Aste-Béon is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Astois et Béonais or Astoises et Béonaises.
Aste-Béon is located in the heart of the Ossau Valley some 33 km south-east of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and 7 km north of Laruns. Access to the commune is by road D240 from Castet in the north passing south down the valley in the west of the commune through the village and continuing to Béost in the south. The D290 connects the village of Béon in the north-east to the D934 road which runs from north to south parallel to the commune's western border. Most of the commune is rugged mountains with substantial forests except for a narrow strip down the western side of the commune in the Ossau Valley where there is farmland.
The Gave d'Ossau forms most of the western border of the commune as it flows north down the Ossau Valley eventually joining the Gave d'Aspe at Oloron-Sainte-Marie. The Lamay river rises in the east of the commune and flows west to join the Gave d'Ossau just south of the village. The Arrigast flows into the Gave d'Ossau from the left bank forming the northern border of the commune on that side of the river.
Places and hamlets
- Grange l'Art
- Boala d'Aste
- Grange Borie
- La Coumète
- Le Coutchet
- Dès (Barns)
- Le Génébra
- Grange Lavigne
- Grange Loustalet
- Grange d'Ourdou
- Peyraube (Forest)
- Le Port d'Aste
- Le Port de Béon
- Grange Salle
- Le Sarrat
Neighbouring communes and villages
The commune name in béarnais is Asta-Bion.
Michel Grosclaude said that the name Aste comes from the basque aitz/as ("rocky point"). He suggested that the name Béon comes from the pre-indo-European oronymic root *ben
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
||Val de Tena
||Beo de la Bag d'Ossau
||Sent Felix de Béon
|Le Port de Béon
||Le parsan du Port
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (in French)
- Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 (in French)
- Ossau: Notaries of Ossau
- Val de Tena: Treaty of Ossau - Val de Tena
- Luntz: Contracts of Luntz
- Carresse: Contracts of Carresse
- Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron
- Denombrement: Denombremont of Aste
- Cassini Map: Cassini Map from 1750
In 1385 Aste had 18 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Ossau. In the same year Béon also had 18 fires and belonged to the same bailiwick. The fief of Béon depended on the Viscounts of Béarn.
House in Aste-Béon village
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of three inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of the Ossau Valley;
- the SIVU for the construction of the Retirement home in Haut-Ossau;
- the joint association of Haut-Béarn;
The commune is part of the Pays d'Oloron et du Haut-Béarn.
In 2010 the commune had 283 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Population change (See database)
Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
Population of Aste-Béon
The economy of the commune has historically been orientated towards agriculture and livestock. The commuen is pat of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.
In 1769, Jean-Joseph d'Augerot, Chief Justice of the Parliament of Navarre built a foundry in the Ossau Valley at Béon. The foundry used minerals from old mines located at Aste.
Culture and heritage
- The Château of Béon (14th century) was occupied until the 17th century when it was abandoned until the 1980s. It remained the property of the House of Béon for all its history until its slow extinction in the 19th century. It is registered as a historical monument and has been completely restored.
The Church of Saint John the Baptist (19th century) at Aste is registered as a historical monument.
It contains a Chalice (1654) which is registered as a historical object.
A Natural reserve of nesting vultures was created by a Ministerial Decree of 11 December 1974 and is located across the territoris of Aste-Béon, Bielle, Bilhères, and Castet. The museum which is associated with it, called La Falaise aux Vautours, is at the entrance to the village.
The Pène de Béon is 1,251 metres high.
The commune is traversed from north to south by the GR of Pays du tour de la vallée d'Ossau.
Notes and references
- ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- ^ a b c Google Maps
- ^ a b c Géoportail, IGN (in French)
- ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
- ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (in French)
- ^ Notaries of Ossau in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- ^ Contracts retained by Luntz, Notary of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- ^ Contracts retained by Carresse, Notary of Béarn, Manuscripts from the 15th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- ^ Manuscripts from the 17th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- ^ Manuscripts from the 17th and 18th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Asson
- ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
- ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques Archived May 17, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 14 May 2012 (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA64000053 Château of Béon (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000527 Church of Saint John the Baptist (in French)
- ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000057 Chalice (in French)
- ^ La Falaise aux Vautours website (in French)
- ^ The GRP on the Community of communes website Archived May 17, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in French)
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