Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.


Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren is located some 20 km south-west of Orthez and 9 km north-east of Saint-Palais. Access to the commune is by road D936 from Abitain in the north which passes through the length of the commune and the village then continues east. The D246 goes west from the village to join the D134 west of the commune. The D140 goes south from the village to Osserain-Rivareyte. The west of the commune is mostly forest while the east is mostly farmland.[1]

The Gave d'Oloron forms the north-western border of the commune as it flows north-west to join the Gave de Pau forming the Gaves réunis at Peyrehorade. The Saison flows through the commune from the south-west and joins the Gave d'Oloron on the north-western border.[1]

Places and hamlets[2]

  • Arrécot
  • Autevielle
  • Les Bains
  • Barthou
  • Bideren
  • Le Bosc
  • Le Camou
  • Les Campagnes
  • Le Château
  • Les Gats
  • Gerberu
  • Hau
  • Héouga
  • Hyeyte[3]
  • L’Île
  • Labie
  • Laborde
  • Lagouardette
  • Les Partilles
  • Petit
  • Saint-Martin

Neighbouring communes and villages[1]


The name Autevielle in béarnais is Autivièla.

The name Bideren in béarnais is Vidèren.

For the name Autevielle Michel Grosclaude proposed two Latin origins: alta villa ("high town") or Altina villa ("Domain of Altinus").[4]

For the name Bideren Michel Grosclaude proposed a probable origin of the man's name Vital with the gascon suffix -enh.[4]

For the name Saint-Martin Michel Grosclaude indicated that it undoubtedly came from the Bishop of Tours - Martin of Tours.[4]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Autevielle Autebiele 1379 Raymond
Chapter Village
Autebiele 1385 Grosclaude Census
Lo passadge d'Autebielle 1442 Raymond
Le pont d'Autabiela 1542 Raymond
Autavielle 1546 Raymond
Authevielle 1728 Raymond
Hautevielle 1750 Cassini
Bideren Lo pont de Bideren 1342 Raymond
Bayonne Village
Videren 1385 Raymond
Saint-Jacques de Biderein 1674 Raymond
Bidezen 1793 EHESS
Bideren 1750 Cassini
Bidéren 1863 Raymond
Saint-Martin Sent-Marti 1376 Raymond
Military Village
Sent-Marthin 1379 Raymond
Sent-Marthii de Garanhoo 1385 Raymond
Barrailla Barrailla 1863 Raymond
Spring of mineral water
Castéra La mota aperade lo Casteras 1547 Raymond
Bearn Motte-and-bailey castle on the border of Bearn and Mixe country
Castéra 1863 Raymond
Haubis Haubis 1863 Raymond
Hyeyte la Hüte de Sent-Marthii 1385 Raymond
Census Farm
La Fieyta de Sanct-Martii, Lafiite, la Hieyta 1538 Raymond
La Fieyte 1546 Raymond
La Hiete 1588 Raymond
La Hiette 1863 Raymond
Nolivos Noliboos 1544 Raymond
Béarn Farm



  • Chapter: Chapter of Autevielle[7]
  • Census: Census of Béarn[8]
  • Contracts: Contracts retained by Carresse, Notary of Béarn[9]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[10]
  • Denombrement: Denombremont of Gassion[11]
  • Bayonne: Titles of the Chapter of Bayonne[12]
  • Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron[13]
  • Military: Military Inspection of Béarn[14]
  • Béarn: Titles of the Viscounts of Béarn[15]


Paul Raymond noted that in 1385 Autevielle and Saint-Martin together had 11 fires with 8 fires at Bideren. They depended on the bailiwick of Sauveterre.

The communes of Autevielle, Saint-Martin, and Bideren merged on 18 April 1842.[3]


List of Successive Mayors[16]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Fernand Lavigne UMP
2014 2020 Patrick Balesta

(Not all data is known)


The commune is part of six inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Sauveterre-de-Béarn;
  • the inter-communal social action centre of Sauveterre-de-Béarn;
  • the SIGOM;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the management of drinking water from the Saleys and the gaves;
  • the inter-communal association of the gaves and the Saleys;


In 2010 the commune had 173 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
364 309 - 404 376 416 425 400 396
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
386 383 371 323 328 513 374 364 389
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
375 362 332 327 320 282 280 272 237
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
204 177 164 164 205 121 - 173 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren


Economic activity is mainly agricultural. The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and heritage

Religious heritage

The commune has one religious building that is registered as an historical monument:

  • The Parish Church of Saint Martin (1896)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]

See also

External links

Notes and references


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN (in French)
  3. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  4. ^ a b c d Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
  5. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Asson
  6. ^ Page on Bideren on the EHESS Cassini project website (in French)
  7. ^ Chapter of Autevielle E. 2078 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  8. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  9. ^ Contracts retained by Carresse, Notary of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  11. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th and 18th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ Chapter of Bayonne in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  13. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  14. ^ Manuscript from 1376 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  15. ^ Titles of the Viscounts of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  16. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000672 Parish Church of Saint Martin (in French)