AZRAQ (Arabic : الأزرق meaning "the blue one") is a small
Zarqa Governorate in central-eastern
Jordan , 100 kilometres
(62 mi) east of
Amman . The population of Azraq was 9,021 in 2004.
Muwaffaq Salti Air Base
Muwaffaq Salti Air Base is located in Azraq.
* 1 History
* 2 Demographics
* 3 Wildlife reserve
* 4 See also
* 5 References
Azraq has long been an important settlement in a remote and now-arid
desert area of Jordan. The strategic value of the town and its castle
Qasr Azraq ) is that it lies in the middle of the
Azraq oasis , the
only permanent source of fresh water in approximately 12,000 square
kilometres of desert.
The town is located on a major desert route that would have
facilitated trade within the region. The
Azraq oasis has a long
history beginning in the
Lower Palaeolithic period. Many Palaeolithic
sites have been documented in the
Azraq Wetlands Reserve
Azraq Wetlands Reserve . During the
Epipalaeolithic period the oasis was also an important focus of
settlement. Azraq street view
Nabatean period settlement activity has also been documented in the
Qasr Azraq was built by the Romans in the 3rd century AD, and
was heavily modified in the Middle Ages by the Mameluks . In the
Umayyad period a water reservoir was constructed in southern Azraq.
Arab Revolt in the early 20th century,
Qasr Azraq was an
important headquarters for
T. E. Lawrence . The Azraq Wetland
The area near the Azraq Oasis is set with hundreds of geoglyphs ,
large wheel-shaped structures made of stone that date back at least
2,000 years. These structures are often found on lava fields and range
from 82 feet to 230 feet (25 meters to 70 meters) across.
Archaeologists used to believe that the Azraq Oasis wheels were used
as a cemetery, although that is now in doubt.
Azraq refugee camp , sheltering refugees of the Syrian Civil War
, was opened in 2014 and is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of
Azraq. The site had been previously used during the
Gulf War of
1990–91 as a transit camp for displaced Iraqis and Kuwaitis.
The Azraq Castle
According to the
Jordan National Census of 2004, the population of
Azraq was 9,021, of whom 7,625 (84.5%) were Jordanian citizens. 4,988
(55.3%) were males, and 4,033 (44.7%) females. The next census is
scheduled for 2014.
Shaumari Wildlife Reserve
Shaumari Wildlife Reserve in Azraq.
Azraq is also notable as being the site of one of Jordan's seven
protected nature reserve areas (set up by the Royal Society for the
Conservation of Nature ): the
Azraq Wetlands Reserve
Azraq Wetlands Reserve in Azraq
al-Janoubi (South Azraq).
The separate and larger Shaumari reserve is also close to Azraq,
being only 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of the town.
Azraq Wetland Reserve
* Druze in
* ^ Department of Statistics-
Jordan 2004 Census Archived 2011-07-22
Wayback Machine .
* ^ Visible Only From Above, Mystifying \'Nazca Lines\' Discovered
* ^ Hadid, Diaa; Akour, Omar (30 April 2014). "Azraq Refugee Camp
Opens For 130,000 Syrians Fleeing War".
The Huffington Post .
Associated Press .
* ^ Oddone, Elisa (30 April 2014). "Azraq Refugee Camp officially
Jordan Times .
Coordinates : 31°50′N 36°49′E / 31.833°N 36.817°E /
31.833; 36.817 Retrieved from
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