ATLUS CO., LTD. (株式会社アトラス,
Kabushiki gaisha Atorasu)
is a Japanese video game developer , publisher and distribution
company based in
Tokyo , and a subsidiary of
Sega . It is best known
for developing the
Megami Tensei ,
Etrian Odyssey and Trauma
Center series. Its corporate mascot is the Shin
Megami Tensei demon
Atlus was founded in April 1986, and existed until it was dissolved
in October 2010 by
Index Holdings . After the dissolution, the name
Atlus continued as a brand used by
Index Corporation for video game
publishing until 2013.
Atlus in its current incarnation was founded as
Sega Dream Corporation in September 2013, a new shell corporation
established by Sega. In November 2013,
Sega Dream was renamed Index
Corporation, following the bankruptcy of the original Index
Corporation. In April 2014,
Sega implemented a corporate spin-off in
which the contents and solution businesses of Index were spun off as
Index Corporation, while the rest of
Index Corporation (formerly Sega
Dream) was renamed Atlus.
A North American branch of the company,
Atlus USA was founded in 1991
in order to focus on publishing and localizing games for North
Atlus does not have a branch for PAL regions , resulting in
the company partnering with multiple third-party publishers including
Ghostlight , NIS America ,
Square Enix and
Deep Silver .
* 1 History
* 3 European and Oceania distribution
* 4 Corporate mascot
* 5 Games by
* 6 Animations and films based on
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 External links
Atlus logo before the
Sega Sammy acquisition.
Atlus began in April 7, 1986 as a video game developer of computer
games for other companies. In January 1987,
Atlus started selling
amusement equipment. It expanded into the sale of karaoke equipment
in March 1989.
Atlus released the first video game under its own name
Puzzle Boy for the
Game Boy .
Atlus started in the arcade industry in the 1990s by manufacturing
its first arcade video game,
BlaZeon , in 1992. In 1995, Atlus
launched Print Club Arcades in partnership with
Tokyo Stock Exchange in 1997 listing on the
JASDAQ . In its goal to
further increase its presence in the amusement industry, Atlus
acquired the manufacturer Apies from Yubis Corporation in 1999. In
Atlus formed a joint venture with
Kadokawa Shoten to distribute
and sale games.
Atlus suffered from deficit financial results in both
1999 and 2000. To address the issue,
Atlus established a management
reform plan in 2001. In its restructuring efforts,
Atlus sold two
subsidiaries (one of them being Apies) to their respective employees
as part of a management buyout .
On October 2001,
Career Soft , and became the sole
publisher of the
Growlanser series: a real-time strategy role-playing
game from the creators of the
Langrisser series. In 2004, after the
Growlanser IV , the majority of Career Soft's staff was
merged into the main development team of
Atlus where they worked on
the Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Survivor games. As a developer brand,
Career Soft was eventually dissolved.
On October 2003, Japanese toy company
Takara acquired Atlus. On 21
Index Holdings announced the acquisition of Atlus,
effective on 30 October, and purchased 7.7 million shares (54.93
percent; 77,000 votes, or 54.96 percent of the voting rights) on 20
Atlus became an
Index Holdings subsidiary on 29
On March 2009,
Sting Entertainment announced a publishing
Atlus the only publisher of Sting-developed games
in Japan. On 17 September 2009,
Index Holdings announced the
separation of Atlus' amusement facility and related business into a
subsidiary, New Entertainment Waves, effective on 1 December. One
hundred seventy-two shares of the subsidiary's stock were also
transferred to Chushoukigyou Leisure on 1 December.
On 30 August 2010,
Index Holdings announced its merger with Atlus,
Index Holdings being the surviving company, effective on 1
October. After the merger,
Index Holdings would continue to operate
Atlus brand. Although fans were concerned about the company's
future, CEO Shinichi Suzuki said that
Atlus would continue to provide
the "finest quality game experiences possible" and the merger "further
strengthens the foundation of Atlus, both in
Japan and here in the
United States." On 9 November 2010
Index Holdings announced its
Index Corporation , to be confirmed at the shareholders
meeting on 25 November 2010 and effective on 1 December.
From 2010 to 2013, Atlus, as a company, ceased to exist and its name
became a brand of
Index Corporation for video games in Japan. However,
Atlus USA remained active and was renamed Index Digital Media, serving
as the North American subsidiary for Index Corporation. Much like in
Japan, video games continued to be released in that region under the
Atlus name during this period. In June 2013, it was reported that
Index Corporation filed for civil rehabilitation proceedings, facing
bankruptcy with debts of ¥24.5 billion. An
Atlus USA spokesperson
said that Index Digital Media and the
Atlus brand were unaffected by
On 18 September 2013, it was reported that
Sega Sammy Holdings won a
bid to acquire the bankrupt Index for ¥14 billion. All Index
operations, including the
Atlus brand and Index Digital Media (Atlus
USA), transferred to
Sega Dream Corporation (a new subsidiary of Sega
Corporation) on 1 November 2013. That day,
Sega announced that it
would change the name of
Sega Dream Corporation to Index Corporation.
On 18 February 2014,
Sega announced the separation of Index
Corporation's contents and solution businesses into a new subsidiary,
Index Corporation, renaming the old
Index Corporation and its
remaining digital game business division to
Atlus effective 1 April
2014. The new
Atlus would include the foreign subsidiary, Index
Digital Media, which would revert its name back to
Atlus USA at the
establishment of the new Atlus.
In April 2017,
Sega Sammy Holdings announced a relocation of head
office functions of the
Sega Sammy Group and its major domestic
subsidiaries located in the
Tokyo metropolitan area to
January 2018. Their stated reasoning was to promote cooperation among
companies and creation of more active interaction of personnel, while
pursuing efficient group management by consolidating scattered head
office functions of the group.
Atlus is one of the companies that will
relocate in response to this.
Atlus USA booth at Electronic
Entertainment Expo 2017
Atlus U.S.A., Inc. established in 1991 and based in Irvine,
California , is the American subsidiary of
Atlus and publishes games
Atlus and other developers. It was formally called Index
Digital Media from 2010 to 2014 in response to
Atlus being dissolved
into Index Corporation.
A number of
Megami Tensei games have not been released in North
America. During the 1990s,
Jack Bros. for
Virtual Boy , Revelations:
Persona for PlayStation and Revelations: The Demon Slayer for the Game
Boy Color were the first three games in the series to have a North
American release. The 2004 release of Shin Megami Tensei: Nocturne was
the first main-series video-game release in the U.S. Since then most
of the series has also been released in the U.S., including Shin
Persona 3 , Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Summoner: Raidou
Kuzunoha vs. The Soulless Army and Shin Megami Tensei: Strange Journey
Atlus USA has localized cult classic Disgaea: Hour of Darkness ,
Nippon Ichi Software . The company have also published the
tactical role-playing game
Tactics Ogre and
Game Boy Advance remakes
of the Kunio-kun and Double Dragon games for Million (a company
composed of former Technōs
Japan employees). Other notable titles
Snowboard Kids and
Snowboard Kids 2 (for
Nintendo 64 ) and
Odin Sphere and the Trauma Center series.
Atlus USA released Riviera:
The Promised Land , a role-playing video game for the
Game Boy Advance
previously released for the
Wonderswan Color , in 2004 in
collaboration with Sting and
Bandai . In 2006
Atlus USA and Sting
Yggdra Union , a strategy role-playing game (RPG) for the
Game Boy Advance . After Working Designs' publication of Growlanser
Generations , they released Growlanser: Heritage of War in 2005 and
Growlanser Wayfarer of Time in 2012.
The company established an online division, including the Atlus
Online portal which is servicing Neo Steam: The Shattered Continent
and Shin Megami Tensei: Imagine . On 31 March 2013, Index Digital
Atlus Online Division was purchased by
Marvelous AQL and
XSEED Games .
Atlus USA has published games under the
Marl Kingdom name, beginning with Rhapsody: A Musical Adventure in
2000. On 18 February 2014
Sega announced that Index Digital Media
would revert its name back to
Atlus USA. In March 2016, Sega
announced that all the future localized products from
Atlus for North
America will be published by Sega.
EUROPEAN AND OCEANIA DISTRIBUTION
Atlus does not have a dedicated division, like
Atlus USA, for
distribution of titles within the European and Oceania (Australia and
New Zealand) region. Instead, up to April 2016, many of Atlus' titles
were published in these regions by
Nippon Ichi Software (NIS) and its
American division NIS America. Following Atlus's acquisition by Sega
Sammy Holdings, NIS found that it became more difficult to work
Atlus for distribution and in April 2016, formally
ended its distribution partnership with Atlus. In July 2016, Deep
Silver announced that it had come to agreement to become Atlus'
distributor for Europe and Oceania, and would begin to publish titles
Persona 5 in both retail and digital form.
Jack Frost has been Atlus' mascot since the character's
inception in 1990.
Jack Frost is the
Atlus mascot . Resembling a snowman , he has
teeth, a tail and no nose, and wears a jester hat, collar, and shoes.
His catchphrase is "Hee-Ho". He has appeared in several games in the
Megami Tensei series, as well as the
Jack Bros. games. Jack Frost
is a hidden character in the North American and Japanese versions of
Snowboard Kids , with a larger role in the Japanese version. He
has a family; more relatives were created since Shin
Megami Tensei II
, including King Frost, Frost 5 Senshi and Ja-aku Frost (Black Frost).
The character makes a cameo appearance as a button on the clothing of
the gunner class in the
Etrian Odyssey II .
GAMES BY ATLUS
List of Atlus games See also: List of Atlus
ANIMATIONS AND FILMS BASED ON ATLUS GAMES
* Digital Devil Story:
* Shin Megami Tensei:
* Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Children
* Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Children 2 Light -webkit-column-width:
30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
* ^ A B C
* ^ A B C D
* ^ "History of SEGA SAMMY Group/SEGA before Business
Integration｜SEGA SAMMY Group｜SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGS".
Segasammy.co.jp. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
* ^ "
Atlus Acquires Career Soft". Retrieved 2012-03-20.
* ^ 沿革：株式会社アトラス IR情報・会社情報
* ^ "Regarding tender offer results and subsidiary companies"
(PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 30
* ^ "
Atlus Partners with Sting". IGN. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
* ^ 株式会社ＮＥＷＳ 訂正臨時報告書
* ^ 当社子会社（株式会社アトラス）における
* ^ 株式会社NEWS（ニューズ）設立
* ^ "
Atlus \'Dissolved\' By Parent Company Index Holdings".
Gamasutra. 30 August 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
Index Corporation . 30 August 2010. Archived from the original on 28
April 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
* ^ "
Atlus Reassures Fans Of Its Future After Merger". 1UP.
Retrieved 15 October 2010.
* ^ 商号変更および定款一部変更に関するお知らせ
Archived 2 November 2013 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ "
Index Holdings to Change Company Name". Reuters. 9 November
2010. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
* ^ Emily Gera (27 June 2013). "
Atlus at risk after parent company
announces bankruptcy (update) Index". Vox Media. Retrieved 27 June
* ^ Shigeru Sato & Takahiko Hyuga (18 September 2013). "
to Win Auction to Buy Bankrupt
Japan Gamemaker Index". Bloomberg.
Retrieved 18 September 2013.
* ^ "Notice of Conclusion regarding Business Transfer Agreement of
Index Corporation" (PDF).
Sega Sammy Holdings Inc. 18 September 2013.
Retrieved 18 September 2013.
* ^ 当社子会社の事業譲受に関するお知らせ (IN
JAPANESE). SEGA CORPORATION. 1 NOVEMBER 2013. ARCHIVED FROM THE
ORIGINAL ON 6 NOVEMBER 2013. RETRIEVED 2 NOVEMBER 2013.
* ^ "Consolidation/Relocation of Head Office Functions of SEGA
SAMMY Group" (PDF).
Sega Sammy Holdings . 3 April 2017. Retrieved 4
* ^ "Megami Tensei/Shin Megami Tensei". Hardcoregaming101.net.
Archived from the original on 11 May 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
* ^ A B "Nippon Ichi". Hardcoregaming101.net. Archived from the
original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
* ^ "RPGFan News – E3 2006". 2006. Archived from the original on
18 September 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
* ^ A B "
Atlus Online Open For Business". Kotaku. Retrieved 26
* ^ 当社子会社によるIndex Digital
* ^ Jarvis, Matthew (1 April 2016). "
Sega finalises purchase of
Persona developer Atlus". Develop . Retrieved 1 April 2016.
* ^ Futter, Mike (31 March 2016). "
Sega Is Now Publishing Atlus
U.S.A. Games, But Don\'t Worry". GameInformer. Retrieved 2 February
* ^ MacGregor, Kyle (25 April 2016). "NIS will no longer publish
Atlus games in Europe, Oceania".
Destructoid . Retrieved 6 July 2016.
* ^ Carter, Chris (6 July 2016). "
Deep Silver enters publishing
Atlus in Europe".
Destructoid . Retrieved 6 July 2016.
* Official website (in Japanese)
* Devil Children
* Last Bible
* Trauma Center
* 13 Sentinels: Aegis Rim
* Bonk\'s Adventure
* Dragon\'s Crown