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Badenoch
Badenoch
(from the Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
Bàideanach meaning drowned land) is a traditional district which today forms part of Badenoch
Badenoch
and Strathspey, an area of Highland Council, in Scotland, bounded on the north by the Monadhliath Mountains, on the east by the Cairngorms and Braemar, on the south by Atholl
Atholl
and the Grampians, and on the west by Lochaber. The capital of Badenoch
Badenoch
is Kingussie.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Population 3 History 4 Economy 5 Notes and references

Geography[edit] The somewhat undefined area of Badenoch
Badenoch
covers 36 miles (58 km) from northeast to southwest and 15 miles (24 km) from north to south, comprising 540 square miles (1,400 km2). Excepting the strath of the Spey and the great glens, it consists almost entirely of wild mountainous country, many hills exceeding 3,000 feet (910 m) in height, and contains in the forests of Alder, Drumochter, Gaick and Feshie some of the best deer country in the Highlands. The principal lochs in Badenoch
Badenoch
are Loch Laggan, Loch Insh
Loch Insh
and Loch Ericht, and the River Spey
River Spey
and its numerous tributaries water the district abundantly. The Highland railway traverses Badenoch
Badenoch
from Dalnaspidal to Boat of Garten.

In modern times Badenoch
Badenoch
comprises the parishes of Alvie, Kingussie and Insh, and Laggan. The former Lordship of Badenoch
Badenoch
also included a detached portion in the east, the parish of Kincardine, now part of Abernethy and Kincardine
Abernethy and Kincardine
parish. As regards the parish of Duthil
Duthil
and Rothiemurchus, the barony of Glencamie in Duthil
Duthil
(from Aviemore to Garten) was attached for a time. Rothiemurchus, which lies between Badenoch
Badenoch
and its former detached portion, was never a part of Badenoch. [1]

Population[edit] The population of Badenoch
Badenoch
at the last census (2011) was as follows:[2]

Parish Population

Alvie 564

Kingussie
Kingussie
and Insh 3100

Laggan 266

TOTAL 3930

The Picts
Picts
inhabited Badenoch, as shown by the placenames which include Pictish prefixes such as Pet (Pitowrie, Pictchim, Pitmean) and Aber (Aberarder), not occurring in Gaelic. [3] However their language was superseded by Gaelic in 11th century and even as late as 1881 74% of Badenoch
Badenoch
was Gaelic speaking (2,685 out of the population of 3,611).[4]

History[edit] From 1229 to 1313 Clan Comyn
Clan Comyn
held the lordship of Badenoch. In 1371 King Robert II granted it to his son Alexander Stewart, 1st earl of Buchan
Buchan
(1343–1405), the "Wolf of Badenoch" or "Alasdair Mòr Mac an Rìgh" ('Great Alexander, son of the king'). Reverting to the crown, the territory came in 1452 to Alexander Gordon, 1st Earl of Huntly, and still gives the title of "Lord of Badenoch" to the marquess of Huntly. The traditional district was eventually combined into the traditional county of Inverness-shire
Inverness-shire
along with the traditional district of Inverness, parts of Lochaber
Lochaber
and some island districts during reorganisation due to the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889. This Act established a uniform system of county councils and town councils in Scotland
Scotland
and restructured many of Scotland's counties. (See: History of local government in the United Kingdom.) Economy[edit] The area has very few industries, and the population groups itself at Kingussie
Kingussie
and at other places on or near the Spey. Notes and references[edit]

^ Badenoch: Its History, Clans and Place Names, by Alexander MacBain, in Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness,1890. Page 150. Retrieved from www.electricscotland.com/history/articles/badenoch.htm Nov 2017 ^ Census of Scotland
Scotland
2011, Table KS101SC – Usually Resident Population (See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type Civil Parish 1930), National Records of Scotland, accessed Nov 2017 ^ Badenoch: Its History, Clans and Place Names, by Alexander MacBain, 1890. Page 158. Retrieved from www.electricscotland.com/history/articles/badenoch.htm Nov 2017 ^ Census of Scotland
Scotland
1881, Table of Gaelic Speakers by parish

 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Badenoch". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

v t e

Traditional provinces and districts of Scotland

Major districts (former counties, provincial lordships and rural deaneries)

The Aird Annandale Angus Argyll Atholl Boyne Buchan Badenoch Breadalbane Caithness Carrick Clydesdale
Clydesdale
(or Strathclyde) Cowal Cunningham Desnes Eskdale Farines Fife Fothriff Galloway Garioch Garmoran The Glenkens Gowrie Kintyre Knapdale Kyle Lauderdale Lennox Liddesdale Lochaber Lorn Lothian Mar Mearns Menteith Merse Moray Nithsdale The Rhinns Ross
Ross
(Easter and Wester) Stormont Strathavon Strathbogie Strathearn Strathgryfe Strathnaver Strathspey Sutherland Teviotdale Tweeddale

Minor districts

Applecross Appin Ardgour Ardmeanach Ardnamurchan Assynt Avondale Balquhidder Benderloch The Black Isle Braemar Coigach Cromar Cromdale Douglasdale Durness Dùthaich MhicAoidh Eddrachilles Enzie Ettrickdale Ewesdale Formartine Gairloch Glen
Glen
Albyn Glen
Glen
Almond Glen
Glen
Cassley Glen
Glen
Clova Glen
Glen
Dochart Glenelg Glen
Glen
Esk Glengarry Glen
Glen
Lethnot Glen
Glen
Lyon Glen
Glen
Moriston Glen
Glen
Orchy Glen
Glen
Prosen Glenshee Glen
Glen
Spean Glen
Glen
Urquhart Gruinard Howe of Fife Howe of the Mearns Kintail Kintyre Knoydart Lochalsh Loch Broom Locheil The Machars Midmar Moidart Morar Morven Muir of Ord Rannoch Moor Rhinns of Kells Strathallan Strathardle Strathbran Strathbraan Strathcarron (Forth) Strathcarron (Oykel) Strathconon Strathdearn Strathdeveron Strathdee (Deeside) Strathdon Strathfarrar Strath
Strath
Gartney Strathglass Strathisla Strathmore Strath
Strath
of Kildonan Strath
Strath
Oykel Strath
Strath
Tay Strathyre Sunart Trossachs

Insular districts For smaller islands, usually districts in their own right, see List of Scottish islands

Islands of the Clyde

Arran Cumbrae

Islay

The Oa Rinns of Islay

Mull

Aros Ross
Ross
of Mull

Skye

Duirinish Minginish Sleat Trotternish Waternish

Outer Hebrides

Harris (North Harris, South Harris) Lewis
Lewis
(The Lochs, West Side, Point, Back)

Orkney

Pomona Hoy
Hoy
and Walls Rousay Shapinsay South Ronaldsay Westray

Shetland

Mainland (Central Mainland, North Mainland, South Mainland, West Mainland) Fetlar Unst Whalsay Yell North Isles

Border areas

Debatable Lands East March Middl

.