HOME
The Info List - Baba Ishak


--- Advertisement ---



Part of a series on Nizari-Ismāʿīli Batiniyya, Hurufiyya, Kaysanites and Twelver
Twelver
Shī‘ism

Alevism

Beliefs

Allah Quran Haqq–Muhammad–Ali Prophet
Prophet
Muḥammad ibn `Abd Allāh Muhammad-Ali Islamic prophet Zahir Batin Buyruks Tariqat Haqiqa Marifat Wahdat al-wujud Wahdat al-mawjud Baqaa Fana Haal Ihsan Kashf Nafs Keramat Al-Insān al-Kāmil Lataif Four Doors Manzil Nûr Sulook Yaqeen Devriye Poetry Cosmology Philosophy Psychology

Practices

Zakat Zeyārat Taqiyya Ashura Hıdırellez Nowruz Saya Mawlid Music Düşkünlük Meydanı Fasting Müsahiplik

The Twelve Imams

Ali Hasan Husayn al-Abidin al-Baqir al-Sadiq al-Kadhim ar-Rida al-Taqi al-Naqi al-Askari al-Mahdi

Leadership

Dede Murshid Pir Rehber Babas Dergah Jem Cemevi

Crucial figures and influences

Khadija bint Khuwaylid Fatimah Khidr Salman the Persian Uwais al-Qarani Jābir ibn Hayyān Dhul-Nun al-Misri Bayazid Bastami Ibn al-Rawandi Mansur Al-Hallaj Nasir Khusraw Abu al-Hassan al-Kharaqani Yusuf Hamdani Khoja Akhmet Yassawi Abdul-Qadir Gilani Ahmed ar-Rifa'i Ibn Arabi Qutb ad-Dīn Haydar Ahi Evren Haji Bektash Veli Rumi Sadr al-Din al-Qunawi Zahed Gilani Sari Saltik Yunus Emre Safi-ad-din Ardabili Nāimī Sadr al-Dīn Mūsā Imadaddin Nasimi Shah Nimatullah Wali Shaykh Junayd Shaykh Haydar Ali
Ali
Mirza Safavi Ismail I Nur- Ali
Ali
Khalifa Kaygusuz Abdal Otman Baba Balım Sultan Gül Baba Fuzûlî Alians Demir Baba Teke Arabati Baba Teḱe Pir Sultan Abdal Kul Nesîmî Sheikh Bedreddin Börklüce Mustafa Torlak Kemal

Alevi history

Safavid conversion of Iran
Iran
to Shia
Shia
Islam Shia
Shia
in Persia before Safavids Shiism in Persia after Safavids Umayyad Caliphate Abu Muslim Sunpadh Al-Muqanna Ishaq al-Turk Abbasid Caliphate Babak Khorramdin Maziar Kaykhusraw II Babai revolt Baba Ishak Celali rebellions Bayezid II Persecution of Alevis Nur Ali
Ali
Halife rebellion Şahkulu
Şahkulu
Rebellion Şahkulu Battle of Chaldiran Selim I Abaza rebellion Kuyucu Murad Pasha Auspicious Incident Mahmud II Koçgiri Rebellion Dersim Rebellion Seyid Riza Maraş Massacre Çorum Massacre Sivas
Sivas
Massacre Gazi Quarter riots

Related Muslim
Muslim
tariqah

Malamatiyya Qalandariyya Qadiriyya Akbari Sufis Rifa'i Uwaisi Naqshbandi Mevlevi Order Zahediyeh Safaviyya Khalwati order Bayramiye Jelveti Babai Revolt Hurufism Nuqtavi Chepni people Bektashi Order Bektashism and folk religion Jelali revolts Ni'matullāhī Arabati Baba Teḱe Javad Nurbakhsh Galibi Order

Other influential groups

Isma'ilism Nizari Alawites Druze Khurramites Qizilbash Bábism Bahá'í Faith Yazdanī Yarsanism Yazidi Yazidis in Armenia Sabians Ishikism Gnosticism Nabataeans Zoroaster Zoroastrianism Mazdak Zurvanism Mandaeism Manichaeism Shamanism Tengrism Panentheism

Islam
Islam
portal

v t e

Baba Ishak, also spelled Baba Ishāq, Babaî, or Bābā’ī, a charismatic preacher, led an uprising of the Turkmen of Anatolia against the Seljuq Sultanate of Rûm well known as Babai Revolt
Babai Revolt
c. 1239 until he was hanged in 1241.[1][2]

Contents

1 Background 2 Key Events 3 See also 4 Notes 5 Sources

Background[edit] It had a become a common practice on Turk lands under the Seljuk reign for these "baba's" to spread their "aggregated band of religiosity under the apparent guise of Sufism". "Their extra-Islamic beliefs and non-shari'atic practices had a major influence on Turkish masses, especially those who had remained superficially-Islamized Muslims. It was for the same reasons and in the same regions that these non-orthodox Sufis set out a series of clashes against orthodox Sunnite authorities". "Since the emergence of Babas, the religious distance between the non-orthodox Sufism
Sufism
and orthodox Islam
Islam
continued to broaden. As the former enlarged their dominance, the tension between the two had grown. At the peak of this tension occurred the first and most severe clash of Anatolian history, known as the Babai Rebellion (1240) wherein Baba Ishak
Baba Ishak
and his followers revolted against the Seljuk sultanate".[3] Key Events[edit] When Kayqubad I
Kayqubad I
became sultan, he had appointed “Mūhy’ad-Dîn Muhammad
Muhammad
bin Ali
Ali
bin Ahmad Tahīmī”, an Iranian Shia
Shia
as the kadı of Sivas. "Bābā Ishāk Kafarsudī" was the student of this bātīn’īyyah Sufi philosopher in Shiraz.[4] Bābā Ishāk Kafarsudī was actually a member of “Binaz/ Komnenos
Komnenos
Dynasty” and planning to establish a Christian
Christian
vassal state in Amasya
Amasya
for the “ Komnenos
Komnenos
Dynasty.” He was disguising his true identity and preaching a creed of mixture of Muslim- Christian
Christian
belief.[5] While attending the lectures of Mūhy’ad-Dīn in Shiraz, Bābā Ishāk Kafarsudī was appointed by “the President of the Nizārī Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
state and Nizārī
Nizārī
Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
Da’i Â’zām Nūr’ad-Dīn Muhammad
Muhammad
Sānī ibn Ḥasan ʿAlā of the Alamūt Hūkūmat-ee Malāheda-ee Bātīn’īyyah” as the Anatolian Da'i for the mission of the Shiʿa-ee Bātīn’īyyah.[2] According to Ibn Bibi, the celebrated Seljuk historian, Baba Ishaq was a Turkish holy man who practiced his gifted magic and its related arts like talismans. Having preached among Turkish tribes, he acquired a large number of followers, Turkmen and Christian
Christian
alike, in various parts of Anatolia, and became one of the greatest Qalandar babas. Baba Ishak proclaimed himself as the prophet or the messiah, and thus was revered with the title Baba Rasul Allah
Allah
among his followers.[6][3] His followers used to think that Baba Ishak
Baba Ishak
was immortal.[7] Baba's followers clearly wanted to get away from basic orthodox Islamic teaching and wanted to drink alcohol and pray with music. They did not want to go to mosques or fast in Ramadan.[8] Hamad Subani has researched on this further and established a relation between their practices and those of early Jews and Christians.[9] As the dominance of his influence with this belief was growing enough, Baba excited his followers to do armed "jihad" (misusing an Islamic term to satisfy his personal objectives), against the sultan’s regime. In the consequent clash, while the followers of Baba Ishak took over several prominent cities of the north eastern Anatolia, their Baba, so called, Rasool Allah, was captured and executed (1240).[3] This uprising is claimed to have contributed to weakening of Seljuk empire eventually leading to takeover of much of Central and Eastern Anatolia
Anatolia
by Mongols
Mongols
in 1243.[10] Further information: Kayqubad I, Hassan Ala Dhikrihi's Salam, Hashashins, Nur al-Din Muhammad
Muhammad
II, Alamūt, Nizārī
Nizārī
Ismā'īlī, Da’i, Alamut Castle, and Nizārī
Nizārī
Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
state

Baba Ishhaq and Shiat-ul-Ali

See also[edit]

Babai Revolt (in Turkish) "Ebu'l Vefâ" (in Turkish) "Dede Karkğın" (in Turkish) "Ebû'l-Bekâ Baba İlyâs" (in Turkish) "Babâîlik"

Notes[edit]

^ Cambridge Illustrated History
History
of the Middle Ages, 1250-1520, p. 279 ^ a b Balcıoğlu, Tahir Harimî, Türk Tarihinde Mezhep Cereyanları - The course of madh'hab events in Turkish history, (Preface and notes by Hilmi Ziya Ülken), 271 pages, Ahmet Sait Press, Kanaat Publications, Istanbul, 1940. (in Turkish) ^ a b c Heon Choul Kim (2008). "The Nature and Role of Sufism
Sufism
in Contemporary Islam:A Case Study of the Life, Thought and Teachings of Fethullah Gülen". PhD Dissertation, The Temple University, PA, USA. Pg 52-43 ^ Ibn Bibi. ^ Hūsayn Hūsām’ad-Dîn Affandy, Amasya
Amasya
Tarihi II - The History
History
of Amasya, vol. II, pages 263-273. ^ Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia
of the Diyanet İşleri Bakanlığı
Diyanet İşleri Bakanlığı
Foundation, vol 4, pages 368-369. ^ Cyrille Fijnaut & Letizia Paoli (2006). "Organised Crime in Europe: Concepts, Patterns and Control Policies in the European Union and Beyond (Studies of Organized Crime)". Springer; 2004 edition. ISBN 1402051360. P208 ^ Cyrille Fijnaut & Letizia Paoli (2006). "Organised Crime in Europe: Concepts, Patterns and Control Policies in the European Union and Beyond (Studies of Organized Crime)". Springer; 2004 edition. ISBN 1402051360. P209 ^ Hamad Subani (2013). "The Secret History
History
of Iran". Cabal Times. ISB-978-1-304-08289-3. PP 163-164 ^ De Nicola, B., Yıldız, S. N., & Peacock, A. C. S. (Eds.). (2015). Islam
Islam
and Christianity in Medieval
Medieval
Anatolia. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.Pg 317

Sources[edit]

Claude Cahen, “Bābā’ī,” Encyclopaedia of Islam, edited by P. Bearman, et al. (Brill, 2007). Claude Cahen, Pre-Ottoman Turkey: a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history, trans. J. Jones-Williams (New York: Taplinger, 1968), 136-7. Speros Vryonis, The Decline of Medieval
Medieval
Hellenism in Asia Minor and the Process of Islamization from the Eleventh through the Fifteenth Century (University of California

.