HOME
The Info List - Badami Chalukya Architecture


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

The BADAMI CHALUKYA ARCHITECTURE was a temple building idiom that evolved in the 5th – 8th centuries in the Malaprabha river basin, in present-day Bagalkot district
Bagalkot district
of Karnataka
Karnataka
state. This style is sometimes called the Vesara style and CHALUKYA STYLE. Their earliest temples date back to around 450 A.D. in Aihole
Aihole
when the Badami Chalukyas were vassals of the Kadambas of Banavasi . According to historian K.V. Sounder Rajan, the Badami Chalukyas
Badami Chalukyas
contribution to temple building matched their valor and their achievements in battle.

CONTENTS

* 1 Chalukya
Chalukya
architecture history

* 2 Badami
Badami
cave temples

* 2.1 Important Badami
Badami
Chalukya
Chalukya
temples

* 3 References * 4 Notes * 5 External links

CHALUKYA ARCHITECTURE HISTORY

During 450, the Chalukya
Chalukya
style originated in Aihole
Aihole
and was perfected in Badami
Badami
and Pattadakal
Pattadakal
. The Chalukya
Chalukya
artists experimented with different styles, blended the Nagara and Dravidian styles, and evolved Chalukya
Chalukya
style.

Their style includes two types of monuments.

* The rock cut halls (caves) * Structural temples

BADAMI CAVE TEMPLES

Cave temple at Badami
Badami
Karnataka
Karnataka
Bhutanatha temple complex

Badami
Badami
cave temples have rock cut halls with three basic features: pillared veranda, columned hall and a sanctum cut out deep into rock.

Early experiments in rock cut halls were attempted in Aihole
Aihole
where they built three cave temples, one each in Vedic, Buddhist
Buddhist
and Jaina styles. Later they refined their style and cut out four marvellous cave temples at Badami
Badami
.

One noteworthy feature of these cave temples is the running frieze of Ganas in various amusing postures caved in relief on each plinth.

The outside verandas of the cave temples are rather plain, but the inner hall contains rich and prolific sculptural symbolism. Art critic Dr. M. Sheshadri wrote of the Chalukya
Chalukya
art that they cut rock like Titans but finished like jewellers. Critic Zimmer wrote that the Chalukya
Chalukya
cave temples are a fine balance of versatility and restrain.

The finest structural temples are located in Pattadakal
Pattadakal
. Of the ten temples in Pattadakal, six are in Dravidian style and four in Rekhanagara style. The Virupaksha temple in many ways holds resemblance to the Kailasanatha temple in Kanchipuram which came into existence a few years earlier.

This is a fully inclusive temple, it has a central structure, nandi pavilion in front and has a walled enclosure that is entered by a gateway. The main sanctum has a Pradakshinapatha and mantapa . The mantapa is pillared and has perforated windows (pierced window screens). The external wall surface is divided by pilasters into well-spaced ornamental niches filled with either sculptures or perforated windows. Art critic Percy Brown says about the sculptures that they flow into the architecture in a continuous stream. It is said that the Virupaskha temple is one of those monuments where the spirit of the men who built it, still lives.

Many centuries later, the serene art of the Badami
Badami
Chalukya reappeared in the pillared architecture of the Vijayanagar Empire
Vijayanagar Empire
. Their caves include finely engraved sculptures of Harihara, Trivikrama, Mahisa Mardhini, Tandavamurthi, Paravasudeva, Nataraja, Varaha, Gomateshvara and others. Plenty of animal and foliage motifs are also included.

Some important sculptors of their time were Gundan Anivaritachari , Revadi Ovajja and Narasobba.

IMPORTANT BADAMI CHALUKYA TEMPLES

Virupaksha temple at Pattadakal
Pattadakal
Ravana Phadi cave, Aihole
Aihole

PATTADAKAL

* Virupaksha Temple * Sangameswarar Temple * Kashivisvanatha Temple ( Rashtrakuta
Rashtrakuta
) * Mallikarjuna Temple * Galganatha Temple * Kadasiddeshvara Temple * Jambulinga Temple * Jain
Jain
Narayana Temple (Rashtrakuta) * Papanatha Temple * Museum of the Plains and Sculpture gallery * Naganatha Temple * Chandrashekara * Mahakuteshwara Temple

Jain
Jain
tirthankara Parshvanath, cave No. 4, Badami
Badami
cave temples

AIHOLE

* Lad Khan Temple * Huchiappayyagudi Temple * Huchiappayya math * Durga Temple * Meguti Jain
Jain
Temple * Ravanaphadi Temple * Gowda Temple * Museum -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ "Echoes from Chalukya
Chalukya
caves". Retrieved 2009-04-01. * ^ "Architecture, The Chalukyan magnificence". Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-01.

NOTES

* Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1955). A History of South India, From Prehistoric times to fall of Vijayanagar, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted 2002). * Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat (2001). Concise History of Karnataka, MCC, Bangalore
Bangalore
(Reprinted 2002). * History Of Karnataka, Mr. Arthikaje © 1998-00

.