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Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(/ˈɔːdri ˈhɛpˌbɜːrn/; born Audrey Kathleen Ruston; 4 May 1929 – 20 January 1993) was a British actress, model, dancer and humanitarian. Recognised as a film and fashion icon, Hepburn was active during Hollywood's Golden Age. She was ranked by the American Film Institute
American Film Institute
as the third-greatest female screen legend in Golden Age Hollywood and was inducted into the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame. Born in Ixelles, a district of Brussels, Hepburn spent her childhood between Belgium, England
England
and the Netherlands. In Amsterdam, she studied ballet with Sonia Gaskell
Sonia Gaskell
before moving to London
London
in 1948, continuing her ballet training with Marie Rambert, and then performing as a chorus girl in West End musical theatre productions. Following minor appearances in several films, Hepburn starred in the 1951 Broadway play Gigi after being spotted by French novelist Colette, on whose work the play was based. She shot to stardom for playing the lead role in Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
(1953), for which she was the first actress to win an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award and a BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for a single performance. That same year, Hepburn won a Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Lead Actress in a Play for her performance in Ondine. She went on to star in a number of successful films, such as Sabrina (1954), The Nun's Story (1959), Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961), Charade (1963), My Fair Lady
My Fair Lady
(1964) and Wait Until Dark (1967), for which she received Academy Award, Golden Globe and BAFTA
BAFTA
nominations. Hepburn won three BAFTA
BAFTA
Awards for Best British Actress in a Leading Role. In recognition of her film career, she was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award from BAFTA, the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award, the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award
Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award
and the Special
Special
Tony Award. She remains one of the 12 people who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy and Tony Awards. Hepburn appeared in fewer films as her life went on, devoting much of her later life to UNICEF. She had contributed to the organisation since 1954, then worked in some of the poorest communities of Africa, South America and Asia between 1988 and 1992. She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
in recognition of her work as a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in December 1992. A month later, Hepburn died of appendiceal cancer at her home in Switzerland
Switzerland
at the age of 63.

Contents

1 Early life

1.1 Family and early childhood (1929–1938) 1.2 Experiences during World War II (1939–1945)

2 Entertainment career

2.1 Ballet studies and early acting roles (1945–1952) 2.2 Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
and stardom (1953–1960) 2.3 Breakfast at Tiffany's and continued success (1961–1967) 2.4 Semi-retirement and final projects (1968–1993)

3 Humanitarian career

3.1 1988–1989 3.2 1990–1992 3.3 Recognition

4 Personal life

4.1 Marriages, relationships and children 4.2 Illness and death

5 Legacy

5.1 Style icon

6 Filmography and stage roles 7 Awards, honours, nominations and recognitions 8 See also 9 References

9.1 Notes 9.2 Citations 9.3 Sources

10 Further reading 11 External links

Early life[edit] Family and early childhood (1929–1938)[edit] Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
was born Audrey Kathleen Ruston or Edda Kathleen Hepburn-Ruston[1] on May 4, 1929 at number 48 Rue Keyenveld in Ixelles, Brussels, Belgium.[2] Her father, Joseph Victor Anthony Ruston (21 November 1889 – 16 October 1980), was a British subject born in Auschitz, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary.[3][a] He was the son of Victor John George Ruston, of British and Austrian descent[4] and Anna Wels, of Austrian descent.[5] In 1923-24, Joseph had been an honorary British consul in Samarang
Samarang
in the Dutch East Indies[6] and prior to his marriage to Hepburn's mother he had been married to Cornelia Bisschop, a Dutch heiress.[3][7] Although born with the surname Ruston, he later double-barrelled his name to the more "aristocratic" Hepburn-Ruston, mistakenly believing himself descended from James Hepburn, third husband of Mary, Queen of Scots.[4][7] Hepburn's mother, Baroness Ella van Heemstra (12 June 1900 – 26 August 1984), was a Dutch noblewoman. She was the daughter of Baron Aarnoud van Heemstra, who served as mayor of Arnhem
Arnhem
from 1910 to 1920 and as Governor of Dutch Suriname
Dutch Suriname
from 1921 to 1928, and Baroness Elbrig Willemine Henriette van Asbeck (1873–1939).[8] At the age of nineteen, Ella had married Jonkheer Hendrik Gustaaf Adolf Quarles van Ufford, an oil executive based in Batavia, Dutch East Indies, where they subsequently lived.[9] They had two sons, Jonkheer
Jonkheer
Arnoud Robert Alexander Quarles van Ufford (1920–1979) and Jonkheer
Jonkheer
Ian Edgar Bruce Quarles van Ufford (1924–2010), before divorcing in 1925.[7][10] Hepburn's parents were married in Batavia in September 1926.[9] At the time, Ruston worked for a trading company, but soon after the marriage, the couple relocated to Europe, where he began working for a loan company. After a year in London, they moved to Brussels, where he had been assigned to open a branch office.[9][11] After three years spent travelling between Brussels, Arnhem, The Hague
The Hague
and London, the family settled in the suburban Brussels
Brussels
municipality of Linkebeek
Linkebeek
in 1932.[9][12] Hepburn's early childhood was sheltered and privileged.[9] As a result of her multinational background and travelling with her family due to her father's job,[13][b] she learned to speak five languages: Dutch and English from her parents, and later varying degrees of French, Spanish, and Italian. In the mid-1930s, Hepburn's parents recruited and collected donations for the British Union of Fascists.[14] Joseph left the family abruptly in 1935 and moved to London, where he became more deeply involved in Fascist activity and never visited his daughter abroad.[15] Hepburn later professed that her father's departure was "the most traumatic event of my life".[9][16] That same year, her mother moved with Hepburn to her family's estate in Arnhem. Sometime in 1937, Ella and Hepburn moved to Kent, England, where Hepburn was educated at a small independent school in Elham.[17][18] Hepburn's parents officially divorced in 1938. In the 1960s, Hepburn renewed contact with her father after locating him in Dublin
Dublin
through the Red Cross; although he remained emotionally detached, Hepburn supported him financially until his death.[19] Experiences during World War II (1939–1945)[edit] After Britain declared war on Germany in September 1939, Hepburn's mother relocated her daughter back to Arnhem
Arnhem
in the hope that, as during the First World War, the Netherlands
Netherlands
would remain neutral and be spared a German attack. While there, Hepburn attended the Arnhem Conservatory from 1939 to 1945. She had begun taking ballet lessons during her last years at boarding school, and continued training in Arnhem
Arnhem
under the tutelage of Winja Marova, becoming her "star pupil".[9] After the Germans invaded the Netherlands
Netherlands
in 1940, Hepburn used the name Edda van Heemstra, because an "English-sounding" name was considered dangerous during the German occupation. Her family was profoundly affected by the occupation, with Hepburn later stating that "had we known that we were going to be occupied for five years, we might have all shot ourselves. We thought it might be over next week...six months...next year...that's how we got through".[9] In 1942, her uncle, Otto van Limburg Stirum
Limburg Stirum
(husband of her mother's older sister, Miesje), was executed in retaliation for an act of sabotage by the resistance movement; while he had not been involved in the act, he was targeted due to his family's prominence in Dutch society.[9] Hepburn's half-brother Ian was deported to Berlin to work in a German labour camp, and her other half-brother Alex went into hiding to avoid the same fate.[9]

"We saw young men put against the wall and shot, and they'd close the street and then open it and you could pass by again...Don't discount anything awful you hear or read about the Nazis. It's worse than you could ever imagine."[9]

—Hepburn on the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands

After her uncle's death, Hepburn, Ella and Miesje left Arnhem
Arnhem
to live with her grandfather, Baron Aarnoud van Heemstra, in nearby Velp.[9] Around that time Hepburn performed silent dance performances in order to raise money for the Dutch resistance
Dutch resistance
effort.[20] It was long believed that she participated in the Dutch resistance
Dutch resistance
itself,[9] but in 2016 the Airborne Museum 'Hartenstein'
Airborne Museum 'Hartenstein'
reported that after extensive research it had not found any evidence of such activities.[21] In addition to other traumatic events, she witnessed the transportation of Dutch Jews to concentration camps, later stating that "more than once I was at the station seeing trainloads of Jews being transported, seeing all these faces over the top of the wagon. I remember, very sharply, one little boy standing with his parents on the platform, very pale, very blond, wearing a coat that was much too big for him, and he stepped on the train. I was a child observing a child."[22] After the Allied landing on D-Day, living conditions grew worse and Arnhem
Arnhem
was subsequently heavily damaged during Operation Market Garden. During the Dutch famine that followed in the winter of 1944, the Germans blocked the resupply routes of the Dutch people's already-limited food and fuel supplies as retaliation for railway strikes that were held to hinder German occupation. Like others, Hepburn's family resorted to making flour out of tulip bulbs to bake cakes and biscuits;[23][24] she developed acute anemia, respiratory problems and edema as a result of malnutrition.[25] The van Heemstra family was also seriously financially affected by the occupation, during which many of their properties, including their principal estate in Arnhem, were badly damaged or destroyed.[26] Entertainment career[edit] Ballet studies and early acting roles (1945–1952)[edit] After the war ended in 1945, Hepburn moved with her mother and siblings to Amsterdam, where she began ballet training under Sonia Gaskell, a leading figure in Dutch ballet, and Russian Olga Tarassova.[27] As the family's fortunes had been lost during the war, Ella supported them by working as a cook and housekeeper for a wealthy family.[28] Hepburn made her film debut in 1948, playing an air stewardess in Dutch in Seven Lessons, an educational travel film made by Charles van der Linden and Henry Josephson.[29] Later that year, Hepburn moved to London
London
to take up a ballet scholarship with Ballet Rambert, which was then based in Notting Hill. [30][c] She supported herself with part-time work as a model, and dropped "Ruston" from her surname. After she was told by Rambert that despite her talent, her height and weak constitution (the after-effect of wartime malnutrition) would make the status of prima ballerina unattainable, she decided to concentrate on acting.[31][32][33] While Ella worked in menial jobs to support them, Hepburn appeared as a chorus girl[34] in the West End musical theatre revues High Button Shoes (1948) at the London
London
Hippodrome, and Cecil Landeau's Sauce Tartare (1949) and Sauce Piquante (1950) at the Cambridge Theatre. During her theatrical work, she took elocution lessons with actor Felix Aylmer
Felix Aylmer
to develop her voice.[35] After being spotted by a casting director while performing in Sauce Piquante, Hepburn was registered as a freelance actress with the Associated British Picture Corporation. She appeared in the BBC Teleplay The Silent Village,[36] as well as minor roles in the 1951 films One Wild Oat, Laughter in Paradise, Young Wives' Tale and The Lavender Hill Mob, before being cast in her first major supporting role in Thorold Dickinson's The Secret People (1952), in which she played a prodigious ballerina, performing all of her own dancing sequences.[37] Hepburn was then offered a small role in a film being shot in both English and French, Monte Carlo Baby
Monte Carlo Baby
(French: Nous Irons à Monte Carlo, 1952), which was filmed in Monte Carlo. Coincidentally, French novelist Colette
Colette
was at the Hôtel de Paris in Monte Carlo
Monte Carlo
during the filming, and decided to cast Hepburn in the title role in the Broadway play Gigi.[38] Hepburn went into rehearsals having never spoken on stage and required private coaching.[39] When Gigi opened at the Fulton Theatre
Fulton Theatre
on 24 November 1951, she received praise for her performance, despite criticism that the stage version was inferior to the French film adaptation.[40] Life called her a "hit",[40] while The New York Times
New York Times
stated that "her quality is so winning and so right that she is the success of the evening".[39] She also received a Theatre World Award for the role.[41] The play ran for 219 performances, closing on 31 May 1952,[41] before going on tour which began 13 October 1952 in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
and visited Cleveland, Chicago, Detroit, Washington D.C. and Los Angeles before closing on 16 May 1953 in San Francisco.[9] Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
and stardom (1953–1960)[edit]

Hepburn in a screen test for Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
(1953) which was also used as promotional material

Hepburn had her first starring role in Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
(1953), playing Princess Ann, a European princess who, while escaping the reins of royalty, falls in love with an American newsman (Gregory Peck). Its producers initially wanted Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
for the role, but director William Wyler
William Wyler
was so impressed by Hepburn's screen test that he cast her instead. Wyler later commented, "She had everything I was looking for: charm, innocence, and talent. She also was very funny. She was absolutely enchanting and we said, 'That's the girl!'"[42] Originally, the film was to have had only Gregory Peck's name above its title, with "Introducing Audrey Hepburn" beneath in smaller font. However, Peck suggested to Wyler that he elevate her to equal billing so that her name appeared before the title and in type as large as his: "You've got to change that because she'll be a big star and I'll look like a big jerk."[43] The film was a box office success, and Hepburn gained critical acclaim for her portrayal, unexpectedly winning an Academy Award for Best Actress, a BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best British Actress in a Leading Role, and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
in 1953. In his review in The New York Times, A. H. Weiler wrote: "Although she is not precisely a newcomer to films Audrey Hepburn, the British actress who is being starred for the first time as Princess Anne, is a slender, elfin and wistful beauty, alternately regal and childlike in her profound appreciation of newly-found, simple pleasures and love. Although she bravely smiles her acknowledgement of the end of that affair, she remains a pitifully lonely figure facing a stuffy future."[44]

Hepburn with William Holden
William Holden
in the film Sabrina (1954)

Hepburn was signed to a seven-picture contract with Paramount with 12 months in between films to allow her time for stage work.[45] She was featured on 7 September 1953 cover of TIME magazine, and also became noted for her personal style.[46] Following her success in Roman Holiday, Hepburn starred in Billy Wilder's romantic Cinderella-story comedy Sabrina (1954), in which wealthy brothers ( Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
and William Holden) compete for the affections of their chauffeur's innocent daughter (Hepburn). For her performance, she was nominated for the 1954 Academy Award for Best Actress
Academy Award for Best Actress
while winning the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role the same year. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times
The New York Times
stated that she was "a young lady of extraordinary range of sensitive and moving expressions within such a frail and slender frame. She is even more luminous as the daughter and pet of the servants' hall than she was as a princess last year, and no more than that can be said."[47] Hepburn also returned to the stage in 1954, playing a water spirit who falls in love with a human in the fantasy play Ondine on Broadway. A New York Times
New York Times
critic commented that "somehow Miss Hepburn is able to translate [its intangibles] into the language of the theatre without artfulness or precociousness. She gives a pulsing performance that is all grace and enchantment, disciplined by an instinct for the realities of the stage". Her performance won her the 1954 Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play the same year she won the Academy Award for Roman Holiday, making her one of three actresses to receive the Academy and Tony Awards for Best Actress in the same year (the other two are Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
and Ellen Burstyn).[48] During the production, Hepburn and her co-star Mel Ferrer
Mel Ferrer
began a relationship, and were married on 25 September 1954 in Switzerland.[49]

Hepburn and Mel Ferrer
Mel Ferrer
on the set of War and Peace

Although she appeared in no new film releases in 1955, Hepburn received the Golden Globe for World Film Favorite that year.[50] Having become one of Hollywood's most popular box-office attractions, she went on to star in a series of successful films during the remainder of the decade, including her BAFTA- and Golden Globe-nominated role as Natasha Rostova
Natasha Rostova
in War and Peace
War and Peace
(1956), an adaptation of the Tolstoy novel set during the Napoleonic wars, starring Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
and her husband Mel Ferrer. In 1957, she exhibited her dancing abilities in her debut musical film, Funny Face (1957) wherein Fred Astaire, a fashion photographer, discovers a beatnik bookstore clerk (Hepburn) who, lured by a free trip to Paris, becomes a beautiful model. The same year Hepburn starred in another romantic comedy, Love in the Afternoon, alongside Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
and Maurice Chevalier.

Hepburn with Anthony Perkins
Anthony Perkins
in the film Green Mansions (1959)

Hepburn played Sister Luke in The Nun's Story (1959), which focuses on the character's struggle to succeed as a nun, alongside co-star Peter Finch. The role produced a third Academy Award nomination for Hepburn and earned her a second BAFTA
BAFTA
Award. A review in Variety read, "Hepburn has her most demanding film role, and she gives her finest performance", while Films in Review stated that her performance "will forever silence those who have thought her less an actress than a symbol of the sophisticated child/woman. Her portrayal of Sister Luke is one of the great performances of the screen."[51] Reportedly, she spent hours in convents and with members of the Church to bring truth to her portrayal, stating that she "gave more time, energy and thought to this than to any of my previous screen performances."[52] Following The Nun's Story, Hepburn received a lukewarm reception for starring with Anthony Perkins
Anthony Perkins
in the romantic adventure Green Mansions (1959), in which she played Rima, a jungle girl who falls in love with a Venezuelan traveller,[53] and The Unforgiven (1960), her only western film, in which she appeared opposite Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
and Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
in a story of racism against a group of Native Americans.[54] Breakfast at Tiffany's and continued success (1961–1967)[edit]

Hepburn as Holly Golightly in Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961), wearing the familiar little black dress by Givenchy
Givenchy
and the Roger Scemama necklace

Hepburn next starred as New York call girl Holly Golightly in Blake Edwards's Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961), a film loosely based on the Truman Capote
Truman Capote
novella of the same name. Capote disapproved of many changes that were made to sanitise the story for the film adaptation, and would have preferred Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
to have been cast in the role, although he also stated that Hepburn "did a terrific job".[55] The character is considered one of the best-known in American cinema, and a defining role for Hepburn.[56] The dress she wears during the opening credits is considered an icon of the twentieth century and perhaps the most famous "little black dress" of all time.[57][58][59][60] Hepburn stated that the role was "the jazziest of my career"[61] yet admitted: "I'm an introvert. Playing the extroverted girl was the hardest thing I ever did."[62] She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress
Academy Award for Best Actress
for her performance.

Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
and Hepburn in the trailer for The Children's Hour (1961)

The same year, Hepburn also starred in William Wyler's controversial drama The Children's Hour (1961), in which she and Shirley MacLaine played teachers whose lives become troubled after a student accuses them of being lesbians.[56] Due to the social mores of the time, the film and Hepburn's performance went largely unmentioned, both critically and commercially. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times opined that the film "is not too well acted" with the exception of Hepburn who "gives the impression of being sensitive and pure" of its "muted theme",[63] while Variety magazine also complimented Hepburn's "soft sensitivity, mar-velous [sic] projection and emotional understatement" adding that Hepburn and MacLaine "beautifully complement each other".[64]

With Cary Grant
Cary Grant
in Charade (1963)

Hepburn next appeared opposite Cary Grant
Cary Grant
in the comic thriller Charade (1963), playing a young widow pursued by several men who chase the fortune stolen by her murdered husband. The 59-year-old Grant, who had previously withdrawn from the starring male lead roles in Roman Holiday and Sabrina, was sensitive about his age difference with 34-year-old Hepburn, and was uncomfortable about the romantic interplay. To satisfy his concerns, the filmmakers agreed to change the screenplay so that Hepburn's character romantically pursued his.[65] The film turned out to be a positive experience for him, stating that "All I want for Christmas is another picture with Audrey Hepburn."[66] The role earned Hepburn her third and final competitive BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
and another Golden Globe nomination. Critic Bosley Crowther was less kind to her performance, stating that "Hepburn is cheerfully committed to a mood of how-nuts-can-you-be in an obviously comforting assortment of expensive Givenchy
Givenchy
costumes."[67] Hepburn reteamed with her Sabrina co-star William Holden
William Holden
in Paris When It Sizzles (1964), a screwball comedy in which she played the young assistant of a Hollywood screenwriter, who aids his writer's block by acting out his fantasies of possible plots. Its production was troubled by a number of problems. Holden unsuccessfully tried to rekindle a romance with the now-married Hepburn, and his alcoholism was beginning to affect his work. After principal photography began, she demanded the dismissal of cinematographer Claude Renoir after seeing what she felt were unflattering dailies.[68] Superstitious, she also insisted on dressing room 55 because that was her lucky number and required that Givenchy, her long-time designer, be given a credit in the film for her perfume.[68] Dubbed "marshmallow-weight hokum" by Variety upon its release in April,[69] the film was "uniformly panned"[68] but critics were kinder to Hepburn's performance, describing her as "a refreshingly individual creature in an era of the exaggerated curve".[69]

Hepburn with cinematographer Harry Stradling, Jr. on the set of My Fair Lady

Hepburn's second film of 1964 was George Cukor's film adaptation of the stage musical My Fair Lady, released in November. Soundstage
Soundstage
wrote that "not since Gone with the Wind has a motion picture created such universal excitement as My Fair Lady",[48] yet Hepburn's casting in the role of Cockney
Cockney
flower girl Eliza Doolittle
Eliza Doolittle
sparked controversy. Julie Andrews, who had originated the role in the stage show, had not been offered the part because producer Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
thought Hepburn or Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
were more "bankable" propositions. Hepburn initially asked Warner to give the role to Andrews but was eventually cast. Further friction was created when, although non-singer Hepburn had sung in Funny Face
Funny Face
and had lengthy vocal preparation for the role in My Fair Lady, her vocals were dubbed by Marni Nixon
Marni Nixon
as the songs were not written for her vocal range.[70][71] Hepburn was initially upset and walked off the set when informed.[d] The press further played up the fabricated rivalry between Hepburn and Andrews, when the latter won an Academy Award for Mary Poppins at the 37th Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(1964) but Hepburn was not even nominated, despite My Fair Lady's accumulation of eight out of a possible twelve awards. Regardless, critics greatly applauded Hepburn's "exquisite" performance.[71] Crowther wrote that "the happiest thing about [My Fair Lady] is that Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
superbly justifies the decision of Jack Warner to get her to play the title role."[70] Gene Ringgold of Soundstage
Soundstage
also commented that " Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
is magnificent. She is Eliza for the ages",[48] while adding, "Everyone agreed that if Julie Andrews was not to be in the film, Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
was the perfect choice."[48] As the decade carried on, Hepburn appeared in an assortment of genres including the heist comedy How to Steal a Million
How to Steal a Million
(1966) where she played the daughter of a famous art collector, whose collection consists entirely of forgeries. Fearing her father's exposure, she sets out to steal one of his priceless statues with the help of a man played by Peter O'Toole. It was followed by two films in 1967. The first was Two for the Road, a non-linear and innovative British dramedy that traces the course of a couple's troubled marriage. Director Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
said that Hepburn was more free and happy than he had ever seen her, and he credited that to co-star Albert Finney.[72] The second, Wait Until Dark, is a suspense thriller in which Hepburn demonstrated her acting range by playing the part of a terrorised blind woman. Filmed on the brink of her divorce, it was a difficult film for her, as husband Mel Ferrer
Mel Ferrer
was its producer. She lost fifteen pounds under the stress, but she found solace in co-star Richard Crenna
Richard Crenna
and director Terence Young. Hepburn earned her fifth and final competitive Academy Award nomination for Best Actress; Bosley Crowther affirmed, "Hepburn plays the poignant role, the quickness with which she changes and the skill with which she manifests terror attract sympathy and anxiety to her and give her genuine solidity in the final scenes."[73] Semi-retirement and final projects (1968–1993)[edit] After 1967, Hepburn chose to devote more time to her family and acted only occasionally in the following decades. She attempted a comeback in 1976, playing Maid Marian
Maid Marian
in the period piece Robin and Marian
Robin and Marian
with Sean Connery
Sean Connery
co-starring as Robin Hood, which was moderately successful. In 1979, Hepburn reunited with director Terence Young in the production of Bloodline, sharing top-billing with Ben Gazzara, James Mason
James Mason
and Romy Schneider. The film, an international intrigue amid the jet-set, was a critical and box-office failure. Hepburn's last starring role in a feature film was opposite Gazzara in the comedy They All Laughed
They All Laughed
(1981), directed by Peter Bogdanovich. The film was overshadowed by the murder of one of its stars, Dorothy Stratten, and received only a limited release. Six years later, Hepburn co-starred with Robert Wagner
Robert Wagner
in a made-for-television caper film, Love Among Thieves (1987). After finishing her last motion picture role in 1988—a cameo appearance as an angel in Steven Spielberg's Always—Hepburn completed only two more entertainment-related projects, both critically acclaimed. Gardens of the World with Audrey Hepburn was a PBS documentary series, which was filmed on location in seven countries in the spring and summer of 1990. A one-hour special preceded it in March 1991, and the series itself began airing the day after her death, 21 January 1993. For the debut episode, Hepburn was posthumously awarded the 1993 Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Individual Achievement – Informational Programming. The other project was a spoken word album, Audrey Hepburn's Enchanted Tales, which features readings of classic children's stories and was recorded in 1992. It earned her a posthumous Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for Children.[74] Humanitarian career[edit] In the 1950s, Hepburn narrated two radio programmes for UNICEF, re-telling children's stories of war.[75] In 1989, Hepburn was appointed a Goodwill Ambassador of UNICEF. On her appointment, she stated that she was grateful for receiving international aid after enduring the German occupation as a child, and wanted to show her gratitude to the organisation.[76] 1988–1989[edit] Hepburn's first field mission for UNICEF
UNICEF
was to Ethiopia in 1988. She visited an orphanage in Mek'ele
Mek'ele
that housed 500 starving children and had UNICEF
UNICEF
send food. Of the trip, she said,

"I have a broken heart. I feel desperate. I can't stand the idea that two million people are in imminent danger of starving to death, many of them children, [and] not because there isn't tons of food sitting in the northern port of Shoa. It can't be distributed. Last spring, Red Cross and UNICEF
UNICEF
workers were ordered out of the northern provinces because of two simultaneous civil wars... I went into rebel country and saw mothers and their children who had walked for ten days, even three weeks, looking for food, settling onto the desert floor into makeshift camps where they may die. Horrible. That image is too much for me. The 'Third World' is a term I don't like very much, because we're all one world. I want people to know that the largest part of humanity is suffering."[77]

In August 1988 Hepburn went to Turkey on an immunisation campaign. She called Turkey "the loveliest example" of UNICEF's capabilities. Of the trip, she said "the army gave us their trucks, the fishmongers gave their wagons for the vaccines, and once the date was set, it took ten days to vaccinate the whole country. Not bad."[78] In October, Hepburn went to South America. Of her experiences in Venezuela and Ecuador, Hepburn told the United States Congress, "I saw tiny mountain communities, slums, and shantytowns receive water systems for the first time by some miracle – and the miracle is UNICEF. I watched boys build their own schoolhouse with bricks and cement provided by UNICEF." Hepburn toured Central America in February 1989, and met with leaders in Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. In April, she visited Sudan with Wolders as part of a mission called "Operation Lifeline". Because of civil war, food from aid agencies had been cut off. The mission was to ferry food to southern Sudan. Hepburn said, "I saw but one glaring truth: These are not natural disasters but man-made tragedies for which there is only one man-made solution – peace."[78] In October 1989, Hepburn and Wolders went to Bangladesh. John Isaac, a UN photographer, said, "Often the kids would have flies all over them, but she would just go hug them. I had never seen that. Other people had a certain amount of hesitation, but she would just grab them. Children would just come up to hold her hand, touch her – she was like the Pied Piper."[9] 1990–1992[edit] In October 1990 Hepburn went to Vietnam, in an effort to collaborate with the government for national UNICEF-supported immunisation and clean water programmes. In September 1992, four months before she died, Hepburn went to Somalia. Calling it "apocalyptic", she said, "I walked into a nightmare. I have seen famine in Ethiopia and Bangladesh, but I have seen nothing like this – so much worse than I could possibly have imagined. I wasn't prepared for this."[78][79] Though scarred by what she had seen, Hepburn still had hope. "Taking care of children has nothing to do with politics. I think perhaps with time, instead of there being a politicisation of humanitarian aid, there will be a humanisation of politics." Recognition[edit] United States president George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
presented Hepburn with the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
in recognition of her work with UNICEF, and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
posthumously awarded her the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
for her contribution to humanity.[80][81] In 2002, at the United Nations Special
Special
Session on Children, UNICEF honoured Hepburn's legacy of humanitarian work by unveiling a statue, "The Spirit of Audrey", at UNICEF's New York headquarters. Her service for children is also recognised through the US Fund for UNICEF's Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
Society.[82][83] Personal life[edit] Marriages, relationships and children[edit]

With first husband Mel Ferrer
Mel Ferrer
in Mayerling

In 1952, Hepburn became engaged to James Hanson,[84] whom she had known since her early days in London. She called it "love at first sight", but after having her wedding dress fitted and the date set, she decided the marriage would not work because the demands of their careers would keep them apart most of the time.[85] She issued a public statement about her decision, saying "When I get married, I want to be really married".[86] In the early 1950s, she also dated future Hair producer Michael Butler.[87] At a cocktail party hosted by mutual friend Gregory Peck, Hepburn met American actor Mel Ferrer, and suggested that they star together in a play.[48][48][88] The meeting led them to collaborate in Ondine, during which they began a relationship. Eight months later, on 25 September 1954, they were married in Bürgenstock, Switzerland,[89] while preparing to star together in the film War and Peace
War and Peace
(1955). Hepburn had two miscarriages, one in March 1955,[90] and another in 1959, after she fell from a horse during the filming of The Unforgiven (1960). When she became pregnant for the third time, she took a year off work to prevent miscarriage; their son, Sean Hepburn Ferrer, was born on 17 July 1960. She had two more miscarriages in 1965 and 1967.[91]

Hepburn and Andrea Dotti

Despite the insistence from gossip columns that their marriage would not last, Hepburn claimed that she and Ferrer were inseparable and happy together, though she admitted that he had a bad temper.[92] Ferrer was rumoured to be too controlling, and had been referred to by others as being her "Svengali" – an accusation that Hepburn laughed off.[93] William Holden
William Holden
was quoted as saying, "I think Audrey allows Mel to think he influences her." After a 14-year marriage, the couple divorced in 1968.[94]

President Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
with Hepburn and Robert Wolders
Robert Wolders
in 1981

Hepburn met her second husband, Italian psychiatrist Andrea Dotti, on a Mediterranean
Mediterranean
cruise with friends in June 1968. She believed she would have more children and possibly stop working. They married on 18 January 1969; their son, Luca Dotti, was born on 8 February 1970. While pregnant with Luca in 1969, Hepburn was more careful, resting for months before delivering the baby via caesarean section. She wanted to have a third child, but had another miscarriage in 1974.[95] Dotti was unfaithful and she had a romantic relationship with actor Ben Gazzara
Ben Gazzara
during the filming of the 1979 movie Bloodline.[96] The Dotti-Hepburn marriage lasted thirteen years and was dissolved in 1982.[97] From 1980 until her death, Hepburn was in a relationship with Dutch actor Robert Wolders,[24] the widower of actress Merle Oberon. She had met Wolders through a friend during the later years of her second marriage. In 1989, she called the nine years she had spent with him the happiest years of her life, and stated that she considered them married, just not officially.[98] Illness and death[edit]

Hepburn's grave in Tolochenaz, Switzerland

Upon returning from Somalia to Switzerland
Switzerland
in late September 1992, Hepburn began suffering from abdominal pain. While initial medical tests in Switzerland
Switzerland
had inconclusive results, a laparoscopy performed at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
in Los Angeles in early November revealed a rare form of abdominal cancer belonging to a group of cancers known as pseudomyxoma peritonei.[99] Having grown slowly over several years, the cancer had metastasised as a thin coating over her small intestine. After surgery, Hepburn began chemotherapy.[100] Hepburn and her family returned home to Switzerland
Switzerland
to celebrate her last Christmas. As she was still recovering from surgery, she was unable to fly on commercial aircraft. Her longtime friend, fashion designer Hubert de Givenchy, arranged for socialite Rachel Lambert "Bunny" Mellon to send her private Gulfstream jet, filled with flowers, to take Hepburn from Los Angeles to Geneva. She spent her last days in hospice care at her home in Tolochenaz, Vaud
Vaud
and was occasionally well enough to take walks in her garden, but gradually became more confined to bedrest.[101] On the evening of 20 January 1993, Hepburn died in her sleep at home. After her death, Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
went on camera and tearfully recited her favourite poem, "Unending Love" by Rabindranath Tagore.[102] Funeral services were held at the village church of Tolochenaz
Tolochenaz
on 24 January 1993. Maurice Eindiguer, the same pastor who wed Hepburn and Mel Ferrer and baptised her son Sean in 1960, presided over her funeral, while Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan of UNICEF
UNICEF
delivered a eulogy. Many family members and friends attended the funeral, including her sons, partner Robert Wolders, half-brother Ian Quarles van Ufford, ex-husbands Andrea Dotti and Mel Ferrer, Hubert de Givenchy, executives of UNICEF, and fellow actors Alain Delon
Alain Delon
and Roger Moore.[103] Flower arrangements were sent to the funeral by Gregory Peck, Elizabeth Taylor, and the Dutch royal family.[104] Later on the same day, Hepburn was interred at the Tolochenaz
Tolochenaz
Cemetery.[105] In her will, she appointed her two sons as co-equal heirs to her estate, subject to various bequests of her most precious jewels to her closest family and friends. To Robert Wolders, her long-time companion, she left two silver candlesticks which were worth about 500 CHF (Swiss Francs) at the time (1993). Hubert de Givenchy
Hubert de Givenchy
was named executor of her estate, along with her two Swiss attorneys.[106] Legacy[edit]

A shoe tree owned by Hepburn in the Salvatore Ferragamo Museum

"How shall I sum up my life? I think I've been particularly lucky." — Audrey Hepburn[107]

Audrey Hepburn's legacy has endured long after her death. The American Film Institute named Hepburn third among the Greatest Female Stars of All Time. She is one of few entertainers who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy and Tony Awards. She won a record three BAFTA
BAFTA
Awards for Best British Actress in a Leading Role. In her last years, she remained a visible presence in the film world. She received a tribute from the Film Society of Lincoln Center
Film Society of Lincoln Center
in 1991 and was a frequent presenter at the Academy Awards. She received the BAFTA
BAFTA
Lifetime Achievement Award in 1992. She was the recipient of numerous posthumous awards including the 1993 Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
and competitive Grammy and Emmy Awards. She has been the subject of many biographies since her death including the 2000 dramatisation of her life titled The Audrey Hepburn Story which starred Jennifer Love Hewitt
Jennifer Love Hewitt
and Emmy Rossum
Emmy Rossum
as the older and younger Hepburn respectively.[108] In January 2009, Hepburn was named on The Times’ list of the top 10 British actresses of all time.[109]

Audrey Hepburn's Star on Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Hepburn's image is widely used in advertising campaigns across the world. In Japan, a series of commercials used colourised and digitally enhanced clips of Hepburn in Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
to advertise Kirin black tea. In the United States, Hepburn was featured in a 2006 Gap commercial which used clips of her dancing from Funny Face, set to AC/DC's "Back in Black", with the tagline "It's Back – The Skinny Black Pant". To celebrate its "Keep it Simple" campaign, the Gap made a sizeable donation to the Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
Children's Fund.[110] In 2012, Hepburn was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires.[111] In 2013, a computer-manipulated representation of Hepburn was used in a television advert for the British chocolate bar Galaxy.[112][113] On 4 May 2014, Google featured a doodle on its homepage on what would have been Hepburn's 85th birthday.[114]

Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
wax figure at Madame Tussauds
Madame Tussauds
Vienna

Sean Ferrer founded the Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
Children's Fund[115] in memory of his mother shortly after her death. The US Fund for UNICEF
UNICEF
also founded the Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
Society:[116] chaired by Luca Dotti, it celebrates UNICEF's biggest donors and has raised almost US$100,000,000 to date. Dotti also became patron of the Pseudomyxoma Survivor charity, dedicated to providing support to patients of the rare cancer Hepburn suffered from, pseudomyxoma peritonei,[117] and the rare disease ambassador since 2014 and for 2015 on behalf of European Organisation for Rare Diseases.[118] Style icon[edit]

Hepburn with a short hair style and wearing one of her signature looks: black turtleneck, slim black trousers and ballet flats

Hepburn was noted for her fashion choices and distinctive look, to the extent that journalist Mark Tungate has described her as a recognisable brand.[119] When she first rose to stardom in Roman Holiday (1953), she was seen as an alternative feminine ideal that appealed more to women than to men, in comparison to the curvy and more sexual Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
and Elizabeth Taylor.[120][121] With her short hair style, thick eyebrows, slim body and "gamine" looks, she presented a look which young women found easier to emulate than those of more sexual film stars.[122] In 1954, fashion photographer Cecil Beaton declared Hepburn the "public embodiment of our new feminine ideal" in Vogue, and wrote that "Nobody ever looked like her before World War II ... Yet we recognise the rightness of this appearance in relation to our historical needs. The proof is that thousands of imitations have appeared."[121] The magazine and its British version frequently reported on her style throughout the following decade.[123] Alongside model Twiggy, Hepburn has been cited as one of the key public figures who made being very slim fashionable.[122] Added to the International Best Dressed List in 1961, Hepburn was associated with a minimalistic style, usually wearing clothes with simple silhouettes which emphasised her slim body, monochromatic colours, and occasional statement accessories.[124] In the late 1950s, Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
popularised plain black leggings.[125] Academic Rachel Moseley describes the combination of "slim black trousers, flat ballet-style pumps and a fine black jersey" as one of her signature looks alongside little black dresses, noting that this style was new at the time when women still wore skirts and high heels more often than trousers and flat shoes.[122]

With George Peppard
George Peppard
in Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961)

With Cary Grant
Cary Grant
in Charade (1963)

Hepburn was in particular associated with French fashion designer Hubert de Givenchy, who was first hired to design her on-screen wardrobe for her second Hollywood film, Sabrina (1954), when she was still unknown as a film actor and he a young couturier just starting his fashion house.[126] Although initially disappointed that "Miss Hepburn" was not Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
as he had mistakenly thought, Givenchy
Givenchy
and Hepburn formed a lifelong friendship.[126][127] She became his muse,[126][127] and the two became so closely associated with each other that academic Jayne Sheridan has stated "we might ask 'Did Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
create Givenchy
Givenchy
or was it the other way around?'".[128] In addition to Sabrina, Givenchy
Givenchy
designed her costumes for Love in the Afternoon (1957), Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961), Funny Face
Funny Face
(1957), Charade (1963), Paris When It Sizzles
Paris When It Sizzles
(1964) and How to Steal a Million (1966), as well as clothed her off screen.[126] According to Moseley, fashion plays an unusually central role in many of Hepburn's films, stating that "the costume is not tied to the character, functioning 'silently' in the mise-en-scène, but as 'fashion' becomes an attraction in the aesthetic in its own right".[129] Hepburn herself stated that Givenchy
Givenchy
"gave me a look, a kind, a silhouette. He has always been the best and he stayed the best. Because he kept the spare style that I love. What is more beautiful than a simple sheath made an extraordinary way in a special fabric, and just two earrings?"[130] She also became the face of Givenchy's first perfume, L'Interdit, in 1957.[131] In addition to her partnership with Givenchy, Hepburn was credited with boosting the sales of Burberry
Burberry
trench coats when she wore one in Breakfast at Tiffany's, and was associated with Italian footwear brand Tod's.[132]

With Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
in Roman Holiday
Roman Holiday
(1953)

In her private life, Hepburn preferred to wear casual and comfortable clothes, contrary to the haute couture she wore on screen and at public events.[133] Despite being admired for her beauty, she never considered herself attractive, stating in a 1959 interview that "you can even say that I hated myself at certain periods. I was too fat, or maybe too tall, or maybe just plain too ugly... you can say my definiteness stems from underlying feelings of insecurity and inferiority. I couldn't conquer these feelings by acting indecisive. I found the only way to get the better of them was by adopting a forceful, concentrated drive."[134] In 1989, she stated that "my look is attainable ... Women can look like Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
by flipping out their hair, buying the large glasses and the little sleeveless dresses."[124] Hepburn's influence as a style icon continues several decades after the height of her acting career in the 1950s and 1960s. Moseley notes that especially after her death in 1993, she became increasingly admired, with magazines frequently advising readers on how to get her look and fashion designers using her as inspiration.[135][122] In 2004, Hepburn was named the "most beautiful woman of all time"[136] and "most beautiful woman of the 20th century"[137] in polls by Evian and QVC
QVC
respectively, and in 2015, was voted "the most stylish Brit of all time" in a poll commissioned by Samsung.[138] Her film costumes fetch large sums of money in auctions: one of the "little black dresses" designed by Givenchy
Givenchy
for Breakfast at Tiffany's was sold by Christie's
Christie's
for a record sum of £467,200 in 2006.[139][e]

Hepburn, c. 1956

On 19 April 2015 a robot called Sophia, modelled after Hepburn, was activated.[143][144]

Filmography and stage roles[edit] Main article: Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
on screen and stage Awards, honours, nominations and recognitions[edit] Main article: List of awards and honours received by Audrey Hepburn See also[edit]

Biography portal Film portal Fashion portal

List of persons who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards Black Givenchy
Givenchy
dress of Audrey Hepburn White floral Givenchy
Givenchy
dress of Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(Academy Awards, 1954) Sophia (robot)
Sophia (robot)
- A Humanoid robot
Humanoid robot
modelled after Audrey Hepburn

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ On Hepburn's birth certificate her father was stated to have been born in London. This was corrected in 1952 by her mother to "born in Onzic, Bohemia". Onzic is a misreading of Ouzic (German Auschiz), now Úžice in Czech Republic. ^ Walker writes that it is unclear for what kind of company he worked; he was listed as a "financial adviser" in a Dutch business directory, and the family often travelled among the three countries.[13] ^ She had been offered the scholarship already in 1945, but had had to decline it due to "some uncertainty regarding her national status".[26] ^ Overall, about 90% of her singing was dubbed despite being promised that most of her vocals would be used. Hepburn's voice remains in one line in "I Could Have Danced All Night", in the first verse of "Just You Wait", and in the entirety of its reprise in addition to sing-talking in parts of "The Rain in Spain" in the finished film. When asked about the dubbing of an actress with such distinctive vocal tones, Hepburn frowned and said, "You could tell, couldn't you? And there was Rex, recording all his songs as he acted ... next time —" She bit her lip to prevent her saying more.[62] She later admitted that she would have never accepted the role knowing that Warner intended to have nearly all of her singing dubbed. ^ This was the highest price paid for a dress from a film,[140] until it was surpassed by the $4.6 million paid in June 2011 for Marilyn Monroe's "subway dress" from The Seven Year Itch.[141] Of the two dresses that Hepburn wore on screen, one is held in the Givenchy archives while the other is displayed in the Museum of Costume in Madrid.[142] A subsequent London
London
auction of Hepburn's film wardrobe in December 2009 raised £270,200, including £60,000 for the black Chantilly lace cocktail gown from How to Steal a Million.

Citations[edit]

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Post-Gazette. Retrieved 1 January 2010.  ^ " Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
"subway" dress sells for $4.6 million". Reuters. 19 June 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2011.  ^ "Auction Frenzy over Hepburn dress". BBC NEWS. 5 December 2006.  ^ "Could you fall in love with this robot?". CNBC. 16 March 2016.  ^ "Saudi Arabia bestows citizenship on a robot named Sophia". TechCrunch. 26 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 

Sources[edit]

Eastman, John (1989). Retakes: Behind the Scenes of 500 Classic Movies. Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-35399-4.  Ferrer, Sean (2005). Audrey Hepburn, an Elegant Spirit. New York: Atria. ISBN 978-0-671-02479-6.  Fishgall, Gary (2002). Gregory Peck: A Biography. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 068485290X.  Gitlin, Martin (2009). Audrey Hepburn: A Biography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313359453.  Givenchy, Hubert de (2007). Audrey Hepburn. London: Pavilion. ISBN 978-1-86205-775-3.  Harris, Warren G. (1994). Audrey Hepburn: A Biography. Wheeler Pub. ISBN 978-1-56895-156-0.  Hill, Daniel Delis (2004). As Seen in Vogue: A Century of American Fashion in Advertising. Texas Tech University Press.  Moseley, Rachel (2002). Growing Up with Audrey Hepburn: Text, Audience, Resonance. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0 7190 6310 8.  Paris, Barry (2001) [1996]. Audrey Hepburn. Berkley Books. ISBN 978-0-425-18212-3.  Sheridan, Jayne (2010). Fashion, Media, Promotion: The New Black Magic. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4051-9421-1.  Spoto, Donald (2006). Enchantment: The Life of Audrey Hepburn. Harmony Books. ISBN 978-0-307-23758-3.  Steele, Valerie (9 November 2010). The Berg Companion to Fashion. Berg Publishers. ISBN 978-1-84788-592-0. Retrieved 16 May 2011.  Vermilye, Jerry (1995). The Complete Films of Audrey Hepburn. New York: Citadel Press. ISBN 0-8065-1598-8.  Walker, Alexander (1997) [1994]. Audrey, Her Real Story. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-18046-2.  Woodward, Ian (31 May 2012). Audrey Hepburn: Fair Lady of the Screen. Ebury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4481-3293-5. 

Further reading[edit] Main article: Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
bibliography External links[edit]

Find more aboutAudrey Hepburnat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata

Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
– official site of Hepburn and the Audrey Hepburn Children's Fund Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
Society at the US Fund for UNICEF Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
at AllMovie Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
discography at Discogs Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
on IMDb " Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
collected news and commentary". The New York Times.  Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
at the TCM Movie Database Works by or about Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog)

Awards for Audrey Hepburn

v t e

Academy Award for Best Actress

1928–1950

Janet Gaynor
Janet Gaynor
(1928) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1929) Norma Shearer
Norma Shearer
(1930) Marie Dressler
Marie Dressler
(1931) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1932) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1933) Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
(1934) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1935) Luise Rainer
Luise Rainer
(1936) Luise Rainer
Luise Rainer
(1937) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1938) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1939) Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
(1940) Joan Fontaine
Joan Fontaine
(1941) Greer Garson
Greer Garson
(1942) Jennifer Jones
Jennifer Jones
(1943) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1944) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1945) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1946) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1947) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1950)

1951–1975

Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1951) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1952) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1954) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1955) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1956) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1957) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1958) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1959) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1960) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1961) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1962) Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1963) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1964) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1965) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1966) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1967) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
/ Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1968) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1969) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1971) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1972) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1973) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
(1974) Louise Fletcher
Louise Fletcher
(1975)

1976–2000

Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1977) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1980) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1981) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1982) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1983) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1984) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1985) Marlee Matlin
Marlee Matlin
(1986) Cher
Cher
(1987) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1988) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1989) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(1990) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1994) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1995) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(1996) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1997) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
(1998) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(1999) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2000)

2001–present

Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2001) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2002) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2003) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2009) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2010) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2011) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2017)

v t e

Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
Humanitarian Award

Y. Frank Freeman (1956) Samuel Goldwyn (1957) Bob Hope (1959) Sol Lesser (1960) George Seaton (1961) Steve Broidy (1962) Edmond L. DePatie (1965) George Bagnall (1966) Gregory Peck (1967) Martha Raye (1968) George Jessel (1969) Frank Sinatra (1970) Rosalind Russell (1972) Lew Wasserman (1973) Arthur B. Krim (1974) Jules C. Stein (1975) Charlton Heston (1977) Leo Jaffe (1978) Robert Benjamin (1979) Danny Kaye (1981) Walter Mirisch (1982) M. J. Frankovich (1983) David L. Wolper (1984) Charles "Buddy" Rogers (1985) Howard W. Koch (1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
/ Elizabeth Taylor (1992) Paul Newman (1993) Quincy Jones (1994) Arthur Hiller (2001) Roger Mayer (2005) Sherry Lansing (2007) Jerry Lewis (2009) Oprah Winfrey (2011) Jeffrey Katzenberg (2012) Angelina Jolie (2013) Harry Belafonte (2014) Debbie Reynolds (2015)

v t e

BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best Actress in a Leading Role

1952–1967

Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
British, Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
Foreign (1952) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
British, Leslie Caron
Leslie Caron
Foreign (1953) Yvonne Mitchell
Yvonne Mitchell
British, Cornell Borchers
Cornell Borchers
Foreign (1954) Katie Johnson British, Betsy Blair
Betsy Blair
Foreign (1955) Virginia McKenna
Virginia McKenna
British, Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
Foreign (1956) Heather Sears
Heather Sears
British, Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
Foreign (1957) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
British, Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
Foreign (1958) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
British, Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
Foreign (1959) Rachel Roberts British, Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
Foreign (1960) Dora Bryan
Dora Bryan
British, Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
Foreign (1961) Leslie Caron
Leslie Caron
British, Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
Foreign (1962) Rachel Roberts British, Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
Foreign (1963) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
British, Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
Foreign (1964) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
British, Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
Foreign (1965) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
British, Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
Foreign (1966) Edith Evans
Edith Evans
British, Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
Foreign (1967)

1968–present

Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1968) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1969) Katharine Ross
Katharine Ross
(1970) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1971) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1972) Stéphane Audran (1973) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1974) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
(1975) Louise Fletcher
Louise Fletcher
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1977) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1978) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1979) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(1980) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1981) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1982) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(1983) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1984) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1985) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1986) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1987) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1988) Pauline Collins
Pauline Collins
(1989) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1990) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Brenda Blethyn
Brenda Blethyn
(1996) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1997) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(1998) Annette Bening
Annette Bening
(1999) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2000) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2002) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2003) Imelda Staunton
Imelda Staunton
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Carey Mulligan
Carey Mulligan
(2009) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2010) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2011) Emmanuelle Riva
Emmanuelle Riva
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2017)

v t e

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2018)

v t e

David di Donatello
David di Donatello
Award for Best Foreign Actress

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1957) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1959) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1960) Brigitte Bardot
Brigitte Bardot
(1961) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1962) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1963) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1964) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1965) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1966) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
/ Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1967) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
/ Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1968) Mia Farrow
Mia Farrow
/ Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1969) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1970) Ali MacGraw
Ali MacGraw
(1971) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1972) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1973) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
/ Tatum O'Neal
Tatum O'Neal
(1974) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1975) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
/ Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1976) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
/ Annie Girardot
Annie Girardot
(1977) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
/ Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1978) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
/ Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1979) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(1980) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(1981) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1982) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1983) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1984) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1985) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1986) Norma Aleandro
Norma Aleandro
(1987) Cher
Cher
(1988) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1989) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1990) Anne Parillaud
Anne Parillaud
(1991) Geena Davis
Geena Davis
/ Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1992) Emmanuelle Béart
Emmanuelle Béart
/ Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
/ Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1993) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1994) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1995) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1996)

v t e

Film Society of Lincoln Center
Film Society of Lincoln Center
Gala Tribute Honorees

Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1972) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1973) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1974) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
and Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1975) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1978) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1979) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
(1984) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1985) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1986) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1987) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1988) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1989) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1990) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1991) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1992) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1993) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1994) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1999) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2000) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2001) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2002) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(2003) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2004) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2005) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2006) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2007) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2008) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2009) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2010) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2011) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2012) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2013) Rob Reiner
Rob Reiner
(2014) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2015) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2016) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2017) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2018)

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama

Jennifer Jones
Jennifer Jones
(1943) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1944) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1945) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1946) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1947) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Gloria Swanson
Gloria Swanson
(1950) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1951) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1952) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1954) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1955) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1956) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1957) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1958) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1959) Greer Garson
Greer Garson
(1960) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1961) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1962) Leslie Caron
Leslie Caron
(1963) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1964) Samantha Eggar
Samantha Eggar
(1965) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(1966) Edith Evans
Edith Evans
(1967) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1968) Geneviève Bujold
Geneviève Bujold
(1969) Ali MacGraw
Ali MacGraw
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1971) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1972) Marsha Mason
Marsha Mason
(1973) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1974) Louise Fletcher
Louise Fletcher
(1975) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1976) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1977) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(1980) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1981) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1982) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1983) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1984) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1985) Marlee Matlin
Marlee Matlin
(1986) Sally Kirkland
Sally Kirkland
(1987) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
/ Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
/ Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1988) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1989) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(1990) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1994) Sharon Stone
Sharon Stone
(1995) Brenda Blethyn
Brenda Blethyn
(1996) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1997) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(1998) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(1999) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2000) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(2001) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2002) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2003) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(2004) Felicity Huffman
Felicity Huffman
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2009) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2010) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2011) Jessica Chastain
Jessica Chastain
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2015) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2016) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2017)

v t e

New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress

Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo
(1935) Luise Rainer
Luise Rainer
(1936) Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo
(1937) Margaret Sullavan
Margaret Sullavan
(1938) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1939) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1940) Joan Fontaine
Joan Fontaine
(1941) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1942) Ida Lupino
Ida Lupino
(1943) Tallulah Bankhead
Tallulah Bankhead
(1944) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1945) Celia Johnson
Celia Johnson
(1946) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1947) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1950) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1951) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1952) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1954) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1955) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1956) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1957) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1958) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1959) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1960) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1961) No Award (1962) Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1963) Kim Stanley
Kim Stanley
(1964) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1965) Elizabeth Taylor/ Lynn Redgrave
Lynn Redgrave
(1966) Edith Evans
Edith Evans
(1967) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1968) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1969) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1971) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1972) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1973) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1974) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1975) Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1977) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1980) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1981) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1982) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Norma Aleandro
Norma Aleandro
(1985) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1986) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1987) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1988) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1989) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1990) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Linda Fiorentino (1994) Jennifer Jason Leigh
Jennifer Jason Leigh
(1995) Emily Watson
Emily Watson
(1996) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Cameron Diaz
Cameron Diaz
(1998) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(1999) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2000) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(2001) Diane Lane
Diane Lane
(2002) Hope Davis
Hope Davis
(2003) Imelda Staunton
Imelda Staunton
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(2007) Sally Hawkins
Sally Hawkins
(2008) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2009) Annette Bening
Annette Bening
(2010) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2011) Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2014) Saoirse Ronan
Saoirse Ronan
(2015) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2016) Saoirse Ronan
Saoirse Ronan
(2017)

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Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award

1962: Eddie Cantor 1963: Stan Laurel 1965: Bob Hope 1966: Barbara Stanwyck 1967: William Gargan 1968: James Stewart 1969: Edward G. Robinson 1970: Gregory Peck 1971: Charlton Heston 1972: Frank Sinatra 1973: Martha Raye 1974: Walter Pidgeon 1975: Rosalind Russell 1976: Pearl Bailey 1977: James Cagney 1978: Edgar Bergen 1979: Katharine Hepburn 1980: Leon Ames 1982: Danny Kaye 1983: Ralph Bellamy 1984: Iggie Wolfington 1985: Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward 1986: Nanette Fabray 1987: Red Skelton 1988: Gene Kelly 1989: Jack Lemmon 1990: Brock Peters 1991: Burt Lancaster 1992: Audrey Hepburn 1993: Ricardo Montalbán 1994: George Burns 1995: Robert Redford 1996: Angela Lansbury 1997: Elizabeth Taylor 1998: Kirk Douglas 1999: Sidney Poitier 2000: Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
and Ruby Dee 2001: Ed Asner 2002: Clint Eastwood 2003: Karl Malden 2004: James Garner 2005: Shirley Temple 2006: Julie Andrews 2007: Charles Durning 2008: James Earl Jones 2009: Betty White 2010: Ernest Borgnine 2011: Mary Tyler Moore 2012: Dick Van Dyke 2013: Rita Moreno 2014: Debbie Reynolds 2015: Carol Burnett 2016: Lily Tomlin 2017: Morgan Freeman

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Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
/ Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1947) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
/ Katharine Cornell
Katharine Cornell
/ Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1948) Martita Hunt (1949) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1950) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1951) Julie Harris (1952) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1953) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1954) Nancy Kelly
Nancy Kelly
(1955) Julie Harris (1956) Margaret Leighton
Margaret Leighton
(1957) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1958) Gertrude Berg
Gertrude Berg
(1959) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1960) Joan Plowright
Joan Plowright
(1961) Margaret Leighton
Margaret Leighton
(1962) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1963) Sandy Dennis (1964) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
(1965) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1966) Beryl Reid
Beryl Reid
(1967) Zoe Caldwell (1968) Julie Harris (1969) Tammy Grimes
Tammy Grimes
(1970) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1971) Sada Thompson
Sada Thompson
(1972) Julie Harris (1973) Colleen Dewhurst
Colleen Dewhurst
(1974) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
(1975) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
(1976) Julie Harris (1977) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1978) Constance Cummings
Constance Cummings
/ Carole Shelley
Carole Shelley
(1979) Phyllis Frelich (1980) Jane Lapotaire (1981) Zoe Caldwell (1982) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1983) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1984) Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
(1985) Lily Tomlin
Lily Tomlin
(1986) Linda Lavin
Linda Lavin
(1987) Joan Allen
Joan Allen
(1988) Pauline Collins
Pauline Collins
(1989) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1992) Madeline Kahn
Madeline Kahn
(1993) Diana Rigg
Diana Rigg
(1994) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(1995) Zoe Caldwell (1996) Janet McTeer
Janet McTeer
(1997) Marie Mullen (1998) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1999) Jennifer Ehle
Jennifer Ehle
(2000) Mary-Louise Parker
Mary-Louise Parker
(2001) Lindsay Duncan
Lindsay Duncan
(2002) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2003) Phylicia Rashad
Phylicia Rashad
(2004) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(2005) Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
(2006) Julie White
Julie White
(2007) Deanna Dunagan (2008) Marcia Gay Harden
Marcia Gay Harden
(2009) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2010) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2011) Nina Arianda (2012) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
(2013) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2014) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2015) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2016) Laurie Metcalf
Laurie Metcalf
(2017)

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People who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards

listed by duration and year of completion

Competitive EGOTs

Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1945–1962) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1932–1976) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961–1977) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1961–1991) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953–1994) Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973–1995) Jonathan Tunick (1977–1997) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1967–2001) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1964–2001) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1985–2002) Scott Rudin (1984–2012) Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2004–2014)

Honorary recipients

Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1963–1970) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1965–1990) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1969–2011) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989–2012) Harry Belafonte
Harry Belafonte
(1953–2014) Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
(1964–2016)

Book:EGOT winners

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 66543141 LCCN: n84066746 ISNI: 0000 0001 1068 327X GND: 118746731 SELIBR: 252116 SUDOC: 032616694 BNF: cb12360908f (data) BPN: 23359118 BIBSYS: 90766433 MusicBrainz: 7ddb6325-7022-4d30-a585-78a8eab631ab NLA: 35830346 NDL: 00620813 NKC: jn20000700695 BNE: XX967338 SN

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