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Augsburg
Augsburg
(German pronunciation: [ˈʔaʊ̯ksbʊʁk] ( listen); Austro-Bavarian: Augschburg) is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It was a Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
for over 500 years, and is notable for the Augsburg
Augsburg
Confession. It is a university town and home of the Regierungsbezirk
Regierungsbezirk
Schwaben and the Bezirk Schwaben. Augsburg
Augsburg
is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg. It is the third-largest city in Bavaria
Bavaria
(after Munich
Munich
and Nuremberg) with a population of 286,000 citizens.[2] After Neuss
Neuss
and Trier, Augsburg
Augsburg
is Germany's third oldest city, being founded by the Romans as Augusta Vindelicorum, named after the Roman emperor
Roman emperor
Augustus. Augsburg
Augsburg
is the only German city with its own legal holiday, the Augsburger Hohes Friedensfest, celebrated on August 8 of every year. This gives Augsburg
Augsburg
more legal holidays than any other region or city in Germany.[3] Augsburg
Augsburg
was the home of two patrician families that rose to great prominence internationally, replacing the Medicis as Europe's leading bankers, the Fugger
Fugger
and the Welser
Welser
families.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Neighbouring municipalities

2 Climate 3 History

3.1 Early history 3.2 Augsburg
Augsburg
Confession 3.3 Thirty Years' War 3.4 Nine Years' War 3.5 End of Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
status and Industrial Revolution revival 3.6 Military

4 Politics

4.1 Municipality 4.2 Town Council 4.3 Members of the Bundestag

5 Main sights

5.1 Urban Legends

5.1.1 City goddess Cisa 5.1.2 The Stoinerne Ma

5.1.2.1 Bei den sieben Kindeln

6 Incorporations 7 Population

7.1 Historical development

8 Partner cities 9 Transport

9.1 Roads

9.1.1 Public transport 9.1.2 Intercity bus

9.2 Railway 9.3 Air transport

10 Economy

10.1 Major companies

11 Education 12 Media 13 Notable people 14 Sports 15 Local city nicknames 16 See also 17 Notes 18 References 19 Bibliography 20 External links

Geography[edit] Augsburg
Augsburg
lies at the convergence of the Alpine rivers Lech and Wertach and on the Singold. The oldest part of the city and the southern quarters are on the northern foothills of a high terrace, which emerged between the steep rim of the hills of Friedberg in the east and the high hills of the west. In the south extends the Lechfeld, an Outwash plain
Outwash plain
of the post ice age between the rivers Lech and Wertach, where rare primeval landscapes were preserved. The Augsburg
Augsburg
city forest and the Lech valley heaths today rank among the most species-rich middle European habitats.[citation needed] On Augsburg
Augsburg
borders the nature park Augsburg
Augsburg
Western Woods - a large forestland. The city itself is also heavily greened. As a result, in 1997 Augsburg
Augsburg
was the first German city to win the Europe-wide contest Entente Florale
Entente Florale
for Europe's greenest and most livable city.

View of Augsburg, from the west

Neighbouring municipalities[edit] Augsburg
Augsburg
is surrounded by the counties Landkreis Augsburg
Augsburg
in the west and Aichach-Friedberg
Aichach-Friedberg
in the east. The neighboring towns and cities are Friedberg, Königsbrunn, Stadtbergen, Neusäß, Gersthofen, Rehling, Affing, Kissing, Mering, Merching, Bobingen, Gessertshausen
Gessertshausen
und Diedorf. Climate[edit] Augsburg
Augsburg
has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb).

Climate data for Augsburg
Augsburg
(1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 2.3 (36.1) 4.1 (39.4) 8.9 (48) 13.6 (56.5) 18.5 (65.3) 21.4 (70.5) 23.8 (74.8) 23.5 (74.3) 18.8 (65.8) 13.4 (56.1) 6.6 (43.9) 3.1 (37.6) 13.17 (55.69)

Average low °C (°F) −3.9 (25) −3.7 (25.3) −0.2 (31.6) 2.7 (36.9) 7.3 (45.1) 10.5 (50.9) 12.3 (54.1) 11.9 (53.4) 8.3 (46.9) 4.8 (40.6) 0.3 (32.5) −2.5 (27.5) 3.98 (39.15)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 40.1 (1.579) 36.6 (1.441) 47.8 (1.882) 50.7 (1.996) 85.5 (3.366) 90.0 (3.543) 99.7 (3.925) 92.2 (3.63) 65.9 (2.594) 52.8 (2.079) 52.1 (2.051) 53.5 (2.106) 766.9 (30.192)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 64.1 90.1 127.3 173.8 211.8 218.1 240.1 223.2 159.3 107.9 59.1 48.7 1,723.5

Source: Météoclimat

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Augsburg

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Early history[edit]

Territories of the Prince-Bishopric
Prince-Bishopric
and of the Imperial City of Augsburg

The city was founded in 15 BC by Drusus and Tiberius
Tiberius
as Augusta Vindelicorum (Latin pronunciation: [awˈɡʊsta wɪndɛlɪˈkoːrʊ̃] English pronunciation of Latin: /aʊˈɡuːstə vɪnˈdɛlɪˌkoʊrəm/[4]), on the orders of their stepfather Emperor Augustus. The name means "Augusta of the Vindelici". This garrison camp soon became the capital of the Roman province of Raetia. Early development was due to a 400-year affiliation with the Roman Empire, especially because of its excellent military, economic and geographic position at the convergence of the Alpine rivers Lech and Wertach, and with direct access to most important Alpine passes. Thus, Augsburg
Augsburg
was the intersection of many important European east-west and north-south connections, which later evolved as major trade routes of the Middle Ages.[5] Around 120 AD Augsburg
Augsburg
became the capital of the Roman province Raetia. Augsburg
Augsburg
was sacked by the Huns in the 5th century AD, by Charlemagne
Charlemagne
in the 8th century, and by Welf of Bavaria
Bavaria
in the 11th century, but arose each time to greater prosperity. Augsburg
Augsburg
Confession[edit]

Mixed Imperial City of Augsburg

Paritätische Reichsstadt Augsburg

Free Imperial City

1276–1803

Coat of arms of Augsburg
Augsburg
before 1985

Capital Augsburg

Government Republic

Historical era Middle Ages

 •  Bishopric established 4th century

 •  Bishopric gained Imperial immediacy c. 888 1276

 •  City gained immediacy 1276

 •  Diet of Augsburg: Confessio Augustana 1530

 •  Joined Schmalkadic League 1537

 •  Peace of Augsburg 1555

 •  Occupied by Sweden 1632–35 1803

 •  Mediatised to Bavaria 1803

Preceded by Succeeded by

Prince-Bishopric
Prince-Bishopric
of Augsburg

Kingdom of Bavaria

Augsburg
Augsburg
was granted the status of a Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
on March 9, 1276 and from then until 1803, it was independent of its former overlord, the Prince-Bishop
Prince-Bishop
of Augsburg. Frictions between the city-state and the prince-bishops were to remain frequent however, particularly after Augsburg
Augsburg
became Protestant and curtailed the rights and freedoms of Catholics. With its strategic location at an intersection of trade routes to Italy, the Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
became a major trading center. Augsburg produced large quantities of woven goods, cloth and textiles. Augsburg became the base of two banking families that rose to great prominence, the Fuggers
Fuggers
and the Welsers. The Fugger
Fugger
family donated the Fuggerei part of the city devoted to housing for needy citizens in 1516, which remains in use today.

Panorama of Augsburg, 1493

Perlach market place in 1550.

In 1530, the Augsburg Confession
Augsburg Confession
was presented to the Holy Roman Emperor
Emperor
at the Diet of Augsburg. Following the Peace of Augsburg
Peace of Augsburg
in 1555, after which the rights of religious minorities in imperial cities were to be legally protected, a mixed Catholic–Protestant city council presided over a majority Protestant population; see Paritätische Reichsstadt. Thirty Years' War[edit] Religious peace in the city was largely maintained despite increasing Confessional tensions until the Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War
(1618–1648). In 1629, Holy Roman Emperor
Emperor
Ferdinand II issued the Edict of Restitution, which restored the legal situation of 1552 and again curtailed the rights of the Protestant citizens. The inequality of the Edict of Restitution was rescinded when in April 1632, the Swedish army under Gustavus Adolphus captured Augsburg
Augsburg
without resistance. In 1634, the Swedish army was routed at nearby Nördlingen. By October 1634, Catholic troops had surrounded Augsburg. The Swedish garrison refused to surrender and a siege ensued through the winter of 1634/35 and thousands died from hunger and disease. According to J. N. Hays, "In the period of the Swedish occupation and the Imperial siege the population of the city was reduced from about 70,000 to about 16,000, with typhus and plague playing major roles."[6] Nine Years' War[edit] In 1686, Emperor
Emperor
Leopold I formed the League of Augsburg, termed by the English as the "Grand Alliance" after England joined in 1689: a European coalition, consisting (at various times) of Austria, Bavaria, Brandenburg, England, the Holy Roman Empire, the Palatinate of the Rhine, Portugal, Savoy, Saxony, Spain, Sweden, and the United Provinces. It was formed to defend the Palatinate from France. This organization fought against France
France
in the Nine Years War. Augsburg's peak boom years occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries thanks to the bank and metal businesses of the merchant families Fugger
Fugger
and Welser, who held a local near total monopoly on their respective industries. Augsburg's wealth attracted artists seeking patrons and rapidly became a creative centre for famous painters, sculptors and musicians - and, notably, the birthplace of the Holbein painter family. In later centuries the city was the birthplace of the composer Leopold Mozart[7] and the playwright Berthold Brecht.[8] Rococo
Rococo
became so prevalent that it became known as “Augsburg style” throughout Germany. End of Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
status and Industrial Revolution revival[edit]

A map of Augsburg
Augsburg
in 1800.

In 1806, when the Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
was dissolved, Augsburg
Augsburg
lost its independence and was annexed to the Kingdom of Bavaria. In 1817, the city became an administrative capital of the Oberdonaukreis, then administrative capital in 1837 for the district Swabia
Swabia
and Neuburg. During the end of the 19th century, Augsburg's textile industry again rose to prominence followed by the connected machine manufacturing industry. Military[edit] Augsburg
Augsburg
was historically a militarily important city due to its strategic location. During the German re-armament before the Second World War, the Wehrmacht enlarged Augsburg's one original Kaserne (barracks) to three: Somme Kaserne (housing Wehrmacht Artillerie-Regiment 27); Arras Kaserne (housing Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 27) and Panzerjäger Kaserne (housing Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 27 (later Panzerjäger-Abteilung 27)). Wehrmacht Panzerjäger-Abteilung 27 was later moved to Füssen. During World War II, one subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp
Dachau concentration camp
was located outside Augsburg, supplying approximately 1,300 forced labourers to local military-related industry, most especially the Messerschmitt AG military aircraft firm headquartered in Augsburg.[9][10] In 1941, Rudolf Hess
Rudolf Hess
without Adolf Hitler's permission secretly took off from a local airport and flew to Scotland
Scotland
to meet the Duke of Hamilton, and crashed in Eaglesham
Eaglesham
in an attempt to mediate the end of the European front of World War II
World War II
and join sides for the upcoming Russian Campaign. The Reichswehr Infanterie Regiment 19 was stationed in Augsburg
Augsburg
and became the base unit for the Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 40, a subsection of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27 (which later became the Wehrmacht Panzerdivision 17). Elements of Wehrmacht II Battalion of Gebirgs-Jäger-Regiment 99 (especially Wehrmacht Panzerjäger Kompanie 14) was composed of parts of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27. The Infanterie Regiment 40 remained in Augsburg
Augsburg
until the end of the war, finally surrendering to the United States
United States
when in 28 April 1945, the U.S. Army
U.S. Army
occupied the heavily bombed and damaged city. Following the war, the three Kaserne would change hands confusingly between the American and Germans, finally ending up in US hands for the duration of the Cold War. The former Wehrmacht Kaserne became the three main US barracks in Augsburg: Reese, Sheridan and FLAK. US Base FLAK had been an anti-aircraft barracks since 1936 and US Base Sheridan "united" the former infantry barracks with a smaller Kaserne for former Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
communications units. The American military presence in the city started with the U.S. 5th Infantry Division stationed at FLAK Kaserne from 1945 to 1955, then by 11th Airborne Division, followed by the 24th Infantry Division, U.S. Army VII Corps artillery, USASA Field Station Augsburg
Augsburg
and finally the 66th Military Intelligence Brigade, which returned the former Kaserne to German hands in 1998. Originally the Heeresverpflegungshauptamt Südbayern and an Officers' caisson existed on or near the location of Reese-Kaserne, but was demolished by the occupying Americans. Politics[edit] Municipality[edit] Main article: List of mayors of Augsburg From 1266 until 1548, the terms Stadtpfleger (head of town council) and Mayor were used interchangeably, or occasionally, simultaneously. In 1548 the title was finally fixed to Stadtpfleger, who officiated for several years and was then awarded the title for life (though no longer governing), thus resulting confusingly, in records of two or more simultaneous Stadtpfleger. After the transfer to Bavaria
Bavaria
in 1806, Augsburg
Augsburg
was ruled by a Magistrate
Magistrate
with two mayors, supported by an additional council of "Community Commissioners": the Gemeindebevollmächtige. As of 1907, the Mayor was entitled Oberbürgermeister, as Augsburg
Augsburg
had reached a population of 100,000, as per the Bavarian Gemeindeordnung. Town Council[edit]

Election results of the Town Council since 1972 in percent[11]

Year CSU SPD FDP Grüne ÖDP Linke REP NPD Pro Augsburg AfD other

1972 44,9 46,5 2,3 – – 0,7 – 0,9 – – 4,7

1978 46,8 44,5 2,7 – – 0,4 – 0,6 – – 4,9

1984 32,9 44,9 1,3 4,2 – 0,2 – 0,7 – – 15,8

1990 43,1 28,4 2,5 10,8 – – 10,0 – – – 5,2

1996 44,1 29,4 1,7 10,5 – – 2,8 – – – 11,5

2002 43,5 36,4 3,5 8,7 1,8 1,2 – – – – 4,9

2008 40,1 30,1 2,7 10,3 1,5 3,5 – – 9,4 – 2,4

2014[12] 37,7 22,4 1,6 12,4 1,9 3,2 – – 5,1 5,9 9,6

Seats 2014 23 13 1 7 1 2 – – 3 4 62

12002 PDS, until 1984 DKP    2Christlich Soziale Mitte (CSM): 3, Freie Wähler: 2, Polit-WG e.V: 1 Members of the Bundestag[edit] Augsburg
Augsburg
is located in the Wahlkreis 253 Augsburg-Stadt constituency, which includes Königsbrunn
Königsbrunn
and the District of Augsburg
Augsburg
(Landkreis Augsburg). Volker Ullrich of the CSU was directly elected to the Bundestag
Bundestag
in the 18th German Bundestag. Indirectly elected to the Bundestag
Bundestag
to adhere to the Landesliste were Ulrike Bahr
Ulrike Bahr
for the SPD and Claudia Roth
Claudia Roth
for Bündnis 90/Die Grünen.[13] Main sights[edit]

Augsburg Town Hall
Augsburg Town Hall
and Perlachturm
Perlachturm
(left)

The Fuggerei

Fugger's City Palace

Town Hall, built in 1620 in Renaissance
Renaissance
style with the Goldener Saal Perlachturm, a bell tower built in 989 Fuggerei, the oldest social housing estate in the world, inhabited since 1523 Fugger
Fugger
Palaces, restored renaissance palatial homes of the Fugger banking family Bishop's Residence, built about 1750 in order to replace the older bishop's palace; today the administrative seat of Swabia Cathedral, founded in the 9th century St. Anne's Church Augsburg
Augsburg
Synagogue, one of the few German synagogues to survive the war, now beautifully restored and open with a Jewish museum inside Augsburg
Augsburg
textile and industry museum-or just tim, organises it displays under headings Mensch-Maschine-Muster-Mode. Schaezlerpalais, a Rococo
Rococo
mansion (1765) now housing a major art museum St. Ulrich and St. Afra—one church is Roman Catholic, the other Lutheran, the duality being a result of the Peace of Augsburg concluded in 1555 between Catholics and Protestants Mozart Haus Augsburg
Augsburg
(where composer's father Leopold Mozart
Leopold Mozart
was born and Mozart visited it several times) Augsburger Puppenkiste, a puppet theatre Luther Stiege, museum located in a church, that shows Martin Luthers life and different rooms. (free admission) Eiskanal, the world's first artificial whitewater course (venue for the whitewater events of the 1972 Munich
Munich
Olympics) Dorint Hotel Tower Childhood home of Bertolt Brecht The Augsburg
Augsburg
Botanical Gardens (Botanischer Garten Augsburg) Maximillian Museum Bahnpark Augsburg
Bahnpark Augsburg
home of 29 historic locomotives, blacksmith, historic roundhouse 3 magnificent renaissance fountains, the Agustus Fountain, Mercury Fountain and Hercules Fountain from 15th century, build for the 1500 anniversary of city foundation Walter Art Museum at the "Glas-Palace" Roman Museum located in the former Monastery of St. Margaret (closed at the moment due to risk of collapsing). Renovation is taking place and the museum is expected to reopen in 2017.[14] Medieval canals, used to run numerous industries, medieval arms production, silver art, sanitation and water pumping Kulturhaus Abraxas

Fünfgratturm tower

Ring of Mercy on the Dom (Cathedral) St. Maria

Augsburg
Augsburg
Synagogue

St. Ulrich and St. Afra Cathedral

Urban Legends[edit]

The „Stoinerne Ma“

Bei den sieben Kindeln

City goddess Cisa[edit] Allegedly Cisa (dea Ciza) was the city goddess of Augsburg. A representation of the Cisa can be seen on the weather vane of the Perlachturm; moreover, according to legend, some representations on the bronze doors of the cathedral are said to indicate the goddess. The mountain on which her temple is said to have stood was called "Zisenberk".[15] The golden vane on top of Perlach-Tower next to city hall is the original likeness of the goddess from the 15th century. The Stoinerne Ma[edit] The "Stoinerne Ma" ("Stony Man") is a life-size stone figure on the eastern Augsburg
Augsburg
city wall in the area of the so-called "Sweden staircase", which is located in the immediate vicinity of the Galluskirche and St. Stephan convent (on the outside of the city wall). It is probably a one-armed baker with a loaf of bread and a shield. In the area of the feet there is a helically twisted pedestal. According to the legend, it is the baker "Konrad Hackher" who, during a long siege of the city, baked bread from sawdust and threw it into the ditch clearly visible for the besiegers over the city wall. The impression that Augsburg
Augsburg
would still have so much bread that one could throw it over the wall is said to have demoralized the besiegers so much that they fired at him with a crossbow out of anger. A hit struck off his arm, and soon afterwards the siege was broken off. Historically, the event belongs to the Thirty Years' War, more precisely to the siege of Augsburg
Augsburg
during the years 1634/35, when Catholic Bavarian troops under Field Marshal von Wahl wanted to recapture the city occupied by the Protestant Swedes. Of course, the baker's deed is not reliably proven. The statue is often visited by walkers strolling along the city wall. As it is said to be a fortunate thing to touch the stone figure's iron nose. This custom is particularly popular with lovers. Bei den sieben Kindeln[edit] In the wall of the property Bei den Sieben Kindeln 3 ("At the seven infants 3") there is a recessed stone relief from the Roman period depicting six playing, naked children standing around a coffin. Legend says that the commemorative plaque was commissioned by a Roman officer to commemorate the drowning of one of his children (therefore it is said to be "seven" children, although the plaque represents only six: the seventh child is drowned and lies in the coffin). According to current knowledge, the plate once formed the long side of a Sarcophagus, representing Erotes. Incorporations[edit]

Year Municipality Area

July 1, 1910 Meringerau 9.5 km2

January 1, 1911 Pfersee 3.5 km2

January 1, 1911 Oberhausen 8.6 km2

January 1, 1913 Lechhausen 27.9 km2

January 1, 1913 Hochzoll 4.4 km2

April 1, 1916 Kriegshaber 59 km2

July 1, 1972 Göggingen

July 1, 1972 Haunstetten

July 1, 1972 Inningen

Population[edit] Historical development[edit]

Year Population

1635 16,432

1645 19,960

1806 26,200

1830 29,019

December 1, 1871 ¹ 51,220

December 1, 1890 ¹ 75,629

December 1, 1900 ¹ 89,109

December 1, 1910 ¹ 102,487

June 16, 1925 ¹ 165,522

June 16, 1933 ¹ 176,575

May 17, 1939 ¹ 185,369

September 13, 1950 ¹ 185,183

June 6, 1961 ¹ 208,659

May 27, 1970 ¹ 211,566

June 30, 1975 252,000

June 30, 1980 246,600

June 30, 1985 244,200

May 27, 1987 ¹ 242,819

December 31, 1990 256.877

December 31, 1991 259.884

December 31, 1992 264.852

December 31, 1993 264.764

December 31, 1994 262.110

December 31, 1995 259.699

December 31, 1996 258.457

December 31, 1997 256.625

December 31, 1998 254.610

December 31, 1999 254.867

December 31, 2000 254.982

December 31, 2001 257.836

December 31, 2002 259.231

December 31, 2003 259.217

December 31, 2004 260.407

December 31, 2005 262.676

December 31, 2006 262.512

December 31, 2007 262.992

December 31, 2008 263.313

December 31, 2009 263.646

December 31, 2010 264.708

December 31, 2011 266.647

December 31, 2015 281.111

December 31, 2017 295.895

¹ Census result

Largest groups of foreign residents[16]

Nationality Population (2013)

 Turkey 12,221

 Romania 5,623

 Italy 4,182

 Croatia 3,052

 Serbia and Montenegro 2,849

 Poland 2,712

 Greece 2,114

 Iraq 1,816

 Russia 1,728

 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,534

 Ukraine 1,519

 Bulgaria 1,321

 Austria 1,081

Partner cities[edit]

Inverness, Scotland, United Kingdom, since 1956 Amagasaki, Japan, since 1959 Nagahama, Japan, since 1959 Bourges, France, since 1963 Dayton, Ohio, United States, since 1964 Liberec, Czech Republic, since 2001 Jinan, Shandong, People's Republic
Republic
of China, since 2004

Information on the partner cities can also be found at www.augsburg.de Transport[edit] Roads[edit] The main road link is autobahn A 8 between Munich
Munich
and Stuttgart. Public transport[edit] Public transport is very well catered for. It is controlled by the Augsburger Verkehrsverbund ( Augsburg
Augsburg
transport union, AVV) extended over central Swabia. There are seven rail Regionalbahn
Regionalbahn
lines, five tram lines, 27 city bus lines and six night bus lines, as well as, several taxi companies. The Augsburg
Augsburg
tramway network is now 35.5 km-long after the opening of new lines to the university in 1996, the northern city boundary in 2001 and to the Klinikum Augsburg
Augsburg
( Augsburg
Augsburg
hospital) in 2002. Tram
Tram
line 6, which runs 5.2 km from Friedberg West to Hauptbahnhof (Central Station), opened in December 2010.[17] Intercity bus[edit] There is one station for intercity bus services in Augsburg: Augsburg Nord, located at the north of the city.[18] Railway[edit]

The front of the station

Augsburg
Augsburg
has seven stations, the Central Station (Hauptbahnhof), Hochzoll, Oberhausen, Haunstetterstraße, Morellstraße, Messe and Inningen. The Central Station, built from 1843 to 1846, is Germany’s oldest main station in a large city still providing services in the original building. It is currently being modernized and an underground tram station is built underneath it. Hauptbahnhof is on the Munich– Augsburg
Augsburg
and Ulm– Augsburg
Augsburg
lines and is connected by ICE and IC services to Munich, Berlin, Dortmund, Frankfurt, Hamburg
Hamburg
and Stuttgart. As of December 2007, the French TGV
TGV
connected Augsburg
Augsburg
with a direct High Speed Connection to Paris. In addition EC and night train services connect to Amsterdam, Paris
Paris
and Vienna
Vienna
and connections will be substantially improved by the creation of the planned Magistrale for Europe. The AVV operates seven Regionalbahn
Regionalbahn
lines from the main station to:

Mammendorf Schmiechen
Schmiechen
(direction to Ammersee) Aichach/Radersdorf Meitingen/Donauwörth Dinkelscherben Schwabmünchen Klosterlechfeld

Starting in 2008, the regional services are planned to be altered to S-Bahn
S-Bahn
frequencies and developed long term as integrated into the Augsburg
Augsburg
S-Bahn. Air transport[edit] Until 2005 Augsburg
Augsburg
was served by nearby Augsburg Airport
Augsburg Airport
(AGB). In that year all air passenger transport was relocated to Munich
Munich
Airport. Since then, the airport is used almost entirely for general aviation and business airplanes.[19] Passenger flights resumed in 2016 with a once-per-week flight to Salzburg that ended later in 2017. Economy[edit]

Statue of Archangel Michael
Archangel Michael
in Augsburg

KUKA's industrial robots

Augsburg
Augsburg
is a vibrant industrial city. Many global market leaders namely MAN, EADS
EADS
or KUKA
KUKA
produce high technology products like printing systems, large diesel engines, industrial robots or components for the Airbus A380
Airbus A380
and the Ariane carrier rocket. After Munich, Augsburg
Augsburg
is considered the high-tech centre for Information and Communication in Bavaria
Bavaria
and takes advantage of its lower operating costs, yet close proximity to Munich
Munich
and potential customers. Major companies[edit]

Boewe Systec[20] Premium AEROTEC Faurecia Fujitsu Technology Solutions KUKA
KUKA
Robotics / Systems MAN (Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg) manroland MT-Aerospace (former MAN Technologie) NCR Osram Premium AEROTEC RENK AG (offshoot of MAN SE) Siemens UPM-Kymmene
UPM-Kymmene
(former Haindl) WashTec (former Kleindienst) synlab Group Cancom Check24 Amazon Patrizia Immobilien

Education[edit] Augsburg
Augsburg
is home to the following universities and colleges:

University of Augsburg, founded in 1970[21] Hochschule Augsburg
Augsburg
(University of Applied Sciences, formerly Fachhochschule Augsburg)

Media[edit] The local newspaper is the Augsburger Allgemeine
Augsburger Allgemeine
first published in 1807. There are also several local radio stations and a local TV station (a.tv). Notable people[edit]

Holbein's house

died 304 Saint Afra died 807 Simpert c.890–973 Saint Ulrich 1070–1127 Saint Wolfhard 1398–1469 Jakob Fugger
Fugger
the Elder 1442–1528 Erhard Ratdolt
Erhard Ratdolt
Printer, famous for having produced the first known printers type specimen book. 1459–1525 Jakob Fugger
Fugger
Noted banker and financial broker. An area within the city, called the Fuggerei
Fuggerei
was set aside for the poor and needy. Founded in 1519. 1460–1524 Hans Holbein the Elder, a pioneer in the transformation of German art from the Gothic to the Renaissance
Renaissance
style. 1497–1543 Hans Holbein the Younger, portrait and religious painter. 1497–c.1574 Matthäus Schwarz, accountant and author 1517–1579 Paulus Hector Mair, martial artist. 1573–1646 Elias Holl, architect 1578–1647 Philipp Hainhofer, merchant, banker, diplomat and art collector. 1580–1627 Julius Schiller, lawyer and astronomer. 1701–1776 Andreas Christoph Graf, German teacher, author and poet. 1704–1767 Johann Jakob Haid, engraver. 1719–1787 Leopold Mozart, violinist-composer and father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. 1740–1786 Christoph Christian Sturm, preacher and author. 1822–1908 Eduard Bayer, composer and classical guitarist. 1858–1913 Rudolf Diesel, inventor of the diesel engine. 1871–1949 Albert Rehm, philologist who first understood the significance of the Antikythera mechanism 1873–1964 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, co-recipient of 1929 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. 1885-1946 Julius Streicher, prominent Nazi prior to World War II, founder and publisher of anti-Semitic Der Stürmer
Der Stürmer
newspaper, executed for war crimes 1887–1943 Julius Schaxel, biologist 1895–1946 Hans Loritz, Nazi SS concentration camp commandant 1898–1956 Bertolt Brecht, writer and theater director 1901-1947 August Schmidhuber, Nazi SS officer executed for war crimes 1908–1944 Wilhelm Gerstenmeier, SS concentration camp officer executed for war crimes 1915–1961 Josef Priller, Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
ace 1920–2011 Mietek Pemper, Polish-born Jew compiled and typed Oskar Schindler's list, which saved 1,200 Jewish prisoners from the Holocaust.[22][23] 1927–1956 Werner Haas, Grand Prix motorcycle road racer. 1933–2011 Ulrich Biesinger, former German footballer, part of the team that won the 1954 FIFA World Cup. 1939–2012 Helmut Haller, footballer who represented West Germany
Germany
at three World Cups. 1944 Hans Henning Atrott, German author and theorist 1948 Wolf Blitzer, American journalist and CNN reporter 1957 Bernhard Langer, professional golfer. 1959 Bernd Schuster, football coach and former player 1961 Armin Veh, football coach. 1967 Sheryl Lee, actress, poet, and activist. 1968 Alexander Wesselsky, lead singer of the German band Eisbrecher 1980 Benny Greb, solo drum artist. 1983 Andreas Bourani, singer-songwriter 1983 Philipp Kohlschreiber, tennis player. 1985 Bianca Voitek, female bodybuilder. 1986 Maximilian Hornung, cellist. 1989 Stefan Bradl, motorcycle racer 1989 Johnny Cecotto Jr., racing career.

Sports[edit]

FC Augsburg
FC Augsburg
against Borussia Dortmund
Dortmund
in the Bundesliga
Bundesliga
at the SGL arena in November 2012.

FC Augsburg
FC Augsburg
is a football team based in Augsburg
Augsburg
and plays in the WWK ARENA. FC Augsburg
FC Augsburg
was promoted to Bundesliga
Bundesliga
in 2011. The new stadium (opened in July 2009) also hosted games of the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup. The city is home to a DEL (first-division) ice hockey team, the Augsburger Panther. The original club, AEV, was formed in 1878, the oldest German ice sport club and regularly draws around 4000 spectators, quite reasonable for German ice hockey. Home games are played at the Curt Frenzel Stadion: a recently rebuilt (2012–2013) indoor rink and modern stadium. Also Augsburg
Augsburg
is home to one of the most traditional German Baseball clubs, the Augsburg
Augsburg
Gators. For the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, a Lech River
Lech River
dam protective diversionary canal for river ice was converted into the world's first artificial whitewater slalom course: the Eiskanal
Eiskanal
and remains a world-class venue for whitewater competition and served as prototype for two dozen similar foreign courses. Local city nicknames[edit] While commonly called Fuggerstadt (Fuggers' city) due to the Fuggers residing there, within Swabia
Swabia
it is also often referred to as Datschiburg: which originated sometime in the 19th century refers to Augsburg's favorite sweet: the Datschi made from fruit, preferably prunes, and thin cake dough.[24] The Datschiburger Kickers charity football team (founded in 1965) reflects this in its choice of team name.[25][26] Among younger people, the city is commonly called "Aux" for short.[citation needed] See also[edit]

List of civic divisions of Augsburg League of Augsburg Augsburg
Augsburg
University, a private Lutheran
Lutheran
College in Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA) that takes its name from the Augsburg
Augsburg
Confession List of mayors of Augsburg Synods of Augsburg

Notes[edit]

^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018.  ^ "Und-wieder-5000-Menschen-mehr-Augsburg-waechst-und-waechst". www.augsburger-allgemeine.de. 2015-02-17.  ^ "Stadt Augsburg
Augsburg
- Home - Stadt Augsburg". .augsburg.de. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-05.  ^ "Augsburg". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 2014-09-26.  ^ "Stadt Augsburg
Augsburg
- Home - Stadt Augsburg". .augsburg.de. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-05.  ^ Hays, J. N. (2005). Epidemics and pandemics: their impacts on human history. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 98. ISBN 1-85109-658-2.  ^ " Leopold Mozart
Leopold Mozart
Biography & History AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 2017-02-24.  ^ "BBC Bitesize - GCSE Drama - Epic theatre and Brecht - Revision 1". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-24.  ^ Wolfgang Sofsky, William Templer, The Order of Terror: The Concentration Camp: Princeton University Press: 1999, ISBN 0-691-00685-7, page 183 ^ Edward Victor. Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  ^ Statistisches Jahrbuch der Stadt Augsburg
Augsburg
– Chapter 11: Election results of the Town Council since 1946 (PDF; 2,6 MB) ^ "Kommunalwahlen in Bayern 2014". kommunalwahl2014.bayern.de. Retrieved 2017-02-24.  ^ ePaper 14. January 2014: Results of the Bundestagswahl 2014 in Augsburg
Augsburg
(PDF; 12,1 MB) ^ " Germany
Germany
Bavaria
Bavaria
Museums and Galleries Römisches Museum Augsburg". bavaria.by. Retrieved 2017-02-24.  ^ Küchlin: Herkomen der stat zu Augspurg, ed. Ferdinand Frensdorff. In: Die Chroniken der deutschen Städte, Band 4. Leipzig 1865, p. 343-356. ^ "Statistisches Jahrbuch 2012" (PDF). Stadt Augsburg
Augsburg
(Amt für Statistik und Stadtforschung). Retrieved 2014-07-23.  ^ "Railway Gazette: Urban rail news in brief". Retrieved 2011-01-02.  ^ "Augsburg: Stations". Travelinho.com.  ^ " Augsburg Airport
Augsburg Airport
(EDMA)". flughafen-augsburg.de. Retrieved 2017-02-24.  ^ "BÖWE SYSTEC GmbH Kuvertiersysteme, Kartenversandsysteme, Sortieranlagen, Lesetechnologie und Software". boewe-systec.com. Retrieved 2017-02-24.  ^ "Universität Augsburg". uni-augsburg.de. Retrieved 2017-02-24.  ^ "Oskar Schindler's collaborator, Mietek Pemper, has died". Agence France-Presse. The Gazette (Montreal). 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2011-06-26.  ^ Martin, Douglas (2011-06-18). "Mietek Pemper, 91, Camp Inmate Who Compiled Schindler's List". New York Times. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-26.  ^ Augsburger Stadtlexikon – Datschiburg (in German) accessed: 18 November 2008 ^ Datschiburger Kickers website accessed: 18 November 2008 ^ Augsburger Stadtlexikon – Datschiburger Kickers (in German) accessed: 18 November 2008

References[edit]

Die Chroniken der schwäbischen Städte, Augsburg, (Leipzig, 1865–1896). Werner, Geschichte der Stadt Augsburg, (Augsburg, 1900). Lewis, "The Roman Antiquities of Augsburg
Augsburg
and Ratisbon", in volume xlviii, Archæological Journal, (London, 1891). Michael Schulze, Augsburg
Augsburg
in one day. A city tour Lehmstedt Verlag, Leipzig 2015, ISBN 978-3957970176.

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Augsburg External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Augsburg.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Augsburg.

Stadt Augsburg
Augsburg
Official site (English version) Augsburg
Augsburg
Region Tourism Fotosafari Augsburg
Augsburg
An interactive set of pictures which allows you to explore Augsburg (in German) Augsburg
Augsburg
City Plan (in German) District of Augsburg (in German) [1]

Places adjacent to Augsburg

Aalen Nuremberg Ingolstadt

Ulm

Augsburg

Landshut

Konstanz

Munich

v t e

Swabian League
Swabian League
(1488–1534) of the  Holy Roman Empire

Imperial cities

Aalen Augsburg Biberach Bopfingen Dinkelsbühl Donauwörth Esslingen Giengen Heilbronn Isny Kaufbeuren Kempten Leutkirch Lindau Memmingen Nördlingen Pfullendorf Ravensburg Reutlingen Schwäbisch Gmünd Schwäbisch Hall Überlingen Ulm Wangen Weil Wimpfen

Nobility

St George's Shield (Gesellschaft von Sanktjörgenschild)

Territories

Brandenburg-Ansbach Baden Bavaria Bayreuth Palatinate Hesse Mainz Trier Württemberg

v t e

Swabian Circle
Swabian Circle
(1500–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire

Ecclesiastical

Augsburg Constance Ellwangen Kempten Lindau

Secular

Baden Buchau Heiligenberg Hohenzollern-Hechingen Klettgau Liechtenstein Tengen Waldburg

Scheer Trauchburg Waldsee Wolfegg Wurzach Zeil

Württemberg

Prelates

Baindt Buchau Elchingen Gengenbach Gutenzell Heggbach Irsee Kaisheim Mainau Marchtal Neresheim Ochsenhausen Petershausen Roggenburg Rot Rottenmünster Salmanweiler St. George's in Isny Schussenried Söflingen Ursberg Weingarten Weißenau Wettenhausen Zwiefalten

Counts Lords

Altshausen Baar Bondorf Eberstein Eglingen Eglofs Fugger

Jakob Johann Markus

Gundelfingen Gutenstein Hausen Heiligenberg Hohenems Hohengeroldseck Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Justingen Kinzigerthal Königsegg and Aulendorf Lustenau Meßkirch Mindelheim
Mindelheim
/ Schwabegg Oberdischingen Öttingen

Baldern Öttingen Wallerstein

Rechberg Rothenfels and Stauffen Stühlingen
Stühlingen
and Hohenhöwen Tettnang
Tettnang
/ Langenargen Thannhausen Wiesensteig

Cities

Aalen Augsburg Biberach Bopfingen Buchau Buchhorn Dinkelsbühl Eßlingen Gengenbach Giengen Heilbronn Isny Kaufbeuren Kempten Leutkirch Lindau Memmingen Nördlingen Offenburg Pfullendorf Ravensburg Reutlingen Rottweil Schwäbisch Gmünd Schwäbisch Hall Überlingen Ulm Wangen Weil Wimpfen Zell

Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral Rhenish     ·     Unencircled territories

v t e

Free imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire

By 1792

Aachen Aalen Augsburg Biberach Bopfingen BremenH Buchau Buchhorn CologneH Dinkelsbühl DortmundH Eßlingen Frankfurt Friedberg Gengenbach Giengen GoslarH HamburgH Heilbronn Isny Kaufbeuren Kempten Kessenich Leutkirch Lindau LübeckH Memmingen Mühlhausen MülhausenD, S Nordhausen Nördlingen Nuremberg Offenburg Pfullendorf Ravensburg Regensburg Reutlingen Rothenburg RottweilS Schwäbisch Gmünd Schwäbisch Hall Schweinfurt Speyer Überlingen Ulm Wangen Weil Weißenburg in Bayern Wetzlar Wimpfen Windsheim Worms Zell

Free Imperial Cities as of 1648

Lost imperial immediacy or no longer part of the Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
by 1792

BaselS BernS Besançon Brakel Cambrai Diessenhofen Donauwörth Duisburg Düren Gelnhausen HagenauD Herford KaysersbergD KolmarD Konstanz LandauD Lemgo LucerneS Mainz Metz MunsterD ObernaiD Pfeddersheim Rheinfelden RosheimD St. GallenS Sarrebourg SchaffhausenS Schmalkalden SchlettstadtD SoestH SolothurnS Straßburg Toul TurckheimD Verden Verdun Warburg Weißenburg in ElsaßD ZürichS

D Member of the Décapole H Member of the Hanseatic League S Member or associate of the Swiss Confederacy

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the Free State of Bavaria
Bavaria
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Amberg Ansbach Aschaffenburg Augsburg Bamberg Bayreuth Coburg Erlangen Fürth Hof Ingolstadt Kaufbeuren Kempten Landshut Memmingen München (Munich) Nürnberg (Nuremberg) Passau Regensburg Rosenheim Schwabach Schweinfurt Straubing Weiden Würzburg

Rural districts

Aichach-Friedberg Altötting Amberg-Sulzbach Ansbach Aschaffenburg Augsburg Bad Kissingen Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Bamberg Bayreuth Berchtesgadener Land Cham Coburg Dachau Deggendorf Dillingen Dingolfing-Landau Donau-Ries Ebersberg Eichstätt Erding Erlangen-Höchstadt Forchheim Freising Freyung-Grafenau Fürstenfeldbruck Fürth Garmisch-Partenkirchen Günzburg Haßberge Hof Kelheim Kitzingen Kronach Kulmbach Landsberg Landshut Lichtenfels Lindau Main-Spessart Miesbach Miltenberg Mühldorf München (Munich) Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Neumarkt Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim Neustadt an der Waldnaab Neu-Ulm Nürnberger Land Oberallgäu Ostallgäu Passau Pfaffenhofen Regen Regensburg Rhön-Grabfeld Rosenheim Roth Rottal-Inn Schwandorf Schweinfurt Starnberg Straubing-Bogen Tirschenreuth Traunstein Unterallgäu Weilheim-Schongau Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Wunsiedel Würzburg

v t e

City divisions of Augsburg

I: Innenstadt II: Oberhausen III: Bärenkeller IV: Firnhaberau V: Hammerschmiede VI: Lechhausen VII: Kriegshaber VIII: Pfersee IX: Hochfeld X: Antonsviertel XI: Spickel-Herrenbach XII: Hochzoll XIII: Haunstetten-Siebenbrunn XIV: Göggingen XV: Inningen XVI: Bergheim XVII: Universitätsviertel

List of civic divisions of Augsburg

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153139306 LCCN: n50073906 GND: 4003614-5 SUDOC: 026359804 BNF: cb11862310

.