The Info List - Avalon Peninsula

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The AVALON PENINSULA is a large peninsula (9,220 km² ) that makes up the southeast portion of the island of Newfoundland .

The peninsula is home to 262,410 people, about 51% of Newfoundland's population, according to the Canada 2011 Census . The peninsula is the location of St. John\'s , the provincial capital and largest city. It is connected to the main section of the island by the 5 km (3 mi) wide Isthmus of Avalon. The peninsula protrudes into the rich fishing zones near the Grand Banks
Grand Banks
. Its four major bays—Trinity Bay , Conception Bay , St. Mary\'s Bay , and Placentia Bay —have long been the centre of Newfoundland's fishing industry.


* 1 Geography and geology * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links


The coast of the Avalon
Peninsula, in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador

The Avalon
Peninsula is itself pinched into peninsulas by St. Mary's Bay and Conception Bay. St. John's is located in the northeast of the peninsula.

The Avalon
Peninsula is a noted region for Precambrian fossils , and many Lagerstätten of the diverse Ediacaran biota
Ediacaran biota
are found on the peninsula. Mistaken Point is the original location of the first documented Ediacaran
, Aspidella terranovica (which gets its specific name from Newfoundland). The peninsula gives its name to the ancient micro-continent Avalonia of which it was part.


Main article: Province of Avalon

In 1497, explorer John Cabot led an expedition from England in an attempt to reach the Spice Islands in the East Indies , that supposedly ended up off what is now Bonavista . The first permanent English settlement was established at Cuper\'s Cove in 1610. Sir George Calvert was later given a large land holding on the peninsula. The initial colony of Ferryland grew to a population of 100, becoming the first successful permanent settlement on Newfoundland island. In 1623 Calvert was given a