HOME
The Info List - Azraq



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

AZRAQ (Arabic : الأزرق‎‎ meaning "the blue one") is a small town in Zarqa Governorate
Zarqa Governorate
in central-eastern Jordan
Jordan
, 100 kilometres (62 mi) east of Amman
Amman
. The population of Azraq was 9,021 in 2004. The Muwaffaq Salti Air Base is located in Azraq.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Demographics * 3 Wildlife reserve * 4 See also * 5 References

HISTORY

Azraq has long been an important settlement in a remote and now-arid desert area of Jordan. The strategic value of the town and its castle ( Qasr Azraq
Qasr Azraq
) is that it lies in the middle of the Azraq oasis , the only permanent source of fresh water in approximately 12,000 square kilometres of desert.

The town is located on a major desert route that would have facilitated trade within the region. The Azraq oasis has a long history beginning in the Lower Palaeolithic
Lower Palaeolithic
period. Many Palaeolithic sites have been documented in the Azraq Wetlands Reserve . During the Epipalaeolithic
Epipalaeolithic
period the oasis was also an important focus of settlement. Azraq street view

Nabatean
Nabatean
period settlement activity has also been documented in the area. Qasr Azraq
Qasr Azraq
was built by the Romans in the 3rd century AD, and was heavily modified in the Middle Ages by the Mameluks . In the Umayyad period a water reservoir was constructed in southern Azraq. During the Arab Revolt
Arab Revolt
in the early 20th century, Qasr Azraq
Qasr Azraq
was an important headquarters for T. E. Lawrence . The Azraq Wetland Reserve .

The area near the Azraq Oasis is set with hundreds of geoglyphs , large wheel-shaped structures made of stone that date back at least 2,000 years. These structures are often found on lava fields and range from 82 feet to 230 feet (25 meters to 70 meters) across. Archaeologists used to believe that the Azraq Oasis wheels were used as a cemetery, although that is now in doubt.

The Azraq refugee camp , sheltering refugees of the Syrian Civil War , was opened in 2014 and is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Azraq. The site had been previously used during the Gulf War of 1990–91 as a transit camp for displaced Iraqis and Kuwaitis.

DEMOGRAPHICS

The Azraq Castle

According to the Jordan
Jordan
National Census of 2004, the population of Azraq was 9,021, of whom 7,625 (84.5%) were Jordanian citizens. 4,988 (55.3%) were males, and 4,033 (44.7%) females. The next census is scheduled for 2014.

WILDLIFE RESERVE

The Shaumari Wildlife Reserve in Azraq.

Azraq is also notable as being the site of one of Jordan's seven protected nature reserve areas (set up by the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature ): the Azraq Wetlands Reserve in Azraq al-Janoubi (South Azraq).

The separate and larger Shaumari reserve is also close to Azraq, being only 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of the town.

SEE ALSO

* Azraq Wetland Reserve * Druze in Jordan
Jordan

REFERENCES

* ^ Department of Statistics- Jordan
Jordan
2004 Census Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Visible Only From Above, Mystifying \'Nazca Lines\' Discovered in Mideast * ^ Hadid, Diaa; Akour, Omar (30 April 2014). "Azraq Refugee Camp Opens For 130,000 Syrians Fleeing War". The Huffington Post .