The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ausseviellois or Aussevielloises.
Aussevielle is located some 14 km north-west of Pau and 6 km north-west of Lescar. Access to the commune is by the D633 road from Beyrie-en-Béarn in the north-east which passes through most of the length of the commune and the village before it continues south to join the D817 near Siros. The D817 from Denguin passes through the south of the commune. European route E80 passes through the north of the commune but provides no access to the commune with the nearest exit being exit 9.1 to the east. Residential areas cover some 20% of the area with the rest farmland.
The Gave de Malapet flows through the north of the commune towards the north-west. The Ousse des Bois flows through the south of the commune westwards to join the Gave de Pau south-west of the commune.
The commune name in béarnais is Aussavièla. Michel Grosclaude indicated that the name probably comes from the name of the Ousse which rises in the commune with the Occitan vièla ("town") giving "Town of Ousse".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
||Enumeration||Farm and Fief, Vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn|
|Domec||L'ostau deu Domec||1538||Raymond||
||Reformation||Fief, Vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn|
Paul Raymond noted on page 17 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385 Aussevielle had 10 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau then in 1654 reverted to the Barony of Denguin by letters patent from Louis XIV.
List of Successive Mayors
|1813||1831||Jean Pierre Laborde Teule-Sensacq|
|1842||1860||Joseph Marie Teule-Sensacq|
|1870||1881||Michel Firmin Teule-Sensacq|
|1881||1884||Joseph Marie Firmin Teule-Sensacq|
|1983||1995||Jean Michel Daury|
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:
In 2010 the commune had 797 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
The Church of Saint John the Baptist probably dates to the end of the Middle Ages.
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