HOME
The Info List - Aylesbury


--- Advertisement ---



58,740 (2011)[1]

Urban area
Urban area
71,997[2] Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
district 174,137[3]

OS grid reference SP818138

• London 36 miles (58 km)

Civil parish

Aylesbury

District

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale

Shire county

Buckinghamshire

Region

South East

Country England

Sovereign state United Kingdom

Post town AYLESBURY

Postcode district HP17-HP21

Dialling code 01296, 01844

Police Thames Valley

Fire Buckinghamshire

Ambulance South Central

EU Parliament South East England

UK Parliament

Aylesbury

List of places UK England Buckinghamshire

51°49′00″N 0°48′45″W / 51.8168°N 0.8124°W / 51.8168; -0.8124Coordinates: 51°49′00″N 0°48′45″W / 51.8168°N 0.8124°W / 51.8168; -0.8124

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
/ˈeɪəlzbri/ is the county town of Buckinghamshire, England. It is an ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery
Roald Dahl Children's Gallery
and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Waterside Theatre.[4][5] The predecessor to the paralympic games started in the town.[6]

Contents

1 History 2 Demography 3 Geography

3.1 Neighbourhoods 3.2 Farms and hamlets 3.3 Future developments 3.4 Elevations, soil and geology

4 Culture and community 5 Administration 6 Education 7 Health 8 Trade and industry

8.1 15th century 8.2 17th century – lace making 8.3 19th century – canals 8.4 20th century – motor manufacture 8.5 21st century

9 Sport and leisure 10 Transport

10.1 Cycling demonstration town

11 Notable people 12 Popular culture

12.1 Shown in productions

13 Twin town 14 Places of interest with established encyclopaedia entries 15 Closest cities, towns and villages 16 Gallery 17 See also 18 Notes and references 19 External links

History[edit] The town name is of Old English
Old English
origin. Its first recorded name Æglesburgh is thought to mean "Fort of Ægel", though who Ægel was is not recorded. Excavations in the town centre in 1985 found an Iron Age
Iron Age
hill fort dating from the early 4th century BC. Aylesbury
Aylesbury
was one of the strongholds of the ancient Britons, from whom it was taken in the year 571 by Cutwulph, brother of Ceawlin, King of the West Saxons; and had a fortress or castle[n 1] "of some importance, from which circumstance probably it derives its Saxon appellation".[7] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
was a major market town in Anglo-Saxon times, the burial place of Saint Osgyth, whose shrine attracted pilgrims. The Early English parish church of St. Mary (which has many later additions) has a crypt beneath. Once thought to be Anglo-Saxon, it is now recognised as being of the same period as the medieval chapel above.[citation needed] At the Norman conquest, the king took the manor of Aylesbury for himself, and it is listed as a royal manor in the Domesday Book, 1086. Some lands here were granted by William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror
to citizens upon the extraordinary tenure that the owners should provide straw for the monarch's bed, sweet herbs for his chamber and two green geese and three eels for his table, whenever he should visit Aylesbury.[7]

Market Square, Aylesbury. Corn Exchange (left) Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Crown Court (right)

In 1450, a religious institution called the Guild of St Mary was founded in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
by John Kemp, Archbishop of York. Known popularly as the Guild of Our Lady it became a meeting place for local dignitaries and a hotbed of political intrigue. The guild was influential in the final outcome of the Wars of the Roses. Its premises at the Chantry in Church Street, Aylesbury, are still there, though today the site is occupied mainly by almshouses. Aylesbury
Aylesbury
was declared the new county town of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
in 1529 by King Henry VIII: Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Manor was among the many properties belonging to Thomas Boleyn, the father of Anne Boleyn, and it is rumoured that the change was made by the King to curry favour with the family.[n 2]. The plague decimated the population in 1603/4.[8]

Statue of John Hampden
John Hampden
in Aylesbury's Market Square

The town played a large part in the English Civil War
English Civil War
when it became a stronghold for the Parliamentarian forces, like many market towns a nursing-ground of Puritan
Puritan
sentiment and in 1642 the Battle of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
was fought and won by the Parliamentarians. Its proximity to Great Hampden, home of John Hampden
John Hampden
has made of Hampden a local hero: his silhouette is on the emblem used by Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
District Council and his statue stands prominently in the town centre. Aylesbury-born composer, Rutland Boughton
Rutland Boughton
(1878–1960), possibly inspired by the statue of John Hampden, created a symphony based on Oliver Cromwell. On 18 March 1664, Robert Bruce, 2nd Earl of Elgin in the Peerage of Scotland was created 1st Earl of Ailesbury[n 3] The grade II* listed Jacobean mansion of Hartwell
Hartwell
adjoining the southwest of the town was the residence of Louis XVIII during his exile (1810–1814). Bourbon Street in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
is named after the king. Louis's wife, Marie Josephine of Savoy died at Hartwell
Hartwell
in 1810 and is the only French queen to have died on English soil. After her death, her body was carried first to Westminster Abbey, and one year later to Sardinia, where the Savoy King of Sardinia
Sardinia
had withdrawn during Napoleonic occupation of Turin and Piedmont; she is buried in the Cathedral of Cagliari. Aylebury's heraldic crest[9] displays the Aylesbury
Aylesbury
duck, which has been bred here since the birth of the Industrial Revolution, although only one breeder, Richard Waller, of true Aylesbury
Aylesbury
ducks remains today.[10] The town also received international publicity in the 1963 when the culprits responsible for the Great Train Robbery (1963)
Great Train Robbery (1963)
were tried at Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Crown Court. The robbery took place at Bridego Bridge, a railway bridge at Ledburn, about six miles (10 km) from the town.

Gentlemen of the Jury, an 1861 painting by John Morgan of a jury in Aylesbury

A notable institution is Aylesbury Grammar School
Aylesbury Grammar School
which was founded in 1598. The original building is now part of the County Museum buildings in Church Street and has grade II* architecture;[11] other grammar schools now include Sir Henry Floyd Grammar School and Aylesbury
Aylesbury
High School. Other notable buildings are the King's Head Inn, which with the Fleece Inn at Bretforton
Bretforton
is one of the few public houses in the country owned by the National Trust still run as a public house, and the Queens Park Centre. James Henry Govier the British painter and etcher lived at Aylesbury and produced a number of works relating to the town including the church, canal, Walton, Aylesbury
Walton, Aylesbury
Gaol, the King's Head Inn and views of the town during the 1940s and 1950s, examples of which can be seen in the Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Museum in Aylesbury.[n 4] William the conqueror owned land in Aylesbury. And Aylesbury
Aylesbury
was declared the new county of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
by King Henry VIII (8th) in 1529. Demography[edit] The town's population has grown from 28,000 in the 1960s to almost 72,000 in 2011[1][12] due in the main to new housing developments, including many London
London
overspill housing estates, built to ease pressure on the capital, and to move people from crowded inner city slums to more favourable locations. Indeed, Aylesbury, to a greater extent than many English market towns, saw substantial areas of its own heart demolished in the 1950s/1960s as 16th–18th century houses (many in good repair) were demolished to make way for new, particularly retail, development.[citation needed] Aylesbury's population in the ten-year period since 2001 has grown by two thousand primarily related to the development of new housing estates which will eventually cater for eight thousand people on the north side, between the A41 (Akeman Street) and the A413 and the expansion of Fairford Leys
Fairford Leys
estate. According to the 2011 Census, the religious groupings in Aylesbury were: Christianity (55.7%), No religion (26.9%), Islam (8.3%), Hinduism (1.4%), Other (0.4%). 6.7% of respondents did not state their religion.[2] Geography[edit]

   Aylesbury
Aylesbury
parish    Aylesbury
Aylesbury
built-up-area    Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale   Buckinghamshire

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
falls into a notional geographical region known as the South Midlands. Neighbourhoods[edit] Housing estates in or neighbourhoods of the modern Aylesbury
Aylesbury
include:

Bedgrove Berryfields Broughton Buckingham
Buckingham
Park Elm Farm Elmhurst Fairford Leys Haydon Hill Hawkslade Farm Mandeville Estate Meadowcroft Prebendal Farm Quarrendon Queens Park Southcourt Stoke Grange Walton Court Watermead The Willows

Farms and hamlets[edit] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
has also been extended to completely surround the former hamlets or farms at:

Bedgrove California Fairford Leys New Zealand Prebendal Farm Quarrendon Turnfurlong Walton

Future developments[edit] If plans are approved to increase expected new housing capacity add as expected twenty thousand people, suburban Aylesbury
Aylesbury
could become largely or wholly contiguous with the neighbouring villages of Bierton, Hartwell, Stoke Mandeville, Stone, Sedrup
Sedrup
and Weston Turville. Distinct whole areas that have a notably high property price in the town are Bedgrove, the conservation area around St. Mary's Church and Queens Park, particularly facing onto the canal.[13] Anticipated developments are expected to raise the urban population of Aylesbury from its current approximation of 75,000 to 100,000 between 2018 and 2023. London
London
is centred 36.5 miles (58.7 km) southeast, over the Chilterns.[14] Elevations, soil and geology[edit] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
is immediately southeast of the upper River Thame
River Thame
that flows past Thame
Thame
to Dorchester on Thames
Dorchester on Thames
and is partly sited on the two northernmost outcrops of Portland (lime)stone in England[n 5][15] bisected by a small stream, Bear Brook which gives a relatively prominent position in relation to the terrain of all near, lower, fields and suburbs, which have largely slowly permeable Oxford
Oxford
Clay and Kimmeridge Clay
Kimmeridge Clay
soils[n 6]. Elevations range from 72.5m above mean sea level to 95m AOD in contiguous parts of the town, however nearest villages range from 85m-90m to the north or from 85m to 115m on a narrow ridge to the southwest at Stone and towards the Chilterns
Chilterns
to the southeast (Weston Turville, Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
and North Lee).[16] The town centre's higher terrain is accurately described by Samuel Lewis in 1848 as a "gentle eminence".[7] Main article: Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
§ Geology The county's oldest rocks of Jurassic age cover the whole of the northern half of Buckinghamshire, succeeded continuously by younger rocks to the south of the Chilterns.[15] Culture and community[edit] The town centre has many pubs and bars, nightclubs and the Queens Park Centre, the UK's largest independent arts centre.[17] The local newspaper is the Bucks Herald, which started publishing in January 1832. The local radio station is Mix 96, which first broadcast in April 1994. One of the more prominent buildings in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
is the "Blue Leanie" office block, home to Lloyds Bank. When first built it was thought to be a potential hazard to passing motorists, due to the sun reflecting off its large mirrored surface. As a result, a line of mature trees was planted alongside the main road to prevent dazzling.[18] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Waterside Theatre, a new £42 million theatre,[19] with 1,200 seat auditorium, opened in October 2010.[20][21] In addition to this, the surrounding area is being redeveloped as part of the £100 million Waterside project.[22] When this is completed, originally planned for June 2010, there will be 260,000 sq ft (24,000 m2) of new retail floor space and 1,100 new jobs created, although when this will be completed now is unclear. A Waitrose supermarket opened opposite the theatre in August 2013,[23] along with a Travelodge Hotel.[24] Branches of Wagamama
Wagamama
and Nando's
Nando's
restaurants opened on 'The Exchange' in February 2014, next to the Odeon cinema on Exchange Street. A branch of Zizzi
Zizzi
is also expected to open in early 2015, as part of a council plan to revitalise the 'Waterside' area.[25] The Bourg Walk Bridge (also called the Southcourt
Southcourt
Bridge or the Roberts Bridge after a local councillor) opened in March 2009 connecting Southcourt
Southcourt
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
town centre. The focus of the footbridge is a central concrete pillar with four suspension cables supporting the structure. This bridge forms a central part of the Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Hub project. Bourg Walk was nominated and won the Engineering Excellence Award 2009 awarded by the Institution of Civil Engineers – South East England
South East England
branch .[26] Administration[edit] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Town Council is the parish council within Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale district for the town. In 2012 it comprises 25 councillors, 15 of whom are Liberal Democrats, 7 Conservative, 2 UKIP
UKIP
and 1 Labour. The council represents only the constituents of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
town itself. Surrounding villages and some recent developments on the outskirts of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
like Fairford Leys
Fairford Leys
& Watermead have their own parish council. In 2010 the district council decided that the new developments of Berryfields
Berryfields
and Weedon Hill, both to the north of Aylesbury, should also join to form a new parish as of May 2011.[27] The Town Council also elects the Town Mayor from the serving Town Councillors every year. The process culminates in a formal "Mayor Making" ceremony where the new Mayor takes over from the preceding Mayor. The role of mayor is mainly a ceremonial role representing the town at various events and acting as an ambassador for the town – the organisation is also in a process of discussions to take over responsibility for some public services from Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale District.[citation needed] Education[edit] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
is home to one college of general further education ( Aylesbury
Aylesbury
College[28] on Oxford
Oxford
Road), three grammar schools, two community upper schools, an academy, a university technical college and a host of primary schools. The secondary schools are:

Aylesbury Grammar School
Aylesbury Grammar School
(boys only) Aylesbury High School
Aylesbury High School
(girls only) The Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
Academy Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
University Technical College The Grange School Sir Henry Floyd Grammar School Mandeville School

There are also the following special schools:

The PACE Centre Pebble Brook School Stocklake Park Community School, formerly Park School

The Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
Secondary Support Centre[29] is a Pupil referral unit (PRU), which caters for permanently excluded pupils. Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Music Centre is a large educational establishment, which has its own premises adjoining Aylesbury High School
Aylesbury High School
and rivals the Royal College of Music, having produced members of national orchestras.[citation needed] Health[edit] Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Hospital is a large National Health Service
National Health Service
hospital to the south of the town centre. Its National Spinal Injuries Centre is one of the largest specialist spinal units in the world, and the pioneering rehabilitation work carried out there by Sir Ludwig Guttmann led to the development of the Paralympic Games. Stoke Mandeville Stadium was developed alongside the hospital and is the National Centre for Disability Sport in the United Kingdom.[30] Royal Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Hospital is a private hospital specialising in spinal cord injury.[31] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
has for mental health therapy and treatments the Tindal Centre on Bierton
Bierton
Road. The Tindal Centre closed in early 2014 and Mental Health therapy and treatments moved across the road to the new purpose built hospital the Whiteleaf Centre. CMHT is in Fairford Leys. Trade and industry[edit]

Bucks County Hall taken from the Grand Union Canal

Traditionally the town was a commercial centre with a market dating back to the Saxon period. This is because it was established on the main Akeman Street
Akeman Street
which became an established trade route linking London
London
to the southwest. In 1180 a gaol was established in the town[n 7] . 15th century[edit] By 1477 flour was being ground in the town for surrounding parishes. By the modern period this had grown into a huge established industry: the last mill in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
was closed in the 1990s (Hills & Partridge on the canal behind Tesco). By 1560 the manufacture of needles had become a large industry in Long Crendon
Long Crendon
a village close-by which was an important production centre. 17th century – lace making[edit] In 1672 poor children in Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
were taught to make lace as a way to make a living. Bucks lace as it became known quickly became very sought after and production boomed as the lace was mainly made by poor women and children. The lace-making industry had died out by Victorian times, however, as new machine-made lace became preferable. In 1764 Euclid Neale opened his clockmaking workshop in Aylesbury. In the 18th century, he was one of the best clock makers in the country. 19th century – canals[edit] In 1814, the Aylesbury
Aylesbury
arm of the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
from Marsworth
Marsworth
was opened bringing major industry to the town for the first time. At the same time the Wendover
Wendover
arm was built leading to nearby Wendover. 20th century – motor manufacture[edit]

Twenty Cubitt 16/20s in c.1922 publicity image at the Cubitt Car Factory, Great Southern Works, Bicester
Bicester
Road, Aylesbury.

From 1919 until 1925 the Cubit Engineering Works on Bicester
Bicester
Road was a volume manufacturer of motor vehicles. Approximately 3,000 cars were built, but a somewhat slow and heavy design could not survive the onslaught from cheap American competition. The works have been demolished for a domestic housing development. The marque is commemorated by Cubitt Street (and Edge Street) which traverses the old works. By the late 20th century, the printers and bookbinders, Hazell, Watson and Viney and the Nestlé
Nestlé
dairy were the two main employers in the town, employing more than half the total population. These factories have long since been demolished and replaced by a Tesco
Tesco
supermarket which opened in 1994, and a housing development, respectively. 21st century[edit] Today, the town is still a major commercial centre and the market still meets on the cobbles of the old Market Square four days a week. Nestle and Hazell, Watson and Viney
Hazell, Watson and Viney
and US automotive parts producer TRW have gone – the last left the town in 2006. However three major industrial and commercial centres make sure the town has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the country.[citation needed] A £150 million Arla Foods
Arla Foods
'megadairy' opened just off the A41 in nearby Aston Clinton
Aston Clinton
in November 2013, roughly 3 1⁄2 mi (6 km) from the town centre and is a major employer in the area.[32] Traffic improvement measures were paid for by Arla in order to reduce the impact of congestion and pollution.[33] Sport and leisure[edit] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
has two local semi-professional football teams, Aylesbury F.C. which plays at Haywood Way and Aylesbury United F.C.
Aylesbury United F.C.
which currently shares a ground with Thame
Thame
United. There is a strong cricket club in the town, that was formed in 1837 with success in the 1950s and 1980s and is again emerging as one of the strong clubs in mid- to north Buckinghamshire. Since 2013, Aylesbury
Aylesbury
has been host to a free 5 km run called the Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Parkrun. Aylesbury
Aylesbury
is represented in Rugby Union by Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Rugby Football Club, situated at Ostler's Field in the nearby village of Weston Turville. It is widely considered Aylesbury's most successful sports team; 'The Ducks' play in the 7th tier of English Rugby.[34] Transport[edit]

Rail

The town is served by Aylesbury railway station
Aylesbury railway station
and Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Parkway railway station; the latter is terminus of passenger services of the London
London
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Line from London
London
Marylebone. Stoke Mandeville railway station also lies in the town's urban area. Railways came to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
early, in 1839 when the Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Railway opened from Cheddington
Cheddington
on Robert Stephenson's London
London
and Birmingham Railway. The Wycombe Railway (later GWR) arrived via Princes Risborough on 1 October 1863, and on 23 September 1868 the Aylesbury and Buckingham
Buckingham
Railway (later Metropolitan Railway) was opened from Verney Junction to almost connect a loop with the Wycombe Railway. The Metropolitan Railway
Metropolitan Railway
(MetR) from Baker Street arrived via Amersham
Amersham
in 1892.[35] The Great Central Railway
Great Central Railway
(GCR) connected from Nottingham Victoria to London
London
Marylebone via the MetR in 1899. Between 1899 and 1953, Aylesbury
Aylesbury
had railway links to four London
London
termini: Marylebone, Baker Street, Paddington and Euston. The Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Railway closed in 1953, the MetR, which later became the Metropolitan line
Metropolitan line
of the London Underground withdrew north of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
in 1936[36] and withdrew from the town in 1961.[37] The GCR was dismantled north of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
in 1966. As a result, there were no regular passenger services north of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
until the opening of Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
Parkway railway station in December 2008. Now only the GCR south of Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
Parkway to Marylebone is used for regular London
London
services. A rail scheme to extend passenger services northwestwards to a new station, Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
Parkway, was completed in December 2008.[38] This is sited on the formerly goods-only line towards Quainton
Quainton
at the point where the line crosses the A41 near Berryfields
Berryfields
Farm on the north-west outskirts of the town, some 2.25 miles (3.62 km) north of the main Aylesbury
Aylesbury
station. This area is to be known as Berryfields, a major development area and will include park and ride facilities for Aylesbury. A further expansion of rail services to a new Winslow railway station, Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central, Bedford and Oxford
Oxford
via the Claydon LNE Junction (see East West Rail) is due to be opened by 2030.[39][40]

Roads

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
is served by the A41 from London
London
to Birkenhead, which becomes the M40 however at Bicester
Bicester
13 miles (21 km) west (by north) of Aylesbury. The A413 and A418 roads also run through the town. The M40 motorway
M40 motorway
at junction 9 is 14.7 miles (23.7 km) away and the M25 motorway
M25 motorway
is just over 21 miles (34 km)'s drive.

Buses

In 2006, work commenced on the public transport hub, a scheme comprising a one-way loop of bus lanes around the town's inner ring road, which includes improvements to the connectivity between bus and rail services. The first two phases of this scheme were completed in 2007, providing new bus lanes on Exchange Street, New Street, Friarage Road and White Hill, and also opened up High Street to buses. The final two phases, including the Bourg Walk Bridge and Station Boulevard were officially opened in April 2009.[41] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
is well connected to local destinations by bus services. Run by Arriva Shires & Essex, these services run every 20–30 minutes to Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
(150), Oxford
Oxford
(280), High Wycombe
High Wycombe
(300), Thame (110/280), Tring
Tring
(500), Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
(500) and Watford
Watford
(500). Hourly services also run to Luton
Luton
(61) and Leighton Buzzard
Leighton Buzzard
(150/164). Arriva also runs services to RAF Halton via Weston Turville
Weston Turville
and Wendover
Wendover
(50); Chesham
Chesham
via Wendover, Great Missenden
Great Missenden
and Amersham (55); Steeple Claydon
Steeple Claydon
via Waddesdon
Waddesdon
and Quainton
Quainton
(with some services to Twyford and Marsh Gibbon) (16); Thame
Thame
via Cuddington, Long Crendon and Worminghall
Worminghall
(110); Buckingham
Buckingham
and Maids Moreton
Maids Moreton
via Whitchurch, North Marston, Winslow and Padbury
Padbury
(60). Aylesbury
Aylesbury
is served by Buckinghamshire's first 'Rainbow Routes' network of bus services. The colour-coded routes were set up by Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council, and bus operators:

Silver Rider 1 – Z&S Buses, every 15 minutes to Fairford Leys and Buckingham
Buckingham
Park (Monday-Saturday); Orange Route 3 – Star Travel, every 20 minutes to Elmhurst, Haydon Hill and Quarrendon (Monday-Saturday); Green Route 4 – Redline Buses, every 20 minutes to the Coppice, Elmhurst, Berryfields
Berryfields
and Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
Parkway railway station (Monday-Saturday); Water Rider 6 – Redline Buses, every 15 minutes to Elmhurst and Watermead (Monday-Saturday); Pink Route 8 – Arriva Shires & Essex, every 20 minutes to Broughton and Bedgrove
Bedgrove
(Monday-Saturday); Red Route 9 – Arriva Shires & Essex, every 12 minutes to Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Hawkslade Farm, Walton Court
Walton Court
and Southcourt (daily).

Also unofficially but on the Rainbow Routes website:

Route 2 – Redline Buses, every 30 minutes to Quarrendon and Meadowcroft (Monday-Saturday); Route 5 – Star Travel, every 15 minutes to Quarrendon and Meadowcroft (daily).

Cycling demonstration town[edit] In 2005, the town won £1million funding to be one of six Cycling Demonstration towns in England, which was match-funded by Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council.[42] This allows Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Council to promote the use of cycling amongst the general public, as well as provide facilities for cyclists, such as bike lockers, bike stands, and Tiger and Toucan road crossings. Cycle Aylesbury, the team created to undertake the Cycling Demonstration town work, recently opened the first of their Gemstone Cycleways, which are a network of routes running from Aylesbury
Aylesbury
town centre to various locations around the town, including Stone, Bierton, Wendover
Wendover
and Watermead. A second brochure/magazine was published to accompany the routes, along with a redesigned website, CycleAylesbury.co.uk. Notable people[edit] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
is or has been home to a whole range of notable people. In the latter part of the 20th century, the main maternity unit in the district was located in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
at the Royal Buckinghamshire Hospital; hence a large number of people were born in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
who may not have had any other association with the town. For a full list see People from Aylesbury. In alphabetic order of surname those who live or have lived in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
include:

Michael Apted, film director and producer was born in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
in 1941[43] Benjamin Bates, physician[44] Lynda Bellingham, actress and television presenter[45] Rutland Boughton, English composer was born in the town[46] Emmerson Boyce, footballer, born in Aylesbury Ernest Bullock, organist and composer, died in Aylesbury[47] Brendan Carr, actor, lives in Aylesbury[48] Brendan Cole, professional dancer Mathilde Carré, French double agent, was once a detainee at Aylesbury Prison[49] Liam Gillick, artist, born in Aylesbury, 1964 Martin Grech, singer-songwriter[50] Ludwig Guttmann, founder of the Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Games, later to become the Paralympic Games, lived and died in the town John Hampden, politician and Parliamentarian during the English Civil War, lived in Hartwell
Hartwell
House. Michael Jamieson, creator of Food Review UK John Junkin, television performer and scriptwriter, died in Aylesbury[51] Andrea Leadsom, Conservative Member of Parliament for South Northamptonshire; Minister of State for Energy at the Department of Energy and Climate Change; candidate for the leadership of the Conservative Party in 2016 Samantha Lewthwaite, terrorist, grew up in Aylesbury[52] John Otway, singer-songwriter[53] Charles William Pearson, missionary[54] Matt Phillips, footballer, born in Aylesbury[55] James Clark Ross, naval explorer, died in Aylesbury[56] Vernon Scannell, poet[57] William of Sherwood, logician and teacher[58] Mike Smith, musician, of the Dave Clark Five lived in Aylesbury[59] Pete Trewavas, musician, member of Marillion Mark Webber, former Formula 1
Formula 1
driver who raced for Red Bull Racing, Jaguar Racing
Jaguar Racing
and Williams F1, with 9 career wins. Born in Queanbeyan, Australia; resides in Aston Clinton
Aston Clinton
(amongst other places)[60] Ellen White, England
England
women's national football team, former Chelsea Ladies, Arsenal Ladies and current Notts County Ladies football player was born and brought up in Aylesbury John Wilkes, radical, MP for Aylesbury
Aylesbury
1757 & 1761, lived at Prebendal House in the town[61]

Popular culture[edit]

The Clash
The Clash
were among the many bands that played at Friars' Club in its heyday

A live music nightclub in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
was prominent in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s – renamed the Friars' Club in 1969 – which hosted many of the top bands of the time including Jimi Hendrix, the Rolling Stones, Cream, Otis Redding, the Clash, Hawkwind, Queen, Genesis, U2, David Bowie, Talking Heads, Marillion
Marillion
& the Ramones. Many famous music managers and talent scouts were regularly in attendance at this time, including the likes of Simon Cowell. Friars' Club celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2009, by holding three special concerts that reflected the various phases of the club's musical history. The first concert in June featured the Edgar Broughton Band, the Groundhogs and the Pretty Things. In October, Stiff Little Fingers, Penetration and the Disco Students appeared to celebrates the punk/new wave era. In November, Kid Creole & the Coconuts and China Crisis played. The band Marillion
Marillion
have a close association with Aylesbury. They originally formed there, with the band's first single, 1982's "Market Square Heroes" taking its title inspiration from Aylesbury's Market Square. The band continue to be based in the area, with their Racket Records studio still close to Aylesbury, and in 2007 the band performed together with their original lead singer Fish for the first time in 19 years at Aylesbury.[62] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Methodist Church holds an annual organ recital, which attracts prominent national organists. The Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
Children's Gallery in Church Street, Aylesbury, is a children's museum in honour of novelist Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
that opened on 23 November 1996.[63] Aylesbury hosts the Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
Festival, a procession of giant puppets based on his characters, on 2 July.[64] Comedian and actor Ronnie Barker
Ronnie Barker
(1929–2005) began his acting career in the town in the late 1940s and in September 2010, almost five years after his death, a bronze statue of him was unveiled by actor David Jason and Barker's one time co-star Ronnie Corbett
Ronnie Corbett
(the other half of the Two Ronnies) on a new public place in Exchange Street.[65] Shown in productions[edit] Scenes from the film A Clockwork Orange were filmed in Friars Square in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
but did not make it to the final cut. This is the 'Librarian Scene' where outtakes from the shoot and rehearsal can be seen in Alison Castle's The Stanley Kubrick Archives published by Taschen. The opening scene when the droogs beat up the elderly Irishman is mistakenly cited as being filmed in the underpass linking Friars Square
Friars Square
Shopping Centre with the railway station. Although Christiane Kubrick's book Stanley Kubrick – A Life in Pictures states this the underpass in the film has a different shape to the one in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
and these sequences were actually filmed in Wandsworth. According to Malcolm McDowell: "We did a sequence in Aylesbury. The town square was decorated with giant rubber ducks, weird animals, they were huge, and we accosted an old guy from the library. I ripped out these priceless books that he had and I threw them up. I remember my line, it was taken from the book, it was: 'There's a mackerel of a cornflake for you.' The pages from the ripped books fall like confetti. The retribution was that Alex goes to the library when he is cured and all the old codgers in the library go: 'You were the one!'"[66] The County Court building and Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Market Square regularly feature in the BBC
BBC
Television series Judge John Deed. Twin town[edit] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
is twinned with the French town of Bourg-en-Bresse, which is in the east of the country, 267 mi (430 km) from Paris.[67] Places of interest with established encyclopaedia entries[edit]

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Museum St. Mary the Virgin, Aylesbury King's Head Inn Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
Children's Gallery Waterside Theatre, opened October 2010.[68]

Closest cities, towns and villages[edit]

Destinations from Aylesbury

Fleet Marston, Waddesdon, Bicester Hardwick, Whitchurch, Winslow, Buckingham Bierton, Wing, Leighton Buzzard, Milton Keynes

Stone, Haddenham, Thame, Oxford

Aylesbury

Aston Clinton, Tring, Hemel Hempstead,

Bishopstone, Chinnor, Watlington, Wallingford Stoke Mandeville, Princes Risborough, High Wycombe Weston Turville, Wendover, Great Missenden, Amersham, London

Gallery[edit]

Church of St Mary, Aylesbury
Aylesbury
– Grade I architecture[69]

The Old Grammar School, now museum and other buildings, Church Street, Aylesbury

Church Street – detail

Bucks 'New' County offices

Blue Leanie, office block of Lloyds Bank.

15th century King's Head Inn

Beer garden of King's Head Inn

Hobgoblin Inn

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
railway station

Part of Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
taken from the top of Coombe Hill, looking towards Aylesbury
Aylesbury
– the town's shape is visible.

See also[edit]

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
portal

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
College HM Prison Aylesbury Aylesbury
Aylesbury
railway station Architecture of Aylesbury Aylesbury
Aylesbury
(UK Parliament constituency)

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

^ Castle Street in the centre of the town has twelve numbers listed, including nos 37–39 Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1117961)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2012.  ^ Previously the county town of Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
was Buckingham ^ With subsidiary titles in the Peerage of England: Viscount Bruce, of Ampthill in the County of Bedford, and Baron Bruce, of Skelton in the County of York. ^ Govier was born at Oakley and was the etching demonstrator at the Royal College of Art. ^ "This stone has above: freely draining lime-rich loamy soils" which forms 3.7% of English soil according to the Soilscape source ^ Specifically described in the source national map as "Slowly permeable seasonally wet slightly acid but base-rich loamy and clayey soils" (therefore of medium fertility) which forms 20% of English soil ^ has a Prison though it has moved locations two or three times

References

^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Parish (1170212172)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2018.  ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Built-up area (1119884987)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2018.  ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
Local Authority (1946157291)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2018.  ^ Porter, Darwin; Prince, Danforth (1997). Frommer's England
England
from $60 a Day. Wiley. p. 234. ISBN 9780028616513.  ^ "Aylesbury". Visit South East England. Retrieved 18 February 2018.  ^ "History of the Movement". Paralympics. The IPC. Retrieved 18 February 2018.  ^ a b c Samuel Lewis (1848). "Aylesbury". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 11 December 2012.  ^ "The Plague in Amersham". 15 January 2013.  ^ http://www.civicheraldry.co.uk/thames_valley_chilterns.html#aylesbury%20tc Civic Heraldry
Heraldry
of England
England
and Wales: Aylesbury. CREST: On a Wreath Argent and Gules issuant from a Wreath of plaited Straw a Mount thereon an Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Duck all proper. ^ Richard Waller. "Richard Waller – The Last Remaining Breeder of Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Ducks". Retrieved 19 April 2014.  ^ The Museum (former School) Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1117970)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2012.  ^ A Vision of Britain Aylesbury
Aylesbury
population change. Retrieved 2 February 2013 ^ "Map search for property for sale - Mouseprice".  ^ "UK Grid Reference Finder".  ^ a b Natural England
England
— Geodiversity Archived 7 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Soilscapes soil types viewer - National Soil Resources Institute. Cranfield University".  ^ "All hail Aylesbury's Queen's Park Arts Centre!". The Bucks Herald. 22 April 2017.  ^ "Geograph:: The "Blue Leanie" (C) sijon".  ^ Aylesbury's £42 Million New Theatre Opens http://www.thestage.co.uk/news/newsstory.php/29923/aylesburys-42m-waterside- ^ Highlights from the Launch of Aylesbury Waterside Theatre
Aylesbury Waterside Theatre
Archived 13 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Waterside Theatre Opens (BBC) http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/threecounties/hi/people_and_places/newsid_9083000/9083183.stm ^ Aylesbury's Economic Growth "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2010.  ^ Limited, Waitrose. " Waitrose
Waitrose
Aylesbury-Branch Finder-Waitrose.com".  ^ " Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Hotel - Hotels in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
- Travelodge".  ^ "UPDATE: Nando's
Nando's
and Wagamama
Wagamama
confirm Aylesbury
Aylesbury
opening dates".  ^ Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Footbridge achieves top honour at Thames Valley Engineering Excellence Awards[permanent dead link] ^ Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
District Council recommendations for Weedon parish Archived 7 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Aylesbury College
Aylesbury College
- Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Integrated Learning Campus".  ^ "AVSSC – International Educational Resources for Parents Abroad".  ^ " Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Mandeville
Stadium".  ^ (http://whysurreal.com), Surreal. "The Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Hospital - Official Website".  ^ "Dairy Delivers". Bucks Herald. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014.  ^ "Council responds to traffic fears". Bucks Herald. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014.  ^ [1] Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Parkrun ^ "Metropolitan Railway". 20th Century London. Retrieved 5 April 2008.  ^ " Quainton
Quainton
Road to Verney Junction". Underground History. Archived from the original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 5 April 2008.  ^ "Metropolitan Line". Davros. Archived from the original on 16 April 2008. Retrieved 5 April 2008.  ^ "Bucks County Council Thirty Year Transport Vision". Bucks County Council. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 5 April 2008.  ^ "Chancellor accepts East West Rail
East West Rail
targets and strengthens plans with extra cash". www.railtechnologymagazine.com.  ^ Transport Secretary officially launches East West Railway Company at Bletchley
Bletchley
Park East West Rail, 22 November 2017 ^ Buckscc.gov.uk Archived 25 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Aylesbury". Cycling England. Archived from the original on 13 February 2008. Retrieved 5 April 2008.  ^ " Michael Apted
Michael Apted
Personal Biog". Film Reference. Retrieved 29 March 2012.  ^ "John Hamilton Mortimer and the discovery of Captain Cook". National Library of Australia. Archived from the original on 27 July 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ " Lynda Bellingham
Lynda Bellingham
Official Biography". Lynda Bellingham. Archived from the original on 20 June 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ Aylesbury. Brewer's Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 13 September 2012  – via  Credo Reference
Credo Reference
(subscription required) ^ Elley, Derek; Peter Cowie (1978). International Music Guide 1978. Michigan: Barnes. ISBN 0-498-02424-5.  ^ "Interview with Brendan Carr". BBC. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ Gray, Chris (28 November 2002). "How a triple agent called 'the Cat' got the cream of Britain's spy network". The Independent. London. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ Sullivan, Caroline (18 May 2005). "Martin Grech". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ John Junkin on IMDb ^ "Profile: Samantha Lewthwaite". BBC
BBC
News. 26 September 2013.  ^ "From Shaw Taylor to John Otway". Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Today. The Bucks Herald. 25 July 2007. Archived from the original on 24 July 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ "Pearson, Charles William". Dictionary of African Christian Biography. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ " Aylesbury
Aylesbury
football star Phillips snubs Three Lions for Tartan Army". The Bucks Herald. 25 February 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012.  ^ "Sir James Clark Ross". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 7 August 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ Brownjohn, Alan (19 November 2007). "Obituary: Vernon Scannell". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ Kretzmann, Norman; Anthony Kenny; Jan Pinborg; Eleonore Stump (1988). The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 892. ISBN 978-0-521-36933-6.  ^ "Dave Clark Five singer Smith dies". BBC. 29 February 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ " Mark Webber
Mark Webber
– My Story".  ^ " John Wilkes
John Wilkes
'A Friend to Liberty' 1727–1797". Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Town Council. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2009.  ^ "Singer Fish and Marillion
Marillion
reunite". BBC
BBC
News. 28 August 2007.  ^ Sharron L. McElmeel (1999)100 most popular children's authors: biographical sketches and bibliographies Libraries Unlimited, 1999 ^ David Hurst (20 June 2005) Roald Dahl's fantasy factory the Daily Mail ^ " Ronnie Barker
Ronnie Barker
statue unveiled". BBC
BBC
News. 30 September 2010.  ^ Malcolm McDowell: Camera 2 in the summer of 2002 ^ " Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Twinning Association". Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Twinning Association. Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Town Council. Retrieved 3 July 2016.  ^ "Waterside Theatre in Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Opens". BBC
BBC
News. 10 October 2010. Retrieved 19 April 2014.  ^ St Mary's Church - Grade I listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1160522)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aylesbury.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Aylesbury.

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Town Council Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
District Council Aylesbury
Aylesbury
in the Domesday Book

v t e

Aylesbury

Buckinghamshire County Council elections Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale District Council elections Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Constituency

Wards, suburbs and neighbourhoods

Bedgrove Berryfields Broughton California Elm Farm Elmhurst Fairford Leys Haydon Hill New Zealand Prebendal Farm Quarrendon Queens Park Southcourt Turnfurlong Walton Walton Court Watermead Weedon Hill

Civil parishes

Aylesbury Buckingham
Buckingham
Park Coldharbour Watermead

About Aylesbury

Architecture Aylesbury
Aylesbury
duck Aylesbury
Aylesbury
United F.C.

players

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Waterside Theatre Bucks Herald Mix 96 People

List of Parliamentary constituencies in Buckinghamshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of civil parishes in Buckinghamshire

v t e

Aylesbury Vale
Aylesbury Vale
District

Buckinghamshire County Council elections District Council elections

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Constituency Buckingham
Buckingham
Constituency

Towns (component areas and hamlets)

Aylesbury

Bedgrove Broughton California Elm Farm Elmhurst Haydon Hill New Zealand Prebendal Farm Quarrendon Queens Park Southcourt Turnfurlong Walton Walton Court

Buckingham

Bourton Buffler's Holt Castle Fields Mount Pleasant Page Hill

Wendover

Cobblers Hill Concord Dean Hazeldean Kings Ash Little London Lower Bacombe Scrubwood Smalldean The Hale Upper Bacombe Wendover
Wendover
Dean Wendover
Wendover
Marsh World's End

Winslow

Shipton Shipton Brook

Other civil parishes (component villages and hamlets)

Addington Adstock Akeley

Akeley Stockholt

Ashendon

Ashendon Lower Pollicott Upper Pollicott

Aston Clinton

Aston Clinton Chivery Vaches

Aston Abbotts Aston Sandford Barton Hartshorn Beachampton Biddlesden Bierton
Bierton
with Broughton

Bierton Broughton Broughton Crossing Burcott

Boarstall

Boarstall Honeyburge

Brill

Brill Little London

Buckingham
Buckingham
Park

Berryfields Weedon Hill

Buckland

Buckland Buckland Wharf

Calvert Green

Calvert

Charndon Chearsley Cheddington

Cheddington Cooks Wharf

Chetwode Chilton

Chilton Easington

Coldharbour

Fairford Leys

Creslow Cublington Cuddington Dinton-with-Ford and Upton

Aston Mullins Dinton Ford Gibraltar Upton Waldridge Westlington

Dorton Drayton Beauchamp Drayton Parslow Dunton East Claydon

Botolph Claydon East Claydon

Edgcott Edlesborough

Dagnall Northall Ringshall

Fleet Marston Foscott Gawcott
Gawcott
with Lenborough

Gawcott Lenborough

Granborough

Granborough Green End

Great Brickhill Great Horwood

Great Horwood Singleborough

Grendon Underwood Haddenham

Haddenham South End

Halton Hardwick Hillesden Hoggeston Hogshaw

Fulbrook Hogshaw

Hulcott Ickford Ivinghoe

Greatgap Horton Ivinghoe Ivinghoe
Ivinghoe
Aston Ringshall

Kingsey Kingswood

Kingswood Tetchwick

Leckhampstead Lillingstone Dayrell
Lillingstone Dayrell
with Luffield Abbey

Lillingstone Dayrell Luffield Abbey

Lillingstone Lovell Little Horwood Long Crendon Ludgershall Maids Moreton Marsh Gibbon

Marsh Gibbon Little Marsh Summerstown

Marsworth

Marsworth Startop's End

Mentmore

Crafton Ledburn Mentmore

Middle Claydon

Middle Claydon Verney Junction

Mursley Nash Nether Winchendon Newton Longville North Marston Oakley

Addingrove Little London Oakley

Oving Padbury Pitchcott Pitstone

Barley End Pitstone Pitstone
Pitstone
Green Pitstone
Pitstone
Hill

Poundon Preston Bissett Quainton

Quainton Shipton Lee

Quarrendon

Berryfields

Radclive-cum-Chackmore

Radclive Chackmore

Shabbington Shalstone Slapton

Grove Horton Wharf Slapton

Soulbury

Bragenham Chelmscote Hollingdon Soulbury Stockgrove

Steeple Claydon Stewkley

North End Stewkley Stewkley
Stewkley
Dean

Stoke Hammond Stoke Mandeville Stone with Bishopstone and Hartwell

Bishopstone Hartwell Lower Hartwell Sedrup Stone

Stowe

Boycott Dadford Lamport Stowe

Swanbourne

Nearton End Swanbourne

Thornborough Thornton Tingewick Turweston Twyford Upper Winchendon Waddesdon

Eythrope Waddesdon Wormstone

Water Stratford Watermead Weedon

East End Weedon

Westbury Westcott Weston Turville

Bye Green Weston Turville

Whaddon Whitchurch Wing

Ascott Burcott Littleworth Wing

Wingrave

Burston Nup End Rowsham Wingrave

Woodham Worminghall Wotton Underwood

Former districts and boroughs

Municipal Borough of Aylesbury Municipal Borough of Buckingham Buckingham
Buckingham
Rural District Long Crendon
Long Crendon
Rural District Wing Rural District

Former constituencies

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
County Constituency Wendover
Wendover
Constituency

List of Parliamentary constituencies in Buckinghamshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of civil parishes in Buckinghamshire

v t e

Ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
Portal

Unitary authorities

Borough of Milton Keynes

Boroughs or districts

Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Vale Chiltern South Bucks Wycombe

Major settlements

Amersham Aylesbury Beaconsfield Buckingham Chesham Gerrards Cross High Wycombe Marlow Milton Keynes

including Bletchley Fenny Stratford Stony Stratford Wolverton

Newport Pagnell Olney Princes Risborough Wendover Winslow Woburn Sands See also: List of civil parishes in Buckinghamshire

Rivers

Chess Colne Frays Gade Great Ouse Jubilee Lyde Misbourne Ouzel Ray Thame Thames Tove Wraysbury Wye

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Boundary changes Schools (Bucks) Schools (Milton Keynes) Places Sites of Special
Special
Scientific Interest Places of interest Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenant High Sheriff Monastic houses Museums Railways Transport

v t e

London
London
commuter belt

Home counties

Berkshire Buckinghamshire Essex Hertfordshire Kent Surrey

Urban areas

Greater London
London
Built-up Area Reading/ Wokingham
Wokingham
Urban Area Southend Urban Area Farnborough/ Aldershot
Aldershot
Built-up Area Luton/ Dunstable
Dunstable
Urban Area High Wycombe
High Wycombe
Urban Area Medway
Medway
Towns Urban Area

Cities and towns (100k+)

Chelmsford Crawley Guildford High Wycombe London Luton Maidstone Reading Slough Southend-on-Sea

Towns (25k–99k)

Aldershot Ashford, Surrey Aylesbury Basildon Basingstoke Billericay Bishop's Stortford Borehamwood Bracknell Brentwood Burgess Hill Camberley Canvey Island Chatham Cheshunt Dartford Dunstable Epsom Ewell Earley Farnborough Farnham Fleet Gillingham Gravesend Grays Harlow Harpenden Hatfield Hemel Hempstead Horsham Hitchin Leighton Buzzard Letchworth Loughton Maidenhead Rayleigh Redhill Rochester Royal Tunbridge Wells Sittingbourne St Albans Stevenage Strood Sunbury-on-Thames Tonbridge Ware Watford Welwyn Garden City Wickford Windsor Woking Wokingham Woodley

Towns (10k–25k)

Addlestone Amersham Ashtead Baldock Beaconsfield Berkhamsted Broxbourne Buckhurst Hill Bushey Chertsey Chesham Chigwell Corringham Croxley Green Dorking East Grinstead East Malling Englefield Green Epping Frimley Frogmore Godalming Hadleigh Haywards Heath Hertford Hoddesdon Horley Houghton Regis Knaphill Marlow Potters Bar Reigate Rickmansworth Rochford Sandhurst Sevenoaks Snodland Shepperton South Benfleet Southborough, Kent Staines-upon-Thames Stanford-le-Hope Stanwell Swanley Thundersley Tilbury Tring Waltham Abbey Wal

.