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BMX
BMX
RACING is a type of off-road bicycle racing . The format of BMX was derived from motocross racing . BMX
BMX
bicycle races are sprint races on purpose-built off-road single-lap race tracks. The track usually consists of a starting gate for up to eight racers, a groomed, serpentine, dirt race course made of various jumps and rollers and a finish line. The course is usually flat, about 15 feet (4.6 m) wide and has large banked corners that help the riders maintain speed. The sport of BMX
BMX
racing is facilitated by a number of regional and international sanctioning bodies. They provide rules for sanctioning the conduct of the flying, specify age group and skill-level classifications among the racers, and maintain some kind of points-accumulation system over the racing season. The sport is very family oriented and largely participant-driven, with riders ranging in age from 2 to 70, and over. Professional ranks exist for both men and women, where the age ranges from 18 to 40 years old.

CONTENTS

* 1 Bikes sizes * 2 Advantages * 3 Track features * 4 Olympics

* 5 Sanctioning bodies

* 5.1 Australia

* 5.1.1 Australian Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (ABMXA) * 5.1.2 National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (NBA) * 5.1.3 Australian Cycling Federation (ACF) * 5.1.4 Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Australia (BMXA)

* 5.2 Canada

* 5.3 France

* 5.3.1 Fédération Française de Bicrossing (FFB) * 5.3.2 Association Française de Bicrossing (AFdB) * 5.3.3 Fédération Française de Cyclisme (FFC)

* 5.4 Italy

* 5.4.1 Associazione Italiana BMX
BMX
(A.I.BMX) * 5.4.2 Unione Italiana Sport per Tutti (UISP) * 5.4.3 Federazione Ciclistica Italiana

* 5.5 Japan

* 5.6 Netherlands

* 5.6.1 Stichting Fietscross Nederland (SFN) * 5.6.2 Koninklijke Nederlandsche Wielren Unie (KNWU) * 5.6.3 Nederlandse Fietscross Federatie (NFF)

* 5.7 New Zealand

* 5.8 United Kingdom

* 5.8.1 United Kingdom Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (UKBMXA)† * 5.8.2 National Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (NBMXA)* * 5.8.3 British Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (BBMXA) * 5.8.4 English Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (EBA) * 5.8.5 British Cycling

* 5.9 United States

* 5.9.1 Bicycle
Bicycle
United Motocross Society (BUMS) * 5.9.2 National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (NBA) * 5.9.3 National Bicycle
Bicycle
League (NBL) * 5.9.4 American Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (ABA) * 5.9.5 Other notable American sanctioning bodies

* 6 International sanctioning bodies

* 6.1 International Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Federation (IBMXF) * 6.2 Fédération Internationale Amateur de Cyclisme (FIAC) * 6.3 Union Cycliste Internationale
Union Cycliste Internationale
(UCI)

* 7 General rules of advancement in organized BMX
BMX
racing

* 7.1 Skill levels, race structure, qualifying methods, awards * 7.2 Skill level advancement, local points awards and district ranking * 7.3 National and special event points awards * 7.4 Open and trophy dash events * 7.5 Professionals

* 8 Examples of notable BMX
BMX
racers

* 9 National American sanctioning body number one racers by year

* 9.1 National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (NBA) * 9.2 National Bicycle
Bicycle
League (NBL) * 9.3 American Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (ABA)

* 10 References * 11 External links

BIKES SIZES

There are two BMX
BMX
racing bikes sizes. One is the 20" wheel bike. This bike is common with minors and is currently the most common class. The Cruiser bikes are any bikes with a 24" wheel. However, any bikes that have a wheel larger than 24" will still be considered Cruisers. Cruisers are more common with older racers and is rapidly growing. The cruiser style bike tends to be easier to jump and rolls better while the 20" is seemingly more agile.

ADVANTAGES

While BMX
BMX
racing is an individual sport, teams are often formed from racers in different classifications for camaraderie and often for business exposure of a sponsoring organization or company. BMX
BMX
racing rewards strength, quickness, and bike handling. Many successful BMX racers have gone on to leverage their skills in other forms of bicycle and motorcycle competitions.

TRACK FEATURES

There are all types of BMX
BMX
jumps, ranging from small rollers to massive step-up doubles. There are pro straights which are for junior and elite men. They are all doubles which range from about 6 m to 12 m, while "Class" straights have more flow and have many more range of jumps. The National Indoor BMX
BMX
Arena in Manchester, United Kingdom

STARTING HILL

The Starting hill marks the start of the track. Most BMX
BMX
Tracks have a gate. The starting hill will normally provide all the speed for the remainder of the race. Generally, the larger the hill, the faster, so pro hills are much larger than the amateur ones.

STEP-UP

A jump of which's landing is at a higher point than the jump itself

BERMS

Turns are at an angle. Therefore, you can easily turn without having to brake.

DOUBLE

The double are two hills close to each other.

STEP-DOWN

A hill, then followed by a shorter hill.

ROLLER

A small hill, normally in groups.

TABLETOP

A flat jump, normally for learning to jump.

PRO SET

A set of jumps with only a takeoff lip and a landing, usually spaced 7 to 15 apart.

OLYMPICS

BMX
BMX
racing became a medal sport at the 2008 Summer Olympics
2008 Summer Olympics
in Beijing
Beijing
under the UCI sanctioning body. Sanctioning bodies in the United States are the American Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (ABA) and the National Bicycle
Bicycle
League (NBL). The ABA is certified under the UCI (International Cycling Union), which is recognized by the Olympic Committee.

SANCTIONING BODIES

A sanctioning body is a private (in the United States and most Western Nations) governing body which controls a sport or specific discipline thereof. One or more sanctioning bodies may operate in a sport at any given time, often with subtle rule variations which appeal to regional tastes. They make and enforce the rules, and decide the qualifications and responsibilities of the participants, including the players, owners, and operators of facilities. In legal terms, they are an intermediary between the participants and higher governing bodies such as (in cycling) the Union Cycliste Internationale
Union Cycliste Internationale
(UCI) and National Governing Bodies such as USA Cycling . Sanctioning bodies mete out discipline and punishments, as well as bestow awards and rankings of their participants.

In the Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross context, sanctioning bodies are chiefly responsible for providing insurance coverage and other "back office" services to local tracks. They also keep points on riders' performance throughout the year, and undertake the production of a national racing series (which is typically 18-22 weekends per year). Riders are permitted to race at the sanctioning body's affiliated tracks and national events via the purchase of an annual membership which costs (in the US) $60 USD.As part of their administrative "service provider" role, BMX
BMX
sanctioning bodies also determine the rules of competition, such as clothing requirements, age and gender divisions (or "classes"), as well as the rules and protocol for advancement in proficiency classes (Novice, Intermediate, Expert, A Pro, AA Pro, Women, and Vet Pro in ABA, In NBL Rookie, Novice, Expert, Super-Ex, Elite, Masters are the proficiencys).

BMX
BMX
Racing
Racing
has had many sanctioning bodies over its 40-year history as an organized sport, the first being Scot Breithaupt's Bicycle United Motocross Society (BUMS), created in the early 1970s (see below). Since then, there have been dozens of regional, national, and international sanctioning bodies, some of them associated with or owned by another. Most are defunct or have been merged into larger, more successful organizations, but a handful still exist in their original forms and are prospering.

In the US, loyalty to one sanctioning body or another is a fundamental example of brand loyalty , where devotees of one vigorously assert the superiority of their chosen body overall others.

AUSTRALIA

Australian Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (ABMXA)

Two ABMXA sanctioning bodies that formed in the history of BMX
BMX
in Australia:

The first one was formed in May 1975 by Bob Smith, an Australian businessman and two of his friends. He open the first BMX
BMX
track in Australia on May 17, 1975 on the Gold Coast in Tallebudgera , Queensland
Queensland
adjacent to the Tally Valley Golf
Golf
Club. He had admired BMX through the American magazines his son brought home.

The second ABMXA was formed in April 1981 from three regional Australian BMX
BMX
organizations: The Victoria BMX
BMX
Association; (VBMXA), the Queensland
Queensland
BMX
BMX
Association (QBMXA) and the New South Wales
New South Wales
BMX Association (NSWBMXA). It was Australia's representative to the IBMXF in the 1980s.

National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (NBA)

The National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association was a third, separate Australian sanctioning body. It was formed in December 1981 and had branches in different countries around the world. By the summer of 1982 it had 20,000 members worldwide and 950 members in the Australian states of Victoria and New South Wales
New South Wales
. Despite sharing a common name this association had nothing to do with the original United States–based National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association that was formed in California
California
in 1974 and ironically merged with the National Bicycle
Bicycle
League and ceased operations as an independent body in December 1981, the same month and year the Australian namesake was formed.

Australian Cycling Federation (ACF)

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Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Australia (BMXA)

BMX
BMX
Australia (BMXA) is the current sanctioning body for BMX
BMX
in Australia.

CANADA

* Cycling Canada Cyclism (CCC) * BMX
BMX
Canada

CURRENTLY - Cycling Canada http://www.cyclingcanada.ca/ is the Federal Sanctioning body for all Canadian cycling disciplines (including BMX) under the UCI. Some tracks and Provinces have chosen BMX
BMX
Canada over the Provincial UCI representative. Here are the different choices that are available in Canada,

Alberta - ABA -Alberta BMX
BMX
Association. http://www.albertabmx.com/

British Columbia - Cycling BC. http://cyclingbc.net/bmx/

Saskatchewan - http://www.saskcycling.ca/BMX.html

Quebec - http://www.fqsc.net/ BMX
BMX

(please add others)

All Ontario tracks and some BC tracks are sanctioned by an American corporation - USA BMX
BMX
(also known as ABA) under the assumed name BMX Canada - http://www.bmxcanada.org These tracks run rules separate from the UCI but offer similar race structure and age categorization. BMX Canada offers full support to their affiliated tracks, including point tracking, marketing materials, an in-house magazine and a coaching/retention program. Results from these races run under the USA BMX/ BMX
BMX
Canada name are used in the team selection process for Provincial and National teams.

FRANCE

Fédération Française De Bicrossing (FFB)

La Fédération Française de Bicrossing, which in English translates to The French Federation of Bicrossing (FFB) was created on March 1, 1978 by Marcelle Seurat, a motorcycle importer and distributor. At first its primary purpose was to promote BMX
BMX
and its products On May 17, 1980 it held is first race in Beaune , France. This organization would cease to exist in early 1981 after only acquiring 100 members.

Association Française De Bicrossing (AFdB)

L'Association Française de Bicrossing, which in English translates to the French Association of Bicrossing (FAB), was founded by Raymond Imbert, Rene Nicolas, Denis Mourier, Bernard Nicolas, Fabrice Pérez, Gerard Hinault and Pascal Giboulot on March 1, 1981.

Fédération Française De Cyclisme (FFC)

On January 1, 1990, the AFdB joined the FFC. On March 4, 1993, BMX was recognized as an important sport by the French Ministry for sports. Today the official French BMX
BMX
Sanctioning body is now the Fédération Française de Cyclisme (FFC), or in English the French Cycling Federation (FCF). It has almost 10,000 members.

ITALY

Associazione Italiana BMX
BMX
(A.I.BMX)

The Associazione Italiana BMX, which in English translates to Italian BMX
BMX
Association, was founded in December 1981 by Aldo Gandolfo, an Italian journalist and sport promoter. In 1983 the A.I. BMX
BMX
joined the I.BMX.F. and held the first official Italian BMX
BMX
race. In 1984, the A.I. BMX
BMX
held the first Italian international race in Pinerolo
Pinerolo
and organized the first Italian participation in European Championships. In 1985 Galdolfo left the Association, which was refounded with a new statute and a new board of directors. In 1988 the A.I. BMX
BMX
concluded an agreement with the UISP in order to unify their respective national championships and in 1989 ceased the activity.

Unione Italiana Sport Per Tutti (UISP)

The Unione Italiana Sport per Tutti, which in English translates to Italian Sport For All Association, is an amateur sport association which conducted an official BMX
BMX
racing activity from 1985 to 1990, mainly developed in Piedmont
Piedmont
and Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
. In 1988 concluded an agreement with the A.I. BMX
BMX
in order to unify their respective national championships and in 1991 ceased the BMX
BMX
activity.

Federazione Ciclistica Italiana

The Federazione Ciclistica Italiana (FCI), which in English translates to Italian Cycling Federation, is the national governing body of cycle racing in Italy and started conducting official BMX activity in 1984. It was a big promoter of BMX
BMX
racing within the Fédération Internationale Amateur de Cyclisme (FIAC) and in 1985 held the first FIAC World Championship in Jesolo (near Venice
Venice
). Every year the FCI organize the National Championship (held in a single race normally on the first Sunday of July) and a season-long competition called Circuito Italiano BMX
BMX
(seven rounds in 2008, with the same point system as the UEC European Championship) open to Italian and foreign riders.

JAPAN

* Japan Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (JBA)

NETHERLANDS

Stichting Fietscross Nederland (SFN)

The first sanctioning body in the Netherlands was called the Stichting Fietscross Nederland (SFN) (in English the Dutch Bicycle Motocross Foundation (DBMXF)) and was co-founded on October 19, 1978 by Gerrit Does and Louis Vrijdag. It held its first race on April 21, 1979. In December 1980 it was folded into the KNWU (see below) but a second incarnation was created in 1987 called the Stichting Fietscross Promotie Nederland (the Dutch BMX
BMX
Promotion Foundation) to promote Dutch racing in the Netherlands. This second "SFN" was dessoved in 1997.

Koninklijke Nederlandsche Wielren Unie (KNWU)

On December 16, 1980 the SFN was integrated into the Koninklijke Nederlandsche Wielren Unie (KNWU) (in English the Royal Dutch Cycling Federation (RDCF)), the Dutch cycling sanctioning body that was the governing body for all types of cycling and represents the Netherlands as a member of the UCI.

Nederlandse Fietscross Federatie (NFF)

Some of the then-existing local tracks in 1980 did not become a member of the KNWU. Operating for a while independently, they formed another sanctioning body in 1987, the Nederlandse Fietscross Federatie (NFF), (in English the Dutch Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Federation (DBMXF)).

Both organizations function as sanctioning bodies for BMX
BMX
racing.

NEW ZEALAND

BMX
BMX
2008 Nationals held in the Christchurch
Christchurch
suburb of Bexley

* BMX
BMX
New Zealand Incorporated (BMXNZ) is the recognised National Sporting Organisation (NSO) for BMX
BMX
racing in New Zealand. It is a founding Member Organisation of Cycling New Zealand (CNZ) the National Federation for cycling in New Zealand. BMXNZ has a membership of 32 clubs (as of January 2017) based in seven regions.

UNITED KINGDOM

United Kingdom Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (UKBMXA)†

The UKBMXA was created in April 1980 by David Duffield as first as a way of promoting BMX
BMX
in England. On August 30, 1980 it held its first BMX
BMX
race in Redditch, England . This sanctioning body would later become affiliated with the IBMXF and represent England in the IBMXF sanctioned events including the European and World Championships. In the summer of 1985 it merged with the National Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (NBMXA) with the UKBMXA being the dominant partner with its name carrying on.

National Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (NBMXA)*

British Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (BBMXA)

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English Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (EBA)

In November 1989 UK BMX
BMX
Association (UKBMXA) and the British BMX Association (BBMXA) merged and formed the English Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (EBA). This combination would represent England in the IBMXF.

British Cycling

Main article: British Cycling

The EBA merged with the British Cycling Federation (BCF) which had represented all other aspects and disciplines of English bicycle racing other than BMX. This organization is now known as British Cycling. British Cycling now represents all aspects of sport cycling in the United Kingdom including BMX
BMX
within the UCI.

*Not to be confused with the now-defunct United States–based National Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (NBmxA) (1972–1981) that was formerly known as the National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (NBA) and was the first BMX
BMX
sanctioning body in the world. The British NBMXA ceased operations in the summer of 1985.

UNITED STATES

On July 10, 1969, a group of boys riding their Schwinn Sting-Ray bicycles in Palms Park in West Los Angeles wanted to race. A park attendant, Ronald Mackler , a teenager with motorcycle motocross (MX) experience, helped them organize. Palms Park became to BMX
BMX
as Elysian Fields is to American baseball, for at that moment Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross racing was born. By 1973, entrance fees of US$4.50 (which included a US$1.00 insurance fee for the year) for a 10-week season of Thursday-night racing was charged, and the top three racers in the season were given trophies. Then a new season of 10 weeks would start the following Thursday.

The track operated well into the 1980s largely unchanged;, including the lack of a modern starting gate.

Bicycle
Bicycle
United Motocross Society (BUMS)

The first BMX
BMX
proto sanctioning body was the Bicycle
Bicycle
United Motocross Society (BUMS) founded by Scot Breithaupt in Long Beach, California
California
on November 14, 1970, when he was fourteen years old. On that day he put on his first ad hoc BMX
BMX
race. At first BUMS simply referred to the transients that congregated in the field around 7th and Bellflower Streets where the track was located, but later Scot turned it into the acronym BUMS. The first race had 35 participants, who paid Scot a quarter (US25 cents) each for the privilege. At the next race 150 kids showed up.

Since he was a motorcycle racer he knew even at thirteen the importance of a sanctioning body and how races were run and organized. He used his personal trophies that he won racing motocross motorcycles as awards for the winning competitors. He gave out membership cards, wrote the rulebook and had a points system for scoring and proficiency level promotion. He ran the first state championship in 1972, when he was all of 16 years old. Also due to his racing experience, he knew how to lay out a particularly exciting course. The track was about 1,350 feet (410 m) long and much more demanding than today's typical BMX
BMX
course. It was more akin to what the professionals race on in special Pro sections of track at large events today, including water holes and high dropoffs. Indeed, this early track resembled more closely a shortened mountain biking course than today's comparatively well groomed BMX
BMX
tracks. With the aforementioned exception of pro sections, today's tracks for the most part are pretty tame by comparison due to insurance concerns by the sanctioning bodies. The National Bicycle
Bicycle
League even went so far as to ban double jumps in 1988.

This first structured sanctioning body would eventually grow to seven tracks in California. This is what made him different from other track operators at the time: he did not just start one track but several others under a single jurisdiction of rules and regulations, all the requirements of a sanctioning body.

Among the firsts credited to BUMS was the first professional race in 1975 at Saddleback Park with a US$200 purse . Breithaupt also promoted in a joint venture with the new National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (NBA) (which was established the year before) what would later be called "Nationals" with the Yamaha Bicycle
Bicycle
Gold Cup series in 1974. They were three separate qualifying races held at three separate tracks in California
California
sponsored and heavily promoted by Yamaha Motor Company Ltd. to decide the first "National" No. 1 racer at a fourth and final race at the Los Angeles Coliseum . It was an achievement of import in the infancy of BMX, but it was not a true national since virtually all the events were held in California
California
and almost all racers were Californians. It would be left for other innovators to create a true national event.

National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (NBA)

Main article: National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association

Many followed Ronald Mackler, Rich Lee and Scot Breithaupt, opening impromptu often short-lived tracks sometimes within preexisting Motorcycle Motocross tracks; but with the exception of Breithaupt, the operators were independent "organizations" that operated individual tracks without any cohesion. What was needed was a governing body that would standardize and give direction and purpose to the grab bag of these amateur-run (in that these operators did not have this enterprise as the main concern of their lives) tracks.

The first official BMX
BMX
sanctioning body was the National Bicycle Association (NBA) started by Ernie Alexander in 1972. Like Scot Breithaupt, he had motorcycle motocross in his background, and like Scot he was a promoter but a professional one with his American Cycle Enterprises (ACE). He was also a former Hollywood stunt man who promoted races at the famous Indian Dunes, built and managed by Walt James, where many movies and TV shows were filmed. In 1970 he noticed a group of kids trying to organize a bicycle race with their Schwinn Sting-Rays. Being familiar with motorcycle racing, he lent the kids a hand. He later opened the Yarnell track, a steep downhill course every bit as treacherous by today's standards as Scot Breithaupt's BUMS track—if not more so. In 1972 he created the National Bicycle Association, modeled on the existing American Motorcycle Association (AMA). It was Mr. Alexander who built a truly nation-spanning professional sanctioning body for BMX.

Mismanagement irreparably damaged its reputation, including such practices as not reporting points totals in time, running races late and behind schedule, deliberately scheduling its own events opposite the events of other sanctioning bodies to weaken their attendance, and a less-than-attentive attitude to members. In its last two years it went through a name change to National BMX
BMX
Association (NBmxA) in 1979. It tried to reorganize in 1981, starting new tracks and by most accounts had a spark of new energy and enthusiasm, but still suffered lack of ridership (racers were committed to other point races with the other sanctioning bodies). This was to no avail. The NBA, suffering financial difficulties, ceased sanctioning its own races and started joint operations and did merge its membership (but did not merge its management) with the NBL after the 1981 season.

Mr. Alexander did try at least one more foray into the sport he helped to pioneer: he started the World Wide Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (WWBMXA) in Chatsworth, California
California
in 1981. Unfortunately it did not last more than two racing seasons.

National Bicycle
Bicycle
League (NBL)

In the United States today there are two major national sanctioning bodies for BMX
BMX
racing. One is the National Bicycle
Bicycle
League (NBL), a nonprofit organization started in 1974 by George Edward Esser (September 17, 1925 – August 31, 2006). It was originally based in Pompano Beach, Florida , in the US, but now its headquarters is located in Hilliard, Ohio . George Esser was exposed to BMX
BMX
by his son Greg Esser, who was famous within the sport and one of the sport's earliest superstars and first professionals. Like Ernie Alexander and Scot Breithaupt before him, he was a promoter who created the NBL as the BMX
BMX
auxiliary to the National Motorcycle League (NML), now-defunct, when he became dissatisfied with how the races were run.

The NBL started in Florida, and while it expanded rapidly on the East Coast of the United States and for most of its early history, it had only a few tracks west of the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
. That changed in 1982 when it inherited the membership and tracks of the defunct National Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (NBA) which had ceased sanctioning its own races and then went into partnership with the NBL. The NBL acquired all the NBA tracks in the nation including all those west of the Mississippi. As a result, it became a nation-spanning sanctioning body like the ABA.

In 1997 the NBL joined USA Cycling, a sanctioning body that has long supported road race, mountain biking and other cycling disciplines in the United States, tracing its roots back to 1920. The resulting organization is the National Federated body that represents cycling in the United States. USA Cycling is part of the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) also known as UCI Cycling, the Switzerland-based international governing body that oversees virtually all aspects of cycling around the world (see International Sanctioning bodies below).

The NBL had a previous association with the UCI through its affiliations with the defunct NBL sister organization, the International Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Federation (IBMXF), which was also co-founded by Mr. Esser. The UCI absorbed IBMXF in 1993 through its amateur cycling division, Fédération Internationale Amateur de Cyclisme (FIAC), which in the prior five years held joint World Championships for BMX
BMX
with the IBMXF (See International Sanctioning bodies below).

On May 17, 2011 The NBL announced that a letter of agreement was signed and approved by their Board of Directors, to merge operations with the ABA. The merged organization would be controlled by ABA ownership, and would be called USA BMX. After a month of wrangling, and negotiation between the parties, the final documents were signed on June 18, 2011. That day was the first time in more than 35 years that the sport of BMX
BMX
Racing
Racing
was run under a single sanctioning body in North America. The following week, the NBL Midwest National in Warsaw, Indiana was the first event to be run under the USA BMX
BMX
banner (though was still an NBL-branded event, as part of their 2011 national series). The 2011 NBL Grand National was the final NBL race of all-time, held September 3–4, 2011 and dubbed "The Grand Finale."

American Bicycle
Bicycle
Association (ABA)

The second current national sanctioning body is the American Bicycle Association (ABA), created by Gene Roden and Merl Mennenga in 1977, originating in Chandler, Arizona , USA. Mennenga thought at the time that the kids and their families were being cheated by unscrupulous promoters (not the aforementioned individuals). As the NBA was declining, the ABA inherited many of its tracks and members making the ABA within two years the largest, albeit youngest, and the first truly nation-spanning sanctioning body. It was the ABA which introduced the "Direct Transfer System" that shortened the duration of race events. The ABA also started the team trophy concept to award trophies and prizes to the bicycle shop and factory teams with the best race results over a season. It was also the first to install electronic gates for its starting line with "Christmas tree" style lights (reminiscent of drag racing), to ensure fairer starts. It also started the BMX
BMX
Hall of Fame, now called the National BMX
BMX
Hall of Fame, recognizing the pioneers and industry visionaries of the sport.

Today it is the largest sanctioning body in the world (a position it won as early as 1979 when it surpassed the NBL and the old NBA in numbers) with an estimated 60,000 members and 272 affiliated tracks in the United States, Mexico, and Canada. It is technically an international organization, but does not bill itself as one, based on its mandate to grow BMX
BMX
in the United States, unlike its predecessor, the International Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (IBMX), and its chief early rival, the NBA, both of which had international aspirations.

The ABA brand stands to be retired at the close of the 2011 season, becoming USA BMX
BMX
as part of its merger with the rival National Bicycle League (NBL).

Other Notable American Sanctioning Bodies

Along with the majors and pioneers, there were other BMX
BMX
governing bodies, both national and regional and past and present. Among them were the Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross League (BMXL); the United Bicycle
Bicycle
Racers Association (UBR) (1977–1983); the United States Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Association (USBA) (1984–1986), which merged with the ABA at the end of the 1986 racing season after financial trouble made it unsustainable; the International Cycling Association (ICA), which was started in part by professional racer Greg Hill in 1990; and the Southeast Region-based National Pedal Sport Association (NPSA) (1975–1988). They are all gone now, but they did affect, for good or ill, the American BMX
BMX
scene.

INTERNATIONAL SANCTIONING BODIES

INTERNATIONAL BICYCLE MOTOCROSS FEDERATION (IBMXF)

The International Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Federation (IBMXF) was founded on April 3, 1981 by Gerrit Does, a former motocross racer and Dutch citizen. He introduced BMX
BMX
to the Netherlands in 1974 after seeing it in the United States. He also started the first European BMX sanctioning body the Stichting Fietscross Nederland (SFN) (the Dutch Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Foundation (DBMXF) in English) in the Netherlands in 1978. George Esser, the same man who founded the American-based National Bicycle
Bicycle
League (NBL) in 1974 was the co-founder of the IBMXF, after Mr. Does approached the NBL to begin preparations for the new body in December 1980 with the representatives of sanctioning bodies from Canada, Colombia, Japan, Panama, and Venezuela as well as representing his native the Netherlands. The IBMXF was a Waalre , the Netherlands-based body that conducted international events including its own World Championship event until its formal merger with the Union Cycliste Internationale
Union Cycliste Internationale
(UCI) amateur cycling division the Fédération Internationale Amateur de Cyclisme (FIAC) in 1996 to form the largest international sanctioning body. The UCI championships have since superseded the old IBMXF championships and unlike the old FIAC BMX
BMX
championships it has a pro class. The NBL was affiliated with the UCI through its previous ties with the IBMXF and its merger with the FIAC.

In the old days of the IBMXF when you raced an IBMXF sanctioned race you received NBL state points and points that went toward your international standing, but no national NBL points that counted toward contention for national number one plates. The World Championship title was open to 16 and the building materials used, for example during the 1988 Championships in Mol , Belgium
Belgium
the track was built out of white sand, which became particularly boggy in the turns. "It feels like riding on the beach" was a refrain from many American racers. This inexperience of track construction was rectified by 1991 when the FIAC and the IBMXF started holding combined World Championship series in 1991 after four years of holding separate championship events. The two bodies formally unified in 1993 (FICP was disbanded along with the FIAC by the UCI). After a three-year transition period, The UCI held its first World Championship in 1996 after absorbing the IBMXF and abolishing FIAC. With the increasing relaxation of the rules of Professionalism in the IOC, the merged governing body, run directly by the UCI, retained the professional division.

UNION CYCLISTE INTERNATIONALE (UCI)

The Union Cycliste Internationale
Union Cycliste Internationale
(UCI) or in English the International Cycling Union, is a Switzerland-based international sanctioning body created in 1900 which has had its own international BMX
BMX
racing program since 1982 (through FIAC) and have been holding World Championships for BMX
BMX
racing since 1996. The UCI also supports Mountain Bike, Track, Road Race Cycling, and Cyclo-Cross . The UCI through its amateur division FIAC, held championships were separate and distinct from the International Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross Federation (IBMXF) World Championships until they started to hold the World Championships jointly starting in 1991 (see above). The American sanctioning body the National Bicycle
Bicycle
League (NBL) was affiliated with the UCI via the old IBMXF which the NBL was a part of. With the merger of the IBMXF with FIAC, they in turn being folded into the UCI, and the NBL joining the USA Cycling directly, the NBL was affiliated with the UCI from 1996 to 2008. Beginning with the 2009 season, the ABA took over as the USA affiliate of UCI.

Riders are qualified to the annual UCI BMX
BMX
World Championships through participation and qualifying in their own National Championship Race. In the USA, this Championship race occurs in Desoto, TX on the Saturday of the ABA Supernationals (which are run on a Friday/Sunday schedule) in Mid March.

GENERAL RULES OF ADVANCEMENT IN ORGANIZED BMX
BMX
RACING

The sanctioning bodies have slightly different rules for qualifications of advancement in races between skill levels and age classification. For instance the ABA and the NBL uses different rules of qualifying for mains from the motos. The ABA uses almost an all or nothing system called the Transfer System while the NBL uses a cumulative scoring scheme called the Moto System.

Below is the general rules, structure of advancement within the American Bicycle
Bicycle
Association unless otherwise noted, but the generalities are similar between the sanctioning bodies.

SKILL LEVELS, RACE STRUCTURE, QUALIFYING METHODS, AWARDS

Racers in the 20" class are grouped with others of the same relative age and experience levels; Novice, Intermediate, Expert, Veteran, "A" Pro, "AA" Pro in the ABA; Rookie, Novice, Expert, Elite Masters, "B" Pro (Superclass) and "A" Pro (Elite) in the NBL. They range from 5 & under Novice to 28 & over Expert in the ABA and from 5 & under Rookie to 35 & over Expert in the NBL. Cruiser Class (bicycles with 24" or greater diameter wheels) and the girl classes are not divided up into skill classes, only age classes in both the NBL and the ABA. The Cruiser class age brackets for example range from 9 & under to 51 & over for males, 10 & under to 41 and 9 & under to 55 & over males, 10 & under to 40 and the Moto System, the NBL's choice. In the transfer system usually one to three people are transferred to the main depending on the size of the class.

For instance, in the ABA transfer system a group of say eight racers sign up for the 17-18 Intermediate class. That is more than enough to have three motos (four is the minimum). Moto #1 will have all eight racers. The first two finishers qualify for and do not race again until the Main. Moto #2 will be a second heat for the remaining six racers; again, the first two across the finish line from that group will go the Main. Finally, a third moto of the remaining four riders is run, from which the first two racers across the finish line will be taken to the Main, forming a six-man Main. The last two racers do not qualify (DNQ) and therefore do not race in the Main, do not collect any points, trophies, a chance to take a step in advancement to a higher amateur level or if they are professionals, prize money.

The NBL and the international UCI uses the "Olympic" or Moto System of advancing to the Main. In the Moto System, you must race all three times to make the main or if the race is a large one semi finals. It is a formula combining how well you do with all the registered participant riders in your class racing all three times. It cumulatively determines who will race in the finals. The higher your points total, the more likely you will advance. For instance if you come in 1st, 1st and 1st, 40+50+60, which is 150 points, you are a virtual certainty to race in the Main (or in large races you are merely transferred to the quarter/semi-finals) barring disqualification for some reason. If you come in Last, Last, First, which in a race with eight men in your class translates to 0+0+60 or 60 points, you MIGHT race in the main (or in larger races the 1/8/quarter/semi finals) determining how well the others did. The person who came in 3rd place in all three motos or 30+40+50=120p would have a much better shot at making the Main than you. Even the person who came in 2nd+6th+6th or 35+25+35=95 would have a better shot even if you won the final moto.

In larger races in both the ABA and NBL, then a 2nd moto of the same class but different racers is run right behind the first group. They also race three times but instead of the winners going to the Main they face their first group counterparts (who also went through the three-moto shake out) in the semi finals called the Semi-Main. Then the qualifiers face off in the Main. The same for races large enough for quarterfinals or Quarter-Mains, 1/8s and even 1/16s.

The Amateurs, once they get to the mains usually only race once for the top points and the trophy. The Professionals on the other hand run multiple cumulative Mains just like in the qualifying motos for the points, trophy and most important, prize money. This is both NBL and ABA practice. Like during the qualifying motos the points you earn in each running of the Pro Main are tied into the position you finish in each of the three motos.

Cumulative scoring rewards consistency. The better the racer you are, the more consistent you will be. The transfer system lets you capitalize on the mistakes of others. The better the racer you are, the fewer the mistakes you make.

One major drawback in cumulative scoring is that it is more complicated task in keeping track than in the transfer system. In the 1980s at least two national level scoring scandals (one in 1985) in which the national professional number one was decided after the Grand nationals underlined this. There was also a scoring mix up during the 1983 NBL Grand National in which it was thought Brian Patterson was the winner for two weeks but after a recount initiated after Eric Rupe protested gave Eric Rupe the number one for 1983. An even larger scoring scandal occurred in 1985 in which pro racer Peter Loncarevich apparently beat Greg Hill for the number one pro racer by a mere 3 points. Greg Hill's wife Nancy (who was the bookkeeper for Greg Hill's BMX
BMX
bicycle company Greg Hill Products) kept an independent accounting of the season points of Mr. Hill's closest competitors and detected an error. At his wife's urging Mr. Hill ask for and received an audit of the points and the NBL confirmed the error had taken place and awarded Mr. Hill the pro title for 1985.

The Transfer System on the other hand, was never popular with the racers. While very efficient and less error prone than the cumulative method (and allowing the ABA to run much quicker events with fewer finish line scores), the good racers generally did not like it since they would only get to race once, win their transfer moto and wait for hours if the races are big enough to race the mains (on the other hand you get to relax a little without the anxiety of doing poorly in the next two qualifying motos). This means the racers race less often in the ABA and the fun of BMX
BMX
is in the racing, even if you are losing. Even racers who do not do well did not like the transfer system because the fewer actual races you are in, the less chance you will have to improve your skills in actual race conditions You also race two times less for your money paid for in entrance fees in the ABA in the Transfer system if you win your first moto.

Among the Pros the Cumulative method is preferred. Not only because they get to race more, it lessens the chance of luck playing as a factor in any given race event. In 1985 Greg Hill staged a personal boycott of ABA nationals in part of his dislike of the transfer system. Cumulative scoring is not only used in the ABA and NBL pro qualifying motos but in the mains, in which the pros are required to race the mains three times to win points and prize money. Cumulative scoring, also known as Olympic scoring, is used by the UCI in their international BMX
BMX
program and was used in the 2008 Summer Olympics
2008 Summer Olympics
in Beijing, China for both amateurs and professionals. The ABA continues to use the Transfer System for its amateur classes.

SKILL LEVEL ADVANCEMENT, LOCAL POINTS AWARDS AND DISTRICT RANKING

The first ostensive goal of a BMX
BMX
racer is to become the number one amateur racer in your district. The racer's home state/province maybe divided up into several Districts depending how many participants and how spread out they are over the state/province. A balance is sought. Too many people in a single district could discourage new, inexperienced riders from having a sense of accomplishment if they are doing reasonably well but not advancing his point score up the list of total points in relation to other racers. Too small a district would cheapen any sense of accomplishment due to paucity of racers, producing an artificially high ranking for the following season for the racer(s) in the points race. Points determine how well you do in the district rankings. How high you go in the rankings depends on what skill level category you are in as well as how well you do in your particular races since it affects how many points you win, which adds to your total for your district ranking. The higher your skill level, the more points you will gather at any given race (providing that you have qualified for the Main).

In the Amateur class, advancement to a higher skill level depends on your success in your present skill level. For instance at the ABA local level you start out as a Novice. From Novice eight local career first places in the Mains will advance you to Intermediate Class. From Intermediate twenty five local career first place wins in the Main is required to graduate to the Expert class. From there as in most other sports, it is voluntary to go professional.

The Main will determine the winner that day and 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and sometimes 5th-place trophies and who gets how many points added to his total which determines his ranking in his district. The number of points a racer gets after a race is usually determined by his place in the Main. On the local level, first place Novice class will get the winner 25 points, 2nd place 20 and so on with 8th getting only 3 points. The more points a racer has the higher his ranking and thus the lower the number he gets to wear on his front number plate the following season. For instance say in ABA New York District #1 a racer had the 10th most points out of 200 racers in his district at the finish of the 2005 season. He will then be entitled to have the number "10" on his number plate for that district during the 2006 season.

The Skill level class you belong to also affects how many points you get. The winners of the Expert Classes on the local level will get 100 points while the winning Intermediates will get 50 points and the winners of the Novice classes only 25 points. Second, third et al. placers would get lower points in proportion. The 7th place Expert finishers will get only 20 points, the equivalent of second place in the Novice class.

In all classes and skill levels racers also receive the same number of points depending on how many are in their class and age group. These are called participant points. For instance if eight riders participate in 17-18 Intermediate class, all those who make the mains will get 8 points, including the last place finisher. If the class has 15 racers, all who make the main will get 15 points. So the winner of the Intermediate class will get 15 points for the fifteen racers in that class on top of the 50 points for winning for a total of 65 points.

There are separate point scoring for cruiser and girl classes and separate point tables for state and national rankings. Points for those events are gathered in a similar fashion as on the district, i.e. local, level.

NATIONAL AND SPECIAL EVENT POINTS AWARDS

Other important factors affect the point totals. Some local special event races are double or even triple point races, doubling or tripling the points each position in the Mains each racer would normally get. points are awarded, so an Expert winner could look forward to collecting 400 points for winning his class in addition to bonus points and participant points.

To compete on a National level for national titles you must compete in Nationals. Nationals have their own separate points tables that are accumulated by the racers similarly to local district points. However the points rewarded are not the same amount. For instance 240 National points are awarded to the first place Expert winner as well as his 300 district triple points, but his national points are NOT added to his district points or vice versa. Like in local races he or she is also awarded participant points. The amateur with the most National points at the end of the year is the overall National number one (#1) racer and gets to wear a #1 on his number plate at national events the following season. Professionals are not affected since they have their own points system and table separate from the amateurs for the number one pro title.

In the NBL there is no overall #1 amateur, only a number one title for their age group, so a racer in say 17 expert that has most points can wear a national #1 plate even if the number one rider in 12 expert actually has more points. Again, the professionals have their own points system for number one pro.

There is yet another points table for State/Provincial wide events for the State/Provincial Championship. However, instead of wide gap points between winners and those who follow and between skill levels, they are quite close i.e. for first place in Expert, Intermediate and Novice it is 20, 19, and 18 respectively. Also, it is only a one-point difference between places i.e. 20 points for first and 19 points for second place in Expert. The same for the Novice and Intermediate levels. Also unlike on the National and District level NO participant points are awarded.

In the NBL, the points received for moto points in the cumulative "Olympic" system at the national and regional level are similar as on the district level.

Nationals can also affect your skill level ranking. On the local level it takes eight career wins to transfer from Novice to Intermediate; from Intermediate to Expert 25 career wins are necessary. On the national level only five career wins are required in both cases. This is because of the much higher quality of competition found on the national level.

All of the aforementioned applies with minor variations to the Girls and Cruiser Classes.

OPEN AND TROPHY DASH EVENTS

A fourth class of racing in BMX
BMX
which are held at local and national events are called Opens. Opens are largely exhibition and are a chance to test yourself and practice against better competition without jeopardizing your point standings. You must be registered to race in a points race to sign up for the Open events. No points are awarded for Opens although trophy places are and the moto qualification rounds are similar to the point races. These are races with more flexible skill level and age requirements. In Opens there are no Novice, Intermediate and Expert divisions. All amateur skill levels are free to participate. The age groupings are generally broader, for example 13-14 open class as opposed to 13 Intermediate and 14 Intermediate being separate groupings for those ages in the points races. Girls may also participate in the male Open class within the proper age ranges. However expert boys are not allowed in these "Mixed" opens. Then an Expert Open is held in that event. The pros are excluded from racing with the amateurs if enough pros are at hand to race that a separate Pro-Open class can be created. If not, then the pros can race in the amateur Open with some restrictions. This is called a Pro-Am event. Except for the Pro-Am exception the Expert racers usually wins the open class. Even if there are Pros in the Open, it is not unusual for an older Expert-17-18 age class for example-to win since many have the talent and speed to be a pro but have not yet taken the opportunity, partly because once you go Pro, you can go back to amateur only under very strict circumstances.

There are separate Open divisions for Cruisers where similar rules apply.

Sometimes an exhibition race is held after all the meaningful races are run with all the amateur class winners from Novice up to Expert and including the Open, girls classes and perhaps Cruiser classes race together once. This is called the Trophy Dash . Like in the Open Classes, no points are rewarded in this case, just a chance for bragging rights and to match yourself up against people that are at a higher skill level. Only one race for a single first-place trophy is awarded. As in the Opens the Expert usually wins with the Intermediate winner pulling one out every once in a while. Novices usually win only when a major, catastrophic pile up occurs on the track and even then the mass smash up has to happen quite close to the finish line.

PROFESSIONALS

There are professional rankings in BMX. In the ABA the two major ones are the "A" and "AA" classifications in the 20" division. The Professionals are the only class allowed to compete for cash prizes.

The first level is pro. To become an "A" pro you have to hold at least an Expert skill level rating and be at least 16 years old to be issued a Pro Membership card by USA BMX. If you are a professional BMXer with another BMX
BMX
sanctioning body, you will be recognized as a Pro by USA BMX
BMX
and barred from competing in ABA sanctioned amateur classes. Once you become a pro BMX
BMX
racer, you cannot go back to amateur status except under stringent circumstances. What's more by turning BMX
BMX
Pro you very likely be disqualifying yourself from other amateur sports depending on the state and federal laws that apply.

In recent years, A Pros decide when they want to move to up to AA Pro. There used to be a $3,000 winnings cap, however, this was removed in 2015.

"A" pro and "AA" pros race in separate classes generally, but if there are too few of one or the other type of pro to race separately-four is the minimum-then they race together in a combined class. This occurs generally in at large multi-point local district races but usually not at Nationals.

Pro ranking points are similar to the National armateur points awards. "A" Pros get the equivalent of National Intermediate points. i.e. 120 for first, 100 points for second etc. "AA" Pro get Expert equivalent points i.e. 240 for first etc. Both like in the amateur classes get participant points if the racer makes the Main. The person with the most points in a season will be District Pro #1, the same is true to become state Pro #1. However, on the national level not only you must receive the most points, you must race in at least 10 nationals plus the Grand Nationals, the ABA's multi-day season ending event, for the best 10 of your finishes will go toward your national rankings. For example, if you participate in 13 national events, your best 10 will be considered and your worst three disregarded. You must meet this qualification on the national level to wear National numbers one though ten on your number plate the following year.

The rules are similar for Pro Cruiser and Pro Girls classes.

There is a fourth class of pro called Veteran Pro. These are professionals in the 20" class that are at least 30 years old and generally past their racing prime but still love to compete. Most of the rules that apply to the "A" and "AA" pros apply to the "Vet" Pros except that they are required to race in only six national events plus the Grand Nationals and are classified as "A" Pros and get "A" Pro points, However, they can win unlimited prize money as a Vet pro on this "A" Pro level without the requirement of moving up to "AA" pro upon winning US$3000 in a season. Some Vet Pros are retired "AA" pros that have come back to the sport. In those cases they had to go through a reclassification process with certain criteria having to be met, including written permission from conventional "A" Pros. "Vet" Pros cannot compete for the National #1 Championship.

EXAMPLES OF NOTABLE BMX
BMX
RACERS

Many participants in BMX
BMX
racing have left their mark. Most are pure racers while some promoted and sponsored races; others have created unique maneuvers and invented or helped design equipment as well have raced themselves. They have done it over the near 40-year history of the sport during distinct eras. These are just a few.

Pioneering "Old School"* BMX
BMX
racers from the US include:

* Scot Breithaupt * David Clinton * John George * Bobby Encinas * Tinker Juarez * Perry Kramer * Stu Thomsen * Jeff Bottema * Jeff Kosmala * Jeff Ruminer * Scott Clark * Frank Post * Anthony Sewell * Brent Patterson * Brian Patterson * Harry Leary * Tommy Brackens * Eric Rupe * Pete Loncarevich * Greg Hill * Cheri Elliott * Richie Anderson * Debbie Kalsow * Clint Miller * Donny Atherton * Darrell Young * Andy Patterson * Eddy King * Mike King * Gary Ellis * Deanna Edwards * Tim Judge * Mike Miranda * Lee Medlin * Shawn Texas * Nelson Chanady * Mike Poulson * Toby Henderson * Shelby James

D.D. Leone

Each racer is sourced on his/her individual page. US "Mid school" racers and racers whose careers started during the "Old School" era but were not part of the pioneering 1970's generation include:

* Charles Townsend * Terry Tenette * Darwin Griffin * Eric Carter * Billy Griggs * Steve Veltman * John Purse * Kiyomi Waller * Melanie Cline * Kenny May * Danny Nelson * Matt Hadan * Cindy Davis * Alan Foster * Brian Foster * Gary DeBacker * Tara Llanes * Robert MacPherson

Each racer is sourced on his/her individual page. Notable international Old and "Mid School"* BMX
BMX
racers:

* Corine Dorland Netherlands * Thomas Allier France * Kelvin Batey UK * Bas de Bever Netherlands * Christophe Lévêque France * Dale Holmes UK * Anne-Caroline Chausson France

Each racer is sourced on his/her individual page. Newer "Mid School" and "New/Current School"* racers include:

* Jamie Lilly US * Bubba Harris US * Wade Bootes Australia * Kim Hayashi US * Shanaze Reade UK * Randy Stumpfhauser US * Samantha Cools Canada * Willy Kanis Netherlands * Donny Robinson US * Kyle Bennett US * Warwick Stevenson Australia * Robert de Wilde Netherlands * Alice Jung US * Joey Bradford US * Laëtitia Le Corguillé France * Jill Kintner US * Māris Štrombergs Latvia * Mike Day US * Alise Post US

Each racer is sourced on his/her individual page.

*Generally speaking the "Old School" generation is from 1969, the very beginning of BMX
BMX
to 1987 or 1988, during the first major slump in the popularity of BMX
BMX
racing and the height of popularity of Old School Freestyling. "Mid School" is generally considered to be from 1988 to 1999, which includes the first slump in Freestyle BMX
BMX
in 1988-89 and the resurgence of BMX
BMX
racing beginning in 1990 and it really taking off again in 1993. "New/Current School" or today's BMX is considered to be from 2000 to the present day with the emphasis on Dirt Jumping contest and streetstyle and deemphasis on racing. With the racers, it will not be perfect demarcations. Some Old Schoolers raced well into the Mid School era of the 1990s, like Pete Loncarevich and Greg Hill . There are a few Old Schoolers still racing in the Veteran and Masters classes today, Eric Rupe to name one. Many Mid Schoolers like Warwick Stevenson and Randy Stumpfhauser are racing well into the New/Current School era. A significant number of top New Schoolers started during the "Mid school" era like Donny Robinson and Bubba Harris , so there is bleed over. As time goes by the year definitions of eras of "Mid" and "New School" will change, especially Mid School, but "Old School" will most likely always refer to the sports first 18–19 years when the pioneers began it, set the rules, promoted it, constructed the precedent setting equipment, set the records and conventions, raced it, and largely retired from it in terms of serious Senior Pro competition.

NATIONAL AMERICAN SANCTIONING BODY NUMBER ONE RACERS BY YEAR

NATIONAL BICYCLE ASSOCIATION (NBA)

CDNE=Class did not exist. TDNE=Title did not exist.

NOTE: Dates reflect the year the racers *won* their plates, not the year they actually *raced* their No.1 plates. In other words, David Clinton won his No.1 plate in 1974 entitling him to race with #1 on his plate for the 1975 season. John George then won the No.1 plate in 1975 and raced with #1 on his plate during the 1976 racing season.

Pro* Nat.#1 Men

* 1974 David Clinton* * 1975 John George * * 1976 Scot Breithaupt ** * 1977 Stu Thomsen * 1978 Stu Thomsen * 1979 Scott Clark * 1980 Anthony Sewell * 1981 Scott Clark

Pro Cruiser Nat.#1 Men

* 1974 CDNE * 1975 CDNE * 1976 CDNE * 1977 CDNE * 1978 CDNE * 1979 CDNE * 1980 Jeff Kosmala * 1981 Turnell Henry

Amat. Nat.#1 Men

* 1974 David Clinton* * 1975 John George* * 1976 Scot Breithaupt** * 1977 Stu Thomsen*** * 1978 Stu Thomsen*** * 1979 Greg Hill **** * 1980 Donny Atherton * 1981 Keith Gaynor

Amat. Nat.#1 Powder Puff

* 1974 * 1975 * 1976 * 1977 * 1978 * 1979 Debbie Shobert * 1980 * 1981

*The NBA did not have a true National no.1 until 1975 when the first true national was held. Until then No.1s were strictly district. However, since the NBA Southern California
California
District was the largest by far in the country during those years (indeed, only in Arizona did the NBA have any districts outside of California) and John George in 1975 and before him David Clinton in 1974 where the district champions at the end of those seasons that made them National No.1s by default. In the case of David Clinton in 1974 almost no tracks existed outside of California
California
and none of those were NBA sanctioned. **The NBA did have a separate professional division beginning in 1976, but until 1979 the National No.1 plate was all around for every class pro or amateur.

***The Number One pro title did not exist until 1979.

****NBA Pros were allowed to race in the Amateur class and hold the amateur title at the time, so Greg Hill, while a professional was eligible for and won the no. 1 Amateur title.

NATIONAL BICYCLE LEAGUE (NBL)

NOTE: Dates reflect the year the racers *won* their plates, not the year they actually *raced* their No.1 plates. In other words, Antony Sewell won his No.1 plate in 1980 entitling him to race with #1 on his plate for the 1981 season. Stu Thomsen then won the No.1 plate in 1981 and raced with #1 on his plate during the 1982 racing season.

Elite ("AA") Pro Nat.#1

* 1978 Sal Zeuner** * 1979 Greg Esser** * 1980 Anthony Sewell * 1981 Stu Thomsen * 1982 Stu Thomsen * 1983 Eric Rupe * 1984 Eric Rupe * 1985 Greg Hill * 1986 Pete Loncarevich * 1987 Pete Loncarevich * 1988 Greg Hill * 1989 Gary Ellis * 1990 Terry Tenette * 1991 Terry Tenette * 1992 Terry Tenette * 1993 Eric Carter * 1994 Gary Ellis * 1995 John Purse * 1996 John Purse * 1997 Christophe Lévêque * 1998 Christophe Lévêque * 1999 Danny Nelson * 2000 Thomas Allier * 2001 Jamie Staff * 2002 Kyle Bennett * 2003 Randy Stumpfhauser * 2004 Kyle Bennett * 2005 Mike Day * 2006 Donny Robinson * 2007 Kyle Bennett * 2008 Randy Stumpfhauser * 2009 Maris Strombergs * 2010 Maris Strombergs * 2011 ----

Pro Nat.#1 (Elite) Cruiser

* 1978 CDNE* * 1979 CDNE * 1980 CDNE * 1981 Brent Patterson * 1982 Brent Patterson * 1983 Brent Patterson * 1984 Toby Henderson * 1985 Greg Hill * 1986 Greg Hill * 1987 Eric Rupe * 1988 Eric Rupe * 1989 Ron Walker * 1990 Kenny May * 1991 Barry McManus * 1992 Barry McManus * 1993 * 1994 Justin Green * 1995 * 1996 Billy Au * 1997 Kiyomi Waller * 1998 Randy Stumpfhauser * 1999 Dale Holmes * 2000 Kevin Tomko * 2001 Randy Stumpfhauser * 2002 Randy Stumpfhauser * 2003 Randy Stumpfhauser * 2004 Randy Stumpfhauser * 2005 Donny Robinson * 2006 TD**** * 2007 TD * 2008 TD * 2009 TD * 2010 TD * 2011 ----

"A" Pro/Super-EX Nat.#1

* 1978 CDNE * 1979 CDNE * 1980 CDNE * 1981 TDNE*** * 1982 TDNE * 1983 TDNE * 1984 TDNE * 1985 TDNE * 1986 TDNE * 1987 TDNE * 1988 TDNE * 1989 TDNE * 1990 Darrin Waterbury * 1991 Barry McManus * 1992 Brian Foster * 1993 * 1994 * 1995 * 1996 * 1997 Jeff Dein * 1998 Steven Spahr * 1999 Todd Lyons * 2000 Eric Rupe * 2001 * 2002 Jonathan Suarez * 2003 Derek Betcher * 2004 Augusto Castro * 2005 Derek Betcher * 2006 TD**** * 2007 TD * 2008 Carlos Oquendo * 2009 Josh Meyers * 2010 Josh Meyers * 2011 ----

"A" Pro Cruiser Nat.#1

* 1978 CDNE * 1979 CDNE * 1980 CDNE * 1981 CDNE * 1982 CDNE * 1983 CDNE * 1984 CDNE * 1985 CDNE * 1986 CDNE * 1987 CDNE * 1988 CDNE * 1989 CDNE * 1990 CDNE * 1991 CDNE * 1992 CDNE * 1993 CDNE * 1994 CDNE * 1995 CDNE * 1996 CDNE * 1997 CDNE * 1998 * 1999 * 2000 * 2001 * 2002 Eric Rupe * 2003 Jason Carnes * 2004 * 2005 * 2006 * 2007 TD**** * 2008 TD * 2009 TD * 2010 TD * 2011 ----

Pro Nat. #1 Masters

* 1978 CDNE * 1979 CDNE * 1980 CDNE * 1981 CDNE * 1982 CDNE * 1983 CDNE * 1984 CDNE * 1985 CDNE * 1986 CDNE * 1987 CDNE * 1988 CDNE * 1989 CDNE * 1990 CDNE * 1991 CDNE * 1992 CDNE * 1993 CDNE * 1994 CDNE * 1995 CDNE * 1996 CDNE * 1997 * 1998 * 1999 * 2000 Eric Rupe * 2001 * 2002 Derek Betcher * 2003 * 2004 Eric Rupe * 2005 Dave Bittner * 2006 Kiyomi Waller * 2007 * 2008 Dale Holmes * 2009 Dale Holmes * 2010 Dale Holmes * 2011 ----

Amateur -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;">

* 1978 CDNE * 1979 CDNE * 1980 Heidi Mirisola(Am)† * 1981 Kathy Schachel(Am) * 1982 Kathy Schachel(Am) * 1983 Kathy Schachel(Am) * 1984 Debbie Kalsow (Am) * 1985 Kathy Schachel(Pro) * 1986 Kathy Schachel(Pro) * 1987 Gaby Bayhi(Pro) * 1988 Stacey Lupfer(Am) * 1989 Jennifer Wardle(Am) * 1990 Christy Homa(Am) * 1991 Melanie Cline (Am) * 1992 Marie McGilvary(Am) * 1993 Michelle Cairns(Am) * 1994 Marie McGilvary(Am) * 1995 Marie McGilvary(Am) * 1996 Marie McGilvary(Sup)‡ * 1997 Michelle Cairns * 1998 Michelle Cairns * 1999 Marie McGilvar * 2000 Natarsha Williams * 2001 Natarsha Williams * 2002 Jill Kintner * 2003 Kim Hayashi * 2004 Kim Hayashi * 2005 Kim Hayashi * 2006 Kim Hayashi * 2007 Kim Hayashi * 2008 Stephanie Barragan * 2009 Dominique Daniels * 2010 Dominique Daniels * 2011 ----

Am Nat.#1 Girls Cruiser

* 1978 CDNE * 1979 CDNE * 1980 CDNE * 1981 CDNE * 1982 CDNE * 1983 CDNE * 1984 CDNE * 1985 CDNE * 1986 CDNE * 1987 CDNE * 1988 CDNE * 1989 CDNE * 1990 CDNE * 1991 Michelle Cairns * 1992 * 1993 * 1994 * 1995 * 1996 * 1997 * 1998 * 1999 * 2000 * 2001 * 2002 * 2003 * 2004 * 2005 * 2006 * 2007 * 2008 TD**** * 2009 TD * 2010 TD * 2011 ----

*Class Did Not Exist

**Until the 1980 season the #1 plate holder was considered #1 overall amateur or professional. The NBL did have a pro class in 1977, 1978 -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;">

* 1977 Title did not exist* * 1978 Title did not exist* * 1979 Stu Thomsen * 1980 Brent Patterson * 1981 Kevin McNeal * 1982 Brian Patterson * 1983 Brian Patterson * 1984 Pete Loncarevich * 1985 Ronnie Anderson * 1986 Pete Loncarevich * 1987 Charles Townsend * 1988 Mike King * 1989 Gary Ellis * 1990 Gary Ellis * 1991 Pete Loncarevich * 1992 Pete Loncarevich * 1993 Steve Veltman * 1994 Gary Ellis * 1995 Gary Ellis * 1996 Robert MacPherson * 1997 John Purse * 1998 Christophe Lévêque * 1999 Christophe Lévêque * 2000 Wade Bootes * 2001 Warwick Stevenson * 2002 Danny Nelson * 2003 Warwick Stevenson * 2004 Bubba Harris * 2005 Bubba Harris * 2006 Bubba Harris * 2007 Danny Caluag * 2008 Khalen Young * 2009 Randy Stumpfhauser * 2010 Sam Willoughby * 2011 ----

Pro Nat.#1 Cruiser Men

* CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * Title did not exist** * TDNE * TDNE * TDNE * TDNE * TDNE * Eric Rupe * Eric Rupe * Hans Nissen * Kenny May * Kenny May * Darrell Young * Terry Tenette * Justin Green * Kiyomi Waller * Wade Bootes * Kiyomi Waller * Kiyomi Waller * Dale Holmes * Andy Contes * Randy Stumpfhauser * Randy Stumpfhauser * Randy Stumpfhauser * Randy Stumpfhauser * Randy Stumpfhauser * Donny Robinson * Danny Caluag * Danny Caluag * Danny Caluag * Barry Nobles * ----

Veteran Pro Nat.#1 Men

* 1977 CDNE * 1978 CDNE * 1979 CDNE * 1980 CDNE * 1981 CDNE * 1982 CDNE * 1983 CDNE * 1984 CDNE * 1985 CDNE * 1986 CDNE * 1987 CDNE * 1988 CDNE * 1989 CDNE * 1990 CDNE * 1991 CDNE * 1992 CDNE * 1993 Harry Leary * 1994 Harry Leary * 1995 Eric Rupe * 1996 Eric Rupe * 1997 Eric Rupe * 1998 Eric Rupe * 1999 Eric Rupe * 2000 Eric Rupe * 2001 Eric Rupe * 2002 Jason Carnes * 2003 Jason Carnes * 2004 Jason Carnes * 2005 Jason Carnes * 2006 Jason Carnes * 2007 Jason Carnes * 2008 Kenth Fallen * 2009 Kenth Fallen * 2010 Kenth Fallen * 2011 ----

Pro Nat.#1 Women

* CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * Heather Bruns * Michelle Cairns * Jamie Lilly * Alice Jung * Alice Jung * Jamie Lilly * Samantha Cools * Samantha Cools * Alise Post * Alise Post * Dominique Daniels * Dominique Daniels * Dominique Daniels * ----

Am. Nat.#1 Men

* 1977 Title did not exist * 1978 Kyle Fleming * 1979 Richie Anderson * 1980 Richie Anderson * 1981 Jason Wharton * 1982 Steve Veltman * 1983 Doug Davis * 1984 Mike King * 1985 Brent Romero * 1986 Eric Carter * 1987 Mike King * 1988 Kenny May * 1989 Marty Christman * 1990 David Milham * 1991 Zack Roebuck * 1992 Alexis Vergara * 1993 Adam McGuire * 1994 Kevin Royal * 1995 Robert MacPherson * 1996 Matt Ortwein * 1997 Brandon Meadows * 1998 Andy Contes * 1999 Brandon Nicholls * 2000 Ian Stoffel * 2001 Wes Jones * 2002 Sean Lechner * 2003 Josh Oie * 2004 Josh Oie * 2005 David Herman * 2006 David Herman * 2007 Nic Long * 2008 Nic Long * 2009 Corben Sharrah * 2010 Joshua Klatman * 2011 Joshua Klatman

Am. Nat.#1 Cruiser Men

* CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * Jeff Kosmala * Joe Claveau * Steve Veltman * Brett Allen * Jason Johnson * Shawn Callihan * Matt Hadan * Darwin Griffin * Kenny May * Shelby James * Justin Green * In Hee Lee * In Hee Lee * Anthony Freeman * Larry Miersch * Randy Stumpfhauser * Barry Nilson * Barry Nilson * Barry Nilson * Barry Nilson * Wes Jones * Jarret Kolich * Mike Ellis * Kirk Chrisco * Terrel Proctor * Robert O'Gorman * Chris Verhagen * Anthony Russell * Corey Cook * George Goodall * Brodie Spott * ----

Am. Nat.#1 Women

* 1977 CDNE * 1978 CDNE * 1979 CDNE * 1980 CDNE * 1981 CDNE * 1982 Debbie Kalsow * 1983 Cheri Elliott * 1984 Cheri Elliott * 1985 Cheri Elliott * 1986 Dianna Bowling * 1987 Nikki Murray * 1988 Cindy Davis * 1989 Mapuana Naki * 1990 Tammy Daugherty * 1991 Marla Brady * 1992 Betsy Edmunson * 1993 Shara Wilson * 1994 Ashley Recklau * 1995 Cindy Davis * 1996 Ashley Recklau * 1997 Ashley Recklau * 1998 Jessica Cisar * 1999 Brooke Elder * 2000 Brooke Elder * 2001 Alise Post * 2002 Terra Nichols * 2003 Terra Nichols * 2004 Alise Post * 2005 Tyler Schaefer * 2006 Shelby Long * 2007 Dominique Daniels * 2008 Jordan Nopens * 2009 Jordan Nopens * 2010 Tyler Schaeffer * 2011 ----

Am. Nat.#1 Cruiser Women

* CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * CDNE * Leigh Donovan * Leigh Donovan * Dianna Bowling * Stephanie Anderson * Cindy Davis * Sheila Songcuan * Cindy Davis * Cindy Davis * Darcey Cobb * Ashley Recklau * Anna Appleby * Ashley Recklau * Ashley Recklau * Kim Hayashi * Kim Hayashi * Mailani Mcnabb * Alise Post * Alise Post * Samantha Bretheim * Tyler Schaefer * Dominique Daniels * Felicia Stancil * Carly Dyar * Kelsey Van Ogle * ----

*Until the 1979 season the #1 plate holder was considered #1 overall amateur or professional. The ABA did have a pro class in 1977 -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ A B C D http://www.livestrong.com/article/116012-bmx-biking/ * ^ Bicycle
Bicycle
Motocross News July 1975 Vol.2 No.6 pg.23 * ^ BMX
BMX
Torque August 1982 Vol.1 No.1 pg.30 * ^ A B "Gerrit Does\'s "University of BMX", History of BMX
BMX
1978 till 1979". Universityofbmx.com. Retrieved 2012-08-08. * ^ "Gerrit Does\'s "University of BMX", History of BMX
BMX
1981". Universityofbmx.com. Retrieved 2012-08-08. * ^ "Google translation of the VBC webpage". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 2012-08-08. * ^ the VBC site in the original French * ^ A B C D E Gilli, Germinal (1986). Bmx. Sport e avventura (in Italian). Edizioni Mediterranee. ISBN 88-272-0410-5 . * ^ "Gerrit Does\'s "University of BMX", History of BMX
BMX
1983". Retrieved 2009-02-28. * ^ "Gerrit Does\'s "University of BMX", History of BMX
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1984". Retrieved 2009-02-28. * ^ A B "Gerrit Does\'s "University of BMX", History of BMX
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1985". Retrieved 2009-02-28. * ^ " BMX