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The Aurangabad caves are twelve rock-cut Buddhist shrines located on a hill running roughly east to west, close to the city of Aurangabad, Maharashtra. The first reference to the Aurangabad Caves
Aurangabad Caves
is in the great chaitya of Kanheri Caves. The Aurangabad Caves
Aurangabad Caves
were dug out of comparatively soft basalt rock during the 6th and 7th century. The caves are divided into three separate groups depending on their location:[1] these are usually called the "Western Group", with Caves I to V (1 to 5), the "Eastern Group", with Caves VI to IX (6 to 9), and a "Northern Cluster", with the unfinished Caves X to XII (9 to 12).[2] The carvings at the Aurangabad Caves
Aurangabad Caves
are notable for including Hinayana style stupa, Mahayana art work and Vajrayana
Vajrayana
goddesses. These caves are among those in India that show 1st millennium CE Buddhist artwork with goddesses such as Durga, and gods such as Ganesha, although Buddhist caves in other parts of India with these arts are older.[3] Numerous Buddhist deities of the Tantra tradition are also carved in these caves.[3][4] Coordinates: 19°55′01″N 75°18′43″E / 19.917°N 75.312°E / 19.917; 75.312

Contents

1 Introduction 2 Caves I and III 3 Gallery 4 Notes 5 References 6 External sources

Introduction[edit] The cave temples of Aurangabad cut between the 6th and the 8th century are nine kilometers from Aurangabad city center, a few kilometers from the campus of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University and the Bibi-ka-Maqbara.[5] Carved in the Sihaychal ranges, the Aurangabad caves somewhat have been overshadowed by the UNESCO World Heritage monuments of Ellora and Ajanta cave temples. Though its sculptures are comparable to Ajanta and Ellora, the caves are much smaller, more decrepit and less visited. Though in the 20th century, a few scholars started looking at these cave temples as a missing link between Ajanta and Ellora and also after an exhaustive study, were compelled to describe it as a " Sensitive remaking of life situated in time and space span".[1] It is a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India.[6] Caves I and III[edit] "Caves I and III of Aurangabad and last caves of Ajanta co-existed as is apparent from striking parallels which we come across while examining both the sites. Again at Aurangabad after a careful study of both caves I and III, the conclusion the Historians have come to is that cave III was earlier to cave I. In Cave III the artist seems to have decorated with surprisingly neat and organized designs of fretwork, scrolls, panel of couples, tassels, flowers, geometrical designs, and highest point of perfection and consummation."[7] Gallery[edit]

Aurangabad caves from distance

Dancing goddess

Mother goddesses (Matrikas) of Vajrayana
Vajrayana
Buddhism

Meditating Buddha

A close view of sealed part Aurangabad caves

Notes[edit]

^ a b Qureshi, Dulari. Art and Vision of Aurangabad Caves. New Delhi: Bhartiya Kala Prakashan. ISBN 81-86050-11-6.  ^ Fergusson, 385-392; Brancaccio, "Contents" etc ^ a b Pia Brancaccio (2010). The Buddhist Caves at Aurangabad: Transformations in Art and Religion. BRILL Academic. pp. 21, 41, 150, 181, 190–192, 202–209 with footnotes. ISBN 90-04-18525-9.  ^ David B. Gray; Ryan Richard Overbey (2016). Tantric Traditions in Transmission and Translation. Oxford University Press. pp. 47–48. ISBN 978-0-19-990952-0.  ^ Aurangabad Caves
Aurangabad Caves
"The cave temples of Aurangabad cut between the 6th and the 8th century are nine kilometers from Aurangabad, near Bibi-ka-Maqbara." ^ "Aurangabad Caves". Retrieved 2012-05-19.  ^ Qureshi Dulari, "Art and Vision of Aurangabad Caves," Chapter I p.10

References[edit]

Pia Brancaccio (2010). The Buddhist Caves at Aurangabad: Transformations in Art and Religion. BRILL Academic. ISBN 90-04-18525-9.  Fergusson, James (1880). The cave temples of India. London : Allen.  Ganvir, Shrikant, "Built Spaces: On Aurangabad caves in conversation with Dr. Shrikant Ganvir", Video (40 mins), on You Tube Harle, J.C., The Art and Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent, 2nd edn. 1994, Yale University Press Pelican History of Art, ISBN 0300062176 Michell, George, The Penguin Guide to the Monuments of India, Volume 1: Buddhist, Jain, Hindu, 1989, Penguin Books, ISBN 0140081445

External sources[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aurangabad Caves.

Flonnet.com ASI Video of Aurangabad Caves
Aurangabad Caves
[1]

v t e

Indian Buddhist caves

Andhra Pradesh

Adapur Caves Belum Caves Chandavaram Erravaram Caves Guntupalli Caves Kotturu Dhanadibbalu Pandavula Metta Caves Ramatheertham
Ramatheertham
Caves Sankaram Undavalli caves

Bihar

Barabar Caves Indrasala Cave Lomas Rishi Cave Saptaparni Cave

Gujarat

Dhank Caves Junagadh Buddhist Cave Groups

Bava Pyara caves Uparkot Caves

Kadia Dungar caves Khambhalida Caves Sana Caves Siyot caves Talaja Caves

Karnataka

Aihole Badami cave temples Pandava caves Mangalore

Madhya Pradesh

Bagh Caves Dhamnar Caves Dharmrajeshwar Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary

Maharashtra

Ajanta Caves Aurangabad Caves Bahrot caves Bedse Caves Bhaja Caves Dharashiv Caves Ellora Caves Gandharpale Caves Ghatotkacha Cave Ghorawadi Caves Karla Caves Karad Caves Kondana Caves Kuda Caves Nadsur Caves Nenavali Caves Pandavleni Caves Panhalakaji Caves Pitalkhora Shelarwadi Caves Shirwal Caves Thanale Caves Wai Caves

In the Bombay
Bombay
area:

Elephanta Caves Jogeshwari Caves Mahakali Caves Mandapeshwar Caves Kanheri Caves

In the Junnar
Junnar
area:

Lenyadri Manmodi caves Shivneri Caves Tulja Caves

Odisha

Udayagiri, Odisha

Rajasthan

Binnayaga Buddhist caves Hathiagor Buddhist Caves Kolvi Caves

Tamil Nadu

Cave Temples of M

.