AYMAN ABD EL AZIZ NOUR (Arabic : أيمن عبد العزيز
نور, IPA: ; born 5 December 1964) is an Egyptian politician,
a former member of the Egyptian Parliament , founder and chairman of
the El Ghad party. He left
Egypt following the 2013 Egyptian coup
d\'état , though he has stated he has gone to
Lebanon for treatment
of a wound he sustained while in prison and hopes to return to Egypt.
* 1 Candidacy and arrest
* 2 See also
* 3 References
* 4 External links
CANDIDACY AND ARREST
Nour was the first man to ever compete against former President Hosni
Mubarak for the presidency of
Egypt in 2005. He was the first
runner-up in the 2005 presidential election with 7% of the vote
according to government figures and estimated at 13% by independent
observers, although no independent observers were allowed to monitor
the elections. Shortly after placing a distant second, in what are
widely believed to have been corrupt elections, he was imprisoned by
Mubarak under allegations of "forgery" which have been widely
criticized to have been politically motivated and corrupt charges.
Nour was released on "health grounds" on 18 February 2009 only a few
months before he would have completed his prison sentence. Following
the fall of Mubarak in the 2011 Revolution , Nour intended to run for
the now-vacant presidency, but was disqualified by the Presidential
Nour was stripped of his parliamentary immunity and arrested on 29
January 2005. He was charged with forging PAs (Powers of Attorney) to
secure the formation of the el-Ghad party. Nour vehemently denied the
charges (from prison).
The arrest, occurring in an election year, was widely criticized by
governments around the world as a step backwards for Egyptian
democracy. Few seem to regard the charges as legitimate. Nour remained
active despite his imprisonment, using the opportunity to write
critical articles and make his case and cause better known.
In February 2005,
Condoleezza Rice abruptly postponed a visit to
Egypt, reflecting U.S. displeasure at the jailing of Nour, who was
reported to have been brutally interrogated. That same month, the
government announced the following month that it would open elections
to multiple candidates.
In March 2005, following a strong intervention in
Cairo by a group of
Members of the European Parliament led by Vice-President Edward
McMillan-Scott (UK, Conservative), Nour was freed and began a campaign
for the Egyptian presidency.
On 24 December 2005 he was sentenced to five years in jail. Though
diabetic , Nour engaged in a two-weeks long hunger strike to protest
Nour's verdict and sentencing made global headlines and were the
first item of news on most international news broadcasts, including
On the day of Nour's guilty verdict and sentencing, the White House
Press Secretary released the following statement denouncing the
The United States is deeply troubled by the conviction today of
Ayman Nour by an Egyptian court. The conviction of
Mr. Nour, the runner-up in Egypt's 2005 presidential elections, calls
into question Egypt's commitment to democracy, freedom, and the rule
of law. We are also disturbed by reports that Mr. Nour's health has
seriously declined due to the hunger strike on which he has embarked
in protest of the conditions of his trial and detention. The United
States calls upon the Egyptian government to act under the laws of
Egypt in the spirit of its professed desire for increased political
openness and dialogue within Egyptian society, and out of humanitarian
concern, to release Mr. Nour from detention.
In February 2006, Rice visited Mubarak yet never spoke Nour's name
publicly. When asked about him at a news conference, she referred to
his situation as one of Egypt's setbacks. Days later, Mubarak told a
government newspaper that Rice "didn't bring up difficult issues or
ask to change anything." From prison, Nour stated "I pay the price
when speaks , and I pay the price when she doesn't," Nour said. "But
what's happening to me now is a message to everybody."
In June 2007 President Bush, speaking at a conference of dissidents
in the Czech Republic, revisited the issue of Ayman Nour, saying:
There are many dissidents who couldn't join us because they are being
unjustly imprisoned or held under house arrest. I look forward to the
day when a conference like this one include Alexander Kozulin of
Belarus, Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma, Oscar Elias Biscet of Cuba, Father
Nguyen Van Ly of Vietnam,
Ayman Nour of Egypt. (Applause.) The
daughter of one of these political prisoners is in this room. I would
like to say to her, and all the families: I thank you for your
courage. I pray for your comfort and strength. And I call for the
immediate and unconditional release of your loved ones.
... I have asked Secretary Rice to send a directive to every U.S.
ambassador in an un-free nation: Seek out and meet with activists for
democracy. Seek out those who demand human rights.
Nour was released on health grounds on 18 February 2009. It has been
alleged that his release from prison was due to U.S. President Obama
demanding his release as a condition to meet with Mubarak.
* Human rights portal
Saad Eddin Ibrahim
List of 2006 human rights incidents in Egypt
* ^ Nour supports Brotherhood Morsy
Egypt Independent, 27 March
* ^ "Court to consider withdrawing Ayman Nour’s citizenship".
Cairo Post. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
* ^ "Egyptian vote more one-sided than Mubarak\'s days - Ayman
Nour". Aswat Masriya. 27 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
* ^ A B "Egypt\'s Nour released from jail".
BBC News . 18 February
2009. Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 18
* ^ "Ten Egyptian candidates barred from elections". www.bbc.com.
British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
* ^ Kessler, Glen Rice Drops Plans for Visit to
Washington Post 26 February 2005; Retrieved 15 March 2007
* ^ Williams, Daniel
Egypt Frees An Aspiring Candidate Presidential
Hopeful Is Released on Bail The Washington Post 13 March 2005;
Retrieved 20 March 2007
* ^ Former Egyptian Presidential Candidate Sentenced to 5 Years
Hard Labor Voice of America, 24 December 2005
* ^ "Statement on Conviction of Egyptian Politician Ayman Nour".
U.S. National Archives . 24 December 2005. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
* ^ Spolar, Christine:
Egypt reformer feels iron hand of the law]
Chicago Tribune (IL); 3 June 2006, Retrieved 20 March 2007
* ^ "President Bush Visits Prague, Czech Republic, Discusses
Freedom". U.S. National Archives. 5 June 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
* ^ Macleod, Scott (19 February 2009). "
Egypt Frees a Dissident: A
Gesture for Obama?". TIME .