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BMX, an abbreviation for bicycle motocross or bike motocross, is a cycle sport performed on BMX
BMX
bikes, either in competitive BMX
BMX
racing or freestyle BMX, or else in general on- or off-road recreation. BMX began when young cyclists appropriated motocross tracks for fun, racing and stunts, eventually evolving specialized BMX
BMX
bikes and competitions.

Contents

1 History 2 UK BMX
BMX
explosion 3 US Timeline 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

History BMX
BMX
began during the early 1970s in the United States when children began racing their bicycles on dirt tracks in southern California, inspired by the motocross stars of the time. The size and availability of the Schwinn Sting-Ray
Schwinn Sting-Ray
and other wheelie bikes made them the natural bike of choice for these races, since they were easily customized for better handling and performance. BMX racing
BMX racing
was a phenomenon by the mid-1970s. Children were racing standard road bikes off-road, around purpose-built tracks in California.[1] The 1972 motorcycle racing documentary On Any Sunday
On Any Sunday
is generally credited with inspiring the movement nationally in the United States; its opening scene shows kids riding their Sting-Rays off-road. By the middle of that decade, the sport achieved critical mass, and manufacturers began creating bicycles designed especially for the sport. UK BMX
BMX
explosion In the UK, BMX
BMX
was a craze which took off in the early 1980s, specifically 1982/3, when it became the "must have" bicycle for children and teenagers. Previously a small niche area, BMX
BMX
exploded at this time into the dominant bicycle for the younger rider, with older teenagers and even adults becoming known names through publications like BMX
BMX
Bi weekly, featuring big names like Tim March and Andy Ruffell. The shift to freestyle from racing came in 1985 with popular styling moving from chrome frames and contrasting components in black blue or red being the norm, to brightly coloured bikes in one colour only, including their mag wheels and even matching tyres. Because BMX exploded into Britain's streets so suddenly, it was perhaps inevitable that it would implode with similar speed, when the children who rode the bikes left school and went to work. This was indeed the case, as by 1986/7 sales in the UK had dropped off dramatically, with the new ATB or "mountain bike" taking off and soon to become the generic adult bicycle, again from California where it had begun in the mid 1970s.[2] US Timeline George E. Esser founded the National Bicycle
Bicycle
League as a non-profit bicycle motocross sanctioning organization in 1974. Before they set up the NBL, Esser and his wife, Mary, sanctioned motorcycle races with the American Motocross
Motocross
Association (AMA). Their two sons, Greg and Brian, raced motorcycles, but also enjoyed riding and racing BMX
BMX
with their friends. It was their sons’ interest, and the lack of BMX organizations in the East, which prompted Esser to start the NBL in Florida. By 1977, the American Bicycle Association
American Bicycle Association
(ABA) was organized as a national sanctioning body for the growing sport. In April 1981, the International BMX
BMX
Federation was founded, and the first world championships were held in 1982. Since January 1993, BMX
BMX
has been integrated into the Union Cycliste Internationale.[3] Freestyle BMX
Freestyle BMX
is now one of the staple events at the annual Summer X Games Extreme Sports competition and the Etnies
Etnies
Backyard Jam, held primarily on the East and West coasts of the United States. The popularity of the sport has increased due to its relative ease and availability of places to ride and do tricks. In 2003, the International Olympic Committee made BMX
BMX
a full medal Olympic sport for 2008 Summer Olympic Games
2008 Summer Olympic Games
in Beijing, China, and Māris Štrombergs
Māris Štrombergs
(male, for Latvia) and Anne-Caroline Chausson (female, for France) became the first Olympic champions.[4][5] Many talented BMX
BMX
riders go on to other cycling sports like downhill, including Australian Olympian Jared Graves, Eric Carter, and youth BMX racer Aaron Gwin. See also

The history of BMX
BMX
by UCI. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ML5NhOQ_ZHg BMX
BMX
bike BMX
BMX
racing Freestyle BMX Dirt jumping Pump track Glossary of cycling

Notes

^ "University of BMX : BMX
BMX
in Holland". Archived from the original on 19 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-14.  ^ Richards Mountain Bike Book by Richard Ballantyne article on Repack and the birth of Mountain bikes ^ "A Short History of BMX". Retrieved 2007-10-14.  ^ " BMX
BMX
will be added to the 2008 Olympics (UCI press release)". 2003-07-01. Archived from the original on 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2008-10-08.  ^ " Cycling
Cycling
BMX
BMX
at Official Olympic movement site(description of sport)". 

References

Bakshi, Amar. "How the World Sees America: BMX
BMX
in UK v. U.S." Washington Post/Newsweek. 

External links

Media related to BMX
BMX
at Wikimedia Commons

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