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AUGSBURG (German pronunciation: (_ listen ); Bavarian : Augschburg_) is a city in Swabia , Bavaria , Germany. It was a Free Imperial City for over 500 years, and is notable for the Augsburg Confession .

It is a university town and home of the Regierungsbezirk
Regierungsbezirk
Schwaben and the Bezirk Schwaben . Augsburg
Augsburg
is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg
Augsburg
. It is the third-largest city in Bavaria (after Munich
Munich
and Nuremberg
Nuremberg
) with a population of 286,000 citizens. After Neuss
Neuss
and Trier
Trier
, Augsburg
Augsburg
is Germany's third oldest city, being founded by the Romans as Augusta Vindelicorum , named after the Roman emperor
Roman emperor
Augustus
Augustus
.

Augsburg
Augsburg
is the only German city with its own legal holiday, the _Augsburger Hohes Friedensfest_, celebrated on August 8 of every year. This gives Augsburg
Augsburg
more legal holidays than any other region or city in Germany.

Augsburg
Augsburg
was the home of two patrician families that rose to great prominence internationally, replacing the Medicis as Europe's leading bankers, the Fugger
Fugger
and the Welser families.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Neighbouring municipalities

* 2 Climate

* 3 History

* 3.1 Early history * 3.2 Augsburg Confession * 3.3 Thirty Years\' War * 3.4 Nine Years\' War * 3.5 End of Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
status and Industrial Revolution revival * 3.6 Military

* 4 Politics

* 4.1 Municipality * 4.2 Town Council * 4.3 Members of the Bundestag
Bundestag

* 5 Main sights * 6 Incorporations

* 7 Population

* 7.1 Historical development

* 8 Partner cities

* 9 Transport

* 9.1 Roads

* 9.1.1 Public transport * 9.1.2 Rail services

* 9.2 Air transport

* 10 Economy

* 10.1 Major companies

* 11 Education * 12 Media * 13 Notable people * 14 Sports * 15 Local city nicknames * 16 See also * 17 Notes * 18 References * 19 Bibliography * 20 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Augsburg
Augsburg
lies at the convergence of the Alpine rivers Lech and Wertach and on the Singold . The oldest part of the city and the southern quarters are on the northern foothills of a high terrace, which emerged between the steep rim of the hills of Friedberg in the east and the high hills of the west. In the south extends the Lechfeld, an Outwash plain of the post ice age between the rivers Lech and Wertach , where rare primeval landscapes were preserved. The Augsburg
Augsburg
city forest and the Lech valley heaths today rank among the most species-rich middle European habitats.

On Augsburg
Augsburg
borders the nature park Augsburg
Augsburg
Western Woods - a large forestland. The city itself is also heavily greened. As a result, in 1997 Augsburg
Augsburg
was the first German city to win the Europe-wide contest Entente Florale for Europe's greenest and most livable city. View of Augsburg, from the west

NEIGHBOURING MUNICIPALITIES

Augsburg
Augsburg
is surrounded by the counties Landkreis Augsburg
Augsburg
in the west and Aichach-Friedberg in the east.

The neighboring towns and cities are Friedberg , Königsbrunn , Stadtbergen , Neusäß , Gersthofen , Rehling , Affing , Kissing , Mering , Merching , Bobingen , Gessertshausen und Diedorf .

CLIMATE

Augsburg
Augsburg
has a humid continental climate (_Dfb_ in the Koeppen climate classification ).

CLIMATE DATA FOR AUGSBURG (1981–2010)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 2.3 (36.1) 4.1 (39.4) 8.9 (48) 13.6 (56.5) 18.5 (65.3) 21.4 (70.5) 23.8 (74.8) 23.5 (74.3) 18.8 (65.8) 13.4 (56.1) 6.6 (43.9) 3.1 (37.6) 13.17 (55.69)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −3.9 (25) −3.7 (25.3) −0.2 (31.6) 2.7 (36.9) 7.3 (45.1) 10.5 (50.9) 12.3 (54.1) 11.9 (53.4) 8.3 (46.9) 4.8 (40.6) 0.3 (32.5) −2.5 (27.5) 3.98 (39.15)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 40.1 (1.579) 36.6 (1.441) 47.8 (1.882) 50.7 (1.996) 85.5 (3.366) 90.0 (3.543) 99.7 (3.925) 92.2 (3.63) 65.9 (2.594) 52.8 (2.079) 52.1 (2.051) 53.5 (2.106) 766.9 (30.192)

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 64.1 90.1 127.3 173.8 211.8 218.1 240.1 223.2 159.3 107.9 59.1 48.7 1,723.5

Source: Météoclimat

HISTORY

See also: Timeline of Augsburg

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EARLY HISTORY

Territories of the Prince-Bishopric and of the Imperial City of Augsburg
Augsburg

The city was founded in 15 BC by Drusus and Tiberius
Tiberius
as _AUGUSTA VINDELICORUM_ (Latin pronunciation: English pronunciation of Latin : /aʊˈɡuːstə vɪnˈdɛlɪˌkoʊrəm/ ), on the orders of their stepfather Emperor
Emperor
Augustus
Augustus
. The name means "Augusta of the Vindelici ". This garrison camp soon became the capital of the Roman province of Raetia .

Early development was due to a 400-year affiliation with the Roman Empire , especially because of its excellent military, economic and geographic position at the convergence of the Alpine rivers Lech and Wertach , and with direct access to most important Alpine passes. Thus, Augsburg
Augsburg
was the intersection of many important European east-west and north-south connections, which later evolved as major trade routes of the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
.

Around 120 AD Augsburg
Augsburg
became the capital of the Roman province Raetia . Augsburg
Augsburg
was sacked by the Huns in the 5th century AD, by Charlemagne
Charlemagne
in the 8th century, and by Welf of Bavaria in the 11th century, but arose each time to greater prosperity.

AUGSBURG CONFESSION

Mixed Imperial City of Augsburg

_Paritätische Reichsstadt Augsburg_

Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
of the Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire

1276–1803

Coat of arms of Augsburg
Augsburg
before 1985

CAPITAL Augsburg

GOVERNMENT Republic
Republic

HISTORICAL ERA Middle Ages
Middle Ages

• Bishopric established 4th century

• Bishopric gained Imperial immediacy c. 888 1276

• City gained immediacy 1276

Diet of Augsburg : _ Confessio Augustana _ 1530

• Joined Schmalkadic League 1537

• Peace of Augsburg 1555

• Occupied by Sweden
Sweden
1632–35 1803

• Mediatised to Bavaria 1803

PRECEDED BY SUCCEEDED BY

Prince-Bishopric of Augsburg

Kingdom of Bavaria

Augsburg
Augsburg
was granted the status of a Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
on March 9, 1276 and from then until 1803, it was independent of its former overlord, the Prince-Bishop of Augsburg
Augsburg
. Frictions between the city-state and the prince-bishops were to remain frequent however, particularly after Augsburg
Augsburg
became Protestant and curtailed the rights and freedoms of Catholics.

With a strategic location as intersection of trade routes to Italy, the Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
became a major trading center. Augsburg produced large quantities of woven goods, cloth and textiles. Augsburg became the base of two banking families that rose to great prominence, the Fuggers and the Welsers . The Fugger
Fugger
family donated the Fuggerei part of the city devoted to housing for needy citizens in 1516, which remains in use today. Panorama of Augsburg, 1493 Perlach market place in 1550.

In 1530, the Augsburg Confession was presented to the Holy Roman Emperor
Emperor
at the Diet of Augsburg . Following the Peace of Augsburg in 1555, after which the rights of religious minorities in imperial cities were to be legally protected, a mixed Catholic–Protestant city council presided over a majority Protestant population; _see Paritätische Reichsstadt_.

THIRTY YEARS\' WAR

Religious peace in the city was largely maintained despite increasing Confessional tensions until the Thirty Years\' War (1618–1648). In 1629, Holy Roman Emperor
Emperor
Ferdinand II issued the Edict of Restitution , which restored the legal situation of 1552 and again curtailed the rights of the Protestant citizens. The inequality of the Edict of Restitution was rescinded when in April 1632, the Swedish army under Gustavus Adolphus captured Augsburg
Augsburg
without resistance.

In 1634, the Swedish army was routed at nearby Nördlingen . By October 1634, Catholic troops had surrounded Augsburg. The Swedish garrison refused to surrender and a siege ensued through the winter of 1634/35 and thousands died from hunger and disease. According to J. N. Hays, "In the period of the Swedish occupation and the Imperial siege the population of the city was reduced from about 70,000 to about 16,000, with typhus and plague playing major roles."

NINE YEARS\' WAR

In 1686, Emperor
Emperor
Leopold I formed the _League of Augsburg_, termed by the English as the "Grand Alliance" after England joined in 1689: a European coalition , consisting (at various times) of Austria
Austria
, Bavaria , Brandenburg
Brandenburg
, England, the Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, the Palatinate of the Rhine, Portugal
Portugal
, Savoy
Savoy
, Saxony
Saxony
, Spain
Spain
, Sweden
Sweden
, and the United Provinces . It was formed to defend the Palatinate from France. This organization fought against France
France
in the Nine Years War .

Augsburg's peak boom years occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries thanks to the bank and metal businesses of the merchant families Fugger
Fugger
and Welser, who held a local near total monopoly on their respective industries. Augsburg's wealth attracted artists seeking patrons and rapidly became a creative centre for famous painters, sculptors and musicians notably birthplace of : the Holbein painter family. In later centuries the city was the birthplace of the composer Leopold Mozart and the playwright Berthold Brecht . Rococo became so prevalent that it became known as “ Augsburg
Augsburg
style” throughout Germany.

END OF FREE IMPERIAL CITY STATUS AND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION REVIVAL

A map of Augsburg
Augsburg
in 1800.

In 1806, when the Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
was dissolved, Augsburg
Augsburg
lost its independence and was annexed to the Kingdom of Bavaria . In 1817, the city became an administrative capital of the _Oberdonaukreis_, then administrative capital in 1837 for the district Swabia and Neuburg .

During the end of the 19th century, Augsburg\'s textile industry again rose to prominence followed by the connected machine manufacturing industry.

MILITARY

Augsburg
Augsburg
was historically a militarily important city due to its strategic location. During the German re-armament before the Second World War , the Wehrmacht enlarged Augsburg's one original Kaserne (barracks) to three: Somme Kaserne (housing Wehrmacht Artillerie-Regiment 27); Arras Kaserne (housing Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 27) and Panzerjäger Kaserne (housing Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 27 (later Panzerjäger-Abteilung 27)). Wehrmacht Panzerjäger-Abteilung 27 was later moved to Füssen .

During World War II
World War II
, one subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp was located outside Augsburg, supplying approximately 1,300 forced labourers to local military-related industry, most especially the Messerschmitt
Messerschmitt
AG military aircraft firm headquartered in Augsburg.

In 1941, Rudolf Hess without Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
's permission secretly took off from a local airport and flew to Scotland
Scotland
to meet the Duke of Hamilton , and crashed in Eaglesham in an attempt to mediate the end of the European front of World War II
World War II
and join sides for the upcoming Russian Campaign.

The Reichswehr Infanterie Regiment 19 was stationed in Augsburg
Augsburg
and became the base unit for the Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 40, a subsection of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27 (which later became the Wehrmacht Panzerdivision 17). Elements of Wehrmacht II Battalion of Gebirgs-Jäger-Regiment 99 (especially Wehrmacht Panzerjäger Kompanie 14) was composed of parts of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27. The Infanterie Regiment 40 remained in Augsburg
Augsburg
until the end of the war, finally surrendering to the United States
United States
when in 28 April 1945, the U.S. Army occupied the heavily bombed and damaged city .

Following the war, the three Kaserne would change hands confusingly between the American and Germans, finally ending up in US hands for the duration of the Cold War
Cold War
. The former Wehrmacht Kaserne became the three main US barracks in Augsburg: Reese, Sheridan and FLAK. US Base FLAK had been an anti-aircraft barracks since 1936 and US Base Sheridan "united" the former infantry barracks with a smaller Kaserne for former Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
communications units.

The American military presence in the city started with the U.S. 5th Infantry Division stationed at FLAK Kaserne from 1945 to 1955, then by 11th Airborne Division , followed by the 24th Infantry Division , U.S. Army VII Corps artillery, USASA Field Station Augsburg
Augsburg
and finally the 66th Military Intelligence Brigade , which returned the former Kaserne to German hands in 1998. Originally the Heeresverpflegungshauptamt Südbayern and an Officers' caisson existed on or near the location of Reese-Kaserne, but was demolished by the occupying Americans.

POLITICS

MUNICIPALITY

Main article: List of mayors of Augsburg

From 1266 until 1548, the terms _Stadtpfleger_ (head of town council) and _ Mayor
Mayor
_ were used interchangeably, or occasionally, simultaneously. In 1548 the title was finally fixed to _Stadtpfleger_, who officiated for several years and was then awarded the title for life (though no longer governing), thus resulting confusingly, in records of two or more simultaneous _Stadtpfleger_.

After the transfer to Bavaria in 1806, Augsburg
Augsburg
was ruled by a Magistrate with two mayors, supported by an additional council of "Community Commissioners": the _Gemeindebevollmächtige_.

As of 1907, the Mayor
Mayor
was entitled Oberbürgermeister , as Augsburg had reached a population of 100,000, as per the Bavarian Gemeindeordnung .

TOWN COUNCIL

ELECTION RESULTS OF THE TOWN COUNCIL SINCE 1972 IN PERCENT

YEAR CSU SPD FDP GRüNE ÖDP LINKE REP NPD PRO AUGSBURG AFD OTHER

1972 44,9 46,5 2,3 – – 0,7 – 0,9 – – 4,7

1978 46,8 44,5 2,7 – – 0,4 – 0,6 – – 4,9

1984 32,9 44,9 1,3 4,2 – 0,2 – 0,7 – – 15,8

1990 43,1 28,4 2,5 10,8 – – 10,0 – – – 5,2

1996 44,1 29,4 1,7 10,5 – – 2,8 – – – 11,5

2002 43,5 36,4 3,5 8,7 1,8 1,2 – – – – 4,9

2008 40,1 30,1 2,7 10,3 1,5 3,5 – – 9,4 – 2,4

2014 37,7 22,4 1,6 12,4 1,9 3,2 – – 5,1 5,9 9,6

Seats 2014 23 13 1 7 1 2 – – 3 4 62

12002 PDS , until 1984 DKP 2Christlich Soziale Mitte (CSM): 3, Freie Wähler : 2, Polit-WG e.V: 1

MEMBERS OF THE BUNDESTAG

Augsburg
Augsburg
is located in the _Wahlkreis 253 Augsburg-Stadt_ constituency, which includes Königsbrunn and the District of Augsburg (Landkreis Augsburg
Augsburg
).

Volker Ullrich of the CSU was directly elected to the Bundestag
Bundestag
in the 18th German Bundestag
Bundestag
.

Indirectly elected to the Bundestag
Bundestag
to adhere to the Landesliste were Ulrike Bahr for the SPD and Claudia Roth for Bündnis 90/Die Grünen .

MAIN SIGHTS

_ Fünfgratturm_ tower _ Ring of Mercy on the Dom (Cathedral) St. Maria Augsburg
Augsburg
Synagogue St. Ulrich and St. Afra Cathedral

* Town Hall , built in 1620 in Renaissance
Renaissance
style with the Goldener Saal * Perlachturm , a bell tower built in 989 * Fuggerei _ (see above) * Fugger
Fugger
Palaces, restored renaissance palatial homes of the Fugger banking family * Bishop's Residence, built about 1750 in order to replace the older bishop's palace; today the administrative seat of Swabia * Cathedral , founded in the 9th century * St. Anne\'s Church * Augsburg
Augsburg
Synagogue , one of the few German synagogues to survive the war, now beautifully restored and open with a Jewish museum inside * Augsburg textile and industry museum -or just _tim_, organises it displays under headings Mensch-Maschine-Muster-Mode. * Schaezlerpalais , a Rococo
Rococo
mansion (1765) now housing a major art museum * St. Ulrich and St. Afra —one church is Roman Catholic, the other Lutheran
Lutheran
, the duality being a result of the Peace of Augsburg concluded in 1555 between Catholics and Protestants * Mozart Haus Augsburg
Augsburg
(where composer's father Leopold Mozart was born and Mozart visited it several times) * Augsburger Puppenkiste , a puppet theatre * Luther Stiege , museum located in a church, that shows Martin Luthers life and different rooms. (free admission) * Eiskanal , the world's first artificial whitewater course (venue for the whitewater events of the 1972 Munich
Munich
Olympics) * Dorint Hotel Tower * Childhood home of Bertolt Brecht * The Augsburg
Augsburg
Botanical Gardens ( Botanischer Garten Augsburg ) * Maximillian Museum * Bahnpark Augsburg home of 29 historic locomotives, blacksmith, historic roundhouse * 3 magnificent baroque fountains, the Agustus Fountain, Mercury Fountain and Hercules Fountain * Walter Art Museum at the "Glas-Palace" * Roman Museum located in the former Monastery of St. Margaret (closed at the moment due to risk of collapsing). Renovation is taking place and the museum is expected to reopen in 2017. * Medieval canals, now used for white-water kayak racing * Kulturhaus Abraxas

INCORPORATIONS

YEAR MUNICIPALITY AREA

July 1, 1910 Meringerau 9.5 km2

January 1, 1911 Pfersee 3.5 km2

January 1, 1911 Oberhausen 8.6 km2

January 1, 1913 Lechhausen 27.9 km2

January 1, 1913 Hochzoll 4.4 km2

April 1, 1916 Kriegshaber 59 km2

July 1, 1972 Göggingen

July 1, 1972 Haunstetten

July 1, 1972 Inningen

POPULATION

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT

YEAR POPULATION

1635 16,432

1645 19,960

1806 26,200

1830 29,019

December 1, 1871 ¹ 51,220

December 1, 1890 ¹ 75,629

December 1, 1900 ¹ 89,109

December 1, 1910 ¹ 102,487

June 16, 1925 ¹ 165,522

June 16, 1933 ¹ 176,575

May 17, 1939 ¹ 185,369

September 13, 1950 ¹ 185,183

June 6, 1961 ¹ 208,659

May 27, 1970 ¹ 211,566

June 30, 1975 252,000

June 30, 1980 246,600

June 30, 1985 244,200

May 27, 1987 ¹ 242,819

December 31, 1990 256.877

December 31, 1991 259.884

December 31, 1992 264.852

December 31, 1993 264.764

December 31, 1994 262.110

December 31, 1995 259.699

December 31, 1996 258.457

December 31, 1997 256.625

December 31, 1998 254.610

December 31, 1999 254.867

December 31, 2000 254.982

December 31, 2001 257.836

December 31, 2002 259.231

December 31, 2003 259.217

December 31, 2004 260.407

December 31, 2005 262.676

December 31, 2006 262.512

December 31, 2007 262.992

December 31, 2008 263.313

December 31, 2009 263.646

December 31, 2010 264.708

December 31, 2011 266.647

¹ Census result

LARGEST GROUPS OF FOREIGN RESIDENTS

NATIONALITY POPULATION (2013)

Turkey
Turkey
12,221

Romania
Romania
5,623

Italy
Italy
4,182

Croatia
Croatia
3,052

Serbia and Montenegro
Serbia and Montenegro
2,849

Poland
Poland
2,712

Greece
Greece
2,114

Iraq
Iraq
1,816

Russia
Russia
1,728

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
1,534

Ukraine
Ukraine
1,519

Bulgaria
Bulgaria
1,321

Austria
Austria
1,081

PARTNER CITIES

* Inverness
Inverness
, Scotland, since 1956 * Amagasaki
Amagasaki
, Japan, since 1959 * Nagahama , Japan, since 1959 * Bourges
Bourges
, France, since 1963 * Dayton, Ohio
Dayton, Ohio
, United States, since 1964 * Liberec
Liberec
, Czech Republic, since 2001 * Jinan
Jinan
, Shandong
Shandong
, People's Republic
Republic
of China, since 2004

Information on the partner cities can also be found at www.augsburg.de

TRANSPORT

ROADS

The main road link is autobahn A 8 between Munich
Munich
and Stuttgart
Stuttgart
.

Public Transport

Public transport is very well catered for. It is controlled by the Augsburger Verkehrsverbund ( Augsburg
Augsburg
transport union, AVV) extended over central Swabia. There are seven rail Regionalbahn lines, five tram lines, 27 city bus lines and six night bus lines, as well as, several taxi companies.

The Augsburg
Augsburg
tramway network is now 35.5 km-long after the opening of new lines to the university in 1996, the northern city boundary in 2001 and to the Klinikum Augsburg
Augsburg
( Augsburg
Augsburg
hospital) in 2002. Tram line 6, which runs 5.2 km from Friedberg West to Hauptbahnhof (Central Station), opened in December 2010.

Rail Services

The front of the station

Augsburg
Augsburg
has seven stations, the Central Station (_Hauptbahnhof_), Hochzoll , Oberhausen , Haunstetterstraße , Morellstraße , Messe and Inningen . The Central Station, built from 1843 to 1846, is Germany’s oldest main station in a large city still providing services in the original building. It is currently being modernized and an underground tram station is built underneath it. Hauptbahnhof is on the Munich– Augsburg
Augsburg
and Ulm– Augsburg
Augsburg
lines and is connected by ICE and IC services to Munich
Munich
, Berlin
Berlin
, Dortmund
Dortmund
, Frankfurt
Frankfurt
, Hamburg
Hamburg
and Stuttgart
Stuttgart
. As of December 2007, the French TGV
TGV
connected Augsburg
Augsburg
with a direct High Speed Connection to Paris
Paris
. In addition EC and night train services connect to Amsterdam
Amsterdam
, Paris
Paris
and Vienna
Vienna
and connections will be substantially improved by the creation of the planned Magistrale for Europe
Europe
.

The AVV operates seven Regionalbahn lines from the main station to:

* Mammendorf * Schmiechen (direction to Ammersee ) * Aichach /Radersdorf * Meitingen / Donauwörth * Dinkelscherben * Schwabmünchen * Klosterlechfeld

Starting in 2008, the regional services are planned to be altered to S-Bahn frequencies and developed long term as integrated into the Augsburg
Augsburg
S-Bahn .

AIR TRANSPORT

Until 2005 Augsburg
Augsburg
was served by nearby Augsburg Airport (AGB). In that year all air passenger transport was relocated to Munich
Munich
Airport . Since then, the airport is used almost entirely for general aviation and business airplanes. Passenger flights resumed in 2016 with a once-per-week flight to Salzburg.

ECONOMY

Statue of Archangel Michael in Augsburg
Augsburg
KUKA 's industrial robots

Augsburg
Augsburg
is a vibrant industrial city. Many global market leaders namely MAN , EADS
EADS
or KUKA produce high technology products like printing systems, large diesel engines, industrial robots or components for the Airbus A380
Airbus A380
and the Ariane carrier rocket. After Munich, Augsburg
Augsburg
is considered the high-tech centre for Information and Communication in Bavaria and takes advantage of its lower operating costs, yet close proximity to Munich
Munich
and potential customers.

MAJOR COMPANIES

* Boewe Systec * Premium AEROTEC * Faurecia * Fujitsu Technology Solutions * KUKA Robotics / Systems * MAN (Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg) * manroland * MT-Aerospace (former _MAN Technologie_) * NCR * Osram
Osram
* Premium AEROTEC * RENK AG (offshoot of MAN SE ) * Siemens
Siemens
* UPM-Kymmene (former Haindl) * Verlagsgruppe Weltbild * WashTec (former Kleindienst) * synlab Group * Cancom * Check24 * Amazon * Patrizia Immobilien

EDUCATION

Augsburg
Augsburg
is home to the following universities and colleges:

* University of Augsburg , founded in 1970 * Hochschule Augsburg
Augsburg
(University of Applied Sciences, formerly Fachhochschule Augsburg)

MEDIA

The local newspaper is the _ Augsburger Allgemeine _ first published in 1807. There are also several local radio stations and a local TV station (a.tv).

NOTABLE PEOPLE

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Holbein's house

* died 304 Saint Afra * died 807 Simpert * c.890–973 Saint Ulrich * 1070–1127 Saint Wolfhard * 1398-1469 Jakob Fugger
Fugger
the Elder * 1442–1528 Erhard Ratdolt Printer, famous for having produced the first known printers type specimen book. * 1459–1525 Jakob Fugger
Fugger
Noted banker and financial broker. An area within the city, called the Fuggerei was set aside for the poor and needy. Founded in 1519. * 1460–1524 Hans Holbein the Elder , a pioneer in the transformation of German art from the Gothic to the Renaissance
Renaissance
style. * 1497–1543 Hans Holbein the Younger
Hans Holbein the Younger
, portrait and religious painter. * 1497 – c. 1574 Matthäus Schwarz , accountant and author * 1517–1579 Paulus Hector Mair , martial artist. * 1573–1646 Elias Holl , architect * 1578–1647 Philipp Hainhofer , merchant, banker, diplomat and art collector. * 1580–1627 Julius Schiller , lawyer and astronomer. * 1701–1776 Andreas Christoph Graf , was a German teacher, author and poet. * 1704–1767 Johann Jakob Haid , engraver. * 1719–1787 Leopold Mozart , violinist-composer and father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart . * 1740–1786 Christoph Christian Sturm , preacher and author. * 1822–1908 Eduard Bayer , composer and classical guitarist. * 1858–1913 Rudolf Diesel , inventor of the diesel engine. * 1873–1964 Hans von Euler-Chelpin , co-recipient of 1929 Nobel Prize in Chemistry . * 1887–1943 Julius Schaxel , biologist. * 1898–1956 Bertolt Brecht , writer and theater director * 1915–1961 Josef Priller , Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
Ace * 1920–2011 Mietek Pemper , Polish-born Jew compiled and typed Oskar Schindler
Oskar Schindler
's list, which saved 1,200 Jewish prisoners from the Holocaust. * 1933–2011 Ulrich Biesinger , a former German footballer, part of the team that won the 1954 FIFA World Cup . * 1939–2012 Helmut Haller , a footballer who represented West Germany
Germany
at three World Cups . * 1944 Hans Henning Atrott , German author and theorist * 1948 Wolf Blitzer , American journalist and CNN reporter * 1957 Bernhard Langer , professional golfer. * 1959 Bernd Schuster , football coach and former player. * 1961 Armin Veh , football coach. * 1967 Sheryl Lee , actress, poet, and activist. * 1968 Alexander Wesselsky , lead singer of the German band Eisbrecher * 1980 Benny Greb , solo drum artist. * 1983 Andreas Bourani , singer-songwriter * 1983 Philipp Kohlschreiber
Philipp Kohlschreiber
, tennis player. * 1985 Bianca Voitek , female bodybuilder. * 1986 Maximilian Hornung , cellist. * 1989 Stefan Bradl , Motorcycle racer * 1989 Johnny Cecotto Jr. , racing career.

SPORTS

FC Augsburg
FC Augsburg
against Borussia Dortmund
Dortmund
in the Bundesliga at the SGL arena in November 2012.

FC Augsburg
FC Augsburg
is a football team based in Augsburg
Augsburg
and plays in the WWK ARENA . FC Augsburg
FC Augsburg
was promoted to Bundesliga in 2011. The new stadium (opened in July 2009) also hosted games of the 2011 FIFA Women\'s World Cup .

The city is home to a DEL (first-division) ice hockey team, the Augsburger Panther . The original club, AEV, was formed in 1878, the oldest German ice sport club and regularly draws around 4000 spectators, quite reasonable for German ice hockey. Home games are played at the Curt Frenzel Stadion : a recently rebuilt (2012–2013) indoor rink and modern stadium. Also Augsburg
Augsburg
is home to one of the most traditional German Baseball clubs, the Augsburg
Augsburg
Gators.

For the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich
Munich
, a Lech River dam protective diversionary canal for river ice was converted into the world's first artificial whitewater slalom course: the Eiskanal and remains a world-class venue for whitewater competition and served as prototype for two dozen similar foreign courses.

LOCAL CITY NICKNAMES

While commonly called _Fuggerstadt_ (Fuggers' city) due to the Fuggers residing there, within Swabia it is also often referred to as _Datschiburg_: which originated sometime in the 19th century refers to Augsburg's favorite sweet: the _Datschi_ made from fruit, preferably prunes, and thin cake dough. The _Datschiburger Kickers_ charity football team (founded in 1965) reflects this in its choice of team name.

Among younger people, the city is commonly called "Aux" for short.

SEE ALSO

* List of civic divisions of Augsburg * League of Augsburg
League of Augsburg
* Augsburg College , a private Lutheran
Lutheran
College in the United States that takes its name from the Augsburg Confession * List of mayors of Augsburg

NOTES

* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". _Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung _ (in German). June 2016. * ^ "Und-wieder-5000-Menschen-mehr-Augsburg-waechst-und-waechst". www.augsburger-allgemeine.de. 2015-02-17. * ^ "Stadt Augsburg
Augsburg
- Home - Stadt Augsburg". .augsburg.de. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-05. * ^ "Augsburg". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 2014-09-26. * ^ "Stadt Augsburg
Augsburg
- Home - Stadt Augsburg". .augsburg.de. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-05. * ^ Hays, J. N. (2005). _Epidemics and pandemics: their impacts on human history_. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 98. ISBN 1-85109-658-2 . * ^ " Leopold Mozart Biography & History AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 2017-02-24. * ^ "BBC Bitesize - GCSE Drama - Epic theatre and Brecht - Revision 1". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-24. * ^ Wolfgang Sofsky, William Templer, _The Order of Terror: The Concentration Camp_: Princeton University Press: 1999, ISBN 0-691-00685-7 , page 183 * ^ Edward Victor. _Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps._ http://www.edwardvictor.com/Holocaust/List%20of%20camps.htm * ^ Statistisches Jahrbuch der Stadt Augsburg
Augsburg
– Chapter 11: Election results of the Town Council since 1946 (PDF; 2,6 MB) * ^ "Kommunalwahlen in Bayern 2014". kommunalwahl2014.bayern.de. Retrieved 2017-02-24. * ^ ePaper 14. January 2014: Results of the Bundestagswahl 2014 in Augsburg
Augsburg
(PDF; 12,1 MB) * ^ " Germany
Germany
Bavaria Museums and Galleries Römisches Museum Augsburg". bavaria.by. Retrieved 2017-02-24. * ^ "Statistisches Jahrbuch 2012" (PDF). Stadt Augsburg
Augsburg
(Amt für Statistik und Stadtforschung). Retrieved 2014-07-23. * ^ "Railway Gazette: Urban rail news in brief". Retrieved 2011-01-02. * ^ " Augsburg Airport (EDMA)". flughafen-augsburg.de. Retrieved 2017-02-24. * ^ "BÖWE SYSTEC GmbH Kuvertiersysteme, Kartenversandsysteme, Sortieranlagen, Lesetechnologie und Software". boewe-systec.com. Retrieved 2017-02-24. * ^ "Universität Augsburg". uni-augsburg.de. Retrieved 2017-02-24.

* ^ "Oskar Schindler\'s collaborator, Mietek Pemper, has died". _ Agence France-Presse
Agence France-Presse
_. The Gazette (Montreal) . 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2011-06-26. * ^ Martin, Douglas (2011-06-18). "Mietek Pemper, 91, Camp Inmate Who Compiled Schindler’s List". _ New York Times
New York Times
_. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-26. * ^ Augsburger Stadtlexikon – _Datschiburg_ (in German) accessed: 18 November 2008 * ^ _Datschiburger Kickers_ website accessed: 18 November 2008 * ^ Augsburger Stadtlexikon – _Datschiburger Kickers_ (in German) accessed: 18 November 2008

REFERENCES

* _Die Chroniken der schwäbischen Städte, Augsburg_, (Leipzig, 1865–1896). * Werner, _Geschichte der Stadt Augsburg_, (Augsburg, 1900). * Lewis, "The Roman Antiquities of Augsburg
Augsburg
and Ratisbon", in volume xlviii, _Archæological Journal_, (London, 1891). * Michael Schulze, _ Augsburg
Augsburg
in one day. A city tour_ Lehmstedt Verlag, Leipzig 2015, ISBN 978-3957970176 .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

_See also: Bibliography of the history of Augsburg
Augsburg
_

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to AUGSBURG _.

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for AUGSBURG _.

* Stadt Augsburg
Augsburg
Official site (English version) * Augsburg
Augsburg
Region Tourism * Fotosafari Augsburg
Augsburg
An

.