Aue () is a small town in Germany
at the outlet of the river Schwarzwasser
into the river Zwickauer Mulde
in the Ore Mountains
, and has roughly 16,000 inhabitants. It was merged into the new town Aue-Bad Schlema
in January 2019. Aue was the administrative seat of the former district of Aue-Schwarzenberg
, and is part of the Erzgebirgskreis
since August 2008. It belongs to the Silberberg Town League (''Städtebund Silberberg'')
The mining town has been known for its copper
, and kaolinite
. The town was a machine-building and cutlery
manufacturing centre in East German
times and is now developing tourism
, as the Silver Road
(''Silberstraße'') runs through town. The town is also known for the football club FC Erzgebirge Aue
, which made it into the Second ''Bundesliga''
in 2003, 2010 and 2016.
Aue was until 1991 a centre of the ''Sowjetisch-Deutsche Aktiengesellschaft Wismut'' (“Soviet-German Wismut Corporation”, or SDAG Wismut
Bordering communities are Bad Schlema
, the towns of Lauter
in the district of Aue-Schwarzenberg as well as the town of Hartenstein
in the Zwickauer Land
Aue's average air temperature is 8.0 °C, and the yearly precipitation
is 790 mm.
The town's first mention came in 1219 when it was named in a document as ''Bertoldus prepositus de Owa''. ''Owa'', later also ''Awe'' or ''Aw'' referred to the meadow (although ''Aue'' in German
actually means “floodplain
”) at the forks of the Schwarzwasser und Zwickauer Mulde, where the first settlers had their homes next to the small monastery
of Zelle, founded in 1173. In 1479, tin
and silver mining
began, leading to an upswing in the town's fortunes. In 1526, the ''Auerhammer'' (ironworks
), later called Eisenwerk and now a constituent community of Aue, had its first documentary mention.
The first St. Nicholas' Church
, of which no details have been passed down, was located on the former church square, the Kirchplatz (the present Neumarkt) and must have been replaced by a new building between 1625 and 1628. On 4 August 1633 this building, together with a large part of the town, was destroyed in a raid by imperial troops. By 1636 the church had been temporarily rebuilt.
In 1627, Aue was granted market rights by Elector Johann Georg I of Saxony for a yearly market on Saint Bartholomew's Day (27 August), and in 1632 for a second, the ''Katharinenmarkt'', on 25 November. In 1635, Veit Hans Schnorr founded the first blue dye
works in Saxony in Niederpfannenstiel, now also a constituent community of Aue. From 1711 kaolin
was also delivered to Meißen
for preparing porcelain
. Since the mid-18th century, documents have referred to Aue as a town. In 1897, Zelle was amalgamated with Aue, and Alberoda followed in 1929. Already by 1901, the royal ''Amt
'' court had taken up its function in the town.
One of Saxony's oldest artworks is the painting from the east wall of the little monastery, which shows Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa, Mary
and a bishop. In the 1930s, it was removed for reasons of restoration, and is now found in the ''St.-Annen-Kapelle'' near the cathedral
. A copy by H. Beck is found in the ''Friedenskirche Aue-Zelle'' (“Peace Church”).
During World War II
, a subcamp of the Flossenbürg concentration camp
was located here.
, the town remained unoccupied for a while after the Second World War ended in 1945.
Until 1994, the town was the administrative seat of the district of Aue. With district reform in Saxony that year, Aue became the administrative seat of the newly formed district of Aue-Schwarzenberg.
Since 1996, there has been a Silberberg Town League (''Städtebund Silberberg''), to which, besides Aue, also belong Schneeberg, Schwarzenberg, Bad Schlema, Lauter and Lößnitz. In November 2006 the mayors of Aue, Lößnitz, Schneeberg and Bad Schlema expressed the intention of amalgamating their respective municipalities into a united town of Silberberg.
Development of population figures ''(from 1960 on 31 December)'':
: Source as of 1998: ''Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen''
1 29 October
2 31 August
The following chart shows the mayors and the periods of office.
: 7 members
: 5 members
: 5 members
* FWA: 3 members
* LdU: 2 members
Economy and infrastructure
The town has a station at the junction on the Zwickau–Schwarzenberg line
and is served by Regionalbahn
trains, operated by ''Erzgebirgsbahn'' (a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn
) between Zwickau and Johanngeorgenstadt
Coat of arms
The town's arms show two wooden bridges, one over the other, in gold on blue over a wavy silver watery surface, each bridge with two little flags on the balustrade flying left.
Twin towns – Sister cities
, Germany, since 1990
, Czech Republic, since November 30, 2003
, France, since 2011
* Ernst Papst (b. 1843), factory owner, founder of the public gymnastic club and the volunteer fire brigade
* ''Fürst'' Otto von Bismarck
(1815–1898), Imperial Chancellor, honorary citizen since 1 April 1895
* Gustav Hiltmann (1850–1931) joint owner of the Hiltmann & Lorenz (HILO) factory with great dedication to his homeland, town councillor honorary citizen since 1920
* Emil Teubner
* Peter Koch, company director of Nickelhütte Aue GmbH (nickelworks)
* Alexander Bauer, former partner in the Curt Bauer KG factory
Sons and daughters of the town
* Melchior Lotter
(1470–1549), book printer and publisher
* Kurt Teubner
(1903–1990), painter and graphic artist
* Ernst Hecker (1907–1983), painter, lithographer
* Dietmar Vettermann
(b. 1957), chief mayor of the city of Zwickau
* Thomas Colditz (b. 1957), CDU politician, member of the Saxony ''Landtag
* Max Poepel
(1896–1966), town councillor and, from 1940 to early 1945, Deputy Lord Mayor. Prevented bridges being blown during US advance in World War II.
*Ernst August Geitner
and inventor of German silver
, founded Auerhammer German silver works in 1829, forerunner of today's Auerhammer Metallwerk GmbH thereby laying the groundwork for the town's development into a centre for German silver cutlery manufacture.
(1838–1904), German chemist, discoverer of the chemical element germanium
, spent his youth in the constituent community of Niederpfannenstiel; Aue's Gymnasium
is named for him.
For name origin: German placename etymology
File:Aue Markt alt1.jpg|"Altes Rathaus", "Nicolaikirche" and Marketplace, ca 1900
File:Aue 2007 Amtsgericht.jpg|Former Amtsgericht in Aue
File:2010-07-13 Aue Brünlasberg -Angela M. Arnold fec 790.JPG|Memorial for Friedrich Fröbel
File:2009-05-16 276 Aue Friedhof.JPG|World War II memorial at the St. Nicolai cemetery
File:2010-07-13 Aue Brünlasberg -Angela M. Arnold fec Teppichweber.jpg|''Die Teppichweber'' (The carpetweavers) after a poem from Bertolt Brecht, by Kujan-Bulak
Category:Kingdom of Saxony
Category:Former municipalities in Saxony