Church of Scientology
Church of Scientology , AUDITING is a practice wherein an
auditor asks a question of another individual, known as a "preclear",
and then acknowledges their answer in a non-judgmental form. Auditing
began as an integral part of the movement
Dianetics and has since,
with the addition of the
E-meter , become a core practice in
Scientology . Auditing is defined by the Church as "the application of
Scientology processes and procedures to someone by a
trained auditor. One formal definition of auditing is: The action of
asking a person a question (which he can understand and answer),
getting an answer to that question and acknowledging him for that
answer." Auditing is considered “a technical measure,” that
according to the Church, “lifts the burdened individual, the
'preclear,' from a level of spiritual distress to a level of insight
and inner self-realization.” The process is meant to bring the
individual to clear status. The
Church of Scientology
Church of Scientology often uses these
audits against people.
Some auditing actions use commands, for example "Recall a time you
knew you understood someone," and some auditing actions use questions
such as, "What are you willing for me to talk to others about?"
* 1 Description
* 3 Bridge
* 4 Procedure
* 5 Controversy
* 5.1 Preclear folders
* 5.3 Claims
* 5.4 Child auditors
* 6 Notes
* 7 References
* 8 External links
In the context of
Dianetics or Scientology, auditing is an activity
where an auditor, trained in the task of communication, listens and
gives auditing commands to a subject, who is referred to as a
"preclear", or more often as a "pc". While auditing sessions are
confidential, the notes taken by the auditor during auditing sessions,
which are kept in the "pc folder(s)", are potentially subject to
scrutiny by several staff members, especially if the preclear is later
upset or having difficulty. Preclears never see their own pc folders.
Auditing involves the use of "processes," which are sets of questions
asked or directions given by an auditor. When the specific objective
of any one process is achieved, the process is ended and another can
then be started. Through auditing, the subjects are said to free
themselves from barriers that inhibit their natural abilities.
Outlining the auditing process,
Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard
Charge is that which prevents the pc from thinking on a subject.
Prevents him from thinking on a subject or getting rid of a subject or
approaching a subject. Sum it up to handling a subject. Charged.
Scientologists state that the person being audited is completely
aware of everything that happens and becomes even more alert as
auditing progresses. As Hubbard wrote,
One of the great truths of
Scientology is that INCREASED AWARENESS IS
THE ONLY FACTOR WHICH OFFERS ANY ROAD OUT.
The auditor is obliged by the Church's doctrine to maintain a strict
code of conduct, called the Auditor's Code. Auditing is said to be
successful only when the auditor conducts himself in accordance with
the Code. A violation of the Auditor's Code is considered a high
The code outlines a series of 29 promises, which include pledges such
* Not to evaluate for the preclear or tell him what he should think
about his case in session
* Not to invalidate the preclear’s case or gains in or out of
* Never to use the secrets of a preclear divulged in session for
punishment or personal gain
The main intention of an auditing session is to remove “charted
incidents” that have caused trauma, which are believed in
Scientology to be stored in the reactive mind. These incidents must
then be eliminated for proper functioning, in accordance with the
According to the religion researcher Hugh B. Urban, both current
Scientologists and people who have become disaffected with Scientology
generally agree that auditing can trigger personal insights and cause
dramatic changes in one's psychological state. The recalling and
expression of old hurts in response to the auditor's questions may
feel like an unburdening, followed by a period of elation, as though a
weight has been lifted off the practitioner's shoulders.
Scientology makes a distinction between auditors, those who practice
auditing, and publics, those who receive the ritual practice but do
not receive training to perform the practice on others. Auditors are
Scientology as higher state individuals as they are regarded
as more focused in achieving the goals of the religion, or “clearing
the planet,” in Scientological terminology.
E-meter Mark Super VII Quantum
Most auditing sessions employ a device called the Hubbard
Electropsychometer or E-meter. This device is a custom electrodermal
activity measurement device. It measures changes in the electrical
resistance of the preclear by passing a small electric current
(typically in the range from 50 µA to 120 µA) through the preclear's
body by means of a pair of tin -plated tubes originally much like
empty soup cans, attached to the meter by wires and held by the
preclear during auditing. These changes in electrical resistance are
believed by Scientologists to be a reliable and a precise indication
of changes in the reactive mind of the preclear.
According to Scientologist doctrine, the development of the E-meter
enabled auditing techniques and made it more precise. Later, the
E-meter was used to identify which processes should (and could) be run
and equally crucially, to determine when to stop running a particular
action. As a repair tool, the
E-meter reacts to a list of possible
difficulties and relevant phrases called out by the auditor, helping
to guide the auditor to the difficulty. Hubbard clarified how the
E-Meter should be used in conjunction with auditing:
HCO BULLETIN 3 DECEMBER 1978
One of the governing laws of auditing is that you don’t run
unreading items. It doesn’t matter what you are auditing. You
don’t run unreading items. And you don’t run unreading flows. You
don’t run an unreading anything. Ever. For any reason.
Auditing is aimed at reactivity. You run what reacts on the meter
because it reacts and is therefore part of the reactive mind. A read
means there is charge present and available to run. Running reading
items, flows and questions is the only way to make a pc better. This
is our purpose in auditing. L RON HUBBARD
Hubbard claimed that the device also has such sensitivity that it can
measure whether or not fruits can experience pain, claiming in 1968
that tomatoes "scream when sliced."
Scientology teaches that individuals are immortal souls or spirits
(called thetans by Scientology) and are not limited to a single
E-meter is believed to aid the auditor in locating
subliminal memories ("engrams ", "incidents ", and "implants ") of
past events in a thetan's current life and in previous ones. In such
Scientology publications as
Have You Lived Before This Life
Have You Lived Before This Life , Hubbard
wrote about past life experiences dating back billions and even
trillions of years.
When various foundations of
Dianetics were formed in the 1950s,
auditing sessions were a hybrid of confession, counseling and
psychotherapy. According to Passas and Castillo, the e-meter was
believed to be used to “disclose truth to the individual who is
being processed and thus free him spiritually.”
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Back in 1950, at the very end of his book, Dianetics: the Modern
Science of Mental Health, Hubbard talks about a bridge from one
plateau of existence to another, higher plateau.
Hubbard wanted to make the processes structured in such a way that
one could take a new person and walk them through standardized steps,
one after another, to cross this hypothesized "Bridge". This intent
led to the development of the Standard Operating Procedure for Theta
Clearing by 1952. Standard Operating Procedure for the Church of
Scientology changed rapidly, meaning that when somebody was trained as
an auditor they were almost immediately out of date with the latest
In 1970, the Standard Operating Procedure was used to create the
Classification and Gradation Chart. This chart, first published in
1965 and revised in 1966, 1968 and 1969, had the steps of the bridge
plotted out from a beginner at the bottom to the highest states
attainable at the top. The left-hand side of the chart contains
auditor skill levels, while the right-hand side contains pre-clear
grades and OT (Operating Thetan) levels.
The 1970 version of the chart is entitled “Classification Gradation
and Awareness Chart of Levels and Certificates”. By 1974 the above
title had slipped down a little to make way for “THE BRIDGE” as
the top line, with "TO A NEW WORLD" underneath in a smaller font. A
more recent (circa 2016) chart is entitled “THE BRIDGE TO TOTAL
FREEDOM” and subtitled "SCIENTOLOGY CLASSIFICATION GRADATION AND
Each Grade on the Bridge has a list of processes that auditors should
run. Below are sample commands from processes run in each Grade. ARC
STRAIGHTWIRE: “Recall a communication.”
GRADE 0: “Recall a place from which you have communicated to
GRADE I: “Recall a problem you have had with another.”
GRADE II: “Recall a secret.”
GRADE III: “Can you recall a time of change?”
GRADE IV: “What about a victim could you be responsible for?”
Each Grade is targeted at a specific area of potential difficulty a
person might have. The working hypothesis is that if the subject
matter is not “charged”; in other words, if it is not causing any
difficulty, then it will not read on the E-meter, and therefore will
not be run.
The above processes demonstrate a key aspect of Scientology
processes. The question or command can be quite general. It is
absolutely forbidden (by the Auditor’s Code) for the auditor to
interpret the preclear’s answer or discuss it in any way.
A possible audit could be performed like this: AUDITOR: “Recall a
secret.” PRECLEAR: “I deliberately broke the window in the hall
with my ball.” AUDITOR: “Thank you. . Recall a secret.”
PRECLEAR: “I saw my sister kissing the postman.” AUDITOR: “Ok. .
Recall a secret.” PRECLEAR: “I hate my mum’s apple pie, but my
dad told me not to tell her.” AUDITOR: “Thank you. Recall a
This would be continued until a preclear has a realization about
something in their life and feels good about it.
Auditors are not meant to state their opinions on preclear's actions,
as in the following example: COUNCILLOR: “Recall a secret.”
PERSON: “I deliberately broke the window in the hall with my ball”
COUNCILLOR: “That wasn’t very nice. You shouldn’t do that sort
of thing. Who owned the window?”
Case supervisors check how well an Auditor and pc are doing based on
the amount of Tone Arm action that occurs in the sessions.
Dianetics auditing process has raised concerns
from a number of quarters, as auditing sessions are permanently
recorded in the form of handwritten notes in preclear folders, which
are supposed to be kept private. Judge Paul Breckenridge, in Church of
Scientology of California vs. Gerald Armstrong, noted that Mary Sue
Hubbard (the plaintiff in that case) "authored the infamous order 'GO
121669', which directed culling of supposedly confidential P.C.
files/folders for the purposes of internal security". This directive
was later canceled because it was not part of
Scientology as written
by L. Ron Hubbard. Bruce Hines has noted in an interview with Hoda
Kotb that Scientology's collecting of personal and private information
through auditing can possibly leave an adherent vulnerable to
potential "blackmail" should they ever consider disaffecting from the
church. A number of sources have claimed that preclear folders have
indeed been used for intimidation and harassment.
In 1965 the
Anderson Report , an official inquiry conducted for the
Victoria, Australia , found that auditing involved a form of
"authoritative" or "command" hypnosis , in which the hypnotist assumes
"positive authoritative control" over the subject. "It is the firm
conclusion of this Board that most scientology and dianetic techniques
are those of authoritative hypnosis and as such are dangerous. ... the
scientific evidence which the Board heard from several expert
witnesses of the highest repute ... which was virtually unchallenged -
leads to the inescapable conclusion that it is only in name that there
is any difference between authoritative hypnosis and most of the
techniques of scientology. "
As a result of the Anderson Report, a number of restrictive laws were
passed in Australia against Scientology, but in the ensuing years, all
were repealed. As of 2011 auditing is considered a spiritual practice
by the government of Australia .
L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard claimed benefits from auditing including improved IQ ,
improved ability to communicate, enhanced memory and alleviation of
issues such as psychosis , dyslexia and attention deficit disorder .
Some people have alleged that auditing amounts to medical treatment
without a license, and in the 1950s, some auditors were arrested on
the charge. The Church disputes that it is practicing medicine, and
it has successfully established in United States courts of law that
auditing addresses only spiritual relief. According to the Church,
the psychotherapist treats mental health and the Church treats the
spiritual being. Hubbard clarified the difference between the two:
If we processed a specific type of aberration, we of course would be
in the field of mental healing, and so forth. But long ago we actually
discovered that we must not process specific aberrations, which takes
us out of the field of mental healing.
It is quite fatal to do this because in the first place it's an
evaluation for the case. In the second place, it's a negative type
process; you're condemning the individual for hitting girls. Doesn't
validate the individual at all. Do you follow? And if carried on very
long, does not result in the betterment of an individual. All we're
interested in is the spiritual betterment of the individual ...
In 1971, a ruling of the United States District Court, District of
Columbia (333 F. Supp. 357), specifically stated that the
no proven usefulness in the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of any
disease, nor is it medically or scientifically capable of improving
any bodily function." As a result of this ruling,
publishes disclaimers in its books and publications declaring that the
E-meter "by itself does nothing" and that it is used specifically for
Dutch investigative reporter Rinke Verkerk reported that she was
given an auditing session by an 11-year-old in the Netherlands. This
has been criticized by clinical psychologists and child psychologists,
on the grounds that secondary stress can affect children more strongly
than adults. The fact that the child was working full days for a
whole weekend was also considered to be problematic.
Note: HCOB refers to "Hubbard Communications Office Bulletins", HCOPL
refers to "Hubbard Communications Office Policy Letters", and SHSBC
refers to "Saint Hill
Special Briefing Courses". All have been made
publicly available by the
Church of Scientology
Church of Scientology in the past, both as
individual documents or in bound volumes.
* ^ "
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* ^ A B Rothstein, Mikael (2016). "The Significance of Rituals in
Scientology: A Brief Overview and a Few Examples". Numen. 63 (1):
54–70. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Mini List of Grade 0-IV Processes". HCO
Bulletin 8 September 1978RB.
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron (8 Feb 1962). "3DXX Assessment". Tape 6202C08.
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron (1 Sep 1957). "The Big Auditing Problem".
Professional Auditor's Bulletin. PAB 119.
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron (29 October 1954). "The Auditor's Code 1954".
Professional Auditor's Bulletin (PAB 38).
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Questionable Auditing". HCO Bulletin 11 July
1982, Iss II.
* ^ website: Scientology.org / THE AUDITOR’S CODE
* ^ A B Urban (2011) , p. 47
* ^ Lewis, James R. (2009). Scientology. Oxford University Press.
ISBN 0-19-533149-4 .
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Unreading Questions and Items". HCO Bulletin
27 May 1970. VII.
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Auditing by Lists Revised". HCO Bulletin 3
July 1971. VII.
* ^ "30 Dumb Inventions". Life . 1968-01-01. Archived from the
original on 31 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
* ^ "
Scientology Mythbusting with Jon Atack: The Tomato Photo!".
tonyortega.org. 2013-02-02. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
* ^ Cooper, Paulette (1971). "Chapter 18: The E-Meter". The Scandal
Belmont/Tower ; Mass market edition.
* ^ Lewis, James R. (2009). Scientology. Oxford University Press.
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* ^ Passas, Nikos; Castillo, Manuel Escamilla (1992). "Scientology
and its 'clear' business". Behavioral Sciences & the Law. 10 (1):
103–116. access-date= requires url= (help )
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron (Nov 1952). "Procedures for Theta Clearing".
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Programming of Cases". HCO Bulletin 12 June
1970. C/S series 2.
* ^ "What is the Bridge in Scientology". Scientology. Church of
Scientology International. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Expanded ARC Straightwire Grade Process
Checklist". HCO Bulletin 14 Nov 1987 (I).
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Expanded Grade 0 Process Checklist". HCO
Bulletin 14 Nov 1987 (II).
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Expanded Grade I Process Checklist". HCO
Bulletin 14 Nov 1987 (III).
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Expanded Grade II Process Checklist". HCO
Bulletin 14 Nov 1987 (IV).
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Expanded Grade III Process Checklist". HCO
Bulletin 14 Nov 1987 (V).
* ^ Hubbard, L Ron. "Expanded Grade IV Process Checklist". HCO
Bulletin 14 Nov 1987 (VI).
* ^ Hines, Bruce. "Inside Scientology". Countdown with Keith
Olbermann (Interview). Interview with Hoda Kotb. CNBC.
* ^ Atack, Jon (1990). "Chapter Four - The Clearwater Hearings". A
Piece of Blue Sky. Lyle Stuart. p. 448. ISBN 0-8184-0499-X .
* ^ Girardi, Steven (1982-05-09). "Witnesses Tell of Break-ins,
Conspiracy". Clearwater Sun. pp. 1A. Commissioners heard also from a
former Guardian Office worker who said she used the sect's
"confessional files" during several campaigns to discredit defected
* ^ Barnes, John (1984-10-28). "Sinking the Master Mariner". Sunday
* ^ Wakefield, Margery (2009). The road to
Xenu : life inside
Scientology. Raleigh, N.C.: Lulu. p. 188. ISBN 9780557090402 .
Retrieved 5 January 2016.
* ^ Report of the Board of Enquiry into Scientology) by Kevin
Victor Anderson, Q.C. Published 1965 by the State of Victoria,