuables and items needed during the journey. There is normally storage space provided for hand luggage, either under seating, or in overhead lockers. Trains often have luggage racks at the ends of the carriage near the doors, or above the seats if there are compartments. There are differing views between North America
North America
and Europe in relation to the rules concerning the amount of baggage carried on to aircraft. In North America
North America
there is considerable debate as to whether passengers carry too many bags on board and that their weight could be a risk to other passengers and flight safety. US airlines are beginning to introduce weight and size restrictions for carry-on baggage. Whereas in Europe, many airlines, especially low-cost airlines, impose what is commonly known as "the one-bag rule". This is a restriction imposed to stop excessive weight on board and airlines claim that this policy allows them to speed the boarding of the aircraft. Airports in Europe have mounted a campaign with the European Commission in an attempt to overturn these hand luggage regulations.[citation needed] They claim that it is affecting their duty-free and other airport retail sales and is reducing their revenues. Baggage
Baggage
claim/reclaim[edit] In airport terminals, a baggage claim or reclaim area is an area where arriving passengers claim checked-in baggage after disembarking from an airline flight. At most airports and many train stations, baggage is delivered to the passenger on a baggage carousel. Left luggage[edit]

The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. (February 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Left luggage, also luggage storage or bag storage, is a place where one can temporarily store one's luggage so as to not have to carry it. Left luggage is not synonymous with lost luggage. Often at an airport or train station there may be a staffed 'left luggage counter' or simply a coin-operated or automated locker system. With higher threats of terrorism all around the globe, this type of public storage is disappearing.[citation needed]. Left luggage is often a concern; one such example includes when Ben Carson
Ben Carson
interjected “My luggage!” before walking away from a CNN interview. Luggage forwarding[edit] Luggage forwarding, also known as luggage shipping or luggage logistics, is a type of speciality shipping service that has been available for approximately 10 years and has grown in demand, particularly after the September 11, 2001 attacks. The purpose of luggage forwarding is to reduce the hassles of baggage handling commonly experienced by airline passengers at airports. Military baggage[edit] Baggage
Baggage
can also refer to the train of people and goods, both military and of a personal nature, which commonly followed pre-modern armies on campaign. The baggage was considered a strategic resource and guarded by a rear guard. Its loss was considered to weaken and demoralize an army, leading to rearguard attacks such as that at the Battle of Agincourt. See also[edit]

Luggage scale Luggage lock Okoban Suitcase Travel
Travel
pack Gate checking Transportation Security Administration
Transportation Security Administration
(TSA) Emotional baggage (colloquialism referring to unresolved psychological issues)

References[edit]

^ "Luggage" is more or less a synonym of "baggage" but is normally used in relation to the personal baggage of a specific person or persons (e.g. I have lost my luggage, he has prepared his luggage, but not normally I have lost my baggage, he has prepared his baggage). ^ "What's the Difference Between Luggage and Baggage?". Retrieved 2016-10-13.  ^ http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/english/baggage ^ http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/luggage ^ US 2,132,316 A ^ US 2,650,105 ^ US 2,670,969 A ^ See citations at patents and US 3,532,355 for more. ^ Daniel A. Gross (2014-05-09). "The History of the Humble Suitcase". Smithsonian.  ^ a b c Sharkey, Joe (4 October 2010). "Reinventing the Suitcase
Suitcase
by Adding the Wheel". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 April 2015.  ^ United States patent 3,653,474 ^ Travelpro Staff (2010-06-17). "The History Of Rolling Luggage". Archived from the original on 2010-07-08.  ^ US Serial Number 74170453, US Registration Number 1706770 ^ Blane Bachelor (2014-05-30). "The history of luggage".  ^ Ridely, Matt (14 September 2012). "Don't Look for Inventions Before Their Time". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 8 April 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Luggage

Baggage
Baggage
travel guide from Wikivoyage

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Luggage.

v t e

Bags and flexible containers

Carried

Bayong Bindle Briefcase Dillybag Dromedary bag Grocery bag Handbag Haversack Laundry bag Medical bag Money bag Plastic shopping bag Reusable shopping bag Shell purse Shopping bag String bag Swag Tote bag Tucker bag

Worn

Backpack Bandolier bag Bivouac sack Book bag Fanny pack Golf bag Lightweight Rucksack Medicine bag Messenger bag Randoseru Sabretache Satchel Sporran

Luggage

Battle bag Carpet bag Diaper bag Diplomatic bag / pouch Duffel bag Gig bag Gladstone bag Hobo bag Holdall Nomadic bag Norfolk case Portmanteau Saddlebag Suitcase Toiletry bag Travel
Travel
pack Trunk

Postal

Catcher pouch Mail bag Mail pouch Mail sack Mail satchel Mochila Padded mailer Portmanteau

Containers

Antistatic bag Bag-in-box Bin bag Bota bag Flexible intermediate bulk container Boil-in-Bag Mashk Milk bag Packet (container) Paper bag Parfleche Pipe bag Plastic bag Reusable shopping bag Sachet Security bag Shopping bag Thermal bag Tobacco pouch Trash bag Zipper storage bag

Purses/handbags

Bayong Birkin bag Coin purse Evening bag Handbag It Bag Kelly bag Messenger bag Minaudière Money bag Tote bag Wallet Wristlet

Other

Body bag Burn bag Cowboy bedroll Doggy bag Dry bag Duluth pack Feedbag Flour sack Gamow bag Gunny sack Sandbag Schultüte Sickness bag Sleeping bag Stuff sack

v t e

Commercial air travel

Airlines

Airline
Airline
codes Airline
Airline
holding companies Charter airlines Low-cost airlines Passenger airlines Regional airlines

Alliances

Oneworld SkyTeam Star Alliance Value Alliance Vanilla Alliance U-FLY Alliance

Trade groups

International (ACO ATAG IATA IATAN ISTAT) United States (A4A RAA) Europe (AEA EBAA ELFAA ERA) Other regions (AACO AAPA AFRAA RAAA)

Aircrew

Captain First Officer Second Officer Third Officer Flight attendant Flight engineer Loadmaster Pilot Purser Deadheading

Airliner

Travel
Travel
class

First class (aviation) First class travel Business Premium economy Economy

Aircraft cabin Aircraft lavatory Aircraft seat map Airline
Airline
meal Airline
Airline
seat Buy on board Crew rest compartment In-flight entertainment Inflight smoking Galley Sickness bag

Airport

Aerodrome Airline
Airline
hub Airport
Airport
check-in Airport
Airport
lounge Airport
Airport
rail link Airport
Airport
terminal Airstair Boarding Domestic airport Gate International airport Jet bridge Low cost carrier terminal Runway Transit hotel

Customs
Customs
/ Immigration

Arrival card
Arrival card
(Landing card) Border control Departure card Passport Timatic Travel
Travel
document Visa

Environmental impact

Hypermobility Impact on environment

Law

Air transport agreement

Bermuda Agreement
Bermuda Agreement
(UK-US, 1946-78) Bermuda II Agreement (UK-US, 1978-2008) China-US Cross-Strait charter
Cross-Strait charter
(China-Taiwan)

Beijing Convention Cape Town Treaty Chicago Convention Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives European Common Aviation Area Flight permit Freedoms of the air Hague Hijacking Convention Hague Protocol ICAO Montreal Convention Open skies
Open skies
(EU–US Open Skies Agreement) Paris Convention of 1919 Rome Convention Sabotage Convention Tokyo Convention Warsaw Convention

Luggage

Bag tag Baggage
Baggage
allowance Baggage
Baggage
carousel Baggage
Baggage
cart Baggage
Baggage
reclaim Baggage
Baggage
handler Baggage
Baggage
handling system Checked baggage Hand luggage Lost luggage Luggage lock

Safety

Air Navigation and Transport
Transport
Act Air rage Air traffic control
Air traffic control
(ATC) Aircraft safety card Airport
Airport
authority Airport
Airport
crash tender Airport
Airport
police Airport
Airport
security Brace position Evacuation slide Flight recorder National aviation authority Overwing exits Pre-flight safety demonstration Sky marshal Unruly aircraft passenger

Ticketing

Airline
Airline
booking ploys Airline
Airline
reservations system Airline
Airline
ticket Airline
Airline
timetable Bereavement flight Boarding pass Codeshare agreement Continent pass Electronic ticket Fare basis code Flight cancellation and delay Frequent-flyer program Government contract flight One-way travel Open-jaw ticket Passenger name record Red-eye flight Round-the-world ticket Standby Tracking Travel
Travel
agency Travel
Travel
website

Groundcrew

Aircraft maintenance technician Aircraft ground handler Baggage
Baggage
handler Flight dispatcher

Miscellaneous

Mile high club

Authority control

.