Aubous is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.


Aubous, le village.
The Community Centre
The countryside to the south
The exit from the village

Aubous is located in the extreme north-east of the department with the northern border of the commune being the border between Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Gers. The commune is about 50 km south-east of Mont-de-Marsan and 50 km north by north-east of Pau. Access to the commune is by the D292 road from Arrosès in the south which passes through the centre of the commune and the village and continues north to join the D22 just north of the commune. The D317 from Aydie in the south-east passes through the western area of the commune before continuing south-west to join the D205. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.[1]

The Larcis river forms the western border of the commune as it flows north-west to join the Léez north-west of Ségos. The Boutigue forms the north-eastern border as it flows east to join the Sager east of the commune.[1]

Places and hamlets[2]

  • Brauchet
  • Coulom[3]
  • Dulucq
  • Gentilloun[4]
  • Héouguère
  • Lacourtiade[5]
  • Lahorgue
  • Moulin[6]
  • Paillou
  • Pillourcq[7] or Pilhourcq
  • Plaix
  • Rey[8]
  • Tapounet
  • Troucat

Neighbouring communes and villages[1]


The commune name in béarnais is Aubons. Michel Grosclaude proposed an etymology from the Latin man's name Albus with the suffix -ones, the whole meaning "Domain of Albus".[9]

The following table details the origins of the commune name.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Aubous Aubos 1385 Raymond
Census Village
Auboos 14th century Raymond
Aubons 1752 Raymond
Aubous 1750 Grosclaude Cassini



  • Census: Census of Béarn[11]
  • Enumeration: Enumeration of the Viscounty of Béarn[12]
  • Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750[13]


Paul Raymond said, on page 16 of the 1863 dictionary, that in 1385 Aubous had 4 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Lembeye.


List of Successive Mayors[14]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 René Paulien

(Not all data is known)


The commune is part of five inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of the Canton of Garlin;
  • the SIVU of roads in the Garlin area;
  • the SIVU of the Lées and its tributaries;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the management of drinking water Luy - Gabas - Lées;


In 2010 the commune had 51 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
189 199 238 258 268 248 289 289 243
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
247 255 225 205 193 198 204 156 131
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
114 117 124 113 105 104 98 110 98
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
77 64 57 65 48 53 - 51 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The Town Hall
Population of XXX


The commune is part of the appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zones of Madiran, Pacherenc-du-vic-bilh, and Béarn.

Culture and heritage

Civil heritage

The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Maison Viau Farmhouse at Lacourtiade (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Farmhouse at Rey (1796)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Farmhouse at Pillourcq (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Farmhouse at Coulom (1810)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[3]
  • Houses and Farms (18th-19th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • A Mill at Moulin (1830)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Campsite (Prehistoric)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • The Campsite of Caesar at Gentilloun (Prehistoric)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]

Religious heritage

The commune has two religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Saint-Quitterie Devotional Fountain (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • The Parish Church of Saint-Quitterie (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]

The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

See also

External links

Notes and references


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN (in French)
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026242 Farmhouse at Coulom (in French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026236 Campsite of Caesar (in French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027493 Maison Viau Farmhouse (in French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026240 Mill at Moulin (in French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026243 Farmhouse at Pillourcq (in French)
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026244 Farmhouse at Rey (in French)
  9. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
  10. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ Enumeration of the Viscounty of Béarn - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  13. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Aubous
  14. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026241 Houses and Farms (in French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026237 Campsite (in French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026239 Saint-Quitterie Devotional Fountain (in French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026238 Parish Church of Saint-Quitterie (in French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000060 Sanctuary Lamp (in French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000059 Altar panelling (in French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001573 Cope and Chasuble (in French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001572 Bronze Bell (in French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001571 4 Altar Candlesticks (in French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001570 Celebrant's Chair (in French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001569 Painting: Saint-Quitterie (in French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001568 2 Statues: Saint Peter and Saint Paul (in French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001567 Retable (in French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64001566 Altar seating and Tabernacle (in French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001565 Main Altar facing (in French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001564 Altar, Altar seating, Tabernacle, Retable, Celebrant's Chair, 4 Altar Candlesticks (in French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001563 Processional Banner (in French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001562 Sanctuary Lamp (in French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001561 Bank of Pews (in French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001560 2 Banks of Pews (in French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001559 Furniture in the Sacristy (in French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001558 Suspended Stoup (in French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001557 Pulpit (in French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001556 Baptismal fonts and a Stoup (in French)