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The Asr prayer
Asr prayer
(Arabic: صلاة العصر‎ ṣalāt al-ʿaṣr, "afternoon prayer") is the afternoon daily prayer recited by practicing Muslims. It is the third of the five daily prayers (the Islamic date begins at maghrib). The Asr prayer
Asr prayer
consist of four sunnah and four fard. The five daily prayers collectively are one pillar of the Five Pillars of Islam, in Sunni Islam, and one of the ten Practices of the Religion (Furū al-Dīn) according to Shia Islam. When travelling, according to some madh'habs, it may be reduced to two rakaʿāt. The Asr daily prayer may be mentioned as the middle prayer in the Qur'an
Qur'an
at sura 2 (Al-Baqara), ayat 238,[1] and also the name of a short sura (surat al-Asr). This raises the middle daily prayer to a preciously higher rank for practicing Muslims in particular when it falls on Fridays.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Name variations 2 Ja'fari and Zaydi schools of thought 3 Hanafi, Hanbali, Shafi`i, and Maliki
Maliki
schools of thought 4 See also 5 Notes

Name variations[edit]

Region/country Language Main

Arab World Arabic صلاة العصر (Ṣalāt al-ʿAṣr)

Iran Persian نماز عصر

Pakistan, India Urdu نماز عصر (Asar namaaz)

Turkey Turkish Ikindi namazı

Azerbaijan Azeri Əsr namazı

Albania, Kosovo Albanian Namazi i pasditës

Balkans Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian Ikindija-namaz

Bengal Bengali আসর, আছর (Asor)

Greater Somalia Somali Salaada Casir

Malay World Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Melayu, Basa Sunda Salat
Salat
asar, Solat asar

Uzbekistan Uzbek Asr namozi

Ja'fari and Zaydi schools of thought[edit] According to the Ja'fari and Zaydi schools of thought the time period within which the Asr prayer
Asr prayer
must be recited is the following:

Time begins: once the Dhuhr
Dhuhr
prayer (mid-day daily prayer) has been recited.[2] Time ends: at the beginning of the setting of the Sun.

However, it is very important to recite the prayer as soon as the time begins. Letter 52 of Nahj al-Balagha
Nahj al-Balagha
contains instruction of Ali
Ali
to his governors on the timings of salat, "The Asr prayers can be performed till the sun is still bright and enough time of the day is left for a person to cover a distance of six miles." Hanafi, Hanbali, Shafi`i, and Maliki
Maliki
schools of thought[edit] The time period within which the Asr prayer
Asr prayer
must be recited is the following:

Time begins: The Sunni schools differ on when the time begins. The Maliki, Shafi`i, and Hanbali
Hanbali
schools say it is at the time when the length of any object's shadow equals the length of the object itself plus the length of that object's shadow at noon. The dominant opinion in the Hanafi
Hanafi
school says it begins when the length of any object's shadow is twice the length of the object plus the length of that object's shadow at noon.[3] Time ends: Once the sun has completely set below the horizon. However, it is frowned upon (and sinful in the Maliki
Maliki
school) to delay the prayer without a legitimate excuse to the point of the day in which the sun turns a pale red or orange color as it begins to set, though it would still be considered to have been prayed on time.

The Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
said, "He who observes Al-Bardan (i.e., Fajr and `Asr prayers) will enter Jannah.Sahih Bukhari and Muslim, Narrated by Abu Musa. In another hadith: Muhammad
Muhammad
said 'He who misses his Asr Salat
Salat
(i.e. reads it after its specified time) is as if he had lost his wife, children and all his wealth.’ (Sahih Muslim) See also[edit]

Dhikr Tasbih

Notes[edit]

^ Quran 2:238 ^ "Ways to pray and more about Fajr and Zohar".  ^ If the length of an object is 'x' inches. Its shadow's length at noon will be 'y' inches. When the length of the shadow becomes x+y inches, the time for Asr will have set in according to the majority. According to the minority, the shadow must reach 2x+y inches in order for Asr to begin.

v t e

Salah
Salah
(Islamic prayer)

Types of prayers (salat)

Mandatory daily prayers

Fajr Zuhr Asr Maghrib Isha Witr
Witr
(for Hanafis) Jumu'ah
Jumu'ah
(Friday prayer)

Communal mandatory

Salat
Salat
al-Janazah prayers for the absent

Congregational prayers

Jumu'ah Tarawih

Supererogatory prayers

Sunnah
Sunnah
salah Nafl salah Witr Duha Tahajjud

Special-purpose prayers

Salat
Salat
al-Istikharah Salat
Salat
al-Eid

Prayer unit (raka'ah) and components of prayer unit

Basmala Glorifying Allah (Takbir) Standing in salat Sitting in salat Recitation of Quran
Quran
(Tajweed) Bowing (Ruku) Prostrating (Sajdah) Tashahhud Taslim Sujud
Sujud
Sahwi

Mosque

Mihrab Podium (Minbar) Sermon (Khutbah) Musalla Prayer rug

Conditions

Call to prayer (Adhan Iqama) Salat
Salat
times Qibla Ablution (Wudu) Dry ablution (Tayammum) Full ablution (Ghusl) Screen or barrier (Sutr

.