Asyut[spelling 1] (Arabic: أسيوط Asyūṭ
pronounced [ʔɑsˈjuːtˤ], Coptic: ⲥⲓⲟⲟⲩⲧ Siowt) is
the capital of the modern
Asyut Governorate in Egypt, which has one of
the largest Coptic Catholic bishopric churches in the country; the
ancient city of the same name, which is situated nearby. The modern
city is located at 27°11′00″N 31°10′00″E / 27.18333°N
31.16667°E / 27.18333; 31.16667, while the ancient city is located
at 27°10′00″N 31°08′00″E / 27.16667°N 31.13333°E
/ 27.16667; 31.13333.
1.1 Names and etymology
1.2 Ancient Asyut
2 Modern Asyut
2.1 Coptic Catholic Eparchy
4 Notable people
6 See also
10 Sources and external links
Names and etymology
The name of the city is derived from early Egyptian Zawty (Z3JW.TJ)
(late Egyptian, Səyáwt) adopted into the Coptic as Syowt
ⲥⲓⲟⲟⲩⲧ, which means "Guardian" of the northern approach of
Upper Egypt. In
Graeco-Roman Egypt, it was called Lycopolis or
Lykopolis (Greek: Λυκόπολις, "ἡ Λύκων πόλις"),
('wolf city') Lycon, or Lyco.
Statue of the chief royal scribe
Asyut and his wife Renenutet,
1290–1270 BCE early Dynasty 19.
Asyut was the capital of the Thirteenth Nome of Upper Egypt
(Lycopolites Nome) around 3100 BC. It was located on the western bank
of the Nile. The two most prominent gods of
Ancient Egyptian Asyut
Anubis and Wepwawet, both funerary deities.
During the First Intermediate Period, the rulers of "Zawty" (Khety I,
Tefibi, and Khety II) were supporters of the Herakleopolitan kings, of
whose domain the Nome formed the southern limits. The conflict between
this Nome and the southern Nomes under the rule of the Eleventh
dynasty ended with the victory of Thebes and the decline of Asyut's
Skull of Khety from Asyut, 1950 BCE.
Lycopolis has no remarkable ruins, but in the excavated chambers of
the adjacent rocks mummies of wolves have been found, confirming the
origin of its name, as well as a tradition preserved by Diodorus
Siculus, to the effect that an Ethiopian army, invading Egypt, was
repelled beyond the city of
Elephantine by packs of wolves.
worshipped under the symbol of a wolf at Lycopolis. According to a
myth, he had come "from the shades" as a wolf to aid
their combat with Typhon. Other
Ancient Egyptian monuments
Asyut include; the
Asyut necropolis (west of the modern
city), tombs which date to dynasties Nine, Ten and Twelve, and the
Ramessid tombs of
Siese and Amenhotep.
Graeco-Roman times, there was a distinct dialect of Coptic spoken
in Asyut, known as "Lycopolitan", after the Greek name for the city.
Lesser-used names for this dialect are "Sub-Akhmimic" and "Assiutic".
A large Byzantine Treasure was discovered near the city in the early
twentieth century and is now dispersed amongst a number of museums in
the West. The hoard is composed of some of the most elaborate
jewellery to survive from late antiquity.
Asyut was the end of 40 Day Road that connected the city to Darfur
through the Selima and
Kharga Oases. The history of the road, known by
local herders as Darb al-Arba'in, goes back over 700 years. It was
used as a pathway for great caravans of up to 12,000 camels at its
peak in the 14th century.
Today, the city of
Asyut has almost 400,000 inhabitants. It is the
Egyptian city with one of the highest Coptic Christian concentration
of approximately 50%. It is also home to the
University of Assiut,
one of the largest universities in Egypt, to the Assiut Barrage, and
Lillian Trasher Orphanage.
The city is one of the only cities in the world that still makes
silver appliqué-work shawls and is home to a large textile industry.
The city also produces fine pottery, inlaid woodwork, and rugs.
Virgin Mary is reported to have appeared in
Asyut on 17 August
2000. This apparition is recognized as an official Marian apparition
Coptic Orthodox Church
Coptic Orthodox Church and remembered in the Deir el-Muharraq,
Monastery of the Virgin Mary.
Asyut is the terminus of the Ras Shukheir-
Asyut oil pipeline, the
terminus of the Cairo-
Asyut gas pipeline and the beginning of the
Qena gas pipeline, the last two being part of the Nile
Valley Gas Company Pipeline Project. Aysut is next to the Aysut
Dam across the
Nile river in the neighboring port of Al-Hamra. The dam
was built in 1902 and a hydroelectric plant was added in the
Coptic Catholic Eparchy
On 10 August 1947, a Coptic Catholic eparchy (Eastern Catholic
Diocese) of Assiut (or Lycopolis) was established on southern Egyptian
territory split off from the Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Luqsor, each
suffragan of Coptic Catholic Patriarch of Alexandria. Its episcopal
see is the cathedral of the Mother of Divine Love, in Assyut.
Suffragan Eparchs (Bishops) of Assiut
(all Coptic Rite)
Alexandros Scandar (9 August 1947 – death 29 December 1964)
Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (26 March 1965 – retired 20
March 1990); previously
Auxiliary Eparch of Luqsor of the Copts
(Egypt) (8 December 1955 – 26 March 1965) &
Titular Bishop of
Phatanus (8 December 1955 – 26 March 1965)
Kyrillos Kamal William Samaan, O.F.M. (16 May 1990 – present)
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as
hot desert (BWh). It is the driest city of Egypt. Luxor, Minya,
Asyut have the widest difference of temperatures between days
and nights of any city in Egypt, with almost 16 °C (29 °F)
difference. The city of
Asyut is sandwiched between two mountain
ranges of about 600m height. There is also a lowering in elevation in
mid Egypt, from the
Mediterranean and the Red Sea. This gives the city
and nearby towns and villages the similar properties of a continental
climate, meaning that the city has harsh and chilly cold winter
weather, and very hot but non-humid summers. During summer the
temperature can exceed 42 °C (108 °F). Yet, in winter
Asyut gets below 0 °C (32 °F) temperatures during the
night and frost can easily form, while hail or snow are rare because
of the low average of the city's precipitation and general low
The highest record temperature was 51 °C (124 °F),
recorded on July 23, 1994, while the lowest record temperature was
−2 °C (28 °F), recorded on January 16, 2008.
Climate data for Asyut
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean daily sunshine hours
Source #1: NOAA
Source #2: Weather2Travel for sunshine
Coluthus, 5th century Greek poet.
Gamal Abdel Nasser, the second Egyptian president.
Shenouda III, the Pope of the
Coptic Orthodox Church
Coptic Orthodox Church from 1971 to
Samir Ghanem, a comedian, singer, and entertainer.
Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed, Egyptian nationalist.
Meletius of Lycopolis, founder of the Meletians.
al-Suyuti, a Sunni Muslim theologian who died in 1505.
Tulle bi telli
^ More often spelled Assiout or Assiut.
^ "UNdata - record view - City population by sex, city and city type".
Data.un.org. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
^ Wilkinson, Toby (2013). The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt.
Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 35. ISBN 1408852985.
^ Ptol. iv. 5. § 63; Steph. B. s. v.;
Strabo xvii. p. 813)
^ (Plin. v. 9. s. 11)
^ (Itin. Anton. p. 157)
^ (ii. 88; comp. Aelian. Hist. An. x. 28)
^ (Champollion, Descript. de l'Egypte, vol. i. p. 276; Jollois,
Egypte, vol. ii. ch. 13.)
^ Stephens, Angela. "Riding the Forty Days' Road". AramcoWorld.
Retrieved 18 November 2015.
^ "Egypt". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
Coptic Orthodox Church
Coptic Orthodox Church in action - Al-Ahram Weekly".
weekly.ahram.org.eg. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
^ a b "Asyūṭ Egypt". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 18
^ "North Africa Pipelines map - Crude Oil (petroleum) pipelines -
Natural Gas pipelines - Products pipelines". Theodora.com/pipelines.
Archived from the original on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-19.
Egypt Climate Index". Climate Charts. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
^ "Asyut, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
Asyut Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
Asyut Climate and Weather Averages, Egypt". Retrieved 12 December
^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Lycopolis". Catholic
Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "article
name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John
Loprieno, Antonio: Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Oxford
U Press 1996. ISBN 0-521-44849-2
Baines & Malek Cultural Atlas of Ancient Egypt, 2000.
Kahl, Jochem: "Ancient Asyut: The first Synthesis after Three Hundred
Years of Research", The
Asyut Project vol. I. Wiesbaden 2008.
Sources and external links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Asyut.
Asyut travel guide from Wikivoyage
Coordinates: 27°11′N 31°10′E / 27.183°N 31.167°E /
Governorates capitals of Egypt
Beni Suef (Beni Suef)
Kafr El Sheikh
Kafr El Sheikh (Kafr El Sheikh)
Matrouh (Mersa Matrouh)
New Valley (Kharga)
North Sinai (Arish)
Port Said (Port Said)
Red Sea (Hurghada)
South Sinai (El Tor)
Upper Egyptian cities
Egyptian cities and towns by population
1,000,000 and more
Shubra El Kheima
El Mahalla El Kubra
6th of October
Kafr El Dawwar
Kafr El Sheikh
New Borg El Arab
Shibin El Kom
Sharm El Sheikh