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Coordinates: 34°28′43″N 135°49′13″E / 34.478731°N 135.820214°E / 34.478731; 135.820214

Front of the Main Hall at Asuka-dera, Asuka, Nara

Great Buddha of Asuka-dera

Asuka-dera
Asuka-dera
(飛鳥寺), also known as Hōkō-ji (法興寺), is a Buddhist
Buddhist
temple in Asuka, Nara. Asuka-dera
Asuka-dera
is regarded as one of the oldest temples in Japan.

Contents

1 Temple complex 2 See also 3 References 4 Bibliography 5 External links

Temple complex[edit] A number of records refer to the origin of the temple, such as the Nihongi
Nihongi
and Fusō-ryakuki. The original buildings of what was then called Hōkō-ji were constructed in 588, shortly after the introduction of Buddhism to Japan, under the orders of Soga no Umako.[1][2] The temple was built using the guidance of craftsmen from the ancient Korean kingdom of Baekje.[3] Following the transfer of the capital from Asuka to Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
(now Nara city), the buildings of Asuka-dera
Asuka-dera
were also removed from the original site in Asuka to Nara in 718 CE, and developed into a huge temple under the name of Gangō-ji. The original site of Hōkō-ji was also maintained as a temple, which survives into modern times.[4] The main object of worship at Asuka-dera
Asuka-dera
is the bronze Great Buddha, which said to have been made by Kuratsukuri no Tori in the early seventh century. The statue is designated as an Important Cultural Property.

Sculpture of Prince Shōtoku
Prince Shōtoku
depicted as a bodhisattva in Asuka-dera, Asuka, Nara

See also[edit]

Gangō-ji Historical Sites of Prince Shōtoku For an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhist
Buddhist
art, and Japanese Buddhist
Buddhist
temple architecture, see the Glossary of Japanese Buddhism.

References[edit]

^ Kawagoe, Aileen. Heritage of Japan https://heritageofjapan.wordpress.com/inception-of-the-imperial-system-asuka-era/how-buddhism-came-to-take-root-in-japan/.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Aston, William. (2005). Nihongi, p. 101. ^ Asuka Historical Museum http://www.asukanet.gr.jp/asukahome/ASUKA2/ASUKATERA/asukadera.html. Retrieved 6 June 2017.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Martin, John et al. (1993). Nara: A Cultural Guide to Japan's Ancient Capital, p. 121;

Bibliography[edit]

Aston, William G. (2005). Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Company. ISBN 0-8048-3674-4 Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). [ Jien, c. 1220], Gukanshō
Gukanshō
(The Future and the Past, a translation and study of the Gukanshō, an interpretative history of Japan written in 1219). Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03460-0 Martin, John H. and Phyllis G. Martin. (1993). Nara: A Cultural Guide to Japan's Ancient Capital. Tokyo: Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8048-1914-5 Shimura, Izuru. (1998). Kōjien, 5th edition. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten. ISBN 978-4-00-080111-9 (cloth) Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887 Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652], Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. Varley, H. Paul , ed. (1980). [ Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359], Jinnō Shōtōki ("A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki
Jinnō Shōtōki
of Kitabatake Chikafusa" translated by H. Paul Varley). New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-04940-4

External links[edit]

Asuka Historical Museum website Gango-ji as world heritage site (JAL) Gango-ji in context of Nara tourism

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Asukadera.

v t e

Buddhist
Buddhist
temples in Japan

Japanese Buddhist
Buddhist
architecture

Architectonic elements

hidden roof hisashi irimoya kaerumata: see nakazonae kairō karahafu karesansui kentozuka: see nakazonae komainu katōmado mokoshi moya nakazonae Niō or Kongōrikishi sandō shichidō garan shōrō sōrin tokyō tōrō onigawara

Mon (gates)

karamon nijūmon niōmon rōmon sanmon sōmon torii

Buildings

Chinjusha chōzuya/temizuya -dō main hall (kon-dō, hon-dō, butsuden) kuri kyōzō or kyō-dō shoin

Japanese pagodas

gorintō hōkyōintō hōtō kasatōba sotōba muhōtō tahōtō

Styles

Daibutsuyō Wayō Setchūyō Shoin-zukuri Shin-Wayō Zenshūyō Ōbaku
Ōbaku
Zen
Zen
architecture

Others

A-un ken

Schools and objects of worship

Major schools

Jōdo Nichiren Shingon Tendai

Zen
Zen
schools

Sōtō Ōbaku Rinzai

Nanto rokushū

Jōjitsu Hossō Kusha Kegon Ritsu Sanron

Objects of worship

Amida Nyōrai Benzaiten Dainichi Nyorai Jizō Kannon Marishi-ten Shaka Nyorai Shitennō (Four Kings) Twelve Heavenly Generals
Twelve Heavenly Generals
(Jūni Shinshō) Yakushi Nyorai

Other elements

Implements

kei (ritual gong) mokugyō

Others

bussokuseki butsudan Glossary of Japanese Buddhism Japanese Buddhist
Buddhist
pantheon jingū-ji m

.