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Australia
Australia
(officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia) is a federation of six states, together with ten federal territories . The Australian mainland consists of five of the six federated states and three of the federal territories (the "internal" territories). The state of Tasmania
Tasmania
is an island about 200 kilometres (120 mi) south of the mainland. The remaining seven territories are classified for some purposes as "external" territories . Aside from the Australian Antarctic Territory , which is Australia's claim to part of Antarctica , Australia
Australia
is the world's sixth-largest country by total area.

All states and the two largest internal territories are partially self-governing , as well as being represented in the federal parliament ; the other territories are administered by the federal government . Since 2015, federal control has also been extended to the formerly self-governing territory of Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
. Three of the external territories are inhabited; the others are uninhabited, apart from non-permanent scientists.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geographic Australia
Australia
* 2 External territories, states and territories * 3 Background and overview * 4 Comparative terminology * 5 Governors and Administrators of states and territories * 6 Premiers and Chief Ministers of states and territories * 7 State and territorial parliaments * 8 State and territory supreme courts * 9 State and territory police forces * 10 State and territory borders * 11 Statistics * 12 Distance table * 13 State and territory codes * 14 See also * 15 Notes * 16 References * 17 External links

GEOGRAPHIC AUSTRALIA

The term geographic Australia
Australia
is used by the Australian Government to describe the area covered by demographic statistics such as national population figures. This area comprises Christmas Island
Christmas Island
and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in addition to the six states and three mainland territories; Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
is the only territory with a permanent population that is not part of geographic Australia.

EXTERNAL TERRITORIES, STATES AND TERRITORIES

Administrative divisions of Australia
Australia

FIRST LEVEL

* State

-------------------------

* Territory

SECOND LEVEL

* Local Government Area * unincorporated area

* v * t * e

Reference map for states and territories of Australia
Australia

States and territories of Australia
Australia
FLAG STATE/TERRITORY NAME ABBREV ISO POSTAL TYPE Capital (or largest settlement) POPULATION AREA (KM²)

Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Ashmore and Cartier Islands

External (Offshore anchorage ) 5000000000000000000♠0 199

Australian Antarctic Territory
Australian Antarctic Territory
AAT AQ

External Davis Station
Davis Station
7003100000000000000♠1,000 5,896,500

Australian Capital Territory ACT AU-ACT ACT Territory Canberra
Canberra
7005395200000000000♠395,200 2,358

Christmas Island
Christmas Island

CX

External Flying Fish Cove
Flying Fish Cove
7003207200000000000♠2,072 135

Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

CC

External West Island 7002596000000000000♠596 14

Coral Sea
Coral Sea
Islands

External (Willis Island ) 7000400000000000000♠4 10

Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
HIMI HM

External ( Atlas Cove ) 5000000000000000000♠0 372

Jervis Bay Territory
Jervis Bay Territory
JBT

JBT Territory (Jervis Bay Village ) 7002377000000000000♠377 70

New South Wales
New South Wales
NSW AU-NSW NSW State Sydney
Sydney
7006770430000000000♠7,704,300 800,642

Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island

NF

External Kingston 7003230200000000000♠2,302 35

Northern Territory
Northern Territory
NT AU-NT NT Territory Darwin 7005244000000000000♠244,000 1,349,129

Queensland
Queensland
Qld AU-QLD QLD State Brisbane
Brisbane
7006482700000000000♠4,827,000 1,730,648

South Australia
South Australia
SA AU-SA SA State Adelaide
Adelaide
7006170650000000000♠1,706,500 983,482

Tasmania
Tasmania
Tas AU-TAS TAS State Hobart
Hobart
7005518500000000000♠518,500 68,401

Victoria Vic AU-VIC VIC State Melbourne
Melbourne
7006603910000000000♠6,039,100 227,416

Western Australia
Western Australia
WA AU-WA WA State Perth
Perth
7006261370000000000♠2,613,700 2,529,875

See also: List of State codes

Australia
Australia
has had three now-defunct territories in its history:

* From 1926 to 1931, the Northern Territory
Northern Territory
was divided into Central Australia
Australia
and North Australia
Australia
, with the border at the 20th parallel south . Both territories were reincorporated as the Northern Territory at the end of this period. * From 1923 to 1968, the United Nations Trust Territory of Nauru was under Australian administration, until independence as the Republic of Nauru . * From 1949 to 1975, the Territory of Papua and New Guinea was a territory of Australia, remaining so until the independence of the country of Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
.

BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW

The states originated as separate British colonies prior to Federation in 1901. The Colony of New South Wales
New South Wales
was founded in 1788 and originally comprised much of the Australian mainland, as well as Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island
, New Zealand , Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
, and Van Diemen\'s Land , in addition to the area currently referred to as the state of New South Wales. During the 19th century, large areas were successively separated to form the Colony of Tasmania
Tasmania
(initially established as a separate colony named Van Diemen\'s Land in 1825), the Colony of Western Australia
Western Australia
(initially established as the smaller Swan River Colony
Swan River Colony
in 1829), the Province of South Australia
South Australia
(1836), the Colony of New Zealand (1840), the Victoria Colony (1851) and the Colony of Queensland
Queensland
(1859). Upon Federation, the six colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, and Tasmania
Tasmania
became the founding states of the new Commonwealth of Australia.

Legislative powers of the states are protected by the Australian constitution , section 107, and under the principle of federalism Commonwealth legislation only applies to the states where permitted by the constitution . The territories, by contrast, are from a constitutional perspective directly subject to the Commonwealth Government ; laws for territories are determined by the Australian Parliament.

Most of the territories are directly administered by the Commonwealth Government, while two (the Northern Territory
Northern Territory
and the Australian Capital Territory) have some degree of self-government although less than that of the states. In the self-governing territories, the Australian Parliament retains the full power to legislate, and can override laws made by the territorial institutions, which it has done on rare occasions. For the purposes of Australian (and joint Australia-New Zealand) intergovernmental bodies, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory are treated as if they were states.

Each state has a Governor , appointed by the Queen , which by convention she does on the advice of the state Premier. The Administrator of the Northern Territory, by contrast, is appointed by the Governor-General . The Australian Capital Territory has neither a Governor nor an Administrator, but the Governor-General exercises some powers that in other jurisdictions are exercised by the Governor of a state or Administrator of a territory, such as the power to dissolve the Legislative Assembly.

Jervis Bay Territory
Jervis Bay Territory
is the only non-self-governing internal territory. Until 1989, it was administered as if it were a part of the ACT, although it has always been a separate territory. Under the terms of the Jervis Bay Territory
Jervis Bay Territory
Acceptance Act, the laws of the ACT apply to the Jervis Bay Territory
Jervis Bay Territory
insofar as they are applicable and providing they are not inconsistent with an Ordinance. Although residents of the Jervis Bay Territory
Jervis Bay Territory
are generally subject to laws made by the ACT Legislative Assembly, they are not represented in the Assembly. They are represented in the Parliament of Australia
Australia
as part of the Electoral Division of Fraser
Division of Fraser
in the ACT and by the ACT's two Senators. In other respects, the territory is administered directly by the Federal Government through the Territories portfolio.

The external territory of Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
possessed a degree of self-government from 1979 until 2015.

Each state has a bicameral parliament except Queensland, which abolished its upper house in 1922. The lower house is called the Legislative Assembly, except in South Australia
South Australia
and Tasmania, where it is called the House of Assembly. Tasmania
Tasmania
is the only state to use proportional representation for elections to its lower house; all others elect members from single member constituencies, using preferential voting . The upper house is called the Legislative Council and is generally elected from multi-member constituencies using proportional representation. The three self-governing territories, the ACT, the Northern Territory, and Norfolk Island, each have unicameral Legislative Assemblies.

The head of government of each state is called the Premier, appointed by the state's Governor. In normal circumstances, the Governor will appoint as Premier whoever leads the party or coalition which exercises control of the lower house (in the case of Queensland, the only house) of the state Parliament. However, in times of constitutional crisis , the Governor can appoint someone else as Premier. The head of government of the self-governing internal territories is called the Chief Minister. The Northern Territory's Chief Minister, in normal circumstances whoever controls the Legislative Assembly, is appointed by the Administrator.

COMPARATIVE TERMINOLOGY

ENTITY TYPE OF ENTITY TIE TO THE QUEEN DOMESTIC ADMINISTRATOR HEAD OF GOVERNMENT UPPER HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT LOWER HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT

UPPER HOUSE LOWER HOUSE

Commonwealth of Australia
Australia
Federal government Direct Governor-General Prime Minister Senate House of Representatives Senator MP

South Australia
South Australia
Federated state Direct (established by Australia
Australia
Act ) Governor Premier Legislative Council House of Assembly MLC MHA

Tasmania
Tasmania

New South Wales
New South Wales
Legislative Assembly MP

Victoria MLA

Western Australia
Western Australia

Queensland
Queensland
N/A (abolished 1922) N/A MP

Australian Capital Territory Self-governing territory Indirect (through Governor-General acting as "Administrator") Assembly and Chief Minister Chief Minister N/A MLA

Northern Territory
Northern Territory
Indirect (through Governor-General) Administrator

Christmas Island
Christmas Island
External territory Mayor/Shire President Shire Council Councillor

Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
Regional Council

Note:

* ^ The abbreviation MP is an acceptable, and indeed more common, term for members of each lower house. * ^ Between 1979 and 2015 Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
was a self-governing external territory with its own legislature, the Norfolk Legislative Assembly , until this was abolished by the Commonwealth Parliament.

GOVERNORS AND ADMINISTRATORS OF STATES AND TERRITORIES

Main article: Governors of the Australian states
Governors of the Australian states

POST INCUMBENT APPOINTED

Governor of New South Wales
New South Wales
Hurley !His Excellency David Hurley
David Hurley
000000002014-10-02-00002 October 2014

Governor of Queensland
Queensland
De Jersey !His Excellency Paul de Jersey 000000002014-07-29-000029 July 2014

Governor of South Australia
South Australia
Le !His Excellency Hieu Van Le
Hieu Van Le
000000002014-09-01-00001 September 2014

Governor of Tasmania
Tasmania
Warner !Her Excellency Kate Warner
Kate Warner
000000002014-12-10-000010 December 2014

Governor of Victoria Chernov !Her Excellency Linda Dessau 000000002015-07-01-00001 July 2015

Governor of Western Australia
Western Australia
Sanderson !Her Excellency Kerry Sanderson
Kerry Sanderson
000000002014-10-20-000020 October 2014

Administrator of the Northern Territory
Northern Territory
Hardy !His Honour John Hardy 000000002014-11-10-000010 November 2014

Administrator of Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
Hardgrave !His Honour Gary Hardgrave 000000002014-07-01-00001 July 2014

Administrator of Australian Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
Territories ( Christmas Island
Christmas Island
and Cocos (Keeling) Islands) Haase !His Honour Barry Haase 000000002014-10-05-00005 October 2014

PREMIERS AND CHIEF MINISTERS OF STATES AND TERRITORIES

Main article: Premiers of the Australian states

POST INCUMBENT POLITICAL PARTY APPOINTED

Premier of New South Wales
New South Wales
Berejiklian, Gladys Gladys Berejiklian
Gladys Berejiklian
MP Liberal 000000002017-01-23-000023 January 2017

Premier of Queensland
Queensland
Palaszczuk, Annastacia Annastacia Palaszczuk MP Labor 000000002015-02-14-000014 February 2015

Premier of South Australia
South Australia
Weatherill, Jay Jay Weatherill
Jay Weatherill
MHA Labor 000000002011-10-21-000021 October 2011

Premier of Tasmania
Tasmania
Hodgman, Will Will Hodgman MP Liberal 000000002014-03-31-000031 March 2014

Premier of Victoria Andrews, Daniel Daniel Andrews MP Labor 000000002014-12-04-00004 December 2014

Premier of Western Australia
Western Australia
McGowan, MarkMark McGowan MLA Labor 000000002017-03-17-000017 March 2017

Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory Barr, Andrew Andrew Barr MLA Labor 000000002014-12-11-000011 December 2014

Chief Minister of the Northern Territory
Northern Territory
Gunner, Michael Michael Gunner MLA Labor 000000002016-08-31-000031 August 2016

Mayor of Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
Council Councillor Robin Adams

000000002016-07-06-00006 July 2016

Presidents of Australian Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
Territories : President of the Shire of Christmas Island
Christmas Island
President of the Shire of Cocos Council

Councillor Heng, Foo KeeFoo Kee Heng Councillor Pirus, Balmut Balmut Pirus

000000002011-10-18-000018 October 2011 000000002013-05-01-0000May 2013

STATE AND TERRITORIAL PARLIAMENTS

Main article: Parliaments of the Australian states and territories

* Parliament of New South Wales
New South Wales
* Parliament of Queensland
Queensland
* Parliament of South Australia
South Australia
* Parliament of Tasmania
Tasmania
* Parliament of Victoria * Parliament of Western Australia
Western Australia
* Northern Territory
Northern Territory
Legislative Assembly * Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly

STATE AND TERRITORY SUPREME COURTS

Main article: Australian court hierarchy
Australian court hierarchy

* Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory * Supreme Court of New South Wales
New South Wales
* Supreme Court of the Northern Territory
Northern Territory
* Supreme Court of Queensland
Queensland
* Supreme Court of South Australia
South Australia
* Supreme Court of Tasmania
Tasmania
* Supreme Court of Victoria
Supreme Court of Victoria
* Supreme Court of Western Australia
Western Australia
* Supreme Court of Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island

STATE AND TERRITORY POLICE FORCES

Main article: Law enforcement in Australia
Australia

* Australian Capital Territory Police (performed by Australian Federal Police ) * New South Wales
New South Wales
Police * Northern Territory
Northern Territory
Police * Queensland
Queensland
Police * South Australia
South Australia
Police * Tasmania
Tasmania
Police * Victoria Police
Victoria Police
* Western Australia
Western Australia
Police

STATE AND TERRITORY BORDERS

Main article: Territorial evolution of Australia
Australia

* Australian Capital Territory border * New South Wales
New South Wales
borders * Northern Territory
Northern Territory
borders * Queensland
Queensland
borders * South Australian borders * Tasmanian borders * Victorian borders * Western Australian border

STATISTICS

STATE / TERRITORY ABBREVIATION LAND AREA

* Population * (2016 census )

POPULATION DENSITY

* % of population * in capital

NOTES

KM2 SQ MI RANK NUMBER RANK /KM2 /SQ MI RANK % RANK

Australian Capital Territory ACT 2,358 910 7000800000000000000♠8 7005395200000000000♠395,200 7000700000000000000♠7 167.6 434 7000100000000000000♠1 99.6% 7000100000000000000♠1

New South Wales NSW 800,642 309,130 7000500000000000000♠5 7006770430000000000♠7,704,300 7000100000000000000♠1 9.62 24.9 7000300000000000000♠3 63.0% 7000500000000000000♠5

Northern Territory NT 1,349,129 520,902 7000300000000000000♠3 7005244000000000000♠244,000 7000800000000000000♠8 0.18 0.47 7000800000000000000♠8 54.0% 7000600000000000000♠6

Queensland QLD 1,730,648 668,207 7000200000000000000♠2 7006482700000000000♠4,827,000 7000300000000000000♠3 2.79 7.2 7000500000000000000♠5 46.0% 7000700000000000000♠7

South Australia SA 983,482 379,725 7000400000000000000♠4 7006170650000000000♠1,706,500 7000500000000000000♠5 1.74 4.5 7000600000000000000♠6 73.5% 7000200000000000000♠2

Tasmania TAS 68,401 26,410 7000700000000000000♠7 7005518500000000000♠518,500 7000600000000000000♠6 7.58 19.6 7000400000000000000♠4 41.0% 7000800000000000000♠8

Victoria VIC 227,416 87,806 7000600000000000000♠6 7006603910000000000♠6,039,100 7000200000000000000♠2 26.56 68.8 7000200000000000000♠2 71.0% 7000400000000000000♠4

Western Australia WA 2,529,875 976,790 7000100000000000000♠1 7006261370000000000♠2,613,700 7000400000000000000♠4 1.03 2.7 7000700000000000000♠7 73.4% 7000300000000000000♠3

DISTANCE TABLE

Australian distance table Adelaide
Adelaide

2673 Albany

1533 3588 Alice Springs
Alice Springs

1578 3633 443 Uluru
Uluru

2045 4349 3038 3254 Brisbane
Brisbane

2483 1943 2483 1223 3317 Broome

3352 5656 2457 2900 1716 2496 Cairns
Cairns

1196 3846 3706 2751 1261 3275 2568 Canberra
Canberra

3022 4614 1489 1932 3463 1803 2882 4195 Darwin

1001 3674 2534 2579 1944 3636 3251 918 4023 Hobart
Hobart

3219 3787 1686 2129 3660 1045 3079 4392 827 4220 Kununurra

2783 5087 2505 2948 976 2840 740 1999 2930 2682 3127 Mackay

731 3404 2264 2309 1674 3124 2981 648 3753 609 3950 2412 Melbourne
Melbourne

2742 5106 1209 1652 1829 1834 1248 2561 1634 3075 1831 1296 2805 Mount Isa
Mount Isa

2781 409 3696 3741 4457 2389 5764 3954 4205 3782 3378 5195 3512 4905 Perth
Perth

1412 3970 3830 2875 1001 3373 2495 286 4034 1142 4516 1926 872 2400 4078 Sydney
Sydney

Distance in kilometres from the corresponding city on the X-Y axis.

STATE AND TERRITORY CODES

STATE/TERRITORY ABBREV. CALL SIGNS POSTAL TELEPHONE NUMBERS IN AUSTRALIA TIME ZONE

AM /FM TV AMATEUR ABBREV. POSTCODE STD SUMMER

Australian Capital Territory ACT 1xx(x) xx(x)Cn VK1xx ACT 02nn, 26nn, 29nn +61 2 62xx xxxx +61 2 61xx xxxx +10 +11

New South Wales NSW 2xx(x) xx(x)Nn VK2xx NSW 1nnn, 2nnn +61 2 xxxx xxxx +10 (+ 9 1⁄2) +11

Victoria Vic 3xx(x) xx(x)Vn VK3xx VIC 3nnn, 8nnn +61 3 xxxx xxxx +10 +11

Queensland Qld 4xx(x) xx(x)Qn VK4xx QLD 4nnn, 9nnn +61 7 xxxx xxxx +10

South Australia SA 5xx(x) xx(x)Sn VK5xx SA 5nnn +61 8 8xxx xxxx +61 8 7xxx xxxx + 9 1⁄2 + 10 1⁄2

Western Australia WA 6xx(x) xx(x)Wn VK6xx WA 6nnn +61 8 9xxx xxxx +61 8 6xxx xxxx +8

Tasmania Tas 7xx(x) xx(x)Tn VK7xx TAS 7nnn +61 3 6xxx xxxx +10 +11

Northern Territory NT 8xx(x) xx(x)Dn VK8xx NT 08nn +61 8 89xx xxxx + 9 1⁄2

EXTERNAL TERRITORIES

Norfolk Island

2xx(x) xx(x)Nn VK2xx NSW 2899 +672 3 xx xxx +11

Christmas Island

6xx(x) xx(x)Wn VK9xx WA 6798 +61 8 9164 xxxx +7

Cocos Island

6xx(x) xx(x)Wn VK9xx WA 6799 +61 8 9162 xxxx + 6 1⁄2

Australian Antarctic Territory AAT none VK0xx TAS +672 1 +6 to +8

Macquarie Island
Macquarie Island

none +10 +11

* ^ A B C A number of broadcast stations in the ACT have call signs allocated as if ACT were part of New South Wales. * ^ A B C D This is used for some PO box and large users only. * ^ A B Some exceptions apply to numbers in this state's number range .

SEE ALSO

* Australia
Australia
portal

* ISO 3166-2:AU , the ISO codes for the states and territories of Australia. * Australian regional rivalries * List of Australian demonyms * List of proposed states of Australia
Australia

NOTES

* ^ A B C D E The national Flag of Australia
Australia
is used in territories which have no flag of their own. * ^ Under the definitions in ISO 3166-1, the AAT is covered by the Antarctican ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code "AQ". * ^ No permanent population, research station with fluctuating staff numbers. * ^ A B Part of geographic Australia * ^ No permanent population, weather monitoring station generally with four staff.

REFERENCES

* ^ Strom, Marcus (1 June 2016). " Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
elects council that supports self-determination". Sydney
Sydney
Morning Herald. * ^ Pink, Brian (2010). "Definition of Australia". Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) (Report). Australian Bureau of Statistics. p. 5. * ^ Unless provided, references and details on data provided in the table can be found within the individual state and territory articles. * ^ ISO 3166-2:AU ( ISO 3166-2 codes for the states and territories of Australia) * ^ "3101.0 – Australian Demographic Statistics, Mar 2016". Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
. 22 September 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. * ^ A B "Area of Australia
Australia
- States and Territories". Geoscience Australia: National Location Information. Geoscience Australia
Australia
. Retrieved 2 November 2016. * ^ The old capital of Western Australia
Western Australia
was technically Broome, although it was never quite defined as such. Perth
Perth
was eventually defined as the capital by statute in 2016: City of Perth
Perth
Act 2016 (WA) in AustLII
AustLII
. * ^ A.H. McLintock (ed), An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, 3 vols, Wellington, NZ:R.E. Owen, Government Printer, 1966, vol 3 p. 526.' * ^ Constitution of Australia, section 122 * ^ " Jervis Bay Territory
Jervis Bay Territory
Governance and Administration". Although the Jervis Bay Territory
Jervis Bay Territory
is not part of the Australian Capital Territory, the laws of the ACT apply, insofar as they are applicable and, providing they are not inconsistent with an Ordinance, in the Territory by virtue of the "Jervis Bay Acceptance Act 1915". The Department of Regional Australia, Local Government, Arts and Sport. Retrieved 17 January 2013. * ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
(27 June 2017). "Australian Capital Territory". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2017. * ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
(27 June 2017). "New South Wales". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2017. * ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
(27 June 2017). "Northern Territory". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2017. * ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
(27 June 2017). "Queensland". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2017. * ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
(27 June 2017). "South Australia". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2017. * ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
(27 June 2017). "Tasmania". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2017. * ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
(27 June 2017). "Victoria". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2017. * ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
(31 October 2012). "Western Australia". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 12 February 2013.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Local government in Australia
Australia
less powerful than in other countries

* v * t * e

States and