The BADAMI CHALUKYA ARCHITECTURE was a temple building idiom that
evolved in the 5th – 8th centuries in the
Malaprabha river basin, in
Bagalkot district of
Karnataka state. This style is
sometimes called the
Vesara style and CHALUKYA STYLE. Their earliest
temples date back to around 450 A.D. in
Aihole when the Badami
Chalukyas were vassals of the Kadambas of Banavasi . According to
historian K.V. Sounder Rajan, the
Badami Chalukyas contribution to
temple building matched their valor and their achievements in battle.
Chalukya architecture history
Badami cave temples
* 2.1 Important
* 3 References
* 4 Notes
* 5 External links
CHALUKYA ARCHITECTURE HISTORY
During 450, the
Chalukya style originated in
Aihole and was perfected
Pattadakal . The
Chalukya artists experimented with
different styles, blended the Nagara and Dravidian styles, and evolved
Their style includes two types of monuments.
* The rock cut halls (caves)
* Structural temples
BADAMI CAVE TEMPLES
Cave temple at
Karnataka Bhutanatha temple
Badami cave temples have rock cut halls with three basic features:
pillared veranda, columned hall and a sanctum cut out deep into rock.
Early experiments in rock cut halls were attempted in
they built three cave temples, one each in Vedic,
Buddhist and Jaina
styles. Later they refined their style and cut out four marvellous
cave temples at
One noteworthy feature of these cave temples is the running frieze of
Ganas in various amusing postures caved in relief on each plinth.
The outside verandas of the cave temples are rather plain, but the
inner hall contains rich and prolific sculptural symbolism. Art critic
Dr. M. Sheshadri wrote of the
Chalukya art that they cut rock like
Titans but finished like jewellers. Critic Zimmer wrote that the
Chalukya cave temples are a fine balance of versatility and restrain.
The finest structural temples are located in
Pattadakal . Of the ten
temples in Pattadakal, six are in Dravidian style and four in
Rekhanagara style. The Virupaksha temple in many ways holds
resemblance to the Kailasanatha temple in Kanchipuram which came into
existence a few years earlier.
This is a fully inclusive temple, it has a central structure, nandi
pavilion in front and has a walled enclosure that is entered by a
gateway. The main sanctum has a Pradakshinapatha and mantapa . The
mantapa is pillared and has perforated windows (pierced window
screens). The external wall surface is divided by pilasters into
well-spaced ornamental niches filled with either sculptures or
perforated windows. Art critic Percy Brown says about the sculptures
that they flow into the architecture in a continuous stream. It is
said that the Virupaskha temple is one of those monuments where the
spirit of the men who built it, still lives.
Many centuries later, the serene art of the
reappeared in the pillared architecture of the
Vijayanagar Empire .
Their caves include finely engraved sculptures of Harihara,
Trivikrama, Mahisa Mardhini, Tandavamurthi, Paravasudeva, Nataraja,
Varaha, Gomateshvara and others. Plenty of animal and foliage motifs
are also included.
Some important sculptors of their time were
Gundan Anivaritachari ,
Revadi Ovajja and Narasobba.
IMPORTANT BADAMI CHALUKYA TEMPLES
Virupaksha temple at
Pattadakal Ravana Phadi cave,
* Kashivisvanatha Temple (
* Mallikarjuna Temple
* Galganatha Temple
* Kadasiddeshvara Temple
* Jambulinga Temple
Jain Narayana Temple (Rashtrakuta)
* Papanatha Temple
* Museum of the Plains and Sculpture gallery
* Naganatha Temple
* Mahakuteshwara Temple
Jain tirthankara Parshvanath, cave No. 4,
Badami cave temples
Lad Khan Temple
* Huchiappayyagudi Temple
* Huchiappayya math
* Durga Temple
* Ravanaphadi Temple
* Gowda Temple
* Museum -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;
* ^ "Echoes from
Chalukya caves". Retrieved 2009-04-01.
* ^ "Architecture, The Chalukyan magnificence". Archived from the
original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
* Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1955). A History of South India, From
Prehistoric times to fall of Vijayanagar, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted
* Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat (2001). Concise History of Karnataka, MCC,
Bangalore (Reprinted 2002).
* History Of Karnataka, Mr. Arthikaje © 1998-00