Augustus Poeppel
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Augustus Poeppel (1839–1891) was a surveyor and explorer in Australia. He surveyed the borders between
Queensland Queensland ( ) is a state situated in northeastern Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the ...

Queensland
,
South Australia South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of , it is the fourth-largest of Austral ...

South Australia
and the
Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, ...
.


Early life

Augustus Poeppel was born in
Hamburg en, Hamburgian(s) , timezone1 = Central (CET) , utc_offset1 = +1 , timezone1_DST = Central (CEST) , utc_offset1_DST = +2 , postal_code_type = Post ...

Hamburg
, Germany in 1839, the son of an architect. Emigrating with his family in 1849, he settled in South Australia.


Surveying career

Poeppel moved to
Victoria Victoria most commonly refers to: * Victoria (Australia) Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a in southeastern . It is the second-smallest state with a of and the most densely populated state in Australia (28 per km2). Victoria is bord ...
to become a mining surveyor and architect. In 1878, after short periods in
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...

New Zealand
and
Western Australia Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspape ...

Western Australia
, Poeppel joined the South Australian Lands Department and was soon appointed to the border surveys. He surveyed both
Poeppel Corner Poeppel Corner (known as Poeppel's Corner in Queensland) at latitude 26th parallel south, 26° S and longitude 138th meridian east, 138° E is a corner of state boundaries in Australia, where the state of Queensland meets South Australia and the ...
(the point where the Northern Territory, Queensland and South Australian borders meet) and
Haddon Corner Haddon Corner is a heritage-listed location (geography), site in Tanbar, Queensland, Tanbar, Shire of Barcoo, Queensland, Australia. It is in outback Channel Country at South-West Queensland, on the border corner with South Australia. It was a ...
(where the Queensland and South Australian borders meet). During the Queensland-Northern Territory border survey, from the 142-mile post, he suffered from
trachoma Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by bacterium ''Chlamydia trachomatis ''Chlamydia trachomatis'' (), commonly known as chlamydia, is a bacterium that causes chlamydia Chlamydia, or more specifically a chlamydia infection, is a sex ...
and lost 13 kg in weight, forcing his withdrawal in July 1885. His health was broken and he later lost sight in one eye.


Later life

Poeppel retired to
Melbourne Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller ...

Melbourne
where he died in 1891 aged 52.


Legacy

Poeppel Corner (the point where the borders of Queensland, South Australia and the Northern Territory meet) was named after him and is listed in the
Queensland Heritage Register The Queensland Heritage Register is a heritage register, a statutory list of places in Queensland, Australia that are protected by Queensland legislation, the Queensland Heritage Act 1992. It is maintained by the Queensland Heritage Council. As a ...
. Haddon Corner is also listed on the Queensland Heritage Register. There is a monument to Poeppel across the road from the in Birdsville, Queensland (). It was dedicated on 2 October 2003.


References


Attribution

This Wikipedia article was originally created fro
''"The Queensland heritage register"''
published by the
State of Queensland Queensland ( ) is a state situated in northeastern Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the ...
under CC-BY 3.0 AU license (accessed on 7 July 2014
archived
on 8 October 2014)


Further reading

* — a list of documents written by or about Augustus Poeppel held by the
State Library of South Australia The State Library of South Australia, or SLSA, formerly known as the Public Library of South Australia, located on North Terrace, Adelaide, is the official library of the Australian state of South Australia. It is the largest public research libr ...


External links

{{DEFAULTSORT:Poeppel, Augustus Australian surveyors Australian explorers 1839 births 1891 deaths German emigrants to Australia