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Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
(/ˈbɑːdən vɜːrtəmˌbɜːrɡ/;[4] German pronunciation: [ˌbaːdn̩ˈvʏʁtm̩bɛʁk] ( listen)) is a state in Germany
Germany
located in the southwest, east of the Upper Rhine that forms the border with France. It is Germany’s third-largest state in terms of size and population, with an area of 35,751 km2 (13,804 sq mi) and 10.8 million inhabitants.[5] The state capital and largest city is Stuttgart. The sobriquet Ländle ("small land" or "dear land" in the local dialects of Swabian and Alemannic German) is sometimes used as a synonym for Baden-Württemberg.[6][7]

Contents

1 History

1.1 20th century to present

2 Geography 3 Government

3.1 Administration 3.2 Politics 3.3 2016 state election

3.3.1 Other state institutions

4 Economy

4.1 Tourism 4.2 Companies owned by Baden-Württemberg

5 Education 6 Dialects 7 Demographics

7.1 Vital statistics 7.2 Religion 7.3 Foreigners

8 See also 9 Footnotes 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Baden-Württemberg Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
is formed from the historical territories of Baden, Prussian Hohenzollern, and Württemberg, parts of Swabia.[8] In 100 AD, the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
invaded and occupied Württemberg, constructing a limes (fortified boundary zone) along its northern borders. Over the course of the third century AD, the Alemanni
Alemanni
forced the Romans to retreat west beyond the Rhine
Rhine
and Danube
Danube
rivers. In 496 AD the Alemanni
Alemanni
were defeated by a Frankish invasion led by Clovis I. The Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
was later established. The majority of people in this region continued to be Roman Catholics, even after the Protestant Reformation
Reformation
influenced populations in northern Germany. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, numerous people emigrated from this largely rural area to the United States
United States
for economic opportunity. 20th century to present[edit] After World War II, the Allies
Allies
established three federal states in the territory of modern-day Baden-Württemberg: Württemberg-Hohenzollern, Baden, and Württemberg-Baden. Baden
Baden
and Württemberg-Hohenzollern were occupied by France, while Württemberg- Baden
Baden
was occupied by the United States. In 1949, each state became a founding member of the Federal Republic of Germany, with Article 118 of the German constitution providing an accession procedure. On 16 December 1951, Württemberg-Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Württemberg-Hohenzollern
and Baden
Baden
voted via referendum in favor of a joint merger.[5] Baden-Württemberg officially became a state in Germany
Germany
on 25 April 1952.[5] Geography[edit] Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
shares borders with the German states of Rhineland Palatinate, Hessen, and Bavaria, France
France
(region of Grand Est), and Switzerland
Switzerland
(cantons of Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Aargau, Zürich, Schaffhausen and Thurgau).[5] Most of the major cities of Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
straddle the banks of the Neckar
Neckar
River, which runs downstream (from southwest to the center, then northwest) through the state past Tübingen, Stuttgart, Heilbronn, Heidelberg, and Mannheim. The Rhine
Rhine
(German: Rhein) forms the western border as well as large portions of the southern border. The Black Forest
Black Forest
(Schwarzwald), the main mountain range of the state, rises east of the Upper Rhine valley. The high plateau of the Swabian Alb, between the Neckar, the Black Forest, and the Danube, is an important European watershed. Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
shares Lake Constance
Lake Constance
(Bodensee, also known regionally as the Swabian Sea) with Switzerland, Austria
Austria
and Bavaria, the international borders within its waters not being clearly defined. It shares the foothills of the Alps
Alps
(known as the Allgäu) with Bavaria
Bavaria
and the Austrian Vorarlberg, but Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
does not border Austria
Austria
over land. The Danube
Danube
River (Donau) has its source in Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
near the town of Donaueschingen, in a place called Furtwangen
Furtwangen
in the Black Forest. Täfelberg
Täfelberg
is a mountain located in the Northern Black Forest and is 565.2 m above sea level. Government[edit] Administration[edit]

Stuttgart

Karlsruhe

Heidelberg

Freiburg

Mannheim

Ulm

Baden-Baden

Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
is divided into thirty-five districts (Landkreise) and nine independent cities (Stadtkreise), both grouped into the four Administrative Districts (Regierungsbezirke) of Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Stuttgart, and Tübingen.

Map

Alb-Donau Biberach Bodensee Böblingen Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Calw Konstanz
Konstanz
(Constance) Emmendingen Enzkreis Esslingen Freudenstadt Göppingen Heidenheim Heilbronn Hohenlohe Karlsruhe Lörrach Ludwigsburg

Main-Tauber Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Ortenaukreis Ostalbkreis Rastatt Ravensburg Rems-Murr-Kreis Reutlingen Rhein-Neckar-Kreis Rottweil Schwäbisch Hall Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Sigmaringen Tübingen Tuttlingen Waldshut Zollernalbkreis

Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
contains nine additional independent cities not belonging to any district:

Code City (stadtkreise) Area (km2) Population 1997 Population 2007 Region (regierungs- bezirk)

A Baden-Baden 140.18 52,672 54,853 Karlsruhe

B Freiburg im Breisgau 153.06 200,519 219,430 Freiburg

C Heidelberg 108.83 139,941 145,311 Karlsruhe

D Heilbronn 99.88 120,987 121,627 Stuttgart

E Karlsruhe 173.46 276,571 288,917 Karlsruhe

F Mannheim 144.96 310,475 309,795 Karlsruhe

G Pforzheim 98.02 118,079 119,423 Karlsruhe

H Stuttgart 207.35 585,274 597,176 Stuttgart

I Ulm 118.69 115,628 121,434 Tübingen

Politics[edit] Main article: Politics of Baden-Württemberg The state parliament of Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
is the Landtag (Eng. state assembly). The politics of Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
have traditionally been dominated by the conservative Christian Democratic Union of Germany
Germany
(CDU), who until 2011 had led all but one government since the establishment of the state in 1952. In the Landtag elections held on 27 March 2011 voters replaced the Christian Democrats and centre-right Free Democrats coalition by a Greens-led alliance with the Social Democrats which secured a four-seat majority in the state parliament. From 1992 to 2001, the Republicans party held seats in the Landtag.[9] 2016 state election[edit] Main article: Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
state election, 2016

e • d Summary of the 13 March 2016 Landtag of Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
elections results < 2011    Next >

Party Popular vote Seats

Votes % +/– Seats +/–

Alliance '90/The Greens Bündnis 90/Die Grünen 1,622,631 30.3 6.1 47 11

Christian Democratic Union Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands – CDU 1,447,249 27.0 12.0 42 18

Alternative for Germany Alternative für Deutschland – AfD 809,311 15.1 15.1 23 23

Social Democratic Party Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands – SPD 679,872 12.7 10.4 19 16

Free Democratic Party Freie Demokratische Partei – FDP 445,430 8.3 3.0 12 5

Left Party Die Linke 156,211 2.9 0.1 0

Alliance for Progress and Renewal Allianz für Fortschritt und Aufbruch – ALFA 54,764 1.0 1.0 0

Ecological Democratic Party Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei – ÖDP 38,509 0.7 0.2 0

National Democratic Party Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands – NPD 23,605 0.4 0.6 0

Pirate Party Piratenpartei 21,773 0.4 0.6 0

Other parties

Valid votes 5,360,351 99.0 0.4

Invalid votes 51,950 1.0 0.4

Totals and voter turnout 5,412,301 70.4 4.2 143 5

Electorate 7,685,778 100.00 —

Source: Landeswahlleiter[10][11]

Other state institutions[edit] The Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
General Auditing Office acts as an independent body to monitor the correct use of public funds by public offices.[12] Economy[edit]

SAP headquarters in Walldorf

Although Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
has relatively few natural resources compared to other regions of Germany,[5] the state is among the most prosperous[8] and wealthiest regions in Europe with a generally low unemployment rate historically. A number of well-known enterprises are headquartered in the state, for example Daimler AG, Porsche, Robert Bosch GmbH (automobile industry), Carl Zeiss AG
Carl Zeiss AG
(optics), and SAP SE (largest software enterprise in Europe) and Heidelberger Druckmaschinen (precision mechanical engineering). In spite of this, Baden-Württemberg's economy is dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises. Although poor in workable natural resources (formerly lead, zinc, iron, silver, copper, and salts) and still rural in many areas, the region is heavily industrialised. In 2003, there were almost 8,800 manufacturing enterprises with more than 20 employees, but only 384 with more than 500. The latter category accounts for 43% of the 1.2 million persons employed in industry. The Mittelstand or mid-sized company is the backbone of the Baden-Württemberg economy.[13] Medium-sized businesses and a tradition of branching out into different industrial sectors have ensured specialization over a wide range. A fifth of the "old" Federal Republic's industrial gross value added is generated by Baden-Württemberg. Turnover for manufacturing in 2003 exceeded 240,000 million, 43% of which came from exports. The region depends to some extent on global economic developments, though the great adaptability of the region's economy has generally helped it through crises. Half of the employees in the manufacturing industry are in mechanical and electrical engineering and automobile construction. This is also where the largest enterprises are to be found. The importance of the precision mechanics industry also extends beyond the region's borders, as does that of the optical, clock making, toy, metallurgy and electronics industries. The textile industry, which formerly dominated much of the region, has now all but disappeared from Baden-Württemberg. Research and development (R&D) is funded jointly by the State and industry. In 2001, more than a fifth of the 100,000 or so persons working in R&D in Germany
Germany
were located in Baden-Württemberg, most of them in the Stuttgart
Stuttgart
area.[14] Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
is also one of the Four Motors for Europe. A study performed in 2007 by the PR campaign "Initiative for New Social Market Economy" (German: Initiative Neue Soziale Marktwirtschaft (INSM)) and the trade newspaper "Wirtschaftswoche" awarded Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
for being the "economically most successful and most dynamic state" among the 16 states. Tourism[edit]

This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. (December 2015)

The Black Forest
Black Forest
seen from the Belchen

Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
is a popular holiday destination. Main sights include the capital and biggest city, Stuttgart, modern and historic at the same time, with its urban architecture and atmosphere (and famously, its inner city parks and historic Wilhelma
Wilhelma
zoo), its castles (such as Castle Solitude), its (car and art) museums as well as a rich cultural programme (theatre, opera) and mineral spring baths in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt (also the site of a Roman Castra); it is the only major city in Germany
Germany
with vineyards in an urban territory. The residential (court) towns of Ludwigsburg
Ludwigsburg
and Karlsruhe, the spas and casino of luxurious Baden-Baden, the medieval architecture of Ulm ( Ulm
Ulm
Münster is the tallest church in the world), the vibrant, young, but traditional university towns of Heidelberg
Heidelberg
and Tübingen
Tübingen
with their old castles looking out above the river Neckar, are popular smaller towns. Sites of former monasteries such as the ones on Reichenau Island
Reichenau Island
and at Maulbronn
Maulbronn
(both World Heritage Sites) as well as Bebenhausen Abbey
Bebenhausen Abbey
are to be found. Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
also boasts rich old Free Imperial Cities
Free Imperial Cities
such as Biberach, Esslingen am Neckar, Heilbronn, Ravensburg, Reutlingen, and Schwäbisch Hall, as well as the southernmost and sunniest city of Germany, Freiburg, close to Alsace and Switzerland, being an ideal base for exploring the heights of the nearby Black Forest
Black Forest
(e.g., for skiing in winter or for hiking in summer) with its traditional villages and the surrounding wine country of the Rhine
Rhine
Valley of South Baden.[8] The countryside of the lush Upper Neckar
Neckar
valley (where Rottweil
Rottweil
is famous for its carnival (Fastnacht)) and the pristine Danube
Danube
valley Swabian Alb
Swabian Alb
(with Hohenzollern Castle
Hohenzollern Castle
and Sigmaringen Castle), as well as the largely pristine Swabian Forest, the Upper Rhine
Rhine
Valley, and Lake Constance
Lake Constance
(German: Bodensee), where all kinds of water sports are popular, with the former Imperial, today border town of Konstanz (where the Council of Constance
Council of Constance
took place), the Neolithic
Neolithic
and Bronze Age village at Unteruhldingen, the flower island of Mainau, and the hometown of the Zeppelin, Friedrichshafen
Friedrichshafen
a.o., are especially popular for outdoor activities in the summer months.[8] In spring and autumn (April/May and September/October), beer festivals (fun fairs) take place at the Cannstatter Wasen
Cannstatter Wasen
in Stuttgart. The Cannstatter Volksfest, in the autumn, is the second largest such festival in the world after the Munich Oktoberfest. In late November and early December Christmas markets are a tourist magnet in all major towns, with the largest being in Stuttgart
Stuttgart
during the three weeks prior to Christmas. The Bertha Benz Memorial Route
Bertha Benz Memorial Route
is a 194 km signposted scenic route from Mannheim
Mannheim
via Heidelberg
Heidelberg
and Wiesloch
Wiesloch
to Pforzheim
Pforzheim
and back, which follows the route of the world's first long-distance journey by automobile which Bertha Benz
Bertha Benz
undertook in August 1888. Companies owned by Baden-Württemberg[edit]

Company Industry Percentage owned Source

EnBW Energy industry 45% [15]

Badische Staatsbrauerei Rothaus Beverage industry 100%

Education[edit]

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The University Library Freiburg
Freiburg
was reopened in 2015.

University of Karlsruhe, since 2009: Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
Institute of Technology

Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
is home to some of the oldest, most renowned, and prestigious universities in Germany, such as the universities of Heidelberg
Heidelberg
(founded in 1386, the oldest university within the territory of modern Germany), Freiburg
Freiburg
(founded in 1457), and Tübingen
Tübingen
(founded in 1477). It also contains three of the eleven German 'excellence universities' (Heidelberg, Tübingen, and Konstanz and formerly, Freiburg
Freiburg
and Karlsruhe). Other university towns are Mannheim
Mannheim
and Ulm. Furthermore, two universities are located in the state capital Stuttgart, the University of Hohenheim, and the University of Stuttgart. Ludwigsburg is home to the renowned national film school Filmakademie Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
(Film Academy Baden-Wuerttemberg). The private International University in Germany
Germany
was situated in Bruchsal, but closed in 2009. There is still another private university, located in Friedrichshafen, Zeppelin
Zeppelin
University. Furthermore, there are more than a dozen Fachhochschulen, i.e., universities of applied sciences, as well as Pädagogische Hochschulen, i.e., teacher training colleges, and other institutions of tertiary education in Baden-Württemberg. (a.o. in Aalen, Biberach an der Riss, Esslingen, Karlsruhe, Ludwigsburg, Nürtingen, Pforzheim, Ravensburg-Weingarten, Reutlingen, several in Stuttgart, Schwäbisch Hall). Pforzheim
Pforzheim
University is one of the oldest Fachhochschulen in Germany
Germany
which is renowned and highly ranked for its Engineering and MBA programs. The state has the highest density of academic institutions of any territorial state (i.e., excluding the city states of Berlin
Berlin
and Hamburg) in Germany. Dialects[edit] See also: Alemannic separatism Two dialect groups of German are spoken in Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
in various variants: Alemannic and Franconian dialects. In central and southern Württemberg, the Alemannic dialect of Swabian is spoken (slightly differing even within the area, e.g., between Upper Swabia, the Swabian Alb, and the central Neckar
Neckar
Valley of the Stuttgart region). In South Baden, the local dialects are Low Alemannic and High Alemannic (i.e., variants of what is also Swiss German). In the northern part of Baden, i.e., the former Kurpfalz (Electorate of the Palatinate) with the former capitals of Heidelberg
Heidelberg
and Mannheim, the idiom is Rhine
Rhine
Franconian (i.e., Palatinate German), while in the Northeast East Franconian is spoken. The same or similar Alemannic dialects
Alemannic dialects
are also spoken in the neighbouring regions, especially in Bavarian Swabia, Alsace (Alsatian), German-speaking Switzerland
Switzerland
(Swiss German), and the Austrian Vorarlberg, while the other Franconian dialects range from the Netherlands over the Rhineland, Lorraine, and Hesse
Hesse
up to northern Bavaria
Bavaria
Franconia. A variant of the Alemannic German
Alemannic German
of Baden
Baden
developed into the Colonia Tovar dialect, spoken by descendants of immigrants from Baden
Baden
who went to Venezuela
Venezuela
in 1843. Demographics[edit] The population of Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
is 10,486,660 (2014), of which 5,354,105 are female and 5,132,555 are male. In 2006, the birth rate of 8.61 per 1000 was almost equal to the death rate of 8.60 per 1000. 14.87 percent of the population was under the age of 15, whereas the proportion of people aged 65 and older was at 18.99 per cent (2008). The dependency ratio - the ratio of people aged under 15 and over 64 in comparison to the working age population (aged 15–64) - was 512 per 1000 (2008). Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
has long been a preferred destination of immigrants. As of 2013, almost 28% of its population had a migration background as defined by the Federal Statistical Office of Germany; this number clearly surpassed the German average of 21% and was higher than in any other German state with the exception of the city states of Hamburg
Hamburg
and Bremen.[16] As of 2014, 9,355,239 of the population held German citizenship, whereas 1,131,421 were foreign nationals.[17]

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in Baden-Württemberg www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de

Rank

Regierungsbezirk Pop.

Stuttgart

Mannheim 1 Stuttgart Stuttgart
Stuttgart
(region) 613,392

Karlsruhe

Freiburg
Freiburg
im Breisgau

2 Mannheim Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
(region) 314,931

3 Karlsruhe Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
(region) 297,488

4 Freiburg
Freiburg
im Breisgau Freiburg
Freiburg
(region) 229,144

5 Heidelberg Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
(region) 149,633

6 Heilbronn Stuttgart
Stuttgart
(region) 124,257

7 Ulm Tübingen
Tübingen
(region) 123,672

8 Pforzheim Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
(region) 120,709

9 Reutlingen Tübingen
Tübingen
(region) 112,735

10 Esslingen am Neckar Stuttgart
Stuttgart
(region) 92,629

Vital statistics[edit] [18]

Births from January-June 2016 = 50,645 Births from January-June 2017 = 51,919

Deaths from January-June 2016 = 53,777 Deaths from January-June 2017 = 56,969

Natural growth from January-June 2016 = -3,132 Natural growth from January-June 2017 = -5,050

Religion[edit]

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Religion in Baden-Württemberg, 2011[19]

religion

percent

Roman Catholics

37%

EKD Protestants

33%

Muslims

6%

Other religions or none

24%

Northern and most of central Württemberg
Württemberg
has been traditionally Protestant
Protestant
(particularly Lutheran) since the Reformation
Reformation
in 1534 (with its centre at the famous Tübinger Stift). The former Electorate of the Palatinate (Northwestern Baden) with its capital Heidelberg
Heidelberg
was shaped by Calvinism
Calvinism
before being integrated into Baden. Upper Swabia, and the Upper Neckar
Neckar
Valley up to the bishop seat of Rottenburg, and Southern Baden
Baden
(the Catholic archbishop has its seat in Freiburg) have traditionally been bastions of Roman Catholicism. Foreigners[edit] Largest communities of foreigners are listed below :

 Turkey 262,094

 Italy 178,068

 Romania 102,070

 Croatia 92,092

 Poland 79,073

 Greece 79,050

 Kosovo 53,335

 Hungary 44,410

 Serbia 42,712

 Syria 38,624

 Bosnia-Herzegovina 34,166

 Bulgaria 31,322

 France 29,546

 Portugal 29,208

 Austria 26,694

See also[edit]

Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
portal Germany
Germany
portal

Minister-President
Minister-President
of Baden-Württemberg List of places in Baden-Württemberg Four Motors of Europe History of Baden-Württemberg Württemberg

Coat of arms of Württemberg County of Württemberg Duchy of Württemberg Electorate of Württemberg Kingdom of Württemberg

Baden

Coat of arms of Baden Margraviate of Baden, for the 16th-18th century state Electorate of Baden, for the Napoleonic state Grand Duchy of Baden, for the state that existed from 1808–1918 Republic of Baden, for the state that existed from 1918–1945 Rulers of Baden, for a list of sovereigns and presidents

Footnotes[edit]

^ a b "The State and its people". Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 18 December 2016.  ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt
Statistisches Bundesamt
(in German). 2016.  ^ Baden-Württemberg, Statistisches Landesamt. "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – in Deutschland 1991 bis 2016 nach Bundesländern (WZ 2008) – VGR dL". www.vgrdl.de.  ^ Jones, Daniel (2003) [1917], Peter Roach, James Hartmann and Jane Setter, eds., English Pronouncing Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 3-12-539683-2 CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ a b c d e "Our State". Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 18 December 2016.  ^ "man-English Dictionary: ["little country"; local nickname for the state of Baden
Baden
Wuerttemberg]". dict.cc. Retrieved 29 January 2015.  ^ "Baden-Württemberg: Kein schöner Ländle". ZEIT MAGAZIN. Retrieved 21 January 2017.  ^ a b c d Andrea Schulte-Peevers; Anthony Haywood; Sarah Johnstone; Jeremy Gray; Daniel Robinson (2007). Germany. Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1-74059-988-7. Retrieved 1 February 2009.  ^ The Republikaner(REP): 15 from 146 MPs in 1992 and 14 from 155 MPs in 1996. "Baden-Württemberg. Results of the election from 1964–2011". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011.  ^ "Landtagswahl 2016 - Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg". statistik-bw.de.  ^ tagesschau.de. "tagesschau.de". wahl.tagesschau.de.  ^ "Government and organs of state". Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 30 March 2011.  ^ Cooke, p. 84 ^ "BADEN – WÜRTTEMBERG – Economy". Eurostat. June 2004. Archived from the original on 23 December 2008. Retrieved 16 January 2009.  ^ Haase, Nina (30 March 2011). "Business leaders wary of Greens' state election victory". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2011.  ^ "Bevölkerung 2013 nach Migrationshintergrund und Ländern". Statistisches Bundesamt. Retrieved 29 July 2015.  ^ "Government and organs of state". Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder. Retrieved 14 April 2014.  ^ "Gebiet und Bevölkerung". Statistik Portal. Retrieved 18 February 2018.  ^ "Religionszugehörigkeit nach Bundesländern in Deutschland - Statista". Statista. 

References[edit]

Philip Cooke, Kevin Morgan (1998). The Associational Economy: Firms, Regions, and Innovation. Oxford University Press. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-19-829659-1.  Climate change in Baden-Württemberg: facts – impacts – perspectives / LUBW; Baden-Württemberg, Ministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Verkehr. [In collab. with Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research; Süddeutsches Klimabüro. Transl.: InTra eG Fachübersetzergenossenschaft], Stuttgart: Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Transport Karlsruhe: LUBW, 2010.

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Baden-Württemberg.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baden-Württemberg.

Official website Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Geographic data related to Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
at OpenStreetMap

v t e

States of the Federal Republic of Germany

States

  Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
(since 1952)    Bavaria
Bavaria
(since 1949)    Brandenburg
Brandenburg
(since 1990)    Hesse
Hesse
(since 1949)    Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
(since 1949)    Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
(since 1990)    North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
(since 1949)    Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
(since 1949)    Saarland
Saarland
(since 1957)    Saxony
Saxony
(since 1990)    Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt
(since 1990)    Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
(since 1949)    Thuringia
Thuringia
(since 1990)

City-states

   Berlin
Berlin
(since 1990)   Bremen (since 1949)    Hamburg
Hamburg
(since 1949)

Former states

  South Baden
Baden
(1949–1952)   Württemberg- Baden
Baden
(1949–1952)    Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Württemberg-Hohenzollern
(1949–1952)

v t e

Regions, and urban and rural districts in the state of Baden- Württemberg
Württemberg
in Germany
Germany

Regions

Freiburg Karlsruhe Stuttgart Tübingen

Urban districts

Baden-Baden Freiburg Heidelberg Heilbronn Karlsruhe Mannheim Pforzheim Stuttgart Ulm

Rural districts

Alb-Donau Biberach Bodensee Böblingen Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Calw Emmendingen Enz Esslingen Freudenstadt Göppingen Heidenheim Heilbronn Hohenlohe Karlsruhe Konstanz Lörrach Ludwigsburg Main-Tauber Neckar-Odenwald Ortenau Ostalbkreis Rastatt Ravensburg Rems-Murr Reutlingen Rhein-Neckar Rottweil Schwarzwald-Baar Schwäbisch Hall Sigmaringen Tübingen Tuttlingen Waldshut Zollernalb

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 154758959 LCCN: n79089399 ISNI: 0000 0004 0427 6821 GND: 4004176-1 SELIBR: 140217 SUDOC: 026360012 BNF: cb11947106q (data) HDS: 7341 NLA: 36512628 NDL: 0055

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