Asko Parpola (born 1941) is a Finnish Indologist and Sindhologist,
current professor emeritus of
Indology and South Asian Studies at the
University of Helsinki. He specializes in the Indus script.
2.1 Dravidian hypothesis
7 External links
Parpola is a brother of the
Akkadian language epigrapher Simo
Parpola. He is married to Marjatta Parpola, who has authored a
study on the traditions of Kerala's Nambudiri Brahmins.
Parpola's research and teaching interests fall within the following
Indus Civilization /
Indus script and religion / Corpus of Indus Seals
Veda / Vedic ritual / Samaveda / Jaiminiya Samaveda texts and rituals
South Asian religions / Hinduism / Saiva and Sakta tradition / Goddess
South India /
Kerala / Tamil Nadu / Karnataka
Sanskrit / Malayalam / Kannada / Tamil / Prehistory of Indian
Prehistoric archaeology of South Asia and (in broad sense) Central
Asia / Coming of the Aryans
Two significant contributions of Parpola, to the field of decipherment
of the Indus script, are the creation of the now universally used
classification of Indus valley seals, and the proposed, and
much-debated, decipherment of the language of the script.
Main article: Indus script
According to Parpola the
Indus script and Harappan language are "most
likely to have belonged to the Dravidian family". Parpola led a
Finnish team in the 1960s-80s that vied with Knorozov's Soviet team in
investigating the inscriptions using computer analysis. Based on a
proto-Dravidian assumption, they proposed readings of many signs, some
agreeing with the suggested readings of Heras and Knorozov (such as
equating the "fish" sign with the Dravidian word for fish "min") but
disagreeing on several other readings. A comprehensive description of
Parpola's work until 1994 is given in his book Deciphering the Indus
1994: Deciphering the Indus Script, Cambridge University Press,
2015: The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and the Indus
Civilization, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-022692-3
1988: The coming of the Aryans to Iran and India and the cultural and
ethnic identity of the Dāsas, Studia Orientalia, Vol. 64,
pp. 195–302. The Finnish Oriental Society.
2008: Is the
Indus script indeed not a writing system? In: Airāvati:
Felicitation volume in honour of Iravatham Mahadevan: 111–31.
Parpola's long journal article The Coming of the Aryans is widely
cited by historians and scholars of Indo-European Studies. Colin
Renfrew, who has reviewed the article, called it a "richly annotated
and well-illustrated essay," which brings together a number of
different lines of arguments, including literary and archaeological.
It contains rich and interesting insights into a variety of topics,
including the "amalgamation of the Aryan and
Dasa religions," and the
Nuristani language. However, Renfrew found Parpola's methodology
wanting because, to him, it did not clearly lay out the structure of
the argument and the underlying assumptions. He listed the underlying
assumptions as the one that the Aryans considered themselves
immigrants in the lands described in their texts and the one that the
Dasas were themselves immigration populations. He considered both
these propositions to be doubtful.[note 1]
Asko Parpola received the Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi Classical Tamil
Award for 2009 on June 23, 2010 at the World Classical Tamil
Conference at Coimbatore.
^ Renfrew himself had suggested that Indo-European speakers had
migrated from Anatolia to Baluchistan in 6000 BC, bringing the
techniques of agriculture to the Indian subcontinent.
^ Helsinki University
^ Freeman, Rich; Parpola, Marjatta (April 2004). "
Kerala Brahmins in
Transition: A Study of a Namputiri Family". Journal of the American
Oriental Society. 124 (2): 385. doi:10.2307/4132247.
JSTOR 4132247. (Subscription required (help)).
^ Mahadevan Interview: Full Text
^ Bryant, Edwin (2001), The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture:
The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate, Oxford University Press,
^ The Hindu, Underlying language of Indus script, Proto-Dravidian:
Asko Parpola (1994), Deciphering the Indus script, Cambridge
^ a b Renfrew, Colin (April 1991), "The Coming of the Aryans to Iran
and India and the Cultural and Ethnic Identity of the Dāsas by Asko
Parpola (Book review)", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third
Series, 1 (1): 106–109, JSTOR 25182273
^ Parpola, Asko (1988), "The coming of the Aryans to Iran and India
and the cultural and ethnic identity of the Dāsas", Studia Orientalia
Electronica, 64: 196
^ Renfrew, Colin (1990), Archaeology and Language: The Puzzle of
Indo-European Origins, CUP Archive, Chapter 8,
Asko Parpola at Harappa.com
Asko Parpola in the Tuhat Research Database of the
University of Helsinki.
A. Arppe; L. Carlson; K. Lindén; J. Piitulainen; M. Suominen; M.
Vainio; H. Westerlund; A. Yli-Jyrä, eds. (2005), "Kimmo Koskenniemi's
first 60 years" (PDF), Inquiries into Words, Constraints and Contexts.
Festschrift in the Honour of Kimmo Koskenniemi on his 60th Birthday,
Saarijärvi: Gummerus Printing, pp. xiii–xv, archived from the
original (PDF) on September 26, 2006
Asko Parpola · · Nabi Bux Khan Baloch · ·
Hassam-ud-Din Rashidi · · Ahmad Hasan Dani ·
· Annemarie Schimmel · · Allama I. I.
Kazi · · Ghulam Ali Allana · ·
Jean-François Jarrige · · Muhammad Usman Diplai
ISNI: 0000 0001 2147 0237
BNF: cb12090043k (data)
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