The airline was established on 1929 as Aerovías de Guatemala, and was founded by Alfredo Denby Chattfield. In 1945, the airline was nationalized during the government of Juan José Arevalo and stablished as Empresa Guatemalteca de Aviación S. A., which was shortened to Aviateca. One of the original founders was Alfredo Castaneda Duarte who also served as a pilot. Aviateca started operations in March 1946 and early aircraft operated by the carrier included the Douglas DC-3.
In 1961, service to Miami was originated with four-engined Douglas DC-6 airliners. The airline later operated the Douglas DC-6B version as well. Convair 340/440 twin-engined medium airliners were also acquired to replace some of the DC-3s on short-haul routes in Latin America.
Aviateca introduced jet service as a customer for the British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven medium twin jet in 1970. In 1974, the airline was operating the stretched BAC One-Eleven series 500 version of the British-manufactured jet on international flights to Miami, New Orleans, Mexico City, Mérida and San Jose, Costa Rica. It also temporarily leased a Fokker F28 Fellowship, a Boeing 720 and a Douglas DC-8 in the 1970s. Aviateca later acquired two Boeing 727-100s, which operated for the airline in the 1980s. From 1989 on Aviateca's fleet consisted of several Boeing 737-200 and Boeing 737-300 jetliners. A full cargo Boeing 737-300 was also operated for a few months.
Aviateca was under government ownership and remained so until 1989 when it joined the TACA-organised Airline Alliance of Central America and was privatised. It was fully integrated into TACA, which later merged with Avianca.
The aircraft were referred to by locals as "las papayas voladoras" (the flying papayas) due to the paint scheme used during the 1970s, in which the underbelly was painted a reddish orange. Later Aviateca switched to blue. From 2006 to 2007 Aviateca had a TACA Airbus A319 aircraft with the TACA-style Aviateca logo on the engines.
This is a list of both current and terminated destinations of Aviateca.
|San Andrés||Colombia||Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport||Vía San José. Operated for Avianca El Salvador|
|San José||Costa Rica||Juan Santamaría International Airport|
|Liberia||Costa Rica||Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport|
|San Salvador||El Salvador||El Salvador International Airport||Operated for Avianca El Salvador|
|Flores||Guatemala||Mundo Maya International Airport|
|Guatemala City||Guatemala||La Aurora International Airport||Hub|
|Tegucigalpa D.C.||Honduras||Toncontín International Airport||Operated by Avianca Honduras|
|San Pedro Sula||Honduras||Ramon Villeda Morales International Airport||Operated by Avianca Honduras|
|Roatan||Honduras||Roatan International Airport||Operated for Avianca El Salvador|
|Panama||Panama||Tocumen International Airport|
|Managua||Nicaragua||Augusto Cesar Sandino International Airport|
The Avianca Guatemala fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of August 2017):
The airline previously operated the following aircraft:
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