Australian Labor Party leadership spill, June 2013
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A
leadership spill In Australian politics The politics of Australia take place within the framework of a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises authority in accord ...
in the
Australian Labor Party The Australian Labor Party (ALP), also simply known as Labor and historically spelt Labour, is the major centre-left Centre-left politics (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language ...
, the party then forming the
Government of Australia The Australian Government, also known as the Commonwealth Government, is the national government of Australia, a federalism, federal parliamentary system, parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Like other Westminster system, Westminster-style ...
, took place on 26 June 2013 at 7:00pm
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.
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
Julia Gillard Julia Eileen Gillard (born 29 September 1961) is an Australian former politician who served as the 27th prime minister of Australia The prime minister of Australia is the head of government The head of government is either the hig ...

Julia Gillard
called a ballot for
Leader Leadership, both as a research area and as a practical skill, encompasses the ability of an individual, group or organization An organization, or organisation (Commonwealth English The use of the English language English ...
and Deputy Leader of the Labor Party live on
Sky News Australia Sky News Australia is an Australian 24-hour cable Cable may refer to: Mechanical * Nautical cable A nautical cable is a band of tightly woven and clamped ropes, of a defined cable length, used during the age of sail for deep water anchoring, ...
at 4:00pm, following persistent leadership tensions. She stated that she would retire from politics if she lost the vote, while calling on any would-be challengers to pledge to do the same if they lost. In a press conference held shortly after Gillard's announcement,
backbencher In Westminster parliamentary systems, a backbencher is a member of parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, leg ...
and former Prime Minister
Kevin Rudd Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957) is an Australian former politician and diplomat who served as the 26th prime minister of Australia The prime minister of Australia is the head of government The head of government is eithe ...

Kevin Rudd
announced that he would challenge Gillard, whilst also pledging to step down if he did not win the vote. At the
ALP caucus The federal Australian Labor Party Caucus comprises all the elected members of the Australian Labor Party The Australian Labor Party (ALP), also simply known as Labor and historically spelt Labour, is the major centre-left Centre-left pol ...
meeting, Rudd was elected Leader of the Labor Party, with the caucus voting 57–45 in his favour. Following new leadership election reforms which introduced 50:50 weightage for the party membership and caucus in leadership votes subsequently implemented by Rudd, this marked the last time that the Leader of the Federal Parliamentary Labor Party was elected solely by the caucus.


Background

Despite the previous
leadership spill In Australian politics The politics of Australia take place within the framework of a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises authority in accord ...
on 21 March 2013, at which Gillard was re-elected leader unopposed, tensions continued to remain high. By 10 June 2013, the security of Gillard's position as leader was plunged into doubt following the loss of significant support in the Labor caucus, as well as persistently bad opinion polling that indicated Labor could be left with the low number of 40 seats in the
House of Representatives House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure is ...

House of Representatives
. ABC News reported that "some former staunch supporters" now held the view that Gillard could not win the upcoming election, and ABC journalist
Barrie Cassidy Barrie Cassidy (born 4 March 1950) is an Australian political journalist, as well as a radio and television host and presenter and commentator for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. He was the long-running host of the Sunday morning polit ...
identified former Prime Minister Kevin Rudd as the only feasible replacement. The political editor of ''
The Australian ''The Australian'', with its Saturday edition, ''The Weekend Australian'', is a broadsheet newspaper published by News Corp Australia since 14 July 1964.Bruns, Axel. "3.1. The active audience: Transforming journalism from gatekeeping to gatewat ...
'' newspaper, Dennis Shanahan, reported on 10 June that Rudd had been "mobbed" by members of the public in
Geelong Geelong () ( Wathawurrung: ''Djilang''/''Djalang'') is a port city A port is a maritime Maritime may refer to: Geography * Maritime Alps, a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps * Maritime Region, a region in ...

Geelong
on 7 June 2013, and that he was "expected to be returned to the ALP leadership". On 26 June, rumours began to spread that supporters of Rudd were circulating a caucus petition calling for a vote to challenge Gillard for the leadership. In an interview with
Sky News Australia Sky News Australia is an Australian 24-hour cable Cable may refer to: Mechanical * Nautical cable A nautical cable is a band of tightly woven and clamped ropes, of a defined cable length, used during the age of sail for deep water anchoring, ...
that afternoon, Gillard told interviewer
David Speers David Gordon Speers (born 9 September 1974 in Inverell, Australia) is an Australian journalist and host of ''Insiders (Australian TV program), Insiders'' on ABC (Australian TV channel), ABC TV. Previously he was political editor at Sky News A ...

David Speers
that she had not seen the rumoured petition, and jokingly called it the "political equivalent of the
Loch Ness Monster The Loch Ness Monster, or Nessie ( gd, Uilebheist Loch Nis), is a creature in Scottish folkloreScottish folklore encompasses the folklore Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses t ...

Loch Ness Monster
". She also said that nobody had approached her to advise they intended to challenge her. Gillard then proceeded to call a leadership election for 7:00pm that evening to end the speculation, declaring that she would retire from politics if she lost, and called on any potential challenger to make the same commitment. Rudd announced in a press conference shortly afterwards that he would challenge Gillard for the leadership, and committed to retiring from politics if he lost. Shortly before the 7:00pm vote, influential factional leader
Bill Shorten William Richard Shorten (born 12 May 1967) is an Australian politician who served as Leader of the Opposition The Leader of the Opposition is a title traditionally held by the leader of the largest party not in government in a parliamentary dem ...

Bill Shorten
, who had first come out in support of Gillard in the
2010 2010 was designated as: *International Year of Biodiversity The International Year of Biodiversity (IYB) was a year-long celebration of biological diversity and its importance, taking place internationally in 2010. Coinciding with the dat ...
and 2012 leadership spills, announced that he would support Rudd as he believed he was the person most likely to defeat
Tony Abbott Anthony John Abbott (; born 4 November 1957) is an Australian former politician. He served as the 28th prime minister of Australia The prime minister of Australia is the head of government The head of government is either the high ...

Tony Abbott
in the upcoming general election.


Result

102 members of the Labor caucus from the
House of Representatives House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure is ...

House of Representatives
and the
Senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Debating chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislatu ...
were eligible to vote, with 52 votes needed to win. All caucus members voted and Kevin Rudd won the ballot by 57 votes to 45, therefore becoming Leader of the Labor Party for the second time. Following the result,
Deputy Leader A deputy leader (in Scottish English, sometimes depute leader) in the Westminster system is the second-in-command of a political party, behind the party leader. Deputy leaders often become Deputy Prime Minister when their parties are elected to gov ...
Wayne Swan Wayne Maxwell Swan (born 30 June 1954) is an Australian politician who is Australian Labor Party National Executive#National Presidents, National President of the Labor Party. He was previously the Deputy Prime Minister of Australia and Australi ...
announced that he would resign his position.
Anthony Albanese Anthony Norman Albanese ( or ; born 2 March 1963) is an Australian politician serving as Leader of the Opposition The leader of the opposition is a title traditionally held by the leader of the Opposition (parliamentary), largest party not ...

Anthony Albanese
subsequently defeated
Simon Crean Simon Findlay Crean (born 26 February 1949) is an Australian politician and trade unionist. He was the Member of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency An electoral distr ...

Simon Crean
by 61 votes to 38 votes, thus becoming the Deputy Leader of the Labor Party.
Penny Wong Penelope Ying-Yen Wong (born 5 November 1968) is an Australian politician who has been a Senator A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Debating chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislature. The name comes from the ...

Penny Wong
was also unanimously elected to be Labor's leader in the
Senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Debating chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislatu ...
, with
Jacinta Collins Jacinta Mary Ann Collins (born 4 September 1962) is a former Australian politician who served as a Senator The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A ...

Jacinta Collins
elected as her deputy.


Summary of changes


Aftermath

Julia Gillard publicly congratulated Kevin Rudd on his victory, and announced her resignation as
Prime Minister of Australia The prime minister of Australia is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second-highest official in the Executive (government), executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing ...
. In keeping with the pledge she made before the vote, she also announced that she would not seek re-election at the upcoming general election.
Wayne Swan Wayne Maxwell Swan (born 30 June 1954) is an Australian politician who is Australian Labor Party National Executive#National Presidents, National President of the Labor Party. He was previously the Deputy Prime Minister of Australia and Australi ...
,
Craig Emerson Craig Anthony Emerson (born 15 November 1954) is an Australian economist and former Australian Labor Party politician. He served as the Australian House of Representatives Member for the Division of Rankin in Queensland from 1998 until 2013. E ...

Craig Emerson
,
Peter Garrett Peter Robert Garrett (born 16 April 1953) is an Australian musician, environmentalist, activist and former politician. In 1973, Garrett became the lead singer of the Australian rock band Midnight Oil Midnight Oil (known informally as "T ...

Peter Garrett
,
Stephen Conroy Stephen Michael Conroy (born 18 January 1963) is an Australian former politician who was an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian Senate, Senate from 1996 to 2016, representing the state of Victoria (Australia), Victoria. He served a ...

Stephen Conroy
,
Joe Ludwig Joseph William Ludwig (born 21 July 1959) is an Australian barrister and retired politician. He was a member of the Australian Senate for the state of Queensland from July 1999 to May 2016, representing the Australian Labor Party. Ludwig served ...
and
Greg Combet Gregory Ivan Combet (; born 28 April 1958) is a former Australian politician and trade union A trade union (or a labor union in American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States Engli ...

Greg Combet
all also announced their resignations from the cabinet. Gillard submitted her resignation as Prime Minister to Governor-General
Quentin Bryce Dame Quentin Alice Louise Bryce, (née Strachan; born 23 December 1942) is an Australian academic who served as the 25th Governor-General of Australia The governor-general of Australia is the representative of the monarch A monarch ...

Quentin Bryce
that evening, to take effect the following day. Rudd was subsequently sworn in as Prime Minister for the second time, with
Anthony Albanese Anthony Norman Albanese ( or ; born 2 March 1963) is an Australian politician serving as Leader of the Opposition The leader of the opposition is a title traditionally held by the leader of the Opposition (parliamentary), largest party not ...

Anthony Albanese
being sworn in as Deputy Prime Minister. On 4 August 2013, Rudd visited the Governor-General and asked her to dissolve parliament and issue writs for an election on 7 September. At the 2013 federal election on 7 September, Rudd led Labor to defeat and resigned as Labor leader.


See also

*
2010 Australian Labor Party leadership spill A leadership spill occurred in the Australian Labor Party on 24 June 2010. Kevin Rudd, the Prime Minister of Australia, was challenged by Julia Gillard, the Deputy Prime Minister of Australia, for the leadership of the Australian Labor Party. Gi ...
*
2012 Australian Labor Party leadership spill A leadership spill in the Australian Labor Party, the party of government in the Parliament of Australia, was held on 27 February 2012 at 10 am Time in Australia, AEDT, followed by a ballot. The Prime Minister of Australia, Prime Minister, Julia ...
* March 2013 Australian Labor Party leadership spill *Second Rudd Ministry


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:2013 06 Australian Labor Party leadership spill 2013 elections in Australia Australian Labor Party leadership spills Gillard Government Rudd Government June 2013 events in Australia 2013 political party leadership elections, Australian Labor Party leadership spill