Asoke Nath Mitra (born 1929) is an Indian physicist. For his work in theoretical nuclear and particle physics, he was awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize in 1969. He is currently professor emeritus at Delhi University.
Asoke Nath Mitra was born on 15 April 1929, in Rajshahi, now in Bangladesh, to Jatindra Nath and Rama Rani Mitra. His father, Jatindra Nath Mitra, taught mathematics in Ramjas College, Delhi University. Mitra too went to Ramjas College to study mathematics, obtaining his bachelor's degree in 1947 and M.A. in 1949. He started his work in physics in 1949, as a Ph.D. student working with R. C. Majumdar 
After his Ph.D., Mitra went to Cornell University, where he completed a second Ph.D., working with Freeman J. Dyson and Hans Bethe. Mitra returned to India in 1955, and was appointed Reader at Aligarh Muslim University. He moved to Delhi University as professor in 1963, where he remained until his superannuation in 1994. During 1989-94 he held a special chair, as INSA-Albert Einstein Research Professor. Mitra was head of the Department of Physics and Astrophysics during 1973-74, but stepped down without completing his three-year term. He held visiting appointments at Indiana University (1962–63) and at the University of Illinois at Chicago (1986–87).
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