Augsburg ( , , ; bar|Augschburg|links=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swabian_German|label=Swabian German) is a city
, around 50 km west of Bavarian capital Munich
. It is a university town
and regional seat of the ''Regierungsbezirk
with an impressive Altstadt (city centre). Augsburg is an urban district
and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg
. It is the third-largest city in Bavaria (after Munich
) with a population of 300,000 inhabitants, with 885,000 in its metropolitan area.
, Augsburg is Germany's third oldest city, founded in 15 BC by the Romans as Augusta Vindelicorum
, named after the Roman emperor Augustus
. It was a Free Imperial City
from 1276 to 1803 and the home of the patrician Fugger
families that dominated European banking in the 16th century. The city played a leading role in the Reformation
as the site of the 1530 Augsburg Confession
and 1555 Peace of Augsburg
. The Fuggerei
, the oldest social housing complex in the world, was founded in 1513 by Jakob Fugger
In 2019, UNESCO
recognized the Water Management System of Augsburg as a World Heritage Site
Augsburg lies at the convergence of the Alpine
and on the Singold
. The oldest part of the city and the southern quarters are on the northern foothills of a high terrace, which has emerged between the steep rim of the hills of Friedberg
in the east and the high hills of the west. In the south extends the Lechfeld, an outwash plain
of the post ice age
between the rivers Lech and Wertach, where rare primeval landscapes were preserved. The Augsburg city forest and the Lech valley heaths today rank among the most species-rich middle European habitats.
Augsburg borders on the nature park Augsburg Western Woods
- a large forestland. The city itself is also heavily verdant. As a result, in 1997 Augsburg was the first German city to win the Europe-wide contest Entente Florale
for Europe's greenest and most livable city.
Suburbs and neighbouring municipalities
Augsburg is surrounded by the counties Landkreis Augsburg
in the west and Aichach-Friedberg
in the east.
The suburbs of Augsburg are Friedberg
Neighbouring municipalities: Rehling
The city of Augsburg was founded in 15 BC on the orders of Emperor Augustus
. Emperor Augustus conducted extensive military campaigns and established administrative settlements. The settlement that became Augsburg was known as ''Augusta Vindelicorum'', meaning "the Augustan city of the Vindelici
". The settlement was established at the convergence of the Alpine
. In 120 AD Augsburg became the administrative capital of the Roman province Raetia
. Augsburg was sacked by the Hun
s in the 5th century AD, by Charlemagne
in the 8th century, and by Welf I, Duke of Bavaria
in the 11th century.
Augsburg was granted the status of a Free Imperial City
on March 9, 1276 and from then until 1803, it was independent of its former overlord, the Prince-Bishop of Augsburg
. Frictions between the city-state and the prince-bishops were to remain frequent however, particularly after Augsburg became Protestant
and curtailed the rights and freedoms of Catholics
. With its strategic location at an intersection of trade routes to Italy
, the Free Imperial City of Augsburg became a major trading center.
Augsburg produced large quantities of woven goods, cloth and textiles. Augsburg became the base of two banking families that rose to great prominence, the Fugger
s and the Welser
s. The Fugger family donated the Fuggerei
part of the city devoted to housing for needy citizens in 1516, which remains in use today.
In 1530, the Augsburg Confession
was presented to the Holy Roman Emperor
at the Diet of Augsburg
. Following the Peace of Augsburg
in 1555, after which the rights of religious minorities in imperial cities were to be legally protected, a mixed Catholic–Protestant city council presided over a majority Protestant population; ''see Paritätische Reichsstadt
At the end of the 16th century the witch hunts
reached Augsburg. Following the 1585-1588 plague
epidemic, southeast Germany
was shattered by the 1589-1591 witch hunts. Following the 1592-1593 plague epidemic, cities in southeast Germany entered a period of inflation
, marked by brutal witch hunts in urban areas.
Thirty Years' War
Religious peace in the city was largely maintained despite increasing tensions until the Thirty Years' War
, which started 1618 and lasted until 1648. In 1629 the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
issued the Edict of Restitution
, which restored the legal situation of 1552. The inequality of the Edict of Restitution
was revoked when in April 1632, when Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
In 1634 the Swedish army was defeated at the nearby Battle of Nördlingen
. By October 1634, Catholic troops had surrounded Augsburg. The Swedish army refused to surrender and a siege
ensued through the winter of 1634/35 and thousands died from hunger and disease. During the Swedish occupation and the siege by Catholic troops the population of the city was reduced from about 70,000 to about 16,000. Diseases such as typhus
and the Black Death
ravaged the city.
In the first half of the 17th century Augsburg was pivotal in the European network of goldsmith
s. Augsburg attracted goldsmith journeymen from all over Europe and in the 18th century a large number of silversmith
s and goldsmiths became master craftsman
Nine Years' War
In 1686 the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I
formed the ''League of Augsburg'', also known as the "Grand Alliance" after England joined in 1689. The coalition
consisted at various times of Austria
, the Holy Roman Empire
, the Electorate of the Palatinate
, and the Dutch Republic
. The coalition was formed to defend the Electorate of the Palatinate and fought against France in the Nine Years War
Fugger and Welser monopolies
Augsburg's economic boom years occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries thanks to the bank
businesses of the merchant families Fugger
. These families held a near total monopoly on their respective industries. In the 16th century Augsburg became one of Germany's largest cities. Augsburg was a major manufacturing
center for textile
, scientific instrument
s, as well as gold- and silver-smithing. The prolific printer
s of Augsburg also made the city the largest producer of German-language books
in the Holy Roman Empire
. Like other free imperial cities
, Augsburg was an independent entity, and had authority over it's tax
Augsburg's wealth attracted artists seeking patron
s. The city rapidly became a creative centre for sculptor
s and musician
s. Augsburg became the base of the Holbein family, starting with Hans Holbein the Elder
. The composer Leopold Mozart
was born and educated in Augsburg.
became so prevalent that it became known as "Augsburg style" throughout Germany.
End of Free Imperial City status
or Final Recess of 1803 saw the annexation of nearly all of the 51 Free Imperial Cities, excepting Augsburg and five others. However, when the Holy Roman Empire
was dissolved in 1806, Napoleon encouraged his German allies to mediatize their smaller neighbors, and Augsburg lost its independence. It was annexed to the Kingdom of Bavaria
. In 1817, the city became an administrative capital of the ''Oberdonaukreis'', then administrative capital in 1837 for the district Swabia and Neuburg
During the end of the 19th century, Augsburg's textile industry
again rose to prominence followed by the connected machine manufacturing industry.
Augsburg was historically a militarily important city due to its strategic location.
During the German re-armament before the Second World War
, the Wehrmacht enlarged Augsburg's one original Kaserne (barracks) to three: Somme Kaserne (housing Wehrmacht Artillerie-Regiment 27); Arras Kaserne (housing Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 27) and Panzerjäger Kaserne (housing Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 27 (later Panzerjäger-Abteilung 27)). Wehrmacht Panzerjäger-Abteilung 27 was later moved to Füssen
During World War II
, one subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp
was located outside Augsburg, supplying approximately 1,300 forced labourers to local military-related industry, most especially the Messerschmitt
AG military aircraft firm headquartered in Augsburg.
In 1941, Rudolf Hess
, without Adolf Hitler
's permission, secretly took off from a local Augsburg airport and flew to Scotland
to meet the Duke of Hamilton
, and crashed in Eaglesham
in an attempt to mediate the end of the European front of World War II
and join sides for the upcoming Russian Campaign.
The Reichswehr Infanterie Regiment 19 was stationed in Augsburg and became the base unit for the Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 40, a subsection of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27 (which later became the Wehrmacht Panzerdivision 17). Elements of Wehrmacht II Battalion of Gebirgs-Jäger-Regiment 99 (especially Wehrmacht Panzerjäger Kompanie 14) was composed of parts of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27. The Infanterie Regiment 40 remained in Augsburg until the end of the war, finally surrendering to the United States when on 28 April 1945, the U.S. Army
occupied the city. The city and its Messerschmitt works were bombed on three occasions
during the war. Collateral damaged included the destruction of just under 25% of all homes in the city and the deaths of several hundred people.
Following the war, the three Kaserne would change hands confusingly between the American
and Germans, finally ending up in US hands for the duration of the Cold War
. The former Wehrmacht Kaserne became the three main US barracks in Augsburg: Reese, Sheridan and FLAK. US Base FLAK had been an anti-aircraft barracks since 1936 and US Base Sheridan "united" the former infantry barracks with a smaller Kaserne for former Luftwaffe
The American military presence in the city started with the U.S. 5th Infantry Division stationed at FLAK Kaserne from 1945 to 1955, then by 11th Airborne Division
, followed by the 24th Infantry Division
, U.S. Army VII Corps
artillery, USASA Field Station Augsburg
and finally the 66th Military Intelligence Brigade
, which returned the former Kaserne to German hands in 1998. Originally the Heeresverpflegungshauptamt Südbayern and an Officers' caisson existed on or near the location of Reese-Kaserne, but was demolished by the occupying Americans.
From 1266 until 1548, the terms ''Stadtpfleger'' (head of town council) and ''Mayor
'' were used interchangeably, or occasionally, simultaneously.
In 1548 the title was finally fixed to ''Stadtpfleger'', who officiated for several years and was then awarded the title for life (though no longer governing), thus resulting confusingly, in records of two or more simultaneous ''Stadtpfleger''.
After the transfer to Bavaria
in 1806, Augsburg was ruled by a Magistrate
with two mayors, supported by an additional council of "Community Commissioners": the ''Gemeindebevollmächtige''.
As of 1907, the Mayor was entitled Oberbürgermeister
, as Augsburg had reached a population of 100,000, as per the Bavarian Gemeindeordnung
, until 1984 DKP 2
Christlich Soziale Mitte (CSM): 3, Freie Wähler
: 2, Polit-WG e.V: 1
Members of the Bundestag
Augsburg is located in the ''Wahlkreis 253 Augsburg-Stadt'' constituency, which includes Königsbrunn
and parts of the District of Augsburg (Landkreis Augsburg
Volker Ullrich of the CSU
was directly elected to the Bundestag
in the 18th German Bundestag
Indirectly elected to the Bundestag to adhere to the Landesliste
were Ulrike Bahr
for the SPD
and Claudia Roth
for Bündnis 90/Die Grünen
Augsburg has an oceanic climate
(Köppen climate classification
: ''Cfb'') or, following the 0 °C isotherm, a humid continental climate
thumb|Fugger's City Palace
* Town Hall
, built in 1620 in the Renaissance
style with the Goldener Saal
, a bell tower built in 989
, the oldest social housing estate in the world, inhabited since 1523
(Fugger houses), restored renaissance palatial homes of the Fugger banking family
* Bishop's Residence, built about 1750 in order to replace the older bishop's palace; today the administrative seat of Swabia
, founded in the 9th century
* St. Anne's Church
, medieval church building that was originally part of a monastery built in 1321
*St. Mary's Syriac Orthodox Church
on the Zusamstraße in Lechhausen, built 1998 by Suryoye (Assyrians
* Augsburg Synagogue, one of the few German synagogues to survive the war, now restored and open with a Jewish museum inside
* Augsburg textile and industry museum
-or just ''tim'', organises it displays under headings Mensch-Maschine-Muster-Mode.
, a Rococo mansion (1765) now housing a major art museum
* St. Ulrich and St. Afra
—one church is Roman Catholic, the other Lutheran
, the duality being a result of the Peace of Augsburg
concluded in 1555 between Catholics and Protestants
* Mozart Haus Augsburg (where composer's father Leopold Mozart
was born and Mozart
visited it several times)
* Augsburger Puppenkiste
, a puppet theatre
* Luther Stiege, museum located in a church, that shows Martin Luthers life and different rooms. (free admission)
, the world's first artificial whitewater
course (venue for the whitewater events of the 1972 Munich Olympics)
* Dorint Hotel Tower
* Childhood home of Bertolt Brecht
* The Augsburg Botanical Garden
s (Botanischer Garten Augsburg
* Maximillian Museum
* Bahnpark Augsburg
home of 29 historic locomotives, blacksmith, historic roundhouse
* 3 magnificent renaissance fountains, the Agustus Fountain, Mercury Fountain and Hercules Fountain from 15th century, build for the 1500 anniversary of city foundation
* Walter Art Museum at the ''Glas Palast'' ("Glas-Palace")
* Roman Museum located in the former Monastery of St. Margaret (closed at the moment due to risk of collapsing). Renovation is taking place and the museum is expected to reopen in 2017.
* Medieval canals, used to run numerous industries, medieval arms production, silver art, sanitation and water pumping
* Kulturhaus Abraxas
Germany Augsburg Dom-St-Maria Door Handle.jpg|Ring of Mercy on the Dom (Cathedral) St. Maria
Augsburg Synagoge.jpg|Augsburg Synagogue
Augsburg - st ulrich u afra.jpg|St. Ulrich and St. Afra Cathedral
Rechtfertigungslehre St.-Anna Augsburg.jpg|Plaque commemorating the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification at St. Anne's Church
Goddess Cisa and the Stadtpir
The pagan goddess Cisa
has been linked to the civic emblem of Augsburg, known as Stadtpir. Cisa and the Stadtpir came to represent the prosperity of the city. The Stadtpir was stamped on cloth that was approved by the town cloth inspector. Metalworks produced in the city were also stamped with the Stadtpir. The Stadtpir adorns the 17th century town hall
The Stoinerne Ma
The "Stoinerne Ma" ("Stony Man") is a life-size stone figure on the eastern Augsburg city wall in the area of the so-called "Sweden staircase", which is located in the immediate vicinity of the Galluskirche and St. Stephan convent (on the outside of the city wall). It is probably a one-armed baker with a loaf of bread and a shield. In the area of the feet there is a helically twisted pedestal.
According to the legend, it is the baker "Konrad Hackher" who, during a long siege of the city, baked bread from sawdust and threw it into the ditch clearly visible for the besiegers over the city wall. The impression that Augsburg would still have so much bread that one could throw it over the wall is said to have demoralized the besiegers so much that they fired at him with a crossbow out of anger. A hit struck off his arm, and soon afterwards the siege was broken off. Historically, the event belongs to the Thirty Years' War, more precisely to the siege of Augsburg during the years 1634/35, when Catholic Bavarian troops under Field Marshal von Wahl wanted to recapture the city occupied by the Protestant Swedes. The baker's deed is not reliably proven.
The statue is often visited by walkers strolling along the city wall. As it is said to be a fortunate thing to touch the stone figure's iron nose. This custom is particularly popular with lovers.
= Bei den sieben Kindeln
In the wall of the property ''Bei den Sieben Kindeln 3'' ("At the seven infants 3") there is a recessed stone relief from the Roman period. Legend says that the commemorative plaque was commissioned by a Roman
officer to commemorate the drowning of one of his children (therefore it is said to be "seven" children, although the plaque represents only six: the seventh child is drowned and lies in the coffin). According to current knowledge, the plate once formed the long side of a Sarcophagus
Lazarethe plague houses
The city of Augsburg had two civic plague houses. The two civic plague houses, called ''Lazarethe'', were established when the black death
first appeared in Augsburg in 1349. Thereafter they were opened whenever a plague epidemic occurred in the city. As soon as a medical practitioner, such as a barber surgeon
, diagnosed the plague the patients were transferred to the plague houses by order of the city council. The transfer to the plague houses was publicly announced, so as to prevent panic and the breakdown of economic life. In the second half of the 18th century
, the plague houses were used to treat other diseases, such as smallpox
= Census result
Twin towns – sister cities
Augsburg is twinned
, Japan (1959)
, France (1963)
, United States (1964)
, Scotland, UK (1956)
, China (2004)
, Czech Republic (2001)
, Japan (1959)
The main road link is autobahn A 8
Public transport is very well catered for. It is controlled by the Augsburger Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund
(Augsburg transport and tariff association, AVV) extended over central Swabia. There are seven rail Regionalbahn
lines, five tram
lines, 27 city bus lines and six night bus lines, as well as several taxi companies.
The Augsburg tramway network
is now 35.5 km-long after the opening of new lines to the university
in 1996, the northern city boundary in 2001 and to the Klinikum Augsburg (Augsburg hospital) in 2002. Tram line 6, which runs 5.2 km from Friedberg West to Hauptbahnhof (Central Station), opened in December 2010.
There is one station for intercity bus service
s in Augsburg: Augsburg Nord, located in the north of the city.
Augsburg has seven stations, the Central Station
. The Central Station, built from 1843 to 1846, is Germany's oldest main station in a large city still providing services in the original building. It is currently being modernized and an underground tram station is built underneath it. Hauptbahnhof
is on the Munich–Augsburg
and Ulm–Augsburg lines
and is connected by ICE
services to Munich
. As of December 2007, the French TGV
connected Augsburg with a direct High Speed Connection to Paris
. In addition EC
and night train services connect to Amsterdam
and connections will be substantially improved by the creation of the planned Magistrale for Europe
The AVV operates seven Regionalbahn
lines from the main station to:
(direction to Ammersee
Starting in 2008, the regional services are planned to be altered to S-Bahn
frequencies and developed long term as integrated into the Augsburg S-Bahn.
Until 2005 Augsburg was served by nearby Augsburg Airport
(AGB). In that year all air passenger transport was relocated to Munich Airport
. Since then, the airport is used almost entirely by business airplanes.
Augsburg is a vibrant industrial city. Many global market leaders namely MAN
produce high technology products like printing systems, large diesel engines, industrial robots
or components for the Airbus A380
and the Ariane
carrier rocket. After Munich
, Augsburg is considered the high-tech centre for Information and Communication
in Bavaria and takes advantage of its lower operating cost
s, yet close proximity to Munich and potential customers. In 2018 the Bavarian State Government recognized this fact and promoted Augsburg to ''Metropole''.
* Boewe Systec
* Fujitsu Technology Solutions
Robotics / Systems
* MT-Aerospace (former ''MAN Technologie'')
* Premium AEROTEC
* RENK AG (offshoot of MAN SE
* WashTec (former Kleindienst)
* Synlab Group
* Patrizia Immobilien
Water Management System
The water systems of Augsburg were built between the 14th century and today. A network of canals, water towers, pumping equipment and hydroelectric power stations have provided drinking water and power for the city for centuries.
On 6 July 2019, the Water Management System of Augsburg was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Augsburg is home to the following universities and colleges:
* University of Augsburg
, founded in 1970
* Hochschule Augsburg
(University of Applied Sciences, formerly Fachhochschule Augsburg)
The local newspaper is the ''Augsburger Allgemeine
'' first published in 1807.
*died 304 Saint Afra
*died 807 Simpert
*c.890–973 Saint Ulrich
*1070–1127 Saint Wolfhard
*1398–1469 Jakob Fugger the Elder
*1442–1528 Erhard Ratdolt
Printer, famous for having produced the first known printers type specimen book.
*1459–1525 Jakob Fugger
Noted banker and financial broker. An area within the city, called the Fuggerei
was set aside for the poor and needy. Founded in 1519.
*1460–1524 Hans Holbein the Elder
, a pioneer in the transformation of German art from the Gothic
to the Renaissance
*1497–1543 Hans Holbein the Younger
, portrait and religious painter.
*1497–c.1574 Matthäus Schwarz
, accountant and author
*1517–1579 Paulus Hector Mair
, martial artist.
*1573–1646 Elias Holl
*1578–1647 Philipp Hainhofer
, merchant, banker, diplomat and art collector.
*1580–1627 Julius Schiller
, lawyer and astronomer.
*1589-1643 Johann Georg Wirsung
*1701–1776 Andreas Christoph Graf
, German teacher, author and poet.
*1704–1767 Johann Jakob Haid
*1719–1787 Leopold Mozart
, violinist-composer and father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
*1740–1786 Christoph Christian Sturm
, preacher and author.
*1822–1908 Eduard Bayer
, composer and classical guitarist.
*1858–1913 Rudolf Diesel
, inventor of the diesel engine.
*1871–1949 Albert Rehm
, philologist who first understood the significance of the Antikythera mechanism
*1873–1964 Hans von Euler-Chelpin
, co-recipient of 1929 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
*1878-1956 Karl Haberstock
, Art dealer to the Nazis.
*1879-1961 Artur Lauinger
, German journalist
*1885-1946 Julius Streicher
, prominent Nazi prior to World War II, founder and publisher of anti-Semitic ''Der Stürmer
'' newspaper, executed for war crimes
*1887–1943 Julius Schaxel
*1895–1946 Hans Loritz
, Nazi SS concentration camp commandant
*1898–1956 Bertolt Brecht
, writer and theater director
*1901-1947 August Schmidhuber
, Nazi SS officer executed for war crimes
*1908–1944 Wilhelm Gerstenmeier
, SS concentration camp officer executed for war crimes
*1915–1961 Josef Priller
*1920–2011 Mietek Pemper
, Polish-born Jew compiled and typed Oskar Schindler
's list, which saved 1,200 Jewish prisoners from the Holocaust.
*1926–2015 Günther Schneider-Siemssen
, scenic designer
*1927–1956 Werner Haas
, Grand Prix motorcycle road racer
*1933–2011 Ulrich Biesinger
, former German footballer, part of the team that won the 1954 FIFA World Cup
*1939–2012 Helmut Haller
who represented West Germany
at three World Cups
*1944 Hans Henning Atrott
, German author and theorist
*1948 Wolf Blitzer
, American journalist and CNN reporter
*1957 Bernhard Langer
, professional golfer.
*1958 Günther K.H. Zupanc
, neurobiologist, researcher, university teacher, book author, journal editor, and educational reformer
*1959 Bernd Schuster
coach and former player
*1961 Armin Veh
*1967 Sheryl Lee
, actress, poet, and activist.
*1968 Alexander Wesselsky
, lead singer of the German band Eisbrecher
*1977 Marisa Olson
*1980 Benny Greb
, solo drum artist
*1983 Andreas Bourani
*1983 Philipp Kohlschreiber
, tennis player
*1985 Bianca Voitek
, female bodybuilder
*1986 Maximilian Hornung
*1989 Stefan Bradl
, motorcycle racer
*1989 Johnny Cecotto Jr.
, racing career
is a football team based in Augsburg and plays in the WWK ARENA
to the south of the city centre. FC Augsburg secured promotion to Bundesliga
in 2011 and have remained there ever since, qualifying for the Europa League
for the first time in 2015 and securing mid-table finishes across the last few seasons. The club, nicknamed the Fuggerstädter or simply as FCA, reached the last 32 in the 2015-16 Europa League
with a 1-0 aggregate defeat to Liverpool
. The WWK ARENA
, nicknamed the “Anfield of the B17 Highway” following the Liverpool UEL match, opened in July 2009 and also hosted games of the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup
. The 30,660 capacity arena is easily accessible from the city centre or the adjacent B17 dual carriageway.
The city is home to a DEL
(first-division) ice hockey team, the Augsburger Panther
. The original club, AEV, was formed in 1878, the oldest German ice sport club and regularly draws around 4000 spectators, quite reasonable for German ice hockey. Home games are played at the Curt Frenzel Stadion
: a recently rebuilt (2012–2013) indoor rink and modern stadium and the club reached the 2018/19 DEL semi finals, eventually losing in the winner-takes-all game 7 to EHC Red Bull München (4-3 series defeat). Consequently, the Panthers qualified for the Champions Hockey League
. Augsburg is also home to one of the most traditional German Baseball clubs, the Augsburg Gators and 2 American Football Clubs, the Raptors and Augsburg Storm, and in nearby Königsbrunn
there's the Königsbrunn Ants.
For the 1972 Olympic Games
, a Lech River
dam protective diversionary canal for river ice was converted into the world's first artificial whitewater
slalom course: the Eiskanal
and remains a world-class venue for whitewater competition and served as prototype for two dozen similar foreign courses.
Local city nicknames
While commonly called ''Fuggerstadt'' (Fuggers' city) due to the Fuggers
residing there, within Swabia it is also often referred to as ''Datschiburg'': which originated sometime in the 19th century refers to Augsburg's favorite sweet: the ''Datschi'' made from fruit, preferably prunes, and thin cake dough. The ''Datschiburger Kickers'' charity football team (founded in 1965) reflects this in its choice of team name.Augsburger Stadtlexikon – ''Datschiburger Kickers''
accessed: 18 November 2008
Among younger people, the city is commonly called "Aux" for short.
* Augsburg University, a private Lutheran College in Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA) that takes its name from the Augsburg Confession
* League of Augsburg
* List of civic divisions of Augsburg
* List of mayors of Augsburg
* Synods of Augsburg
* ''Die Chroniken der schwäbischen Städte, Augsburg'', (Leipzig, 1865–1896).
* Werner, ''Geschichte der Stadt Augsburg'', (Augsburg, 1900).
* Lewis, "The Roman Antiquities of Augsburg and Ratisbon", in volume xlviii, ''Archæological Journal'', (London, 1891).
* Michael Schulze, ''Augsburg in one day. A city tour'' Lehmstedt Verlag, Leipzig 2015, .
Official site (English version)
Official tourism portal for Augsburg region
District of Augsburg
Hydraulic Engineering and Hydropower, Drinking Water and Decorative Fountains in Augsburg
Category:Roman towns and cities in Germany
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Category:Venues of the 1972 Summer Olympics
Category:Displaced persons camps in the aftermath of World War II
Category:1270s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire
Category:1276 establishments in Europe
Category:1803 disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire
Category:Free imperial cities
Category:States and territories established in 1276
Category:States and territories disestablished in 1803
Category:World Heritage Sites in Germany