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Béchar
Béchar
(Arabic: بشار‎) is the capital city of Béchar
Béchar
Province, Algeria. It is also a commune, coextensive with Béchar
Béchar
District, of Béchar
Béchar
Province. In 2008 the city had a population of 165,627,[2] up from 134,954 in 1998,[3] with an annual growth rate of 2.1%.[2] The commune covers an area of 5,050 square kilometres (1,950 sq mi).[1] Before coal was found here in 1907, Béchar
Béchar
was a small populated town like many others in the region. It thrived on the activity of the coal mines until petroleum production seized the market.[4] Leatherwork and jewellery are notable products of Béchar. Dates, vegetables, figs, cereals and almonds are produced near Béchar. There are bituminous coal reserves near Béchar, but they are not exploited to their greatest potential because of transportation costs are too high relative to that from the oil and gas fields of eastern Algeria.[5] The city was once the site of a French Foreign Legion post. The Kenadsa longwave transmitter, whose masts are the tallest structures in Algeria
Algeria
at 357 metres (1,171 ft), is found near Béchar.[6]

Contents

1 Location 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Economy 5 Infrastructure and housing 6 Transportation 7 Education 8 Health 9 Culture 10 Religion 11 Historical population 12 Localities 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Location[edit] Béchar
Béchar
is located in the northwestern region of Algeria
Algeria
roughly 58 kilometres (36 mi) south of the Moroccan border. Geography[edit]

Shore of Oued Béchar
Béchar
in January 1913.

Shore of Oued Béchar
Béchar
in January 1913.

Béchar
Béchar
lies at an elevation of 747 metres (2,451 ft) on the banks of Oued Béchar,[5] which runs through the city from northeast to southwest. The rocky highlands of the Djebel Béchar
Béchar
overlook the city from the southeast, reaching 1,206 metres (3,957 ft) to the east of the city. Further to the northeast the Djebel Antar range rises even higher, to 1,953 metres (6,407 ft). The northwest, by contrast, is a flat rocky reg. Climate[edit] Béchar
Béchar
has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh),[7] with extremely hot summers and warm winters despite the high elevation. There is very little rain throughout the year, and summers are especially dry.

Climate data for Béchar
Béchar
(1976–2005, extremes 1906–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 27.2 (81) 31.2 (88.2) 38.0 (100.4) 37.0 (98.6) 41.2 (106.2) 43.4 (110.1) 45.0 (113) 47.8 (118) 41.0 (105.8) 37.7 (99.9) 30.5 (86.9) 27.8 (82) 47.8 (118)

Average high °C (°F) 15.9 (60.6) 18.8 (65.8) 22.4 (72.3) 26.2 (79.2) 30.6 (87.1) 36.5 (97.7) 40.1 (104.2) 39.2 (102.6) 34.2 (93.6) 27.5 (81.5) 20.9 (69.6) 17.0 (62.6) 27.4 (81.3)

Daily mean °C (°F) 9.7 (49.5) 12.4 (54.3) 16.1 (61) 20.0 (68) 24.5 (76.1) 30.0 (86) 33.5 (92.3) 32.9 (91.2) 28.1 (82.6) 21.6 (70.9) 15.1 (59.2) 10.9 (51.6) 21.2 (70.2)

Average low °C (°F) 3.5 (38.3) 6.0 (42.8) 9.8 (49.6) 13.7 (56.7) 18.3 (64.9) 23.5 (74.3) 26.9 (80.4) 26.5 (79.7) 21.9 (71.4) 15.6 (60.1) 9.2 (48.6) 4.8 (40.6) 15.0 (59)

Record low °C (°F) −4.8 (23.4) −4.0 (24.8) 0.2 (32.4) 4.0 (39.2) 7.8 (46) 10.1 (50.2) 17.8 (64) 17.0 (62.6) 12.0 (53.6) 5.9 (42.6) −0.1 (31.8) −3.9 (25) −4.8 (23.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.0 (0.354) 8.5 (0.335) 8.8 (0.346) 7.5 (0.295) 5.3 (0.209) 5.0 (0.197) 0.7 (0.028) 2.0 (0.079) 7.4 (0.291) 10.6 (0.417) 13.6 (0.535) 8.2 (0.323) 86.6 (3.409)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.4 2.4 2.4 1.9 2.0 1.6 0.8 1.4 3.2 3.2 2.4 2.1 25.8

Average relative humidity (%) 43 34 28 25 21 19 15 17 24 31 40 45 29

Mean monthly sunshine hours 245 249 304 316 348 348 361 335 297 280 236 240 3,559

Source #1: World Meteorological Organization
World Meteorological Organization
(average temperatures and precipitation, 1976–2005)[8]

Source #2: Danish Meteorological Institute (sun and relative humidity, 1931–1960)[9] Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[10]

Economy[edit] Agriculture
Agriculture
is an important industry in Béchar. The commune has a total of 8,384 hectares (20,720 acres) of arable land, of which 5,100 hectares (13,000 acres) is irrigated.[11] There are a total of 109,000 date palms planted in the commune, occupying 910 hectares (2,200 acres).[12] Other crops include vegetables, figs, cereals and almonds. As of 2009 there were 19,067 sheep, 16,664 goats, 1,766 camels, and 444 cattle. There were also 126,000 chickens in 20 buildings.[13] There is some tourism in the city, with 10 hotels[14] and tourist attractions including sand dunes, palm groves, the old ksar, and an ancient fort.[15] Other industries in the city include coal mining, and the production of leatherwork and jewellery. Infrastructure and housing[edit]

Béchar
Béchar
in January 1913.

Béchar
Béchar
in January 1913.

98% of Béchar's population is connected to drinking water,[16] 95% is connected to the sewerage system,[17] and 99% (including 33,180 houses) have access to electricity.[18] There are 6 fuel service stations in the town.[19] Béchar
Béchar
has a total of 33,245 houses, of which 25,499 are occupied, giving an occupation rate of 6.5 inhabitants per occupied building.[20] Transportation[edit] The main road through Béchar
Béchar
is the N6 highway; it connects to Mecheria, Saida, Mascara and Oran
Oran
to the north, and to Adrar and Timiaouine
Timiaouine
to the south. There is a total length of 207.5 kilometres (128.9 mi) of roads in the commune.[21] It is served by a narrow gauge railway station of SNTF, which in 2008, may be replaced with a standard gauge railway. From 1941 to 1963 it was reached by the standard gauge Mediterranean-Niger-Railway. Béchar
Béchar
is served by Boudghene Ben Ali Lotfi Airport, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) to the northwest of the city. Education[edit] The city is home to the University of Béchar. There are 68 elementary schools in Béchar, with 777 classrooms including 581 in use.[22] There are a total of 33,511 school students.[23] 8.3% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 23.0% has competed secondary education.[24] The overall literacy rate is 86.4%, and is 91.4% among males and 81.4% among females.[25] Health[edit] Béchar
Béchar
has 2 hospitals, 4 polyclinics, 17 room care facilities, a maternity ward, 36 private pharmacies, 5 medical operating theatres, and a psychiatric service.[26] Culture[edit] Béchar
Béchar
has a cinema with 850 seats, as well as a museum.[27] Religion[edit] Béchar
Béchar
has 27 operational mosques, with another 19 under construction.[28] Historical population[edit]

Year Population[2][29]

1936 5,100

1954 43,300

1966 46,500

1977 56,600 (town) 72,800 (municipality)

1987 107,300

1998 134,500

2008 165,627

Localities[edit] The commune is composed of 8 localities:[30]

Béchar
Béchar
Centre Debdaba Béchar
Béchar
Djedid Ouakda Benzireg Hassi Haouari Zouzfana Gharassa Manouarar Nekheila

Béchar
Béchar
Djedid is located 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of the city and was constructed as housing for coal miners working in Kénadsa.[5] See also[edit]

Railway stations in Algeria

References[edit]

^ a b "Population, Area and Density per Commune" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2013.  ^ a b c d "Population: Béchar
Béchar
Wilaya" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 May 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2013.  ^ " Algeria
Algeria
Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Historical" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Béchar. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ a b c "Bechar (Algeria)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 10 March 2013.  ^ "Kenadsa Long Wave Transmission Masts". Structurae. Retrieved 16 March 2013.  ^ "Climate: Bechar - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table (altitude: 779m)". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 5 November 2013.  ^ "World Weather Information Service–Bechar". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 16 October 2016.  ^ Cappelen, John; Jensen, Jens. "Algeriet - Bechar" (PDF). Climate Data for Selected Stations (1931-1960) (in Danish). Danish Meteorological Institute. p. 10. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 27, 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2016.  ^ "Station Bechar" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 16 October 2016.  ^ "Distribution of Agricultural Land" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 10 July 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Plant Productions" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Animal Production" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Census of Hotels" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ " Tourism
Tourism
Sites and Monuments" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Drinking Water" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Sewerage Networks" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 10 July 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Electrification" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Fuel Distribution" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 10 July 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Housing" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Density Kilometres" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "School Infrastructure" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Number of Pupils" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2013.  ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 May 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2013.  ^ "Health Facilities by Commune" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ "Cinemas and Museums" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ " Mosques
Mosques
and Koranic Rooms" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2013.  ^ populstat.info Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1489. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  Check date values in: archive-date= (help)

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Béchar.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Béchar.

Official website of Béchar
Béchar
Province

Places adjacent to Béchar

Boukaïs Mogheul Lahmar Mécheria El Bayadh Benzireg

Kénadsa Meridja

Béchar

Figuig
Figuig
(Morocco) Béni Ounif

Abadla Tindouf Taghit Igli Béni Abbès Adrar

v t e

Béchar
Béchar
Province

Capital: Béchar

Béchar
Béchar
District

Béchar Benzireg

Abadla
Abadla
District

Erg Ferradj Hammaguir

Abadla Méchraâ Houari Boumédienne

Béni Abbès
Béni Abbès
District

Béni Abbès Ougarta Zerhamra

Tamtert Béchir Idigh Marhouma

Béni Ounif
Béni Ounif
District

Béni Ounif Fendi Zoubia

El Ouata
El Ouata
District

El Ouata Aguedal Ammas Bouhadid El Beïda El Maffa

Igli District

Igli Mazzer

Kénadsa
Kénadsa
District

Kénadsa Méridja

Kerzaz
Kerzaz
District

Kerzaz Zaouia el Kbira

Béni Ikhlef Guerzim

Timoudi Boutarfaya

Lahmar
Lahmar
District

Lahmar Sfissifa

Boukaïs

Mogheul El Menabha

Ouled Khodeïr District

Ouled Khoudir El Ksar Meslila Ouled Rafaa

Ksabi Bent Cherk Hassi Abdallah Timgharine

Tabelbala
Tabelbala
District

Tabelbala

Taghit
Taghit
District

Taghit Berrabi Bakhti Zaouia Foukania

v t e

Provincial seats of Algeria

Adrar Aïn Defla Aïn Témouchent Algiers Annaba Batna Béchar Béjaïa Biskra Blida Bordj Bou Arréridj Bouïra Boumerdès Chlef Constantine Djelfa El Bayadh El Oued El Taref Ghardaïa Guelma Illizi Jijel Khenchela Laghouat Mascara Médéa Mila Mostaganem M'Sila Naâma Oran Ouargla Oum El Bouaghi Relizane Saida Sétif Sidi Bel Abbès Skikda Souk Ahras Tamanrasset Tébessa Tiaret Tindouf Tipasa Tissemsilt Tizi O

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