Austryn Wainhouse (6 February 1927 - 29 September 2014[citation
needed]) was an American author, publisher and translator, primarily
of French works and most notably of the Marquis de Sade. He sometimes
used the pseudonym Pieralessandro Casavini.
3.1 Original work
5 External links
Following his graduation from Harvard University, Wainhouse traveled
around Europe before settling in
Paris where he worked for Maurice
Girodias at Olympia Press. His wife Mary, known as Muffy or
Muffie, also worked for Girodias. They divorced in 1959.
In 1960, some time after Wainhouse had returned to the United States,
Gay Talese described him as
.. a dis-enchanted Exeter-Harvard man who wrote a strong, esoteric
novel, Hedyphagetica, and who, after several years in France, is now
Martha's Vineyard building furniture according to the
methods of the eighteenth century.
Wainhouse and his wife, Deborah Clayton Wainhouse, returned to the
France in 2001, where he lived until his death in
In the early 1950s, Wainhouse worked for
Maurice Girodias at Olympia
Press in Paris, and later was an editor of the short-lived literary
Wainhouse produced the first unexpurgated English translation of the
Marquis de Sade's Justine for
Olympia Press in 1953. In 1955 the
controversial erotic French novel
Histoire d'O (Story of O) by Pauline
Reage (a pseudonym for Anne Desclos), won the prestigious Prix des
Deux Magots award for unconventional books. Wainhouse was hired to
provide a second translation. In order to thwart the censors and
protect the author and translator, Girodias changed the title to The
Wisdom of the Lash.
After his return to the United States, Wainhouse embarked on a
translation of Sade's entire oeuvre for Grove Press, including
Justine, The 120 Days of Sodom, and Letters from the Bastille. The
translation was well-received, with one reviewercalling it
"appropriately and agreeably prolix."
In 1970 Wainhouse was
Writer-in-Residence at the Jonas Salk Institute,
and in 1972 he won the
National Book Award in category Translation for
Chance and Necessity (NY: Vintage, 1971).
By 1983, he had established his own publishing firm The Marlboro Press
in Marlboro, Vermont, which specialized in translations of works into
English, such as Louis Calaferte's C'est la Guerre and Georges
Hyvernaud's Skin and Bones. His wife Deborah Clayton Wainhouse was
director of the press.
Wainhouse was friends for many years with British poet Christopher
Logue, with whom he carried on a lively correspondence for decades.
Hedyphagetica, 1954 OCLC 64185389 in Paris
On Translating Sade, 1966, Evergreen Review
Title page of 1968 Juliette
1953: Marquis de Sade's Justine OCLC 6675617, reprinted in 1963
as #67 in Traveller's Companion series.
1955: Georges Bataille, Lascaux; or, the Birth of Art, the Prehistoric
Paintings and Manet, co-translator James Emmons
1958: Simone de Beauvoir, The Long March
1968: Marquis de Sade, Juliette (1797)
1971: Jacques Monod, Chance and Necessity, New York: Vintage, 1971
1989: Georges Bataille, My Mother, Madame Edwarda, The Dead Man, with
Yukio Mishima and Ken Hollings, Marion Boyars Publishers.
1996: Aleksandra Kroh, Lucien's Story OCLC 34885928
2002: Pierre Klossowski, Roberte ce Soir and Revocation of the Edict
of Nantes, with introduction by Michael Perkins, published by Dalkey
^ a b Nile Southern (2004). The Candy Men: The Rollicking Life and
Times of the Notorious Novel. New York: Arcade Pub. pp. 11,
19–20. ISBN 1-55970-604-X.
^ "Baird Bryant".
^ "Publish and be damned". The Irish Times. November 17, 2001.
^ Patrick J. Kearney (October 2005). "Maurice Girodias, Fandom, and
Me". E*I*22. 4 (5).
Gay Talese (1960). "Looking For Hemingway". Esquire.
^ Wainhouse, Austryn. "Austryn and Deborah Wainhouse".
pariswritersgroup.net. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
^ a b
Austryn Wainhouse Papers, Syracuse University Special
Collections Research Center
^ a b John J. St Jorre. The Good Ship Venus: The Erotic Voyage of the
Olympia Press. pp. 218 - 220. Random House (UK). 1994
^ Szgolyi, Alex, "A Full Measure of Madness." The New York Times, 25
^ "National Book Awards – 1972". National Book Foundation. Retrieved
^ Henry Raymont (April 12, 1972). "Book Award to Flannery O'Connor".
New York Times.
^ Georges Hyvernaud (1997). The Cattle Car: Including, Letter to a
Little Girl. pp. back cover. ISBN 978-0-8101-6031-6.
Evergreen Review Vol. 10 No. 42 August 1966 Archived October 13,
2007, at the Wayback Machine.
^ Evergreen Review: Letter to the Editor Archived 2008-04-03 at the
Wayback Machine., by Maurice Girodias
^ D.A.F. Marquis de Sade ; (2005). Justine; Or Good Conduct
Well-chastised. S.l.: Olympia Press. p. 2.
Aline B. Saarinen (December 4, 1955). "MANET. Biographical and
Critical Study by Georges Bataille". New York Times.
^ Richard Hughes (May 18, 1958). "THE LONG MARCH. By Simone de
Beauvoir". New York Times.
^ W. H. Gass (September 22, 1968). "Written With a Hose; Written With
a Hose". New York Times.
^ Richard Burgin (March 9, 1997). "Lucien's story". New York Times
Book Review. 102 (10).
Austryn Wainhouse Papers at Syracuse University
Marquis de Sade
Marquis de Sade in English 1950 - 1959
Austryn Wainhouse[permanent dead link] at Library of Congress
Authorities—with 8 catalog records