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The AUSTRIAN FOOTBALL BUNDESLIGA (German : ÖSTERREICHISCHE FUßBALL-BUNDESLIGA , Austrian Football Federal League) is the highest-ranking national league club competition in Austrian football . It is the competition which decides the Austrian national football champions , as well the country's entrants for the various European cups run by UEFA
UEFA
. Since Austria
Austria
stayed in sixteenth place in the UEFA association coefficient rankings at the end of the 2015–16 season, the league gained its first spot for the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League .

The Austrian Bundesliga, which began in the 1974–75 season, has been a separate registered association since 1 December 1991. It has been most won by the two Viennese giants Austria
Austria
Wien , who were national champions 21 times, and Rapid Wien , who won the national title 17 times. The current champions are Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg
. Hans Rinner is president of the Austrian Bundesliga.

The Austrian Football Bundesliga
Bundesliga
is currently known as tipico Bundesliga
Bundesliga
for sponsorship reasons.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 1900–1938 * 1.2 1938–1945 * 1.3 1945–1974 * 1.4 1974 to current * 1.5 Tasks and legal form * 1.6 Scopes of responsibility of the senates * 1.7 Objectives

* 2 Tipp 3 Bundesliga
Bundesliga

* 2.1 Member clubs for the 2016–17 season

* 3 List of champions

* 4 Performance

* 4.1 Performance by club * 4.2 Performance by city

* 5 Top Scorers in Bundesliga
Bundesliga

* 5.1 All-time top scorers

* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

1900–1938

Football has been played in Austria
Austria
since around 1890 . Around the turn of the twentieth century two attempts were made to start a national championship. From 1900 onwards, a cup competition was played in Vienna, the Neues Wiener Tagblatt Pokal. This cup was actually played in league format.

The efforts to create a football league succeeded in 1911 , with the introduction of the first Austrian football championship . The competition for this championship, the 1. Klasse (First Class), was created and organized by the Niederösterreichischer Fußball-Verband (the Lower Austrian Football Federation), and the participants played for the title of Niederösterreichische Landesmeister (Lower Austrian National Champion). From 1924, the league was considered professional and changed its name to I. Liga (First League).

In 1929, an all-Austrian amateur championship was first played, won by Grazer AK . Clubs from the professional league in Vienna
Vienna
were not part of this competition. Teams from the other states of Austria
Austria
were first allowed to join the highest division with the introduction of the Nationalliga (National League) in the season of 1937–38 . In 1941 Rapid Wien won the German championship final against Schalke 04 with 4–3

1938–1945

Main article: Gauliga Ostmark

Austria's annexation by Germany
Germany
in 1938 brought the Austrian Nationalliga to an early end. Numerous teams were disbanded and some players fled out of the country. The Austrian Nationalliga was integrated into the system of the NSRL , the Sports office of the Third Reich as the Gau XVII section under Gaufachwart Hans Janisch. Despised by Nazis
Nazis
as unworthy of a true German, professionalism in sports was outlawed in May 1938. "Innovations" like the Hitler salute were introduced as compulsory before and after every game. Teams, like Hakoah Wien were banned and others, like Austria
Austria
Wien were first closed and then renamed. Finally, the operation of the junior teams was handed over to the local Hitlerjugend units.

The new highest league in what had been Austria, the Gauliga Ostmark, was an amateur league and covered the whole of the former country except Tyrol and Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
, which were added to the Bavarian league system. The league champions now qualified for the German football championship , which Rapid Wien won in 1941. From 1941, the league was renamed Gauliga Donau-Alpenland to further eradicate the memory of Austria
Austria
as an independent country.

Following Nazi Germany's defeat in World War II
World War II
and the disbandment of the NSRL, Austria's teams were excluded again from the German league.

1945–1974

The league returned to a Vienna-only format in 1945, briefly named 1. Klasse once more before changing to just Liga in 1946.

Only upon the introduction of the all-Austrian Staatsliga A in 1949 did teams from the whole federal territory finally play for the Austrian Championship. However, the road to organising the Staatsliga proved difficult. A conflict between the representatives of the amateur and the professional aspects of the sport led to the separation of the Viennese league from the football federation, and to the establishment of its own competition on 30 June 1949. At the statutory Presidential Election Council of the Austrian Football Association only a few days later a surprising turn took place – upon the request of Lower Austria, the introduction of the Staatsliga was finally and unanimously confirmed. The organization was in the hands of the Fußballstaatsliga Österreich, created for this purpose. A Staatsliga B, the second division of national league football, was formed in 1950. This league, however, was disbanded again in 1959, whereby the Staatsliga A dropped the A from its name, the need for differentiating having been gone.

In 1965, however, the Austrian Football Association again took over the organization of the top division, with the (second) introduction of the Nationalliga.

On 21 April 1974, against the vote of the Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
association, the introduction of the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
was decided. The Nationalliga remained as the second division, for now. Gerhard-Hanappi-Stadion , Rapid Wien UPC-Arena , Sturm Graz
Graz
Generali Arena , Austria Wien Red Bull Arena , FC Salzburg
Salzburg

1974 TO CURRENT

In the 1974–75 season the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
was introduced which, still led by the Austrian Football Association, aligned both of the highest divisions in Austria. In 1976, the Nationalliga was renamed to Bundesliga
Bundesliga
– Second Division while the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
was now called Bundesliga
Bundesliga
– First Division.

From 1974 to 1982 the league operated with ten clubs with each club playing the other four times during the season. From 1982 to 1985 it played with sixteen clubs with each club playing the others twice. The league's modus was changed in 1985 to a twelve team league which played a home -and away round in autumn. The top eight clubs then advanced to the championship round (Officially: Oberes Play-off) who again played each other twice. The bottom four of the autumn round played the top four of the First League to determine the four teams to play in the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
in the following season. This modus was used for the next eight seasons until 1993 when the league returned to the ten team format it originally operated in.

26 years after dissolution of the independent Staatsliga on 17 November 1991, the Austrian Football Bundesliga
Bundesliga
was reconstituted as a federation and admitted on 1 December 1991 to the Austrian Football Association as its 10th member.

TASKS AND LEGAL FORM

Since 1991 the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
has carried its own responsibility as a separate association, and organises the championships of the two highest divisions in Austria. Both are named after their sponsors; at present the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
is named after T-Mobile and Tipp3. The "Erste Liga" is sponsored by Sky Go and is called " Sky Go Erste Liga". In addition the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
is responsible for the Toto Jugendliga, leagues for under 15/17/19 Teams of professional Clubs and academies. The Bundesliga
Bundesliga
also represents professional football in Austria, in co-operation with the football clubs themselves.

The Bundesliga
Bundesliga
is legally a non-profit organisation. The twenty-two teams of the T-Mobile Bundesliga
Bundesliga
and the Red Zac first division constitute the members of the Bundesliga. The Bundesliga
Bundesliga
is represented by an acting executive committee, which supports a supervisory board. Each association of the two professional leagues is represented in presidential conferences; these have advisory function in all affairs concerning the Bundesliga.

SCOPES OF RESPONSIBILITY OF THE SENATES

The 'senates' are organising committees which consist of honorary and committee-members independent of the clubs. The first senate is responsible for suspensions and for the running of championship games. The second senate functions as an arbitration board for financial disagreements, the third senate is responsible for all financial concerns and the fourth senate is the panel of referees for the Bundesliga.

The evaluation of a club's economic competency which is required in order to obtain a playing license for the two professional leagues takes place at the fifth senate, the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
license committee.

OBJECTIVES

The Austrian Bundesliga
Bundesliga
carries the obligation for a positive development of football as a sport at the élite level, as well as for the advancement of the next generation of players in co-operation with the teams at the junior levels of the sport. To accomplish this, the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
requires economic audits of the teams, the introduction of laws particular to professional football, TV marketing, centralised sponsorship and collective marketing for all teams.

TIPP 3 BUNDESLIGA

In the Tipp 3 Bundesliga, 10 teams play a "double championship" with each team playing every other twice at home and twice away during a championship year which is divided into an autumn and a spring season. The season typically lasts from July to June of the following year. At the end of the season, the team finishing in last place in the table is relegated to the ADEG Erste Liga, the champion of which is promoted to the Tipp 3 Bundesliga.

MEMBER CLUBS FOR THE 2016–17 SEASON

The Bundesliga
Bundesliga
champion qualifies for the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League , and the clubs at positions 2 and 3, as well as the Austrian Cup
Austrian Cup
winner, enter the qualification rounds for the UEFA
UEFA
Europa League . In the event that the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
champion is also the Austrian Cup
Austrian Cup
winner, the fourth placed team enters the UEFA
UEFA
Europa League. Admira Austria
Austria
Graz
Graz
St. Pölten Rapid Ried Salzburg
Salzburg
Mattersburg Wolfsberg Altach Location of teams in the 2016–17 AUSTRIAN FOOTBALL BUNDESLIGA

Team

Location

Venue

Capacity

Admira Wacker Mödling Maria Enzersdorf BSFZ-Arena 10,800

Austria
Austria
Wien Vienna
Vienna
Ernst-Happel-Stadion 50,000

Rapid Wien Vienna Allianz Stadion 28,000

Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg
Wals-Siezenheim Red Bull Arena 30,188

Rheindorf Altach Altach Cashpoint Arena 8,500

Ried ! SV Ried
SV Ried
Ried im Innkreis Keine Sorgen Arena 7,334

St. Pölten Sankt Pölten NV Arena 8,000

Sturm Graz
Graz
Graz
Graz
UPC-Arena 15,323

SV Mattersburg
SV Mattersburg
Mattersburg Pappelstadion 17,100

Wolfsberger AC Wolfsberg Lavanttal-Arena 7,300

LIST OF CHAMPIONS

Main article: List of Austrian football champions

PERFORMANCE

PERFORMANCE BY CLUB

CLUB WINNERS RUNNERS-UP WINNING SEASONS

Rapid Wien 17 26 1950–51 , 1951–52 , 1953–54 , 1955–56 , 1956–57 , 1959–60 , 1963–64 , 1966–67 , 1967–68 , 1981–82 , 1982–83 , 1986–87 , 1987–88 , 1995–96 , 2004–05 , 2007–08

Austria
Austria
Wien 21 19 1948–49 , 1949–50 , 1952–53 , 1960–61 , 1961–62 , 1962–63 , 1968–69 , 1969–70 , 1975–76 , 1977–78 , 1978–79 , 1979–80 , 1980–81 , 1983–84 , 1984–85 , 1985–86 , 1990–91 , 1991–92 , 1992–93 , 2002–03 , 2005–06 , 2012–13

Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg
11 7 1993–94 , 1994–95 , 1996–97 , 2006–07 , 2008–09 , 2009–10 , 2011–12 , 2013–14 , 2014–15 , 2015–16 , 2016–17

Wacker Innsbruck
Innsbruck
(5) (4) Swarovski Tirol (2) (1) Tirol Innsbruck
Innsbruck
(3) (–) 10 5 1970–71 , 1971–72 , 1972–73 , 1974–75 , 1976–77 , 1988–89 , 1989–90 , 1999–00 , 2000–01 , 2001–02

SK Admira Wien (8) (5) SC Wacker Wien (1) (7) Admira Wacker Wien (–) (1) * 9 13 1926–27 , 1927–28 , 1931–32 , 1933–34 , 1935–36 , 1936–37 , 1938–39 , 1946–47 , 1965–66

First Vienna
Vienna
6 6 1930–31 , 1932–33 , 1941–42 , 1942–43 , 1943–44 , 1954–55

Wiener SK 3 7 1921–22 , 1957–58 , 1958–59

Sturm Graz
Graz
3 5 1997–98 , 1998–99 , 2010–11

Floridsdorfer AC 1 3 1917–18

Wiener AF 1 2 1913–14

VÖEST Linz
Linz
1 2 1973–74

Grazer AK 1 2 2003–04

Wiener AC 1 1 1914–15

Hakoah Vienna
Vienna
1 1 1924–25

LASK Linz
LASK Linz
1 1 1964–65

SpC Rudolfshügel – 1 –

Brigittenauer AC – 1 –

FC Wien – 1 –

SV Ried
SV Ried
– 1 –

NOTES:

* All teams are defunct clubs from Innsbruck
Innsbruck
, Tirol . Wacker Innsbruck
Innsbruck
(1915–99), Swarovski Tirol (1986–92) and Tirol Innsbruck (1993–02). They are considered to be the continuation of the each other. * The Red Bull company bought the club on 6 April 2005 and rebranded it. Prior 2005 the team was known as SV AUSTRIA SALZBURG or CASINO SALZBURG. They also changed the colours from white-violet in red-white. The Violet-Whites ultimately formed a NEW CLUB, Austria Salzburg
Salzburg
. * * Admira Wacker Mödling was formed after the merger of SK ADMIRA WIEN and SC WACKER WIEN in 1971, under the name of Admira Wacker Wien , the merge with VfB Mödling in 1997 and the merge with SK Schwadorf in 2008. The new team play in Mödling .

PERFORMANCE BY CITY

CITY CLUBS WINNERS RUNNERS-UP

Vienna
Vienna
Rapid Wien (32) (26), Austria
Austria
Wien (24) (18), First Vienna
Vienna
(6) (6), Wiener SK (3) (7), Floridsdorfer AC (1) (3), Wiener AF (1) (2), Wiener AC (1) (1), Hakoah Vienna
Vienna
(1) (1), SpC Rudolfshügel (–) (1), Brigittenauer AC (–) (1), FC Wien (–) (1) 69 67

Salzburg
Salzburg
Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg
(10) (7) 10 7

Innsbruck
Innsbruck
Wacker Innsbruck
Innsbruck
(5) (4), Swarovski Tirol (2) (1), Tirol Innsbruck (3) (–) 10 5

Mödling SK Admira Wien (8) (5), SC Wacker Wien (1) (7), Admira Wacker Wien (–) (1) * 9 13

Graz
Graz
Sturm Graz
Graz
(3) (5), Grazer AK (1) (2) 4 7

Linz
Linz
VÖEST Linz
Linz
(1) (2), LASK Linz
LASK Linz
(1) (1) 2 3

Ried im Innkreis SV Ried
SV Ried
(–) (1) – 1

TOP SCORERS IN BUNDESLIGA

SEASON PLAYER GOALS CLUB

1974–75 Helmut Köglberger 22 LASK Linz
LASK Linz

1975–76 Johann Pirkner 21 Austria
Austria
Wien

1976–77 Hans Krankl 32 Rapid Wien

1977–78 Hans Krankl 41 Rapid Wien

1978–79 Walter Schachner 24 Austria
Austria
Wien

1979–80 Walter Schachner 34 Austria
Austria
Wien

1980–81 Gernot Jurtin 20 Sturm Graz
Graz

1981–82 Božo Bakota
Božo Bakota
24 Sturm Graz
Graz

1982–83 Hans Krankl 23 Rapid Wien

1983–84 Tibor Nyilasi 26 Austria
Austria
Wien

1984–85 Toni Polster 24 Austria
Austria
Wien

1985–86 Toni Polster 33 Austria
Austria
Wien

1986–87 Toni Polster 39 Austria
Austria
Wien

1987–88 Zoran Stojadinović 27 Rapid Wien

1988–89 Peter Pacult 26 Swarovski Tirol

1989–90 Gerhard Rodax 35 Admira Wacker

1990–91 Václav Daněk 29 Swarovski Tirol

1991–92 Christoph Westerthaler 17 Swarovski Tirol

1992–93 Václav Daněk 24 Tirol Innsbruck
Innsbruck

1993–94 Nikola Jurčević Heimo Pfeifenberger 14 SV Salzburg
Salzburg
SV Salzburg
Salzburg

1994–95 Souleyman Sané 20 Tirol Innsbruck
Innsbruck

1995–96 Ivica Vastić 22 Sturm Graz
Graz

SEASON PLAYER GOALS CLUB

1996–97 René Wagner 21 Rapid Wien

1997–98 Geir Frigård 23 LASK Linz
LASK Linz

1998–99 Eduard Glieder 22 SV Salzburg
Salzburg

1999–00 Ivica Vastić 32 Sturm Graz
Graz

2000–01 Radosław Gilewicz 22 Tirol Innsbruck
Innsbruck

2001–02 Ronald Brunmayr 27 Grazer AK

2002–03 Axel Lawarée 21 Schwarz-Weiß Bregenz

2003–04 Roland Kollmann 27 Grazer AK

2004–05 Christian Mayrleb 21 SV Pasching

2005–06 Sanel Kuljić Roland Linz
Linz
15 SV Ried
SV Ried
Austria
Austria
Wien

2006–07 Alexander Zickler 22 Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg

2007–08 Alexander Zickler 16 Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg

2008–09 Marc Janko
Marc Janko
39 Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg

2009–10 Steffen Hofmann 20 Rapid Wien

2010–11 Roland Linz
Linz
Roman Kienast 21 Austria
Austria
Wien Sturm Graz
Graz

2011–12 Jakob Jantscher Stefan Maierhofer 14 Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg

2012–13 Philipp Hosiner
Philipp Hosiner
32 Austria
Austria
Wien

2013–14 Jonathan Soriano 31 Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg

2014–15 Jonathan Soriano 31 Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg

2015–16 Jonathan Soriano 21 Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg

ALL-TIME TOP SCORERS

As of matches played 14 April 2017.

RANK NAME CLUB YEARS GOALS APPS RATIO

1 Hans Krankl Rapid Wien , Wiener SK & First Vienna
Vienna
1970–89 270 361 0.75

2 Ivica Vastić Sturm Graz
Graz
, Austria
Austria
Wien , FC Admira Wacker , LASK Linz
LASK Linz
, VSE St. Pölten & First Vienna
Vienna
1991–09 187 441 0.42

3 Peter Pacult Rapid Wien , FC Wacker Innsbruck , Austria
Austria
Wien , Wiener SK & Blau-Weiß Linz
Linz
1980–96 186 396 0.47

4 Christian Mayrleb FC Wacker Innsbruck , Austria
Austria
Wien , FC Admira Wacker , LASK Linz
LASK Linz
, Austria
Austria
Salzburg
Salzburg
& SV Pasching 1992–06 186 494 0.38

5 Alfred Drabitz Austria
Austria
Wien , Wiener SK & First Vienna
Vienna
1978–91 155 365 0.42

6 Mario Haas Sturm Graz
Graz
1992–12 145 451 0.32

7 Christoph Westerthaler FC Wacker Innsbruck , LASK Linz
LASK Linz
& SK Vorwärts Steyr 1983–97 131 378 0.35

8 Christian Keglevits Rapid Wien , LASK Linz
LASK Linz
, Austria
Austria
Salzburg
Salzburg
& Wiener SK 1979–93 129 405 0.32

9 Walter Knaller FC Admira Wacker & Blau-Weiß Linz
Linz
1980–92 127 333 0.38

10 Toni Polster Austria
Austria
Wien border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Association football
Association football
portal * Austria
Austria
portal

* Football in Austria
Austria
* Austrian Cup
Austrian Cup
* Gauliga Ostmark – the highest division in Austria
Austria
from 1938 to 1945

REFERENCES

* ^ " UEFA
UEFA
Country Ranking 2016". Bert Kassies. Retrieved 4 June 2016. * ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS , published: 1996, page: 2, accessed: 16 April 2009 * ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS , published: 1996, page: 21, accessed: 16 April 2009 * ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS , published: 1996, page: 25, accessed: 16 April 2009 * ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS , published: 1996, page: 33, accessed: 16 April 2009 * ^ Kastler 1972, S. 56f * ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS , published: 1996, page: 34, accessed: 16 April 2009 * ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS , published: 1996, page: 45, accessed: 16 April 2009 * ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS , published: 1996, page: 55, accessed: 16 April 2009 * ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS , published: 1996, page: 62, accessed: 16 April 2009 * ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS , published: 1996, page: 70, accessed: 16 April 2009 * ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (in German) publisher: DSFS , published: 1996, page: 73, accessed: 16 April 2009 * ^ Austrian Football Bundesliga
Bundesliga
tables & results (in German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 9 October 2015 * ^ All time record goalscorer in Austria
Austria
Bundesliga

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Bundesliga
Bundesliga
site (in German) * OEFB (in English) * League321.com - Austrian football league tables, records ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Austrian Football Bundesliga
Bundesliga
· 2017–18

* Admira Wacker Mödling * Austria
Austria
Wien * Mattersburg * Rapid Wien * Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg
* Rheindorf Altach *