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Augustus Charles Pugin, born Auguste-Charles Pugin, (1762–1832) was an Anglo-French artist, architectural draughtsman, and writer on medieval architecture.[1] He was born in Paris, then the Kingdom of France, but his father was Swiss, and Pugin himself was to spend most of his life in England. Pugin left France during the Revolutionary period for unclear reasons about 1798 and later entered the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
Schools in London
London
to improve his skills. Shortly afterwards he obtained a position as an architectural draughtsman with the architect John Nash. After considering and abandoning a career in architecture Pugin married and settled on a career as a commercial artist working primarily for publishers of illustrated books. He was a skilful watercolourist as well as an accomplished draftsman. Drawings[edit] Pugin produced views of London, jointly creating the illustrations for the Microcosm of London
London
(1808-1811) published by Rudolph Ackermann, followed by plates for Ackermann's books about Westminster Abbey, Oxford and Cambridge universities, and Winchester College. He often collaborated with other artists, notably Thomas Rowlandson. His later works included illustrations for Specimens of Gothic Architecture (1821–23), The Royal Pavilion at Brighton (1826), Architectural Antiquities of Great Britain (1826), Specimens of the Architectural Antiquities of Normandy (1827), Illustrations of the Public Buildings of London
London
(1825 to 1828), and Paris
Paris
and its Environs (1829 to 1831), and Examples of Gothic Architecture (1831). He also produced a book of furniture designs called Gothic Furniture, and assisted architects with detailing for their gothic designs. He ran a drawing school at his house in Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury. His students included W. Lake Price, James Pennethorne, Talbot Bury, J. D'Egville, B. Ferrey, the architect Francis T. Dollman, and the comedian Charles James Mathews.[2] Pugin, along with J. Morgan, also designed the Diorama
Diorama
building in Regent's Park
Regent's Park
in 1823, to house and display the Dioramas of Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre (1787–1851), a year after the debut of his Paris
Paris
original in 1822. These exhibitions in London
London
displayed eight of the Daguerre Dioramas (1823-1832), which were also exhibited on tour in Liverpool, Manchester, Dublin and Edinburgh (1825-1836). Pugin married Catherine Welby of the Lincolnshire Welby family of Denton and his developing interest in the Gothic was to be magnified in the career of their son Augustus Welby Pugin, an architect who was the leading advocate of Gothicism in 19th century England
England
and the designer of the Palace of Westminster, home of the United Kingdom Parliament. His son also sometimes assisted him in some of his publications.[1]

Diorama
Diorama
Building, 1823, by A. Pugin

Westminster Hall
Westminster Hall
as drawn by Pugin, with figures by Thomas Rowlandson.

References[edit]

^ a b "Pugin, Augustus Charles". The Columbia Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). New York: Columbia University Press. 1963. LCCN 63020205.  ^ Pugin, Augustus Charles DNB

Further reading[edit]

Rudolph Ackermann
Rudolph Ackermann
(1808), Microcosm of London, Illustrated by Augustus Charles Pugin and Thomas Rowlandson . 1904 reprint + Illustrations Works by Augustus Charles Pugin
Augustus Charles Pugin
at Open Library

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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46833997 LCCN: n82272435 ISNI: 0000 0001 0895 9492 GND: 11859706X SELIBR: 222467 SUDOC: 085103691 BNF: cb123423212 (data) BIBSYS: 5046630 ULAN: 500020563 NLA: 36320509 RKD: 65

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