ASKAM AND IRELETH is a civil parish close to
Barrow-in-Furness in the
county of Cumbria, in
North West England
North West England . Historically part of
Lancashire , it originally consisted of two separate coastal villages
with different origins and histories which, in recent times, have
merged to become one continuous settlement. The population of the
civil parish taken at the 2011 Census was 3,632.
Ireleth has its origins as a mediaeval farming village clustered on
the hillside overlooking the flat sands of the
Duddon Estuary . Askam
was established following the discovery of large quantities of iron
ore near the village in the middle of the 18th century.
The pair originally fell within the boundaries of the Hundred of
Lonsdale 'north of the sands' in the historic county of
but following local government reforms in 1974 became part of the
Cumbria , along with the rest of
River Duddon estuary and surrounding countryside have made
the area well known for its wildlife, while the villages' exposed
position on the eastern bank facing the
Irish Sea have encouraged the
establishment of wind energy generation, amid local controversy.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Ireleth
* 1.2 Askam
* 2 Environment
* 3 Location and transport
* 4 Politics and demographics
* 5 Sport
* 6 Public buildings
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 External links
A map from between 1850 and 1873, showing Ireleth
Ireleth is the smaller and older of the two villages, with its
origins stretching back to the
Viking occupation of Britain. It was
originally clustered along a stream, named 'Hole Beck', about half a
mile up the hill from the estuary below. It was also the junction of
four roads passing through the area. Firstly, there was the 'Sands'
road, named 'Marsh Lane' in maps of the 1850s, heading down the hill
towards the shore, where it met one of the possible routes for
crossing the treacherous tidal sands of the Duddon at low tide.
Secondly, there was the lane heading north along a ridge towards
Furness . Part of these two roads form today's A595 main
road. There was also a road leading up the stream's valley towards the
hamlet of Marton , and finally a road east over the hills towards
Viking origins exist in two forms: remains have been found near St.
Peter's parish church and the name of the village itself is Viking,
translated from the
Old Norse as 'hill-slope of the Irish'.
It is thought the village was included in the
Domesday Book ,
compiled soon after the
Norman Conquest , but there is debate over
which of the entries for the
Furness area in
William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror 's
census actually refers to modern day Ireleth. Several sources name a
settlement called Gerleuuorde, part of the
Manor of Hougun , as the
correct entry but there is no conclusive evidence to support this, not
least because of the discrepancies in spelling. Samuel Lewis' A
Topological Dictionary of England, written 1848, posits a different
contender as the true Ireleth. He claimed Ouregrave referred to the
village because of the existence of a mill named Orga-Mill, but he
conceded this was also conjecture. Lewis' full text on Ireleth is
IRELETH, a chapelry, in the parish of Dalton-In-Furness, union of
Ulverston, hundred of Lonsdale north of the Sands, N. division of
Lancashire, 3 miles (N.) from Dalton; containing 744 inhabitants.
Ogra-Mill, in this township, has been conjectured to be the Ouregrave
of the Domesday survey:
Roanhead is the point for crossing Dudden
sands by the ancient road into Cumberland. Upon the east borders of
Ireleth, also called Above Town, are the iron-mines of Whitridge,
Lindal Moor, Cross Gates, and Inman Gill, the richest and most
productive mines in Furness, with the exception of Cross Gates, the
works of which have been suspended. Many thousand tons of ore are
raised annually in the township. The living is a perpetual curacy; net
income, £100; patron, the Vicar of Dalton. The chapel was built in
1608, by Giles Brownrigg, and was originally intended for a school.
St. Peter's church (CoE), at the top of Ireleth
Middle Ages , the entire area was controlled by the
Cistercian monks of
Furness Abbey . During this time, Ireleth was
little more than one of many farming communities in Furness. The iron
ore developments of Askam largely bypassed Ireleth, and the village
developed slowly, housing farmers and workers from local towns. The
religious history of the village is recorded as starting around the
year 1608, when an endowment was created to fund a village school.
Giles Brownrigg, named variously as a local landowner or a tailor who
had left the area to make his fortune in London, gave money to
establish a school house and a salary for a schoolmaster. This
building existed on what is today Sun Street; the only remains today
are a font and a plaque, kept in the modern day school building,
Giles Brownrig caused this school house to be builded the 6 yeare of
King James ano 1608 and gave a yearly salari to the schole maister for
Ireleth featured in the Imperial Gazetteer of
Wales . In
this, it is said-
IRELETH, a village and a chapelry in Dalton-in-
Lancashire. The village stands at a st. of the
Furness railway, on the
E side of the Duddon sands, 2¾ miles N of Dalton; is a small sub port
to Lancaster; and maintains communication across the sands at low
water. The chapelry includes also the hamlets of Lindale and Marton;
but does not appear to have definite limits. Post town,
Dalton-in-Furness. The living is a p. curacy in the diocese of
Carlisle. Value, £100.* Patron, the Vicar of Dalton. The church
stands on an eminence, overlooking the Duddon. ”
Ireleth did not have a parish church at this point, falling into the
'Above Town' area, together with the hamlets of Marton and Lindal, of
the parish of Dalton-in-
Furness . Lacking a place of worship, it was
decided the newly built school could also be put to use as a chapel.
Lancashire border: none; padding: 4px 10px;">
That the Chappell of Irleth is not farr distant from its parish
Church , but neare enough thereto, and was onely built for a schoole,
and some for their perticuler ease would have the same made a Chappell
In 1860, Ireleth, along with the newly founded Askam, petitioned for
the creation of its own parish following the rapid increase in
population. Construction of a parish church began, with the money to
build St. Peter's coming from the new-found profits of iron ore
mining, giving rise to the name the 'Iron Church'. It was dedicated
for use on St. Peter's Day, 29 June 1865, but approval for a new
ecclesiastical parish of 'Ireleth-with-Askam' did not come until
almost ten years later in 1874.
The south side of the pier
Askam's history starts much more recently. In 1850, iron ore deposits
were discovered in the area by
Henry Schneider . These turned out to
be the second largest iron ore deposits in the country, with over 7
million tons of ore extracted. By 1896, 547 men were employed in the
pits by the village and in nearby
Roanhead , 347 of them underground.
Several hundred others worked in local mines at Mouzell (between
Ireleth and Dalton-in-
Roanhead and Dalton. Some were owned
by the Kennedy Brothers Ltd. firm of
Co and the
Millom and Askam Iron Company. The latter built four blast
furnaces in the village to smelt the iron ore being brought from mines
all over the peninsula by rail. The village continued to grow with
terraced houses and allotments erected for the flood of immigrant
labour needed to work the mines. They came from all parts of the
British Isles , with a large proportion coming from existing mining
Cornwall and Ireland. The Cornish in particular tended to
bring their families and settle, while the Irish often moved on to
wherever there was work. Others came from areas where Askam's mine
owners had other concerns, such as Scotland and
Wales . An old
Ireleth sign with a modern combined sign
Remnants of the steel industry remain in Askam, as evidenced by a
pier, consisting of slag from the works, that juts out into the bay
Millom . Also, numerous streets are named after the industry
and its owners. For example, 'Steel Street' is so named because of the
steel industry; 'Sharp Street' is named after Joseph Sharp, one of the
earliest people involved in Askam's steel industry; and 'Crossley
Street' after William Crossley, an early investor in the Askam steel
industry. The large numbers of slag banks left by the steel industry
around the village are now important sites for wildlife. By 1918, the
iron ore had run out and most of the industrial buildings were
demolished in 1933. Since then, Askam has grown with commuter homes,
exploiting the views over the
Duddon Estuary to the
Lake District .
Askam and Ireleth
Askam and Ireleth
Askam and Ireleth
Askam and Ireleth are both part of the
Furness peninsula, where the
suffix "-in-Furness" is sometimes added to place names, such as
Barrow-in-Furness and Dalton-in-
Furness . Askam, when referred to on
its own, often uses this but it is rare for Ireleth to be called
Ireleth-in-Furness. A possible explanation for this is that the
majority of in-
Furness place names were inventions of the railway that
either created the settlements or caused their rapid expansion;
Ireleth, untouched by the railway, was not affected by this
convention. However, Ireleth is often confused in archival records
with 'Kirkby Ireleth', the former name for the community (two miles to
the north) now known as Kirkby-in-
Furness . These communities are
differentiated in the Imperial Gazetteer of
England and Wales.
While the strip development has effectively created one larger
community in the past fifty years, residents of both villages still
retain a strong sense of being either from Askam or Ireleth. Road
signs read 'Askam and Ireleth' on entering the villages by road, but
an older 'A595 – Ireleth' sign still stands on the former boundary
between the two.
In administration terms, the civil parish of which they are both part
uses the name Askam with Ireleth, as does the local Women\'s
Institute (WI) which had previously been called Ireleth WI.
The upper slopes of the hill near Ireleth are home to dark blue
slate, and it is found on the roofs of several local dwellings.
Haematite , the bright red iron ore, was discovered in an
exceptionally large deposit—the second largest in the
country—south of the current villages in the 1840s. Askam sprung up
on the Ireleth marshes as a home for the miners attacking the new
deposit. The other mineral found in large quantities, conveniently
with a commercial use, is shale . This is fired with water to make red
brick, and the brickworks, which is still operational today, was built
in 1845 to exploit this.
Much wildlife is found on the Duddon Estuary, including 20% of the
national natterjack toad population, who are attracted to the shallow
breeding pools. The slagbanks around Askam are also very important as
nesting sites for the rare Sandwich terns that live in the area. The
beach is designated an Site of
Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
because of the range of flora and fauna present on the sands.
Askam and Ireleth Wind Farm can be found two kilometres east of
the village, on the southern slopes of Hare Slack Hill. Work on the
turbines started in late 1998, and the wind farm took eight months to
The Marton ,
Askam and Ireleth
Askam and Ireleth Windfarm Action Group (MAIWAG) was one
of the first such organisations in the UK dedicated to fighting
LOCATION AND TRANSPORT
Askam station and level crossing
The A595 is the main coastal route, designated a primary route ,
connecting Dalton and Carlisle via the Cumbrian Coast. Its southern
end is two miles (3 km) south of Askam at the junction with the A590
Furness bypass although formerly continued into Dalton. The
area is served by Stagecoach
Cumbria service, 7A and X7 as well as
various school services. There are plans to construct a crossing over
the Duddon between Askam and
Millom to reduce the long journey times
Furness and Copeland , due to the circuitous route of the A595
around the estuary. A scheme to build such a 'Duddon Crossing' remains
at the planning stage, but is nominated as a future project in county
Askam is located on the 150-mile (240 km)
Cumbrian Coastal Walk ,
which winds around the edge of the county. The railway line passing
through the two villages virtually bisecting them, with a bridge and a
level crossing by the station allowing people to cross the line. There
is a stop called
Askam Railway Station . Services run south to Barrow
and some continue on to the
West Coast Mainline
West Coast Mainline at Lancaster . To the
north the lines links to the
Sellafield nuclear power plant , a major
local employer, and onwards to Carlisle .
PLACES ADJACENT TO ASKAM AND IRELETH
ASKAM AND IRELETH
POLITICS AND DEMOGRAPHICS
As a civil parish , the villages have a parish council which usually
meets monthly, normally the third Tuesday of each month. All eight
councillors will be up for election at the forthcoming English local
government elections on 3 May 2007. The villages also fall into the
Dalton North ward of the borough, with voters electing three
councillors to represent them on the council. The ward also elects
one councillor to represent it on
Cumbria County Council. It is part
of the Barrow and
Furness parliamentary constituency , represented by
Labour MP John Woodcock . According to the most recent census, in
2001, the population of the (civil) parish is 3,632, with an even
balance of male and female.
The villages have several sporting facilities, including the
Fallowfield Park rugby league ground, home of Askam Amateur Rugby
League Football Club. Formed in 1879, the amateur club is a member of
Rugby League Association and in 2007–2008 were
elected to the
National Conference League Division 2, but withdrew
before the start of the season. There is Askam United Football Club
who play in the West
Lancashire Football League Division Two and
Duddon SC, a cricket team based at the old K Shoes factory social
club, now called Duddon Sports and Social Club. There is also a newly
formed junior football team and due to playing on the Sports Club
pitches, has taken the name of Duddon Sports Junior Football Club.
A 10-hole links golf course, belonging to the Dunnerholme Golf Club,
lies to the north of Askam. The course has one particularly
interesting feature, namely a green atop Dunnerholme Rock, a large
uneroded limestone rock which stands out from the surrounding flat
course and sands. The golf club has been in existence since 1905.
Askam and Ireleth
Askam and Ireleth has four village halls: Temperance Hall in Ireleth,
Askam Community Centre (formerly part of Askam School) which was
refurbished in 2010, Band Hall in Sandy Lane, the home of Askam it
was marked as a place of worship on Ordnance Survey maps of the late
19th century, and was used by the
Bible Christians , a Methodist
denomination. It later fell out of use as a religious centre, being
marked on maps in 1913 as simply a hall. The Temperance Hall was
closed before being renovated in the 1990s, and is now used as a
community centre and the location of parish council alternate months
with the Rankin Hall, which is also the meeting place for the local
Women\'s Institute .
As already mentioned, there is St. Peter's Church overlooking the two
villages atop Ireleth Hill, which is the oldest of the churches in the
villages, and holds the only churchyard in the villages and adjoins
the local cemetery; and the Temperance Hall that was once used as a
church. There are three other places of worship within the village.
In 1907, at a cost of £350, The Christian Meeting House was built on
Crossley Street in Askam, as a
Church of Christ Church. This became,
in 1956, St. Anthony 's
Catholic Church, and is still used in that
capacity today. Sadly it is due to close by the end of 2009. On
Duddon Road, in Askam, there is also a Methodist Church, called Duddon
Road Church. This is a shared building with the Church of
is the headquarters of the local scouts, cubs, beavers, rainbows and
There were once two other churches in the village, but they are no
longer in use as Churches. Zion, on Beach Street, Askam, was a
Primitive Methodist church that was founded in 1870. It closed in
1985. There was also a
United Methodist Church in Askam, and though
the building still stands on Duke Street, it is now used as a social
club. The Church was opened in 1878, on land that was donated by the
Furness Iron and Steel Company. and became the Rankin Hall (see above)
The Gospel hall on Duke Street closed some five years ago.
There is a lifeboat station, home of the Duddon Inshore Rescue, that
was established in 1970. Askam has a fountain commemorating Queen
Victoria 's Jubilee . There are two schools, Ireleth St Peter's CE
Primary School and Askam Village School, both of which are primary
schools. There are no secondary schools in the village. There is a
public library in Lord Street in Askam. It was originally built in
1904 as a reading room branch of Dalton-in-
Listed buildings in Askam and Ireleth
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