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Austrosimulium
Austrosimulium
is a genus of 31 species of black flies that are distributed in Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. There are 2 subgenera: Austrosimulium
Austrosimulium
whose species are principally from New Zealand, and Novaustrosimulium which are exclusively Australian.[1] Austrosimulium is a sister genus to the monospecific Paraustrosimulium of South America.[2] Some species are known to spread the protozoan blood parasite Leucocytozoon tawaki in penguins.[3][4][5] In New Zealand, where they are known as sandflies, three species – A. australense, A. tillyardianum and A. ungulatum – bite humans.[6][7] Species[edit]

Subgenus Austrosimulium
Austrosimulium
Tonnoir, 1925

A. albovelatum Dumbleton, 1973 A. alveolatum Dumbleton, 1973[8] A. australense (Schiner, 1868) A. bicorne Dumbleton, 1973 A. campbellense Dumbleton, 1973 A. cornutum Tonnoir, 1925 A. crassipes Tonnoir, 1925 A. dugdalei Craig, Craig & Crosby, 2012[8] A. dumbletoni Crosby, 1976[5] A. extendorum Craig, Craig & Crosby, 2012[8] A. fiordense Dumbleton, 1973[8] A. fulvicorne Mackerras & Mackerras, 1950 A. laticorne Tonnoir, 1925 A. longicorne Tonnoir, 1925 A. mirabile Mackerras & Mackerras, 1948 A. montanum Mackerras & Mackerras, 1952 A. multicorne Tonnoir, 1925 A. stewartense Dumbleton, 1973 A. tillyardianum Dumbleton, 1973 A. tonnoiri Craig, Craig & Crosby, 2012[8] A. ungulatum Tonnoir, 1925 A. unicorne Dumbleton, 1973 A. vailavoense Craig, Craig & Crosby, 2012[8] A. vexans (Mik, 1881)

Subgenus Novaustrosimulium Dumbleton, 1973

A. bancrofti (Taylor, 1918) A. furiosum (Skuse, 1889) A. magnum Mackerras & Mackerras, 1955 A. pestilens Mackerras & Mackerras, 1948 A. torrentium Tonnoir, 1925 A. victoriae (Roubaud, 1906)

Austrosimulium
Austrosimulium
species as yet unplaced

A. colboi Davies & Györkös, 1988

Literature cited[edit]

^ Peter H. Adler & Roger W. Crosskey (2009). "World Blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae): A Comprehensive Revision of the Taxonomic and Geographical Inventory": 109.  ^ Craig, D.A.; Craig, R.E.G.; Crosby, T.K. (2012). Simuliidae (Insecta: Diptera). Fauna of New Zealand. 68. Manaaki Whenua Press. p. 11.  ^ Douglas A. Craig & Trevor K. Crosby (2008). "Gynandromorphs of New Zealand
New Zealand
Austrosimulium
Austrosimulium
spp. (Diptera: Simuliidae)" (PDF). Zootaxa. New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 1811: 57–68. ISSN 1175-5334. Retrieved 2009-03-25.  ^ A. M. Fallis; S. A. Bisset; F. R. Allison (1976). "Leucocytozoon tawaki n.sp. (Eucoccida: Leucocytozoidae) from the penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus, and preliminary observations on its development in Austrosimulium
Austrosimulium
spp. (Diptera: Simuliidae)". New Zealand
New Zealand
Journal of Zoology. Wellington, New Zealand: The Royal Society of New Zealand. 3 (1): 11–16. doi:10.1080/03014223.1976.9517893.  ^ a b T. K. Crosby (1976). " Austrosimulium
Austrosimulium
(Austrosimulium) dumbletoni n.sp. from New Zealand
New Zealand
(Diptera: Simuliidae)". New Zealand
New Zealand
Journal of Zoology. Wellington, New Zealand: The Royal Society of New Zealand. 3 (1): 17–19. doi:10.1080/03014223.1976.9517894.  ^ Early, John (2009). Know your New Zealand
New Zealand
... native insects & spiders. New Holland. p. 120. ISBN 9781869662530.  ^ Walrond, Carl (24 September 2007). "Sandflies and mosquitoes - Sandflies: New Zealand's blackflies". Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 3 September 2017.  ^ a b c d e f Craig, D.A.; Craig, R.E.G.; Crosby, T.K. 2012: Simuliidae
Simuliidae
(Insecta: Diptera). Fauna of New Zealand, (68)

External links[edit]

Data related to Austrosimulium
Austrosimulium
at Wikispecies http://www.waitakere.govt.nz/AbtCit/ei/EcoWtr/macroinv/macroinvertebrates.asp page with many Macroinvertebrates listed, described and illustrated

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q10736343 EoL: 54776 GBIF: 1646486 WoRMS: 987649

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