The refers to a collection of governing rules compiled and promulgated in 689, one of the first, if not the first collection of Ritsuryō laws in classical Japan. This also marks the initial appearance of the central administrative body called the ''Daijō-kan'' (Council of State) composed of the three ministers—the ''Daijō-daijin'' (Chancellor), the ''Sadaijin'' (Minister of the Left) and the ''Udaijin'' (Minister of the Right).Hall, John Whitney ''et al.'' (1993)
''The Cambridge History of Japan'', p. 232.
/ref> In 662, Emperor Tenji is said to have compiled the first Japanese legal code known to modern historians. The Ōmi-ryō, consisting of 22 volumes, was promulgated in the last year of Tenji's reign. This legal codification is no longer extant, but it is said to have been refined in what is known as the Asuka Kiyomihara ''ritsu-ryō'' of 689. The compilation was commenced in 681 under Emperor Tenmu. The Emperor died in 686, but the finalization of the Code took a few more years. It was promulgated in 689. These are understood to have been a forerunner of the ''Taihō ritsu-ryō'' of 701.Varley, John. (1980). ''A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: "Jinnō Shōtōki" of Kitabatake Chikafusa'', p. 136 n43. Although not "finalized" (not incorporating a penal code, a ''ritsu'', for instance), the code already incorporated several important regulations (for instance compulsory registration for citizens), which paved the way for the more complete Taihō Code.

See also

* Ritsuryō * Ōmi Code * Taihō Code * Yōrō Code



* Farris, William Wayne. (1998)
''Sacred Texts and Buried Treasures: Issues in the Historical Archaeology of Ancient Japan.''
Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. * Hall, John Whitney, Delmer M. Brown and Kozo Yamamura. (1993)
''The Cambridge History of Japan.''
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. * Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959)
''The Imperial House of Japan.''
Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society
OCLC 194887
* Varley, H. Paul, ed. (1980). Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359, ''Jinnō Shōtōki ("A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa" translated by H. Paul Varley).'' New York: Columbia University Press. {{ISBN|0-231-04940-4 Category:7th century in Japan Category:Legal history of Japan Category:Legal codes Category:7th century in law Category:Emperor Tenmu Category:689