HOME
The Info List - Auburn, Maine



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

AUBURN is a city in and the county seat of Androscoggin County , Maine
Maine
, United States
United States
. The population was 23,055 at the 2010 census . Auburn and Lewiston (directly across the Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
from each other) are known locally as the Twin Cities or Lewiston–Auburn (L–A).

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Lewiston-Auburn Shoe Strike

* 2 Geography

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 2010 census * 3.2 2000 census

* 4 Government * 5 Education

* 6 Media

* 6.1 Newspapers

* 7 Transportation

* 7.1 Roads * 7.2 By air * 7.3 Rail

* 8 Sites of interest * 9 National Register of Historic Places * 10 Notable people * 11 References * 12 External links

HISTORY

The area was originally part of the Pejepscot Purchase, land bought in 1714 by a association of people from Boston and Portsmouth following the Treaty of Portsmouth , which brought peace between the Abenaki Indians and the settlers of present day Maine. In 1736, however, the Massachusetts General Court granted a large section of the land to veterans of the 1690 Battle of Quebec
Quebec
. Conflicting claims led to prolonged litigation; consequently, settlement was delayed until after the French and Indian Wars .

Auburn was first settled in 1786 as part of Bakerstown, renamed Poland when it was incorporated by the Massachusetts General Court in 1795. It was then part of Minot , formed from parts of Poland and incorporated in 1802. Auburn would itself be formed from parts of Minot and incorporated on February 24, 1842. The name was apparently inspired by "Auburn", a village (real or fictitious) featured in the 1770 poem " The Deserted Village " by Oliver Goldsmith . Originally part of Cumberland County , the town became county seat of Androscoggin County at its creation in 1854. By annexing land from towns around it, including part of Poland in 1852, Minot in 1873, and all of Danville (first called Pejepscot) in 1867, Auburn grew geographically into one of Maine's largest municipalities. Incorporated a city on February 12, 1868, Auburn in 1917 would be the first city in the state to adopt a council-manager form of government.

Farms supplied grain and produce, but with construction of the bridge across the river to Lewiston in 1823, and especially after arrival of the Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railroad from Portland in January 1848, the community developed into a mill town. Mills were built to operate by water power from falls on the Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
and Little Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
. In 1835, the factory system of shoe manufacture originated at Auburn. Other firms manufactured cotton and woolen textiles, carriages, iron goods, bricks and furniture. The population in 1860 was only about 4,000 but by 1890 it was about 12,000, when its shoe factories attracted many French Canadian immigrants, many of whom arrived by train from Quebec
Quebec
. Steady population growth continued to about 1960 when the population was about 24,500.

In Auburn, shoe manufacturing became the dominant industry by the late 19th century. The City
City
Seal, depicting a spindle with different types of shoes at each outside point, was designed when Auburn was positioning itself as the shoe manufacturing center of Maine
Maine
in the mid-19th century. In 1917 one factory in Auburn was producing 75 percent of the world's supply of white canvas shoes; however, after World War II
World War II
the shoe industry began to decline, and between 1957 and 1961 the largest manufacturers closed their factories.

The area became noted in 1985 due to the plane crash that took the life of Samantha Smith .

LEWISTON-AUBURN SHOE STRIKE

Main article: Lewiston-Auburn Shoe Strike

In 1937, one of the largest labor disputes in Maine
Maine
history occurred in Lewiston and Auburn. The Lewiston-Auburn Shoe Strike lasted from March to June and at its peak involved 4,000 to 5,000 workers on strike. After workers attempted to march across the Androscoggin River from Lewiston to Auburn, Governor Lewis Barrows sent in the Maine
Maine
Army National Guard . Some labor leaders, CIO Secretary Powers Hapgood , were imprisoned for months after a Maine
Maine
Supreme Judicial Court judge issued an injunction seeking to end the strike.

*

Main Street c. 1912 *

Old mill c. 1910 *

Court Street c. 1912 *

High Street in 1907

GEOGRAPHY

Auburn is located at 44°5′N 70°14′W / 44.083°N 70.233°W / 44.083; -70.233 (44.089, −70.241). According to the United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau , the city has a total area of 65.74 square miles (170.27 km2), of which 59.33 square miles (153.66 km2) is land and 6.41 square miles (16.60 km2) is water. Auburn is drained by the Little Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
and Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
.

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1850 2,840

1860 4,022

41.6%

1870 6,169

53.4%

1880 9,555

54.9%

1890 11,250

17.7%

1900 12,951

15.1%

1910 15,064

16.3%

1920 16,985

12.8%

1930 18,571

9.3%

1940 19,817

6.7%

1950 23,134

16.7%

1960 24,449

5.7%

1970 24,151

−1.2%

1980 23,128

−4.2%

1990 24,039

3.9%

2000 23,203

−3.5%

2010 23,055

−0.6%

EST. 2016 22,948

−0.5%

sources:

Auburn is one of two principal cities of and included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine
Maine
metropolitan New England city and town area
New England city and town area
and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine
Maine
Metropolitan Statistical Area (which is part of the Portland -Lewiston-South Portland , Maine
Maine
combined statistical area ).

2010 CENSUS

As of the census of 2010, there were 23,055 people, 9,974 households, and 5,818 families residing in the city. The population density was 388.6 inhabitants per square mile (150.0/km2). There were 11,016 housing units at an average density of 185.7 per square mile (71.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.7% White , 2.5% African American , 0.4% Native American , 0.9% Asian , 0.3% from other races , and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 9,974 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.7% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 39.9 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% were from 25 to 44; 27.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 CENSUS

As of the census of 2000, there were 23,203 people, 9,764 households, and 5,907 families residing in the city. The population density was 388.1 people per square mile (149.9/km²). There were 10,608 housing units at an average density of 177.4 per square mile (68.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.04% White , 0.59% African American , 0.30% Native American , 0.59% Asian , 0.05% Pacific Islander , 0.10% from other races , and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 9,764 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a six households in the city was $35,652, and the median income for a family was $44,012. Males had a median income of $32,088 versus $22,349 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,942. About 9.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line , including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

VOTER REGISTRATION

VOTER REGISTRATION AND PARTY ENROLLMENT AS OF NOVEMBER 2012

PARTY TOTAL VOTERS PERCENTAGE

Unenrolled 6,169 39.89%

Democratic 5,014 32.42%

Republican 3,596 23.25%

Green Independent 684 4.42%

TOTAL 15,463 100%

GOVERNMENT

Auburn is in the Maine\'s 2nd US Congressional District , Maine Senate District 15, and Maine
Maine
House of Representatives Districts 68, 69, and 70.

Auburn is divided up into five wards . The city's governing body is a City
City
Council , consisting of a mayor and 7 councilmembers (one from each of the five wards, and two elected at large). The mayor is elected at large.

Auburn's current Mayor
Mayor
is Jonathan LaBonte. He is the youngest mayor in the city's history. John Jenkins is a former mayor and state senator from Auburn.

EDUCATION

Public primary and secondary education is provided by the Auburn School Department , including Edward Little High School .

In addition, there are the following schools in the city:

* St. Dominic Regional High School , a catholic high school * Central Maine
Maine
Community College , community college

MEDIA

NEWSPAPERS

* Lewiston Sun Journal prints a daily newspaper in four different editions statewide. The Sun Journal was the recipient of the 2008 New England Daily Newspaper of the Year and the 2009 Maine
Maine
Press Association Newspaper of the Year.

TRANSPORTATION

ROADS

* Interstate 95 * US Route 202 * State Route 11 * State Route 4 * State Route 121 * State Route 136 * State Route 122

BY AIR

Auburn is the home of the Auburn-Lewiston Airport , it is off Hotel Road.

RAIL

The Springfield Terminal is the main rail of the city. It mostly stays next to US Route 202. Although, that is not the only one. The St. Lawrence and Atlantic rail also flows through the city. The St. Lawrence and Atlantic rail also goes by the Auburn-Lewiston Airport and splits into north, east, and south directions.

SITES OF INTEREST

Lake Auburn
Lake Auburn
in 1911

* Androscoggin Historical Society and the Shoe Fountain, a series of cast bronze shoes recalling the early shoe manufacturing history of the area. A map of the Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
is cast into the plaza with colored concrete. * Good Shepherd Food Bank distributes food to agencies across the state from its main warehouse in Auburn * Hamster Point—Majestic river side gardens * Knight House Museum (1796) – the oldest frame house downtown, with a pre-1835 handwork shoe shop

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

Androscoggin County Buildings c. 1912 Auburn Public Library c. 1910

* A. A. Garcelon House (1890) * Androscoggin County Courthouse and Jail (1857) * Auburn Public Library (1903) * Barker Mill (1873) * Charles A. Jordan House (1880) * Charles L. Cushman House (1889) * Edward Little House (1827) * Engine House (1879) * First Universalist Church (1876) * Frank L. Dingley House (1867) * Free Baptist Church * Gay-Munroe House (1878) * Holman Day House (1895) * Horace Munroe House (1899) * Horatio G. Foss House (1914) * Lamoreau Site * Main Street Historic District * Roak Block (1871) * William A. Robinson House (1874) * William Briggs Homestead (1797)

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Corner of Court and Main streets c. 1908

* Tony Atlas
Tony Atlas
, wrestler * John Bower , skier * Lenny Breau
Lenny Breau
, jazz guitarist * Alonzo Conant , Judge Auburn Municipal Court (1946–1958) * Aaron S. Daggett , last surviving Civil War general * T. A. D. Fessenden , U.S. Congressman * Sara Mae Stinchfield Hawk , speech pathologist * John Jenkins , mayor * Edward Little , philanthropist, educator * Robert Luce , U.S. Congressman * Cynthia McFadden
Cynthia McFadden
, correspondent for ABC News * Elmer Drew Merrill , botanist * George Perkins Merrill , geologist * Julie M. J. Parisien , skier * Deborah Simpson , state legislator * Billy Silverman , referee * Charles Small , center fielder with the Boston Red Sox * Olympia Snowe , U.S. Senator and U.S. Congresswoman * Peter T. Snowe , Maine
Maine
state legislator

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-23. * ^ A B "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved 2012-11-23. * ^ A B "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. * ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. * ^ A B Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 36–38. * ^ Yates, Edgar A.P. (Jun 13, 1928). "Some Maine
Maine
town names". The Lewiston Daily Sun. p. 4. Retrieved 17 October 2015. * ^ The Genealogist\'s Address Book, p. 188 * ^ "Historical Sketch of Auburn, Maine". Retrieved 8 March 2016. * ^ A B Auburn Historical Highlights Archived September 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census
Census
Bureau . 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2011. , accessed December, 2007. * ^ Auburn city, Maine
Maine
– Population Finder – American FactFinder * ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. * ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of November 6, 2012" (PDF). Maine
Maine
Bureau of Corporations. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2013. * ^ " City
City
of Auburn, Maine
Maine
- City
City
Council". Retrieved 8 March 2016.

* ^ Jenkins explains Blaine House bid Lewiston Sun Journal , September 8, 2010

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Franco-Americans portal

.