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Authari
Authari
(c. 540 – 5 September 590) was king of the Lombards
Lombards
from 584 to his death. Authari
Authari
was the son of Cleph, King of the Lombards. When the latter died in 574, the Lombard nobility refused to appoint a successor, resulting in ten years interregnum known as the Rule of the Dukes. In 574 and 575 the Lombards
Lombards
invaded Provence, then part of the kingdom of Burgundy of the Merovingian
Merovingian
Guntram. The latter, in alliance with his nephew, the king of Austrasia
Austrasia
Childebert II, replied by invading northern Italy. The Austrasian army descended the valley of the Adige and took Trent. The Byzantine emperor, Tiberius II, began to negotiate an alliance with the Franks
Franks
and the Lombards, fearful of a pincer movement, elected another king. In 584, they elected Duke Authari
Authari
and ceded him the capital of Pavia as well as half of their ducal domains as a demesne. He spent his entire reign in wars with the Franks, the Byzantines, and Lombard rebels. His first major test was the quashing of the rebel duke Droctulf of Brescello, who had allied with the Romans and was ruling the Po valley. Having expelled him, he spent most of the rest of his six years on the throne fighting the exarch of Ravenna, Smaragdus, or the Merovingian
Merovingian
kings. Guntram
Guntram
and Childebert were still not satisfied with their successes in Italy and they many times threatened invasion, following through on their threats twice. The memory of Theudebert I
Theudebert I
of Austrasia's campaigns in Italy, the urging of Childebert's warlike mother Brunhilda and the Byzantine emperor
Byzantine emperor
and exarch, as well as the wrongs done Guntram
Guntram
in the past undoubtedly fueled their quarrelsomeness. In 588, Authari
Authari
defeated them handily, but in 590, the uncle and nephew led to armies across the Alps, respectively over Mont Cenis
Mont Cenis
and the Brenner to Milan
Milan
and Verona. Though Authari
Authari
shut himself up in Pavia, the Franks
Franks
accomplished little as the exarch's army did not meet them and they could not even join up with each other. Pestilence turned them around and they left the Lombards
Lombards
much chastened, but hardly defeated. Authari, when not controlled by foreign armies, expanded the Lombard dominion at the expense of Byzantium. He took the fortress of Comacchio
Comacchio
and cut off communication between Padua
Padua
and Ravenna. Faroald, duke of Spoleto, captured the Ravennan seaport of Classis and utterly devastated it. Authari
Authari
swept through the peninsula all the way to Reggio, vowing to take Calabria
Calabria
— a vow never to be kept by any Lombard. On 15 May 589, he married Theodelinda, daughter of the Bavarian duke Garibald
Garibald
I. A Catholic, she had great influence among the Lombards
Lombards
for her virtue. When Authari
Authari
died in Pavia
Pavia
in 590, possibly by poison, he was succeeded as king by Agilulf, duke of Turin, on the advice, sought by the dukes, of Theodelinda, who married the new king.[1] References[edit]

^ "German Tribes org Lombard Kings". GermanTribes.org. Archived from the original on 2010-07-18. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 

Sources[edit]

Jarnut, Jörg (1992). Geschichte der Langobarde. Stuttgart. 

Regnal titles

Preceded by Rule of the Dukes King of the Lombards 584–590 Succeeded by Agilulf

v t e

Kings of Italy between 476 and 1556

Non-dynastic

Odoacer
Odoacer
(476–493)

Ostrogoths

Theoderic (493–526) Athalaric
Athalaric
(526–534) Theodahad
Theodahad
(534–536) Vitiges
Vitiges
(536–540) Ildibad
Ildibad
(540–541) Eraric
Eraric
(541) Totila
Totila
(541–552) Teia
Teia
(552–553)

Lombards

Alboin
Alboin
(568–572) Cleph
Cleph
(572–574) Interregnum (574–584) Authari
Authari
(584–590) Agilulf
Agilulf
(590–616) Adaloald
Adaloald
(616–626) Arioald
Arioald
(626–636) Rothari
Rothari
(636-652) Rodoald
Rodoald
(652–653) Aripert I
Aripert I
(653–661) Godepert
Godepert
(661–662) Perctarit
Perctarit
(661–662) Grimoald (662–671) Garibald
Garibald
(671) Perctarit
Perctarit
(671–688) Cunipert
Cunipert
(688–689) Alahis
Alahis
(689) Cunipert
Cunipert
(689–700) Liutpert
Liutpert
(700–702) Raginpert
Raginpert
(701) Aripert II
Aripert II
(702–712) Ansprand
Ansprand
(712) Liutprand (712–744) Hildeprand
Hildeprand
(744) Ratchis
Ratchis
(744–749) Aistulf
Aistulf
(749–756) Desiderius
Desiderius
(756–774)

Carolingians

Charles I (774–814) Pepin (781–810) Bernard (810–818) Lothair I
Lothair I
(818–855) Louis I (855–875) Charles II (875–877) Carloman (877–879) Charles III (879–887) Arnulf (896–899) Ratold (896)

Non-dynastic (title disputed 887–933)

Unruochings: Berengar I (887–924) Guideschi: Guy (889–894) Lambert (891–897) Welfs: Rudolph (922–933) Bosonids: Louis II (900–905) Hugh (926–947) Lothair II (945–950) Anscarids: Berengar II (950–963) Adalbert (950–963)

Kingdom of Italy within the Holy Roman Empire (962–1556)

Otto I (962–973) Otto II (980–983) Otto III (996–1002) Arduin I (1002–1014) Henry II (1004–1024) Conrad II (1026–1039) Henry III (1039–1056) Henry IV (1056–1105) Conrad II (1093–1101) Henry V (1106–1125) Lothair III (or II) (1125–1137) Conrad III (1138–1152) Frederick I (1154–1186) Henry VI (1186–1197) Otto IV (1209–1212) Frederick II (1212–1250) Henry VII (1311–1313) Louis IV (1327–1347) Charles IV (1355–1378) Sigismund (1431–1437) Frederick III (1452–1493) Charles V (1530–1556)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 90823

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