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Badrinath
Badrinath
is a holy town and a nagar panchayat in Chamoli district
Chamoli district
in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is the most important of the four sites in India's Char Dham
Char Dham
pilgrimage and gets its name from the temple of Badrinath.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Temple 4 Legend 5 Geography 6 Demographics 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Name[edit] Badri refers to a berry that was said to grow abundantly in the area, and nath means "Lord of". Badri is also the Sanskrit name for the Indian Jujube
Jujube
tree,[1] which has an edible berry. Some scriptural references refer to Jujube
Jujube
trees being abundant in Badrinath. History[edit] Badrinath
Badrinath
was re-established as a major pilgrimage site by Adi Shankara in the 7th century.[2] In earlier days, pilgrims used to walk hundreds of miles to visit Badrinath
Badrinath
temple.[3] The temple has been repeatedly destroyed by earthquakes and avalanches. As late as the First World War, the town consisted only of the 20-odd huts used by the temple's staff, but the site drew thousands each year and up to 50,000 on its duodecennial festivals (every twelve years).[4] In recent years its popularity has increased still more, with an estimated 600,000 pilgrims visiting during the 2006 season,[5] compared to 90,676 in 1961.[6] The temple in Badrinath is also a sacred pilgrimage site for Vaishnavites. Badrinath
Badrinath
is also gateway to several mountaineering expeditions headed to mountains like Nilkantha.[3] Temple[edit] Main article: Badrinath
Badrinath
Temple

Badrinath
Badrinath
is one of the most popular and religious holy towns of the Hindus located at Chamoli district
Chamoli district
of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
in India.

Badrinath temple
Badrinath temple
in night after closing ceremony.

Neelkanth Parbat from Badrinath

View from Badrinath

Badrinath
Badrinath
Town

Badrinath Temple
Badrinath Temple
surroundings

Sheeshtaal (Sheshnaag lake)

The Badrinath temple
Badrinath temple
is the main attraction in the town. According to legend Shankar discovered a black stone image of Lord Badrinarayan made of Saligram
Saligram
stone in the Alaknanda River. He originally enshrined it in a cave near the Tapt Kund hot springs.[6][7] In the sixteenth century, the King of Garhwal moved the murti to the present temple.[6] The temple is approximately 50 ft (15 m) tall with a small cupola on top, covered with a gold gilt roof.[6] The facade is built of stone, with arched windows. A broad stairway leads up to a tall arched gateway, which is the main entrance. The architecture resembles a Buddhist vihara (temple), with the brightly painted facade also more typical of Buddhist temples.[8] Just inside is the mandapa, a large pillared hall that leads to the garbha grha, or main shrine area. The walls and pillars of the mandapa are covered with intricate carvings.[8] Legend[edit] According to the Bhagavata Purana, "There in Badrikashram the supreme being (Vishnu), in his incarnation as the sages Nara and Narayana, had been undergoing great penance since time immemorial for the welfare of all living entities." ( Bhagavata Purana
Bhagavata Purana
3.4.22) The Badrinath
Badrinath
area is referred to as Badari or Badarikaashram (बदरिकाश्रम) in Hindu scriptures. It is a place sacred to Vishnu, particularly in Vishnu's dual form of Nara-Narayana. Thus, in the Mahabharata, Krishna, addressing Arjuna, says, "Thou wast Nara in a former body, and, with Narayana for thy companion, didst perform dreadful austerity at Badari for many myriads of years."[9][10] One legend has it that when the goddess Ganga was requested to descend to earth to help suffering humanity on the request of suryavansh king bhagiratha, the earth was unable to withstand the force of her descent. Therefore, the mighty Ganga (Ganges) was split into two holy channels, with Alaknanda one of them. Another Legend explains both name and sitting posture as this place was full of Badri bushes and Vishnu
Vishnu
meditating for, beloved Lakshmi stood next to him sheltering him from scorching sunlight turned into a Badri herself called 'BADRI VISHAL' and her lord(Nath) became the BadriNath. The mountains around Badrinath
Badrinath
are mentioned in the Mahabharata, when the Pandavas were said to have expired one by one, when ascending the slopes of a peak in western Garhwal called Swargarohini.(literal meaning - the 'Ascent to Heaven'). The Pandavas passed through Badrinath
Badrinath
and the town of Mana, 4 km north of Badrinath, on their way to Svarga
Svarga
(heaven). There is also a cave in Mana where Vyasa, according to legend, wrote the Mahabharata.[6] The area around Badrinath
Badrinath
was celebrated in Padma Purana as abounding in spiritual treasures.[6] Geography[edit] Badrinath
Badrinath
has an average elevation of 3,100 metres (10,170 feet). It is in the Garhwal Himalayas, on the banks of the Alaknanda River. The town lies between the Nar and Narayana mountain ranges 9 km east of Nilkantha peak (6,596m). Badrinath is located 62 km northwest of Nanda Devi
Nanda Devi
peak and 301 km north of Rishikesh. From Gaurikund (near Kedarnath) to Badrinath
Badrinath
by road is 233 km. Demographics[edit] As of 2001[update] India
India
census,[11] Badrinath
Badrinath
had a population of 841. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Badrinath has an average literacy rate of 89%, ; with 92% of the males and 86% of females literate. 9% of the population is under 6 years of age. See also[edit]

Badri Narayanan temple Vasudhara Falls

Notes[edit]

^ "Ziziphus mauritiana - Ber". flowersofindia.net.  ^ "Badrinath". Archived from the original on 2012-06-15.  ^ a b Wylie, C.G. "Himalayan journal : A PRE-SWISS ATTEMPT ON NILKANTA(1947)". The Himalayan Club. Retrieved 6 June 2013.  ^ EB (1911). ^ The Hindu newspaper, 17 November 2006 ^ a b c d e f Nautiyal, Govind Prasad, Call of Badrinath, Shri Badrinath- Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Temples Committee, 1962. ^ Randhir Prakashan, The Holy Places of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Yatra. ^ a b Sen Gupta, Subhadra, Badrinath
Badrinath
and Kedarnath
Kedarnath
- The Dhaams in the Himalayas, 2002. ISBN 81-7167-617-0 ^ Dowson's Classical Dictionary of Hindu mythology ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India
India
through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 75.  ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

References[edit]

 Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "Badrinath", Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 229   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Badrinath", Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 190 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Badrinath.

Official website of Shri Badarinath - Shri Kedarnath Badrinath
Badrinath
travel guide from Wikivoyage

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Hindu holy cities

India

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Badrinath

Badrinath
Badrinath
Temple

Dwarka

Dwarkadhish Temple

Puri

Jagannath Temple

Rameswaram

Ramanathaswamy Temple

Chota Char Dham

Badrinath

Badrinath
Badrinath
Temple

Kedarnath

Kedarnath
Kedarnath
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Gangotri Yamunotri

Yamunotri
Yamunotri
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Panch Kedar

Kedarnath Tungnath Rudranath Madhyamaheshwar Kalpeshwar

Pancharama Kshetras

Amararama Draksharama Ksheerarama Kumararama Somarama

Six Abodes of Murugan

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Srikalahasti
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Srikalahasti

Thillai Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram

Chidambaram

Annamalaiyar Temple

Tiruvannamalai

Ekambareswarar Temple

Kanchi

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Prayag
(Triveni Sangam) Pushkar Rishikesh Ryali Sabarimala Sapta Puri Somnath Sringeri Shirdi Simhachalam Temple Sonamukhi Srirangam Sri Kurmam Tirumala Tirunavaya Tripunithura Udupi Jajpur Vrindavan Vijayawada Yadagirigutta

Indonesia

Prambanan Gebang Gedong Songo Dieng Plateau Sukuh Ceto Temple Penataran Gunung Kawi Cangkuang Penataran
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Nepal

Kathmandu Janakpurdham Chataradham

Cambodia

Angkor Wat

v t e

Cities and towns in Chamoli district

Chamoli

Auli Badrinath Chamoli Gopeshwar Gochar Govindghat Gwaldam Jyotirmath Karnaprayag Mana Nandaprayag Vishnuprayag

Cities and towns in other districts

Almora Bageshwar Champawat Dehradun Haridwar Nainital Pauri Garhwal Pithoragarh Rudraprayag Tehri Garhwal Udham Sing

.