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The Austrian Circle
Austrian Circle
(German: Österreichischer Reichskreis) was an Imperial Circle
Imperial Circle
of the Holy Roman Empire. It was one of the four Imperial Circles created by decree after the 1512 Diet at Cologne, twelve years after the original six Circles were established in the course of the Imperial Reform. It roughly corresponds to present-day Austria
Austria
(except for Salzburg and Burgenland), Slovenia
Slovenia
and the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
region of Northern Italy, but also comprised the Further Austrian territories in the former Swabian stem duchy. Organisation[edit] The Austrian Circle
Austrian Circle
was largely coterminous with the "Hereditary Lands" (Erblande) of the Habsburg Monarchy, dominated by the Archduchy of Austria. Beside the Habsburg lands, it included the Prince-Bishoprics of Trent and Brixen, which, however, were largely ruled within the Habsburg lands of Tyrol. The Circle's territory was again enlarged with the acquisition of the Bavarian Innviertel
Innviertel
according to the 1779 Treaty of Teschen, as well as the Electorate of Salzburg
Electorate of Salzburg
and the Berchtesgaden Provostry
Berchtesgaden Provostry
by the German mediatisation
German mediatisation
in 1803. Nevertheless, the Austrian Circle
Austrian Circle
was dissolved when Emperor Francis II resigned on 6 August 1806. Composition[edit] The circle was made up of the following states:

Name Type of entity Comments

An der Etsch Bailiwick Established about 1260, an administrative grouping of lands held by the Teutonic Knights
Teutonic Knights
in Tyrol

Austria Archduchy March of Austria
Austria
established in 976 by Emperor Otto II, raised to duchy by Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in 1156, to Habsburg in 1278, self-bestowed "Archduchy" since 1358

Austria Bailiwick An administrative grouping of lands held by the Teutonic Order in Austria

Brixen Prince-Bishopric Established in 1027 by Emperor Conrad II, Prince-Bishopric since 1179

Carinthia Duchy Established in 976 by Emperor Otto II, held by the Archdukes of Austria
Austria
since 1457, part of Inner Austria
Austria
1564–1619

Carniola Duchy March of Carniola
March of Carniola
established in 1040 by Emperor Henry III, raised to duchy in 1364, held by the Archdukes of Austria
Austria
since 1457, part of Inner Austria
Austria
1564–1619

Chur Prince-Bishopric Established in the 4th century, prince-bishopric since 1170, territory held by the League of God's House
League of God's House
since 1367

Gorizia County Separated from the Patriarchate of Aquileia about 1127, held by the Archdukes of Austria
Austria
from 1500, part of Inner Austria
Austria
1564-1619, merged into Gorizia and Gradisca
Gorizia and Gradisca
in 1747

Istria March Established in 1040 by Emperor Henry III, major part to Venice in 1291, remaining territory around Pazin
Pazin
(Mitterburg) to Gorizia, held by the Archdukes of Austria
Austria
since 1374

Styria Duchy March of Styria
March of Styria
established about 970 by Emperor Otto I, raised to a duchy in 1180, held by the Dukes of Austria
Austria
since 1192, part of Inner Austria
Austria
1564-1619

Tarasp Lordship Held by the Archdukes of Austria
Austria
since 1464

Trent Prince-Bishopric Established in 1027 by Emperor Conrad II

Trieste City Held by the Archdukes of Austria
Austria
since 1382

Tyrol County Established about 1140, held by the Archdukes of Austria
Austria
since 1363, raised to "Princely County" in 1504, to Further Austria
Austria
1564-1665

v t e

Austrian Circle
Austrian Circle
of the Holy Roman Empire

Habsburg lands

Austria Carinthia Carniola Further Austria
Austria
(Altdorf Bregenz Breisgau Burgau Hohenberg Konstanz Ortenau Stockach Sundgau
Sundgau
(until 1648) Tettnang Winnweiler) Gorizia Istria Styria Tarasp Trieste Tyrol

 Prince-Bishoprics

Brixen Chur Trent

Teutonic bailiwicks

An der Etsch Austria

Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral Rhenish     ·     Unencircled territories

v t e

Circles of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
after the Imperial Reform

Created in 1500

Bavarian Franconian Westphalian (Lower Rhenish-Westphalian) Lower Saxon Swabian Upper Rhenish

Created in 1512

Austrian Burgundian Electoral Rhenish Upper Saxon

and

Territories of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
outside th

.