Augustus Charles Pugin, born Auguste-Charles Pugin, (1762–1832) was
an Anglo-French artist, architectural draughtsman, and writer on
medieval architecture. He was born in Paris, then the Kingdom of
France, but his father was Swiss, and Pugin himself was to spend most
of his life in England.
Pugin left France during the Revolutionary period for unclear reasons
about 1798 and later entered the
Royal Academy Schools in
improve his skills. Shortly afterwards he obtained a position as an
architectural draughtsman with the architect John Nash. After
considering and abandoning a career in architecture Pugin married and
settled on a career as a commercial artist working primarily for
publishers of illustrated books. He was a skilful watercolourist as
well as an accomplished draftsman.
Pugin produced views of London, jointly creating the illustrations for
the Microcosm of
London (1808-1811) published by Rudolph Ackermann,
followed by plates for Ackermann's books about Westminster Abbey,
Oxford and Cambridge universities, and Winchester College. He often
collaborated with other artists, notably Thomas Rowlandson. His later
works included illustrations for Specimens of Gothic Architecture
(1821–23), The Royal Pavilion at Brighton (1826), Architectural
Antiquities of Great Britain (1826), Specimens of the Architectural
Antiquities of Normandy (1827), Illustrations of the Public Buildings
London (1825 to 1828), and
Paris and its Environs (1829 to 1831),
and Examples of Gothic Architecture (1831). He also produced a book of
furniture designs called Gothic Furniture, and assisted architects
with detailing for their gothic designs. He ran a drawing school at
his house in Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury. His students included
W. Lake Price, James Pennethorne, Talbot Bury, J. D'Egville, B.
Ferrey, the architect Francis T. Dollman, and the comedian Charles
Pugin, along with J. Morgan, also designed the
Diorama building in
Regent's Park in 1823, to house and display the Dioramas of Louis
Jacques Mandé Daguerre (1787–1851), a year after the debut of his
Paris original in 1822. These exhibitions in
London displayed eight of
the Daguerre Dioramas (1823-1832), which were also exhibited on tour
in Liverpool, Manchester, Dublin and Edinburgh (1825-1836).
Pugin married Catherine Welby of the Lincolnshire Welby family of
Denton and his developing interest in the Gothic was to be magnified
in the career of their son Augustus Welby Pugin, an architect who was
the leading advocate of Gothicism in 19th century
England and the
designer of the Palace of Westminster, home of the United Kingdom
Parliament. His son also sometimes assisted him in some of his
Diorama Building, 1823, by A. Pugin
Westminster Hall as drawn by Pugin, with figures by Thomas Rowlandson.
^ a b "Pugin, Augustus Charles". The Columbia Encyclopedia (3rd ed.).
New York: Columbia University Press. 1963. LCCN 63020205.
^ Pugin, Augustus Charles DNB
Rudolph Ackermann (1808), Microcosm of London, Illustrated by Augustus
Charles Pugin and Thomas Rowlandson . 1904 reprint +
Augustus Charles Pugin
Augustus Charles Pugin at Open Library
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Augustus Charles Pugin.
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