Bắc Ninh ( listen) is a province of Vietnam, located in the Red
River Delta of the northern part of the country. It is situated to the
east of the Vietnamese capital, Hanoi, and borders Bắc Giang
Province, Hưng Yên Province, Hải Dương Province, Thái Nguyên
Province and Hanoi. The province's name derives from Sino-Vietnamese
北寧 and literally means "northern serenity".
The province is rich in culture and is known nationally for Quan họ
Quan họ was recognised as the Intangible Cultural
Heritage by the
UNESCO in 2009.
2.2 Natural resources
3 Administration divisions
3.1 Table of local government districts
8.1 Primary and secondary education
8.2 Higher education
9 Notable people
10 International relations
12 External links
Under the dynasties of the Hùng kings,
Bắc Ninh belonged to bộ Vu
Ninh (bộ is at a local level the highest administrative unit under
the dynasties of the Hùng kings). Under the Lý and Trần dynasties,
it belonged to lộ Bắc Ninh; it belonged to thừa tuyên Kinh Bac
Lê dynasty and then changed into trấn Kinh Bac and Bac
Ninh. Under the
Minh Mạng dynasty (1831) it was renamed Bac Ninh
On October 27, 1962,
Bắc Ninh province and the neighbouring Bắc
Giang Province were united as Hà Bắc Province. On November 6, 1996
at the 10th Session of the 9th National Congress, Hà Bắc province
was separated into two provinces, Bac Ninh and Bac Giang. The
administrative system of
Bắc Ninh province operates since January 1,
Bắc Ninh has a rather even and flat terrain, mainly sloping from
north to south and west to east, causing currents to flow down into
Duong River and Thái Bình River. The terrain odds is not much; field
areas are 3-7m high and hill and mountain areas are 300-400m high
above sea level. Its hills and mountains only make up 0.53 per cent of
its natural area mainly in the two districts of Quế Võ and Tiên
Du. Besides, there are shallow depressions along dykes under districts
of Gia Binh, Luong Tai, Que Vo, and Yen Phong.
The province's total natural land area is 822.7 km2, in which
agricultural land, forestry land, specialized and residential land and
unused land accounts for 54%, 0.7%, 31% and 14.3% respectively. The
province's mineral reserve is limited: mainly construction materials
such as clay in Que Vo and Tien Du, sandstone in Thi Cau, Vu Ninh,
Bắc Ninh town and peat in Yen Phong.
Bắc Ninh features a warm humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa)
with plentiful precipitation.
Bắc Ninh is located in a tropical
monsoon region. The annual average temperature is 24 °C. The
highest is 30 °C in July; the lowest is 15 °C in January.
The province experiences the typical climate of northern Vietnam,
where summers are hot and humid, and winters are, by national
standards, relatively cold and dry. Summers, lasting from May to
September, are hot and humid, receiving the majority of the annual
1,680 millimetres (66.1 in) of rainfall. The winters, lasting
from November to March, are relatively mild, dry (in the first half)
or humid (in the second half), while spring (April) can bring light
rains. Autumn (October) is the best time of the year in terms of
weather. The average annual sunshine is 1,530-1,776 hours, relative
humidity is 79%.
Climate data for Bắc Ninh
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average rainfall mm (inches)
Bắc Ninh is subdivided into 8 district-level sub-divisions:
1 district-level town:
1 provincial city:
Bắc Ninh (capital)
They are further subdivided into 6 commune-level towns (or townlets),
97 communes, and 23 wards.
Bắc Ninh Province People's Committee is a 9-member executive
council for the province. The current chairman is Nguyễn Nhân
Chiến. There are several vice chairmen and chairwomen on the
committee with responsibility for various province departments. The
legislative branch of the province government is called the People's
Council and consists of 50 deputies. Both the committee and the
council are subordinate to the province's Communist Party, currently
led by Party Secretary Trần Văn Túy. The chairman of the People's
Committee is the No. 2 position in the city government while chairman
of the People's Council is No. 3.
Table of local government districts
Towns (huyện lỵ or thị trấn) (bold)
and communes (xã)
City (thành phố)
Wards (phường):Đáp Cầu, Thị Cầu, Vũ Ninh, Suối Hoa, Ninh
Xá, Tiền An, Vệ An, Vạn An, Kinh Bắc, Đại Phúc, Võ
Cường, Vân Dương, Hạp Lĩnh.
Communes (xã): Hòa Long, Phong Khê, Khúc Xuyên, Kim Chân, Nam
Sơn, Khắc Niệm
Township (thị xã)
Wards (phường): Châu Khê, Đình Bảng, Đông Ngàn, (Đồng
Nguyên, Đồng Kỵ, Tân Hồng, Trang Hạ.
Communes (xã): Hương Mạ, Phù Chẩn, Phù Khê, Tam Sơn,
Thuận Thành District
Hồ, An Bình, Đại Đồng Thành, Đình Tổ, Gia Đông, Hà
Mãn, Hoài Thượng, Mão Điền, Nghĩa Đạo, Ngũ Thái,
Nguyệt Đức, Ninh Xá, Song Hồ, Song Liễu, Thanh Khương,
Trạm Lộ, Trí Quả, Xuân Lâm.
Quế Võ District
Phố Mới, Bằng An, Bồng Lai, Cách Bi, Chi Lăng, Đức Long,
Châu Phong, Đào Viên, Đại Xuân, Hán Quảng, Mộ Đạo,
Nhân Hoà, Ngọc Xá, Phượng Mao, Phương Liễu, Phù Lãng,
Phù Lương, Quế Tân, Việt Hùng, Việt Thống và Yên Giả.
Tiên Du District
Lim,Cảnh Hưng, Đại Đồng, Hiên Vân, Lạc Vệ, Liên Bão,
Minh Đạo, Nội Duệ, Phật Tích, Phú Lâm, Tân Chi, Tri
Phương, Việt Đoàn, Hoàn Sơn.
Yên Phong District
Chờ, Dũng Liệt, Đông Phong, Đông Thọ, Đông Tiến, Hòa
Tiến, Long Châu, Tam Đa, Tam Giang, Thụy Hòa, Trung Nghĩa,
Văn Môn, Yên Phụ, Yên Trung.
Gia Bình District
Gia Bình, Giang Sơn, Song Giang, Đông Cứu, Lãng Ngâm, Đại
Bái, Quỳnh Phú, Đại Lai, Xuân Lai, Nhân Thắng, Thái Bảo,
Bình Dương, Vạn Ninh, Cao Đức.
Lương Tài District
Thứa, An Thịnh, Bình Định, Lai Hạ, Lâm Thao, Minh Tân,
Mỹ Hương, Phú Hòa, Phú Lương, Quảng Phú, Tân Lãng, Trung
Chính, Trung Kênh, Trừng Xá.
In terms of land area,
Bắc Ninh is the smallest of all Vietnamese
provinces (and in fact, is smaller than any of the five province-level
municipalities). It is, however, home to a relatively large number of
people for its size, having the highest population density of any
province. On average, there are over 1,200 people for every square
kilometre of land in Bắc Ninh.
According to the census of 1 April 2009, the population was 1,024,472
with a density of 1,262 people/km², 5 times the national
average. There are 27 ethnic groups in the province, of these ethnic
Vietnamese comprised 99,67%.
The geographical position and infrastructure.
Bắc Ninh is situated
about 30 kilometres from
Hanoi and Noi Bai International Airport, and
some 100 km from Haiphong, Halong, Cai Lan Port and Lạng Sơn
Roadway: The province has over 3,906.8 km of road, 104.8 km
of which are from 4 routes of national roads of No1 (old and new
Hanoi – Bacninh – Lạng Sơn), No18 (Noi Bai –
Bacninh – Hạ Long), and No38 (Bacninh – Haiduong – Haiphong),
the Noi Bai-Hạ Long Expressway 251 km from routes of provincial
roads, 404 km from district and urban areas, and some
3,147 km from commune and hamlet roads.
Waterway: Three big rivers flowing through
Bắc Ninh comprise the Cau
River leaving 42 km long, Thái Bình River 17 km long, and
Duong River 42 km long. Besides, there are Dap Cau Port, and two
special ports of the Cau River.
Railway: A 20-km Hanoi-Lang Son Rail Route runs through
Bắc Ninh and
4 railway stations of Tu Son, Lim, Bắc Ninh, and Thi Cau. A 39-km
Yen Vien-Pha Lai Rail Route is planned to be constructed in the
districts of Tien Du, Tu Son, Que Vo and
Bắc Ninh City.
Power supply: Power is stably supplied for production and domestic
consumption. 120 km of 110kV national grid; 249.3 km of
35-kV electric lines; 3,700 km of 0.4kV electric lines. All
districts and cities have national grid and all households use
Dong Ho style print
Bắc Ninh Province lies on the major traffic artery linking Vietnam
and China – which is a strongly growing market and expected to be
larger as the China - ASEAN free trade area is formed. It also lies on
the Nanning - Lạng Sơn -
Hanoi - Hai Phong and Nanning - Singapore
economic corridors, the
Hanoi capital city planning area and the busy
Hanoi - Hai Phong - Quảng Ninh economic development triangle.
Bacninh Province is known as a light point in industrial development,
has been lifting rapidly with long steps of industrialisation –
Bắc Ninh has 15 industrial parks with total areas of
7,681 ha, of which nine have operated effectively. The industrial
parks have lured 272 foreign direct investment (FDI) projects totaling
to over $3.7 billion, including those invested by Canon, Samsung,
P&Tel, Sumitomo, Foxconn, ABB, Orion,
PepsiCo and Nokia. They have
attracted 254 domestic projects with total registered capital of over
$1 billion and a labour force of more than 83,000.
Bắc Ninh has as
many as 120 handicraft-producing villages, 62 of which are involved in
producing traditional products such as copper casting (Dai Bai-Gia
Binh), iron and steel (Da Hoi-Tu Son), and wooden products (Dong
Ky-Kim Son). They have the upper hand and high potentials to
contribute much to Bắc Ninh's economic development.
In 2015, Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) increased 8.7%
compared with 2014. The economic structure shifted in the right
direction with agro-forestry-fishery accounted for 5.3%, industry and
construction accounted for 75.6% and service 19.1%. Industrial
production value was estimated at VND 610 trillion, up 9.1%. The total
retail sale of goods and consumer service revenue reached over VND
39.7 trillion, up 15.4%, the total export turnover of goods was
estimated at USD 23.2 billion, up 6.4%, the total state budget revenue
in the province was estimated at VND 14,500 billion, up 14.3%.
Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva, crimson and gilded wood,
Restored Lê dynasty, autumn of Bính Thân year (1656), at Bút Tháp
Bắc Ninh is hometown of not only
Kinh Dương Vương – the very
first king of ancient Viet ethic, but also of eight Kings of the Lý
Dynasty. Many historical and cultural relics such as Đô Temple
(where 8 kings of the Lý Dynasty are worshipped), Dâu Pagoda, the
first pagoda in Vietnamese history, Bút Tháp Pagoda (an ancient
pagoda), Phật Tích Pagoda,
Dâu Pagoda and local Literature Temple.
Bắc Ninh hosts thousands of local festivals from small to large,
having special meaning such as the
Dâu Pagoda festival, the Lim
festival, the Đô Temple festival and the
Bà Chúa Kho
Bà Chúa Kho temple
The quan họ style has its origins in what now constitutes the Bắc
Ninh Province and was first recorded in the 13th century. It has
traditionally been associated with the spring festivals that follow
the celebration of
Tết (the Vietnamese New Year).
Quan họ is
recognised as the Intangible Cultural Heritage by the
UNESCO in 2009.
The village of
Đông Hồ in the province of
Bắc Ninh is known as a
center of production of traditional Vietnamese woodblock prints
Đông Hồ painting), which are sold all throughout
Vietnam in time
for the Lunar New
Year (Tết) celebrations.
Hồ chicken (gà Hồ) is a breed originating in
Bắc Ninh Province.
Gà Hồ is a distinctly Vietnamese rare breed of chicken, familiar as
a symbol in Vietnam. According to folklore, the chicken (particularly
the roosters) have the five qualities of a man of honour: literacy,
martial arts, physical strength, humanity and loyalty. The Gà Hồ
rooster rising himself to welcome the sun is used as a symbol for the
3rd Asian Indoor Games, which were held in
Vietnam from 30 October
till 8 November 2009. The symbolism in the context of the AIGs is that
the rising rooster linked to the readiness of the sports industry of
Vietnam to host this major event.
List of festivals in
Bắc Ninh Province:
Name of festival and Conducted time
Phật Tích Pagoda festival (4th of the first Lunar month)
Phat Tich commune, Tiên Du District
Worship: "Quan Am" Buddha, and Emperor Ly Thanh Ton
Coming to Buddhist area, praying for happy and prosperity.
Dong Ky fire-cracker festival (the 2nd of the first Lunar month)
Dong Quang ward, Từ Sơn
Worship: Thien Cuong De (Hung Vuong regime)
Coming here to pray for lucky and happy and also have wrestle
Chap festival (4th of the first Lunar month)
Hoa Long commune, Bắc Ninh
Worship: Truong Hong, Truong Hat
Competition: singing Quan Ho, and tug of war
Nga Hoang Festival (7th of the first Lunar month)
Yen Gia commune, Quế Võ District
Worship: Linh Son, Mi Nuong
Offering custom The Elbow custom of boys and girls
Tam Son Pagoda festival (8th–12th of the first Lunar month)
Tam Son commune,
Từ Sơn District
Entertainment: Puppet-showing, cockfighting, earthenware pot
shattering, quan họ singing
Bo Son festival (9th of the first Lunar month)
Khac Niem ward, Bắc Ninh
The festival of Quan Họ village
Lim festival (13th–15th of the first Lunar month)
Van Tuong commune, Tiên Du District
Entertainment: Singing folk songs, Tug of war, Human chess,
Bà Chúa Kho
Bà Chúa Kho temple festival (14th of the first Lunar month)
Co Me village, Vu Ninh ward, Bắc Ninh
Worship: Bà Chúa Kho
praying for happy and prosperity.
Viem Xa village, Hoa Long commune, Bắc Ninh
Worship: Thanh Tam Giang, Nam Hai Dai Vuong
Competition: Singing quan họ, to vie the ball with each other.
To Pagoda festival (18th–23rd of the first Lunar month)
Thai Bao commune, Gia Bình District
Reading prayer-book, wrestling, regatta, weaving.
Phu Luu festival (8th of the third Lunar month)
Tan Hong ward, Từ Sơn
Worship: Tam Giang God
Competition: Singing folksong, chess, and wrestling...
Dinh Bang village temple festival (12th–16th of the third Lunar
Dinh Bang ward, Từ Sơn
Worship: God of mountain, God of river, and God of plants. Custom of
sacrifice to the God Competition: wrestling, cockfighting
Đô Temple festival (14th-17th of the third Lunar month)
Dinh Bang ward, Từ Sơn
Worship: 8 Emperors of Lý Dynasty.
Custom: Coronation, Offering incenses. Entertainment: Releasing
pigeon, wrestling, cockfighting, singing folksongs
Kham festival (7th of the fourth Lunar month)
Gia Dong commune, Thuận Thành District
Worship: 3 totelary Gods.
Custom: Receive with consideration Lac Long Quan to village temple
praying for a good crop. Entertainment: Wrestling, cockfighting, chess
Dâu Pagoda festival (8th of the fourth Lunar month)
Thanh Khuong commune, Thuận Thành District
Worship: Phap Van statue
Custom: Pick up to pagoda, Offering incense, spaying Entertainment:
stick dancing, dragon dancing... Entertainment: Wrestling,
Primary and secondary education
Bacninh's education system is divided into 5 categories: pre-primary,
primary, intermediate, secondary, and higher education.
Kindergarten and kindergarten for children from 2 to 5 years old to
form thinking for children. Create the habit, the day of this period
(not all children must learn this level).
Primary school level is also called the level, starting 6 years old.
Level I consists of 5 levels, from grade 1 to grade 5. This is a grade
school on, required for all students.
Secondary level education: Level II includes 4 levels, from grade 6 to
grade 9. Students must learn to school subjects: Mathematics, Physics,
Chemistry (grade 8.9), Biology, Technology, written language, History,
Geography, Education Citizens, Foreign Language, Health, Parenting
Music - Visual Arts.
In addition students have some information required such as: education
outside the classroom on time, direction of education (grade 9), use
of school ... To study the higher level students to participate in the
Level secondary school: Level III consists of 3 levels, from grade 10
to grade 12. To graduate level III, students must participate in the
graduation exam secondary school of education and training.Notable
high schools in
Bắc Ninh include
Bắc Ninh High School for the
Gifted, Thuan Thanh No 1 High School, among others. Though the former
schools are all public, private education is also available in Bắc
Students want to study in schools-public school to attend an
examination of birth. The exam is held every year, by the Department
of Education and Training of the local lead. At this level, students
also study subjects similar in grade middle school. However, students
in secondary school also take a number of other activities as the
business, vocational ...
Bacninh has had universities and colleges, vocational training skill
secondary schools and centres providing investors with labour source
suitable for demand on high technical qualification of enterprises.
Bắc Ninh University of Physical Education and Sports(UPES1)
Kinh Băc University
Bac Ha International University
People's Police University of Technology and Logistics - T36(Đại
học Kỹ thuật - Hậu cần Công an nhân dân)
Academy of Policy and Development
Dong A University of Technology
Lê Văn Thịnh
Lý Thái Tổ
Lý Thái Tông
Lý Thánh Tông
Lý Nhân Tông
Lý Thần Tông
Lý Anh Tông
Lý Cao Tông
Lý Huệ Tông
Lý Chiêu Hoàng
Nguyễn Văn Cừ
Lê Quang Đạo
Lê Văn Thịnh
Hoàng Anh Tuấn
General Phạm Văn Trà
Lý Đạo Thành
Lý Long Tường
Nguyễn Gia Thiều
Nguyễn Quảng Tuân
Ngo Gia Tu
Thích Huyền Quang
The leader also expressed his wish to share the province's experience
with Angola in investment promotion, contributing to fostering the
friendship between the two peoples.They signed a memorandum of
understanding on cooperation in forestry exploitation and processing,
and the supply of construction workers in oil and gas to the African
Cambodia wants to tighten cooperation in many fields with Vietnam,
including the northern province of Bắc Ninh, to deepen solidarity
and friendship between the two countries.Cambodia will continue
Bắc Ninh Province's assistance in corruption
prevention, meeting citizens and settlement of complaints and
Korea investment projects in northern
Bắc Ninh Province have greatly
contributed to the development of the province's key industrial
Bac ninh committed to helping Hua Phan upgrade its infrastructure for
agricultural production, mining and processing industries.Bắc Ninh
will also help Hua Phan build a primary school and grant scholarships
to students from Hua Phan studying in Vietnam.
Vietnam – Japan Friendship Organization held a prayer for peace
Bắc Ninh provincial Museum.A delegation from the ASEAN-Japan
Bắc Ninh on October 24, 2012 to learn about the
investment environment in this northern province.
Quan họ folk singing
^ a b Statistical Handbook of
Vietnam 2014 Archived 2015-07-06 at the
Wayback Machine., General Statistics Office Of Vietnam
UNESCO Culture Sector - Intangible Heritage - 2003 Convention :
^ "Bac ninh weather". Retrieved 27 June 2013.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-03. Retrieved
Vietnam General Statistics Office.
^ "Deputy Prime Minister Vu Van Ninh works in Bac Ninh". Archived from
the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
^ Woodblock Printing
^ Lisa Spivey, "Traditional Tet Paintings - Dong Ho Prints"
Angola learns about Bac Ninh’s FDI attraction
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bac Ninh Province.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for
Bắc Ninh Province.
Bắc Ninh Province official website (in Vietnamese)
Bắc Ninh Industrial Zones Authority website[permanent dead link]
Cities Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region: Road Map
Towards a Clean Air Plan for Bac Ninh, Vietnam
Places adjacent to
Bắc Ninh Province
Bắc Giang Province
Bắc Ninh Province
Hải Dương Province
Hưng Yên Province
Subdivisions of Vietnam
Red River Delta
North Central Coast
South Central Coast
Hồ Chí Minh City
Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu
District level subdivisions
Commune level subdivisions
List of cities
Bắc Ninh Province