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The Australian Open
Australian Open
is a tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia. First held in 1905, the tournament is chronologically the first of the four Grand Slam tennis events of the year – the other three being the French Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. It features men's and women's singles; men's, women's and mixed doubles and junior's championships; as well as wheelchair, legends and exhibition events. Prior to 1988 the tournament had been played on grass courts, but since then two types of hardcourt surfaces have been used at Melbourne Park
Melbourne Park
– green coloured Rebound Ace
Rebound Ace
up to 2007 and, afterwards, blue Plexicushion.[1] Nicknamed the "Happy Slam" by Roger Federer,[2] the Australian Open
Australian Open
is the largest annual sporting event in the Southern Hemisphere, typically having high attendances that rival and occasionally exceed the historically larger US Open. The Australian Open
Australian Open
holds the record for the highest attendance at a Grand Slam event.[c] It was also the first Grand Slam tournament to feature indoor play during wet weather or extreme heat with its three primary courts, the Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena, Hisense Arena
Hisense Arena
and the refurbished Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena equipped with retractable roofs.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Television coverage 1.2 Attendance

2 Prize money and trophies 3 Ranking points 4 Champions

4.1 Past champions 4.2 Current champions

5 Courts 6 Records 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] The Australian Open
Australian Open
is managed by Tennis
Tennis
Australia, formerly the Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association of Australia
Australia
(LTAA), and was first played at the Warehouseman's Cricket Ground in Melbourne
Melbourne
in November 1905. This facility is now known as the Albert Reserve Tennis
Tennis
Centre.[3] The tournament was first known as the Australasian Championships and then became the Australian Championships in 1927 and the Australian Open in 1969.[4] Since 1905, the Australian Open
Australian Open
has been staged in five Australian and two New Zealand cities: Melbourne
Melbourne
(55 times), Sydney
Sydney
(17 times), Adelaide
Adelaide
(14 times), Brisbane
Brisbane
(7 times), Perth (3 times), Christchurch
Christchurch
(1906) and Hastings (1912).[4] Though started in 1905, the tournament was not designated as being a major championship until 1924, by the International Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ILTF) at a 1923 meeting. The tournament committee changed the structure of the tournament to include seeding at that time.[5] In 1972, it was decided to stage the tournament in Melbourne
Melbourne
each year because it attracted the biggest patronage of any Australian city.[3] The tournament was played at the Kooyong Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Club from 1972 until the move to the new Melbourne Park
Melbourne Park
complex in 1988. The new facilities at Melbourne Park
Melbourne Park
(formerly Flinders Park) were envisaged to meet the demands of a tournament that had outgrown Kooyong's capacity. The move to Melbourne Park
Melbourne Park
was an immediate success, with a 90 percent increase in attendance in 1988 (266,436) on the previous year at Kooyong (140,000).[6] Because of Australia's geographic remoteness, very few foreign players entered this tournament in the early 20th century. In the 1920s, the trip by ship from Europe to Australia
Australia
took about 45 days. The first tennis players who came by boats were the US Davis Cup
Davis Cup
players in November 1946.[6] Even inside the country, many players could not travel easily. When the tournament was held in Perth, no one from Victoria or New South Wales crossed by train, a distance of about 3,000 kilometres (1,900 mi) between the east and west coasts. In Christchurch
Christchurch
in 1906, of a small field of 10 players, only two Australians attended and the tournament was won by a New Zealander.[7]

Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena at the Australian Open
Australian Open
with the old Rebound Ace surface. Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena, the centre court, in the background

The first tournaments of the Australasian Championships suffered from the competition of the other Australasian tournaments. Before 1905, all Australian states and New Zealand had their own championships, the first organised in 1880 in Melbourne
Melbourne
and called the Championship of the Colony of Victoria (later the Championship of Victoria).[8] In those years, the best two players – Australian Norman Brookes (whose name is now written on the men's singles cup) and New Zealander Anthony Wilding – almost did not play this tournament. Brookes came once and won in 1911, and Wilding entered and won the competition twice (1906 and 1909). Their meetings in the Victorian Championships (or at Wimbledon) helped to determine the best Australasian players. Even when the Australasian Championships were held in Hastings, New Zealand, in 1912, Wilding, though three times Wimbledon champion, did not come back to his home country. It was a recurring problem for all players of the era. Brookes went to Europe only three times, where he reached the Wimbledon Challenge Round once and then won Wimbledon twice. Thus, many players had never played the Austral(as)ian amateur or open championships: the Doherty brothers, William Larned, Maurice McLoughlin, Beals Wright, Bill Johnston, Bill Tilden, René Lacoste, Henri Cochet, Bobby Riggs, Jack Kramer, Ted Schroeder, Pancho Gonzales, Budge Patty, and others, while Brookes, Ellsworth Vines, Jaroslav Drobný, came just once. Even in the 1960s and 1970s, when travel was less difficult, leading players such as Manuel Santana, Jan Kodeš, Manuel Orantes, Ilie Năstase
Ilie Năstase
(who only came once, when 35 years old) and Björn Borg
Björn Borg
came rarely or not at all.

Inside Rod Laver Arena
Rod Laver Arena
prior to an evening session in 2007

Beginning in 1969, when the first Australian Open
Australian Open
was held on the Milton Courts at Brisbane, the tournament was open to all players, including professionals who were not allowed to play the traditional circuit.[9] Nevertheless, except for the 1969 and 1971 tournaments, many of the best players missed this championship until 1982, because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates (around Christmas and New Year's Day) and the low prize money. In 1970, George MacCall's National Tennis
Tennis
League, which employed Rod Laver, Ken Rosewall, Andrés Gimeno, Pancho Gonzales, Roy Emerson
Roy Emerson
and Fred Stolle, prevented its players from entering the tournament because the guarantees were insufficient. The tournament was won by Arthur Ashe.[10] In 1983, Ivan Lendl, John McEnroe
John McEnroe
and Mats Wilander
Mats Wilander
entered the tournament. Wilander won the singles title[11] and both his Davis Cup singles rubbers in the Swedish loss to Australia
Australia
at Kooyong shortly after.[12] Following the 1983 Australian Open, the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation prompted the Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association of Australia
Australia
to change the site of the tournament, because the Kooyong stadium was then inappropriate to serve such a big event. In 1988 the tournament was first held at Flinders Park (later renamed Melbourne
Melbourne
Park).[13] The change of the venue also led to a change of the court surface from grass to a hard court surface known as Rebound Ace.[14] Mats Wilander was the only player to win the tournament on both grass and hard courts. In 2008, after being used for 20 years, the Rebound Ace
Rebound Ace
was replaced by a cushioned, medium-paced,[15] acrylic surface known as Plexicushion
Plexicushion
Prestige. Roger Federer
Roger Federer
and Serena Williams
Serena Williams
are the only players to win the Australian Open
Australian Open
on both Rebound Ace
Rebound Ace
and Plexicushion
Plexicushion
Prestige. The main benefits of the new surface are better consistency and less retention of heat because of a thinner top layer.[14] This change was accompanied by changes in the surfaces of all lead-up tournaments to the Australian Open. The change was controversial because of the new surface's similarity to DecoTurf, the surface used by the US Open.[16]

Rafael Nadal
Rafael Nadal
vs Philipp Kohlschreiber
Philipp Kohlschreiber
at the 2010 Australian Open

Before the Melbourne Park
Melbourne Park
stadium era, tournament dates fluctuated as well, in particular in the early years because of the climate of each site or exceptional events. For example, the 1919 tournament was held in January 1920 (the 1920 tournament was played in March) and the 1923 tournament in Brisbane
Brisbane
took place in August when the weather was not too hot and wet. After a first 1977 tournament was held in December 1976 – January 1977, the organisers chose to move the next tournament forward a few days, then a second 1977 tournament was played (ended on 31 December), but this failed to attract the best players. From 1982 to 1985, the tournament was played in mid-December. Then it was decided to move the next tournament to mid-January (January 1987), which meant there was no tournament in 1986. Since 1987, the Australian Open
Australian Open
date has not changed. However, some top players, including Roger Federer
Roger Federer
and Rafael Nadal, have said that the tournament is held too soon after the Christmas and New Year holidays, thus preventing players from reaching their best form, and expressed a desire to shift it to February.[17] Such a change, however, would move the tournament outside the summer school holiday period, potentially impacting attendance figures. Another change of venue was proposed in 2008, with New South Wales authorities making clear their desire to bid for hosting rights to the tournament once Melbourne's contract expires in 2016.[18] In response, Wayne Kayler-Thomson, the head of the Victorian Events Industry Council, was adamant that Melbourne
Melbourne
should retain the event. In a scathing attack of the New South Wales authorities, he said, "It is disappointing that NSW cannot be original and seek their own events instead of trying to cannibalise other Australian cities."[19] Since the proposal was made, a major redevelopment of Melbourne Park
Melbourne Park
has been announced, which is expected to run into the hundreds of millions of dollars. Melbourne Park
Melbourne Park
will include upgraded and increased seating in major venues, a roof over Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena, improved player facilities, a new headquarters for Tennis
Tennis
Australia
Australia
and a partly covered "town square" area featuring large televisions showing current tennis play.[20] A year later, these plans were largely approved, with former Premier of Victoria
Premier of Victoria
John Brumby
John Brumby
confirming the state government's willingness to commit A$363 million to complete the renovations, a move which guaranteed there will be no change of venue until at least beyond 2036.[21] Television coverage[edit] Since 1973, the Seven Network
Seven Network
has served as the host broadcaster of the Australian Open. In March 2018, it was announced that the Nine Network would acquire rights to the tournament beginning in 2020, for a period of five years. The Open's broadcast rights are lucrative in the country, as it occurs near the end of the Summer non-ratings season — which gives its broadcaster opportunities to promote their upcoming programming lineup.[22][23] In Europe the tournament is broadcast on Eurosport. Other broadcasters in the region have included the BBC
BBC
in the United Kingdom, SRG in Switzerland, NOS in Netherlands and RTS in Serbia. In the United Kingdom, the BBC
BBC
dropped its live coverage of the 2016 tournament just a month before the start due to budget cuts, leaving Eurosport
Eurosport
as the exclusive live broadcaster.[24] Elsewhere, beIN Sports broadcasts it into the Middle East and Northern Africa, and SuperSport in Sub-Sahara Africa. In the United States, the tournament is broadcast on ESPN2, ESPN3
ESPN3
and the Tennis
Tennis
Channel.[25] The championship matches are televised live on ESPN. While it is broadcast on ESPN International
ESPN International
in Central and Latin America. It is broadcast on TSN in Canada.

Panorama of Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena during the 2008 Australian Open

Attendance[edit] The following record of attendance provides a consistent year-to-year comparison given that since 1987 all tournaments have been played in the January period of the year (the immediate preceding tournament was Dec 1985). 1987 was the last year that the Kooyong Tennis
Tennis
Club was host to the grand slam and since 1988 Melbourne Park
Melbourne Park
has hosted all tournaments. The average growth rate over the period covered below is 7% compared to 3% for the same period for the US Open attendance.

2018: 743,667[26] 2017: 728,763[27] 2016: 720,363[28] 2015: 703,899[29] 2014: 643,280[30] 2013: 684,457[31] 2012: 686,006[32] 2011: 651,127[33] 2010: 653,860[34] 2009: 603,160[35] 2008: 605,735[36] 2007: 554,858[37] 2006: 550,550[38] 2005: 543,873[39] 2004: 521,691[38] 2003: 512,225[40] 2002: 518,248[41] 2001: 543,834[42] 2000: 501,251[43] 1999: 473,296[44] 1998: 434,807[44] 1997: 391,504[45] 1996: 389,598[46] 1995: 311,678[47] 1994: 332,926[48] 1993: 322,074[49] 1992: 329,034[50] 1991: 305,048[51] 1990: 312,000[52] 1989: 289,023[53] 1988: 244,859[54] 1987: 140,089[55]

Prize money and trophies[edit] The prize money awarded in the men's and women's singles tournaments is distributed equally. The total prize money for the 2018 tournament is AUD $55,000,000. In 2018 the prize money is to be distributed as follows:[56]

Event W F SF QF Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64 Round of 1281 Q3 Q2 Q1

Singles A$4,000,000 A$2,000,000 A$880,000 A$440,000 A$240,000 A$142,500 A$90,000 A$60,000 A$30,000 A$15,000 A$7,500

Doubles A$700,000 A$350,000 A$175,000 A$90,000 A$49,000 A$29,500 A$18,500 N/A N/A N/A N/A

Mixed Doubles A$150,500 A$75,500 A$37,500 A$18,750 A$9,000 A$4,500 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

* per team Note: All amounts in Australian dollars. (The winner's prize money approximates to GBP £2,271,000; EUR €2,612,000; USD $2,797,000.) On 4 October 2011, when they launched Australian Open
Australian Open
2012, the tournament director announced that the prize money was increased to A$26,000,000. It is the highest prize money for a tennis tournament. It was announced the prize money will be increased to AUD $40 million from 2015 onwards. The names of the tournament winners are inscribed on the perpetual trophy cups.

The women's singles winner is presented with the Daphne Akhurst Memorial Cup. The men's singles winner is presented with the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup.

Ranking points[edit] Ranking points for the men (ATP) and women (WTA) have varied at the Australian Open
Australian Open
through the years but presently players receive the following points:

Event W F SF QF 4R 3R 2R 1R Q Q3 Q2 Q1

Singles Men 2000 1200 720 360 180 90 45 10 25 16 8 0

Women 2000 1300 780 430 240 130 70 10 40 30 20 2

Doubles Men 2000 1200 720 360 180 90 0 – – – – –

Women 2000 1300 780 430 240 130 10 – – – – –

Champions[edit] Past champions[edit] Australian Open
Australian Open
champions listed by event:

Men's Singles[d] Women's Singles[e] Men's Doubles Women's Doubles Mixed Doubles

Current champions[edit]

Roger Federer
Roger Federer
was the winner of the Men's Singles in 2018. It was his 20th Major Singles title and his sixth at the Australian Open.

Caroline Wozniacki
Caroline Wozniacki
was the winner of the Women's Singles in 2018. It was her 1st Grand Slam singles title.

Oliver Marach
Oliver Marach
was part of the winning Men's Doubles in 2018. It was his 1st Grand Slam men's doubles title.

Mate Pavić
Mate Pavić
was part of the winning Men's Doubles team in 2018. It was his 1st Grand Slam men's doubles title.

Tímea Babos
Tímea Babos
was part of the winning Women's Doubles team in 2018. It was her 1st Grand Slam women's doubles title.

Kristina Mladenovic
Kristina Mladenovic
was part of the winning Women's Doubles team in 2018. It was her 2nd Grand Slam women's doubles title and her 1st at the Australian Open.

Gabriela Dabrowski
Gabriela Dabrowski
was part of the winning Mixed Doubles team in 2018. It was her 2nd Grand Slam mixed doubles title and her 1st at the Australian Open.

Mate Pavić
Mate Pavić
was part of the winning Mixed Doubles team in 2018. It was his 2nd Grand Slam mixed doubles title and his 1st at the Australian Open.

Event Champion Runner-up Score

2018 Men's Singles Roger Federer Marin Čilić 6–2, 6–7(5–7), 6–3, 3–6, 6–1

2018 Women's Singles Caroline Wozniacki Simona Halep 7–6(7–2), 3–6, 6–4

2018 Men's Doubles Oliver Marach Mate Pavić Juan Sebastián Cabal Robert Farah 6–4, 6–4

2018 Women's Doubles Tímea Babos Kristina Mladenovic Ekaterina Makarova Elena Vesnina 6–4, 6–3

2018 Mixed Doubles Gabriela Dabrowski Mate Pavić Tímea Babos Rohan Bopanna 2–6, 6–4, [11–9]

Courts[edit] The Australian Open
Australian Open
is played at Melbourne
Melbourne
Park, which is located in the Melbourne
Melbourne
Sports and Entertainment Precinct; the event moved to this site in 1988. Currently 3 of the courts used have retractable roofs, allowing play to continue during rain and extreme heat. As of 2017 spectators can also observe play at show courts 2 and 3, which have capacities of 3,000 each,[57] as well as at Courts 7–15, 19 and 20 from small accessible viewing positions.[58] Construction of a new 5,000 seat capacity stadium will start in 2019 as part of a $271 million redevelopment of the precinct.[59] Since 2008, all of the courts used during the Australian Open
Australian Open
are hard courts with Plexicushion
Plexicushion
acrylic surfaces (though Melbourne Park
Melbourne Park
does have 8 clay courts not used for the tournament). This replaced the Rebound Ace
Rebound Ace
surface used from the opening of Melbourne
Melbourne
Park. The ITF rates the surfaces speed as medium.[60]

Court Image Opened Capacity Arena Roof Ref.

Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena Rod Laver Arena
Rod Laver Arena
! 1988 14, 820 Retractable [61]

Hisense Arena ( Melbourne Park
Melbourne Park
Multi-Purpose Venue) Hisense Arena
Hisense Arena
! 2000 10, 500 Retractable [62]

Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena (Formerly Show Court 1) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena ! 1988 7, 500 Retractable [63]

Records[edit] Unlike the other three Grand Slam tournaments, which became open in 1968, the Australian tournament opened to professionals in 1969. Thus, the records here break at the 1969 tournament. Citations for these records.[64]

Record Open Era* Player(s) Count Years

Men since 1905

Winner of most Men's Singles titles Before 1969: Roy Emerson 6 1961, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967

After 1968: Novak Djokovic Roger Federer 6 2008, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016 2004, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2017, 2018

Winner of most consecutive Men's Singles titles Before 1969: Roy Emerson 5 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967

After 1968: Novak Djokovic 3 2011, 2012, 2013

Winner of most Men's Doubles titles Before 1969: Adrian Quist 10 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950

After 1968: Bob Bryan Mike Bryan 6 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013

Winner of most consecutive Men's Doubles titles Before 1969: Adrian Quist 10 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950[65]

After 1968: Bob Bryan Mike Bryan 3 2009, 2010, 2011

Winner of most Mixed Doubles titles - Men Before 1969: Harry Hopman Colin Long 4 1930, 1936, 1937, 1939 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948

After 1968: Jim Pugh Leander Paes Daniel Nestor 3 1988, 1989, 1990 2003, 2010, 2015 2007, 2011, 2014

Winner of most Championships (total: singles, men's doubles, mixed doubles) – Men Before 1969: Adrian Quist 13 1936–1950 (3 singles, 10 men's doubles, 0 mixed doubles)

After 1968: Bob Bryan Mike Bryan Novak Djokovic Roger Federer 2006–2013 (6 men's doubles) 2006–2013 (6 men's doubles) 2008–2016 (6 men's singles) 2004–2018 (6 men's singles)

Women since 1922

Winner of most Women's Singles titles In Total: Margaret Court 11 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1973

Before 1969: Margaret Court 7 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966

After 1968: Serena Williams 7 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2015, 2017

Winner of most consecutive Women's Singles titles

Before 1969: Margaret Court 7 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966

After 1968: Margaret Court Evonne Goolagong Cawley Steffi Graf / Monica Seles Martina Hingis 3 1969, 1970, 1971 1974, 1975, 1976 1988, 1989, 1990 1991, 1992, 1993 1997, 1998, 1999

Winner of most Women's Doubles titles

Before 1969: Thelma Coyne Long 12 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1956, 1958

After 1968: Martina Navratilova 8 1980, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989

Winner of most consecutive Women's Doubles titles

Before 1969: Thelma Coyne Long Nancye Wynne Bolton 5 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940

After 1968: Martina Navratilova Pam Shriver 7 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989

Winner of most Mixed Doubles titles - Women Before 1969: Daphne Akhurst
Daphne Akhurst
Cozens Nell Hall Hopman Nancye Wynne Bolton Thelma Coyne Long 4 1924, 1925, 1928, 1929 1930, 1936, 1937, 1939 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955

After 1968: Jana Novotná Larisa Savchenko Neiland Martina Hingis 2 1988, 1989 1994, 1996 2006, 2015

Winner of most Championships (total: singles, women's doubles, mixed doubles) – Women Before 1969: Nancye Wynne Bolton 20 1936–1952 (6 singles, 10 women's doubles, 4 mixed doubles)

After 1968: Martina Navratilova 12 1980–2003 (3 singles, 8 women's doubles, 1 mixed doubles)

Miscellaneous

Youngest winner Men's singles: Ken Rosewall 18 years and 2 months (1953)

Men's doubles: Lew Hoad 18 years and 2 months (1953)

Women's singles: Martina Hingis 16 years and 4 months (1997)

Women's doubles: Mirjana Lučić 15 years and 10 months (1998)

Oldest winner Men's singles: Ken Rosewall 37 years and 2 months (1972)

Men's doubles: Norman Brookes 46 years and 2 months (1924)

Women's singles: Thelma Coyne Long 35 years and 8 months (1954)

Women's doubles: Thelma Coyne Long 37 years and 7 months (1956)

Mixed doubles (men): Horace Rice 52 years (1923)

Mixed doubles (women): Martina Navratilova 46 years and 3 months (2003)

See also[edit]

Tennis
Tennis
portal

Australian Open
Australian Open
extreme heat policy

Notes[edit]

^ Rebound Ace
Rebound Ace
was used from 1988–2007 and since 2008 Plexicushion
Plexicushion
is used. ^ Except for Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena, Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena and Hisense Arena during rain delay. ^ The 2018 Australian Open
2018 Australian Open
was attended by 743,667 people. The next highest attended Grand Slam (not including the Australian Open) was the 2009 US Open, which was attended by 721,059 people. ^ Last Australian Men's Singles champion: Mark Edmondson (1976). ^ Last Australian Women's Singles champion: Chris O'Neil (1978).

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1992 Annual Report" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis
Tennis
Australia. Retrieved 20 January 2017.  ^ " Tennis
Tennis
Australia
Australia
1991 Annual Report" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis
Tennis
Australia. Retrieved 20 January 2017.  ^ " Tennis
Tennis
Australia
Australia
Annual Report 1990" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Tennis
Tennis
Australia. Retrieved 20 January 2017.  ^ "Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association of Australia
Australia
Annual Report 1989" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association. Retrieved 20 January 2017.  ^ "Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association of Australia
Australia
Annual Report 1988" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association of Australia. Retrieved 20 January 2017.  ^ "Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association of Australia
Australia
Annual Report 1987" (PDF). Clearinghouse for Sports. Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association of Australia. Retrieved 20 January 2017.  ^ "Prize Money". AustralianOpen.com. Archived from the original on 19 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.  ^ "Event Guide – Australian Open
Australian Open
Tennis
Tennis
Championships 2014 – Official Site by IBM". Retrieved 25 December 2014.  ^ "Accessibility Map" (PDF). Tennis.com. Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ " Melbourne
Melbourne
gets new 5000-seat tennis arena". SBS News. 23 April 2017.  ^ "About Court Pace Classification". ITF. Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ " Rod Laver
Rod Laver
Arena". Australian Stadiums. Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ "Hisense Arena". Australian Stadiums. Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ " Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Arena". Australian Stadiums. Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ "Australian History and Records". TennisTours.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2009.  ^ From 1941 through 1945, no Australian Championships were held because of World War II

External links[edit]

Official website (2018) Official website (2017) Tennis
Tennis
Australia
Australia
website Satellite image of the venue (Google Maps) Australian Open – Schedule & Streaming details Australian Open – All winners and runners-up. Reference book

Preceded by US Open Grand Slam Tournament January Succeeded by French Open

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Australian Open

Pre Open Era

1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968

Open Era

1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977

Jan Dec

1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Men's singles Women's singles Men's doubles Women's doubles Mixed doubles

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Grand Slam tournaments

Open era (1968–present)

Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open

Pre-open era (amateur) (1924–67)

Australian Championships French Championships Wimbledon Championships US National Championships

Pre-open era (professional) (1927–67)

US Pro French Pro Wembley Pro

ILTF (1913–23)

World Hard Court Championships World Grass Court Championships World Covered Court Championships

History of tennis

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Tennis

ITF History Glossary Match types Statistics Players Umpires Women's tennis

Basics

General

Scoring system

point

Strategy

grips serve and volley

Equipment

ball racket strings

Official Technology

electronic line judge hawk-eye cyclops

Courts

Carpet Clay Grass Hard

Shots

Backhand Backspin Drop shot Flat Forehand Groundstroke Half volley Lob Passing shot Serve

ace

Smash Topspin Volley

Grand Slams

Events

Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open

Stats

Records Singles finals

Professional tours

Men

ATP World Tour ATP Challenger Tour ITF Men's Circuit

Women

WTA Tour WTA 125K series ITF Women's Circuit

Team tennis tournaments

Active

Davis Cup Fed Cup Hopman Cup Laver Cup World TeamTennis

Defunct

Wightman Cup World Team Cup Champions Tennis
Tennis
League International Premier Tennis
Tennis
League

Multi-sport events

Intercontinental

Olympics Youth Olympics Universiade Commonwealth Island Mediterranean

Continental

All-Africa Asian Pacific Pan American

Outline Portal WikiCommons

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Grand Slam tournament champions

Australian Open

Men's singles Women's singles Men's doubles Women's doubles Mixed doubles Singles finalists (open era)

French Open

Men's singles Women's singles Men's doubles Women's doubles Mixed doubles Singles finalists (open era)

Wimbledon

Men's singles Women's singles Men's doubles Women's doubles Mixed doubles Singles finalists (open era)

US Open

Men's singles Women's singles Men's doubles Women's doubles Mixed doubles Singles finalists (open era)

All tournaments

Men's singles Women's singles Men's doubles Women's doubles Mixed doubles Boys' singles Girls' singles Boys' doubles Girls' doubles

Grand Slam overall records

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Events in the Melbourne
Melbourne
City Centre

Note: this includes events held in the Melbourne
Melbourne
City Centre and its immediate surrounds, not the Greater Melbourne
Melbourne
metropolitan area

Summer

All: Summer Fun in the City of Melbourne

December: Australian Dancesport Championships Boxing Day Test Carols by Candlelight Myer Christmas Parade

January: Australian Open Midsumma Festival Melbourne
Melbourne
International Boat Show One Day International
One Day International
Cricket

February: St Kilda Festival Herald Sun Tour White Night festivals

Autumn

March: Australian Grand Prix Coates Hire Melbourne
Melbourne
400 Melbourne
Melbourne
Fashion Festival Melbourne
Melbourne
Food and Wine Festival Moomba
Moomba
Waterfest Melbourne
Melbourne
Queer Film Festival

April: ANZAC Day parade AFL ANZAC Day clash Logie Awards Melbourne
Melbourne
International Comedy Festival Melbourne
Melbourne
International Flower and Garden Show

May: Melbourne
Melbourne
Jazz Fringe Festival Logie Awards

Winter

All: Melbourne
Melbourne
Winter Masterpieces series

June: AFL Queen's Birthday clash Melbourne
Melbourne
International Animation Festival Australian International Motor Show Melbourne
Melbourne
International Jazz Festival

July: State of Design Festival Melbourne
Melbourne
International Film Festival Open House Melbourne Run Melbourne

August: Melbourne
Melbourne
Day Melbourne
Melbourne
Underground Film Festival Melbourne
Melbourne
Writers Festival Craft Cubed

Spring

September: AFL Grand Final Melbourne
Melbourne
Fringe Festival Melbourne
Melbourne
International Festival of Brass Royal Melbourne
Melbourne
Show Melbourne
Melbourne
Spring Fashion Week

October: Around the Bay in a Day Melbourne
Melbourne
Festival Melbourne
Melbourne
Marathon Festival Melbourne
Melbourne
Spring Racing Carnival Australian Motorcycle Grand Prix

November: Head of the Yarra Melbourne
Melbourne
Cup Carnival City2Sea

Coordinates: 37°49′18″S 144°58′42″E / 37.82167°S 144.97833°E / -3

.