Aubin is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
Aubin is located some 35 km east by south-east of Orthez and 20 km north of Pau. The A65 autoroute passes through the commune but there is no exit in or near the commune with the nearest exit being Exit 9 south of Lalonquette or the beginning of the motorway just north of Lescar. Access to the commune is by the D210 road from Bournos in the east which goes to the village. The D216 from Sauvagnon in the south-east passes through the south of the commune on its way to Momas in the north-west. Country roads are also available to access the commune. There are some scattered forests in the commune but most of it is farmland.
The Luy de Bearn forms the south-western border of the commune as it flows north-west to join the Luy de France near Vieux-Bourg to become the Luy. The Aubiosse river flows through the south of the commune from east to west and joins the Luy de Béarn south-west of the commune. The Gez river forms the north-eastern border of the commune as it flows north-west to join the Luy de Béarn.
Places and hamlets
- Cazaux (ruins)
- Le Pouthiau
Neighbouring communes and villages
The commune name in béarnais is Aubin. Michel Grosclaude proposed an etymology of the Latin man's name Albius with the suffix -inum (Albinum), the whole meaning "Domain of Albius".
The following table details the origins of the commune name:
||Sanctus Genumer de Albii
||Fors de Béarn
The village is first mentioned in 1101 as Sanctus-Genumer-de-Albii. At the start of the 11th century, the village and its church were given to the Bishop of Lescar by the wife of Viscount Centulle III.
Paul Raymond noted on page 16 of the 1863 dictionary that in 1385 Aubin had 17 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau. Bournos was also annexed to the parish of Aubin, the former archpriest of the Diocese of Lescar.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Luys en Béarn;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for the management of drinking water for Luy - Gabas -Lées;
- the inter-communal association of Aubin-Doumy-Bournos.
In 2010 the commune had 261 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Population change (See database)
Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
Population of Aubin
Culture and heritage
The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
The commune has a church that is registered as a historical monument:
- The Parish Church of Saint Germain-d'Auxerre (12th century). The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects, some of which were destroyed when the church was renovated in 1981:
Aubin has a primary school which is shared with Bournos, Auga, and Doumy as an inter-communal educational grouping.
Notes and references
- ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- ^ a b c Google Maps
- ^ Géoportail, IGN (in French)
- ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026714 Farmhouse (in French)
- ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026711 Fortified Complex (in French)
- ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (in French)
- ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
- ^ Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (in French)
- ^ a b Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026712 Houses and Farms (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026713 Parish Church of Saint Germain-d'Auxerre (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001163 Furniture (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001171 Furniture (Supplementary) (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001170 Mural Painting (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001169 Lectern (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001168 Pulpit (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001167 Confessional (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001166 Altar, Altar seating, Tabernacle, statue, 4 Altar candlesticks (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001165 Altar, 2 rows of Altar seating, Tabernacle, 4 Altar candlesticks, Altar Cross (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001164 5 Hilarri (in French)