AUBURN is a city in and the county seat of
Androscoggin County ,
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Demographics
* 3.1 2010 census * 3.2 2000 census
* 4 Government * 5 Education
* 6 Media
* 6.1 Newspapers
* 7 Transportation
* 7.1 Roads * 7.2 By air * 7.3 Rail
* 8 Sites of interest * 9 National Register of Historic Places * 10 Notable people * 11 References * 12 External links
The area was originally part of the Pejepscot Purchase, land bought
in 1714 by a association of people from Boston and Portsmouth
following the Treaty of Portsmouth , which brought peace between the
Abenaki Indians and the settlers of present day Maine. In 1736,
Massachusetts General Court granted a large section of
the land to veterans of the 1690 Battle of
Auburn was first settled in 1786 as part of Bakerstown, renamed Poland when it was incorporated by the Massachusetts General Court in 1795. It was then part of Minot , formed from parts of Poland and incorporated in 1802. Auburn would itself be formed from parts of Minot and incorporated on February 24, 1842. The name was apparently inspired by "Auburn", a village (real or fictitious) featured in the 1770 poem " The Deserted Village " by Oliver Goldsmith . Originally part of Cumberland County , the town became county seat of Androscoggin County at its creation in 1854. By annexing land from towns around it, including part of Poland in 1852, Minot in 1873, and all of Danville (first called Pejepscot) in 1867, Auburn grew geographically into one of Maine's largest municipalities. Incorporated a city on February 12, 1868, Auburn in 1917 would be the first city in the state to adopt a council-manager form of government.
Farms supplied grain and produce, but with construction of the bridge
across the river to Lewiston in 1823, and especially after arrival of
Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railroad from Portland in January 1848,
the community developed into a mill town. Mills were built to operate
by water power from falls on the
In Auburn, shoe manufacturing became the dominant industry by the
late 19th century. The
The area became noted in 1985 due to the plane crash that took the life of Samantha Smith .
LEWISTON-AUBURN SHOE STRIKE
Main article: Lewiston-Auburn Shoe Strike
In 1937, one of the largest labor disputes in
Main Street c. 1912 *
Old mill c. 1910 *
Court Street c. 1912 *
High Street in 1907
Auburn is located at 44°5′N 70°14′W / 44.083°N
70.233°W / 44.083; -70.233 (44.089, −70.241). According to the
EST. 2016 22,948
Auburn is one of two principal cities of and included in the
As of the census of 2010, there were 23,055 people, 9,974 households, and 5,818 families residing in the city. The population density was 388.6 inhabitants per square mile (150.0/km2). There were 11,016 housing units at an average density of 185.7 per square mile (71.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.7% White , 2.5% African American , 0.4% Native American , 0.9% Asian , 0.3% from other races , and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.
There were 9,974 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.7% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84.
The median age in the city was 39.9 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% were from 25 to 44; 27.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 23,203 people, 9,764 households, and 5,907 families residing in the city. The population density was 388.1 people per square mile (149.9/km²). There were 10,608 housing units at an average density of 177.4 per square mile (68.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.04% White , 0.59% African American , 0.30% Native American , 0.59% Asian , 0.05% Pacific Islander , 0.10% from other races , and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.
There were 9,764 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a six households in the city was $35,652, and the median income for a family was $44,012. Males had a median income of $32,088 versus $22,349 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,942. About 9.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line , including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.
VOTER REGISTRATION AND PARTY ENROLLMENT AS OF NOVEMBER 2012
PARTY TOTAL VOTERS PERCENTAGE
Unenrolled 6,169 39.89%
Democratic 5,014 32.42%
Republican 3,596 23.25%
Green Independent 684 4.42%
TOTAL 15,463 100%
Auburn is in the Maine\'s 2nd US Congressional District , Maine
Senate District 15, and
Auburn is divided up into five wards . The city's governing body is a
Public primary and secondary education is provided by the Auburn School Department , including Edward Little High School .
In addition, there are the following schools in the city:
Lewiston Sun Journal prints a daily newspaper in four different
editions statewide. The Sun Journal was the recipient of the 2008 New
England Daily Newspaper of the Year and the 2009
* Interstate 95 * US Route 202 * State Route 11 * State Route 4 * State Route 121 * State Route 136 * State Route 122
Auburn is the home of the Auburn-Lewiston Airport , it is off Hotel Road.
The Springfield Terminal is the main rail of the city. It mostly stays next to US Route 202. Although, that is not the only one. The St. Lawrence and Atlantic rail also flows through the city. The St. Lawrence and Atlantic rail also goes by the Auburn-Lewiston Airport and splits into north, east, and south directions.
SITES OF INTEREST
* Androscoggin Historical Society and the Shoe Fountain, a series of
cast bronze shoes recalling the early shoe manufacturing history of
the area. A map of the
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES
Androscoggin County Buildings c. 1912 Auburn Public Library c. 1910
* A. A. Garcelon House (1890) * Androscoggin County Courthouse and Jail (1857) * Auburn Public Library (1903) * Barker Mill (1873) * Charles A. Jordan House (1880) * Charles L. Cushman House (1889) * Edward Little House (1827) * Engine House (1879) * First Universalist Church (1876) * Frank L. Dingley House (1867) * Free Baptist Church * Gay-Munroe House (1878) * Holman Day House (1895) * Horace Munroe House (1899) * Horatio G. Foss House (1914) * Lamoreau Site * Main Street Historic District * Roak Block (1871) * William A. Robinson House (1874) * William Briggs Homestead (1797)
Corner of Court and Main streets c. 1908
* ^ A B "US Gazetteer files 2010".
* ^ Jenkins explains Blaine House bid Lewiston Sun Journal , September 8, 2010
* Franco-Americans portal