HOME
The Info List - Asiatic-Pacific Theater


--- Advertisement ---



SOUTHEAST ASIA

* Indochina (1940) * Indian Ocean (1940–45) * Philippines 1941–42 * Franco-Thai War * Thailand * Dutch East Indies * Malaya * Hong Kong * Burma (1941–42) * Singapore * Burma (1942–43) * Burma (1944) * Burma (1944–45) * Indochina (1945) * Malacca Strait * Jurist * Tiderace * Zipper * Strategic bombing (1944–45)

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC

* Dutch East Indies 1941–42 * Portuguese Timor * Australia * New Guinea * Philippines 1944–45 * Borneo 1945

NORTH AMERICA

* Attack on Pearl Harbor * Ellwood * Operation K * Aleutian Islands * Estevan Point Lighthouse * Fort Stevens * Lookout Air Raids * Fire balloon * Project Hula * PX

JAPAN

* Air raids * Mariana Islands * Volcano & Ryukyu Is * Tokyo * Starvation * Naval bombardments * Yokosuka * Sagami Bay * Kure * Downfall * Hiroshima "> Pacific Theater section of the National World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C.

The ASIATIC-PACIFIC THEATER, was the theater of operations of U.S. forces during World War II in the Pacific War during 1941-45. From mid-1942 until the end of the war in 1945, there were two U.S. operational commands in the Pacific. The Pacific Ocean Areas (POA), divided into the Central Pacific Area, the North Pacific Area and the South Pacific Area, :652–653 were commanded by Admiral Chester W. Nimitz , Commander-in-Chief Pacific Ocean Areas. The South West Pacific Area (SWPA) was commanded by General Douglas MacArthur , Supreme Allied Commander South West Pacific Area. During 1945, the United States added the United States Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific , commanded by General Carl A. Spaatz .

Because of the complementary roles of the United States Army and the United States Navy in conducting war in the Pacific Theater, there was no single Allied or U.S. commander (comparable to General Dwight D. Eisenhower in the European Theater of Operations ). There was no actual command; rather, the Asiatic-Pacific Theater was divided into SWPA, POA, and other forces and theaters, such as the China Burma India Theater .

CONTENTS

* 1 Pacific Ocean Area major campaigns and battles

* 1.1 North Pacific Area * 1.2 Central Pacific Area * 1.3 South Pacific Area

* 2 South West Pacific Area major campaigns and battles * 3 China-Burma-India Theater major campaigns and battles * 4 Notes * 5 Footnotes * 6 References

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA MAJOR CAMPAIGNS AND BATTLES

Japanese naval aircraft prepare to attack Pearl Harbor. Okinawa , 1945. A U.S. Marine aims a Thompson submachine gun at a Japanese sniper , as his companion takes cover.

NORTH PACIFIC AREA

* Aleutian Islands Campaign , 1942–43

* Battle of the Komandorski Islands , March 1943

CENTRAL PACIFIC AREA

* Attack on Pearl Harbor , December 1941 * Battle of Guam , December 1941 * Battle of Wake Island , December 1941 :651–652 * Doolittle Raid , April 1942 * Battle of Midway , June 1942

* Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign , 1943–44

* Makin Island raid , August 1942 * Battle of Tarawa , November 1943 * Battle of Kwajalein , February 1944 :751 * Battle of Eniwetok , February 1944

* Raid on Truk ( Caroline Islands ), February 1944

* Mariana and Palau Islands campaign , 1944

* Battle of Saipan , June 1944 :761 * Battle of the Philippine Sea , June 1944 :765 * Battle of Guam , July - August 1944 * Battle of Tinian , July - August 1944 * Battle of Peleliu , September - November 1944 * Battle of Angaur , September - October 1944

* Battle of Leyte Gulf , October 1944

* Battle of the Sibuyan Sea , October 1944 * Battle of Cape Engaño , October 1944

* Volcano and Ryukyu Islands campaign , 1945

* Battle of Iwo Jima , February 1945 * Battle of Okinawa , April 1945

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

* Guadalcanal Campaign , August 1942–February 1943

* Battle of Savo Island , 9 August 1942 :695 * Battle of the Eastern Solomons , 24–25 August 1942 :697 * Battle of Cape Esperance , 11–12 October 1942 :699 * Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands , 26 October 1942 :701 * Naval Battle of Guadalcanal . 12–15 November 1942 * Battle of Tassafaronga , 30 November 1942

* Solomon Islands Campaign , January 1942–November 1943

* New Georgia Campaign , June–August 1943 * Battle of Kula Gulf , 6 July 1943 * Battle of Kolombangara , 12–13 July 1943 * Battle of Vella Gulf , 6–7 August 1943

* Battle of Vella Lavella, August–October 1943

* Naval Battle of Vella Lavella : 6/7 October 1943 * Land Battle of Vella Lavella : 15 August – 9 October 1943

* Battle of Empress Augusta Bay , 1–2 November 1943 * Battle of Cape St. George , 25 November 1943

* Bougainville Campaign , November 1943 – April 1944 and on to August 1945

SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA MAJOR CAMPAIGNS AND BATTLES

* Philippines campaign, 1942

* Battle of Bataan , January–April 1942 * Battle of Corregidor , May 1942

* New Guinea campaign , 1942–45

* Battle of Rabaul , January–February 1942 * Invasion of Salamaua–Lae , March 1942 * Battle of the Coral Sea , May 1942 * Invasion of Buna-Gona , July 1942 * Kokoda Track campaign , July–November 1942 * Battle of Milne Bay , August–September 1942 * Battle of Goodenough Island , October 1942 * Battle of Buna–Gona , November 1942–January 1943 * Battle of Wau , January 1943 * Battle of the Bismarck Sea , March 1943 * Salamaua–Lae campaign , April–September 1943 * Finisterre Range campaign , September 1943–April 1944 * Huon Peninsula campaign , September 1943–March 1944 * Bougainville Campaign , November 1943–August 1945 * New Britain campaign , December 1943–August 1945 * Admiralty Islands campaign , February–May 1944 * Western New Guinea campaign , April 1944–August 1945 * Aitape–Wewak campaign , November 1944–August 1945

* Philippines campaign, 1944-45

* Battle of Leyte , October–December 1944

* Battle of Leyte Gulf , October 1944

* Battle of Palawan Passage , October 1944 * Battle of Surigao Strait , October 1944 * Battle off Samar , October 1944

* Battle of Mindoro , December 1944 * Battle of Lingayen Gulf , January 1945 * Battle of Luzon , January–August 1945 * Battle of Manila , February–March 1945 * Battle of Corregidor , February 1945 * Invasion of Palawan , February–April 1945 * Battle of the Visayas , March–July 1945 * Battle of Mindanao , March–August 1945 * Battle of Maguindanao , January–September 1945

* Borneo campaign, 1945

* Battle of Tarakan , May–June 1945 * Battle of North Borneo , June–August 1945 * Battle of Balikpapan , July 1945

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER MAJOR CAMPAIGNS AND BATTLES

* Burma, December 1942–May 1942 * India-Burma, April 1942–January 1945 * China Defensive, July 1942–May 1945 * Central Burma, January 1945–July 1945 * China Offensive, May1945–September 1945

NOTES

1944 Strategy Conference in Honolulu. Left to right: MacArthur, Roosevelt, Leahy , Nimitz. The discussion weighs the options of Formosa or the Philippine Islands as the next operational target in the Pacific theater.

* ^ Note that the Battle of Leyte Gulf is listed in both the Central Pacific Area (under Nimitz) and in the South West Pacific Area (under MacArthur). Leyte Gulf is where Nimitz's western thrust across the central Pacific Ocean intersected MacArthur's northern thrust across the western Pacific Ocean. While the Pacific Ocean command structure was convoluted, operations were "designed to sequence the SWPA's operations with POA's forces across the central Pacific. :IX-136The main purpose of sequencing is to arrange objectives/tasks in such a progression that collectively they lead to the accomplishment of the assigned ultimate objective in the shortest time possible and with the least loss of personnel and materiel." :IX-135 Nimitz provided, but maintained control over, Admiral Halsey\'s Third Fleet to cover and support Admiral Kinkaid\'s Seventh Fleet operating under General MacArthur. The result of this imprecise arrangement was the crisis precipitating the Battle off Samar . Halsey was operating under Commander in Chief, Pacific Operating Area's (Nimitz') Operations Plan 8-44. * ^ By US Navy's Third Fleet under Admirals Halsey and Nimitz. * ^ By US Navy's Task Force 38 under Admirals Mitscher and Nimitz.

FOOTNOTES

* ^ A B C D E F G H I Potter & Nimitz (1960). * ^ Douglas MacArthur as Supreme Commander SWPA * ^ A B C D E F G H I Silverstone (1968) pp.9-11. * ^ Kafka & Pepperburg (1946) p.185. * ^ Ofstie (1946) p.194. * ^ A B Vego 2007 * ^ Vego 2006 , pp. 126–130 * ^ U.S. Army Center of Military History . " World War II - Asiatic-Pacific Theater Campaigns - U.S. Army Center of Military History". U.S. Army Center of Military History. U.S. Army Center of Military History. Retrieved 21 October 2015.

REFERENCES

* Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-149-1 . * Drea, Edward J. (1998). In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army. Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-1708-0 . * Kafka, Roger; Pepperburg, Roy L. (1946). Warships of the World. New York: Cornell Maritime Press. * Miller, Edward S. (2007). War Plan Orange: The U.S. Strategy to Defeat Japan, 1897–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-500-7 . * Ofstie, Ralph A. (1946). The Campaigns of the Pacific War. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. * Potter, E. B. ; Nimitz, Chester W. (1960). Sea Power: A Naval History (First ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. * Silverstone, Paul H. (1968). U.S. Warships of World War II. Doubleday and Company. * Hakim, Joy (1995). A History of Us: War, Peace and all that Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509514-6 . * Vego, Milan N. (2007). Joint Operational Warfare: Theory and Practice. Newport, Rhode Island : United States Naval War College . * Vego, Milan N. (2006). The Battle for Leyte, 1944: Allied and Japanese Plans, Preparations, and Execution. Annapolis, Maryland : Naval Institute Press .

* v * t * e

World War II

* Asia and the Pacific

* China * South-East Asia * North and Central Pacific * South-West Pacific

* Europe

* Western * Eastern

* Mediterranean and Middle East

* North Africa * East Africa * Italy

* West Africa * Atlantic * North America * South America

* Casualties * Military engagements * Conferences * Commanders

PARTICIPANTS

Allies (leaders )

* Australia * Belgium * Brazil * Canada * China * Cuba * Czechoslovakia * Denmark * Ethiopia * France * Free France (from June 1940) * Greece * India * Italy (from September 1943) * Luxembourg * Mexico * Netherlands * New Zealand * Norway * Philippines (Commonwealth) * Poland * South Africa * Southern Rhodesia * Soviet Union * United Kingdom

* United States

* Puerto Rico

* Yugoslavia

Axis and Axis-aligned (leaders )

* Albania * Bulgaria * Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China * Independent State of Croatia * Finland * Germany * Hungary * Free India * Iraq * Italy (until September 1943) * Italian Social Republic * Japan * Manchukuo * Philippines (Second Republic) * Romania * Slovakia

* Thailand

* Vichy France

* Armed neutrality

RESISTANCE

* Albania * Austria * Belgium * Bulgaria * Czech lands * Denmark * Estonia * Ethiopia * France * Germany * Greece * Hong Kong * Italy * Japan * Jewish * Korea * Latvia * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Malaya * Netherlands * Northeast China * Norway * Philippines

* Poland

* Anti-communist

* Romania * Thailand * Soviet Union * Slovakia * Western Ukraine * Vietnam

* Yugoslavia

* Monarchists

TIMELINE

PRELUDE

* Africa * Asia * Europe

1939

* Poland * Phoney War * Winter War * Atlantic * Changsha * China

1940

* Weserübung * Netherlands * Belgium

* France

* Armistice of 22 June 1940

* Britain * North Africa * West Africa * British Somaliland * North China * Baltic States * Moldova * Indochina * Greece * Compass

1941

* East Africa * Yugoslavia * Shanggao * Greece * Crete * Iraq * Soviet Union (Barbarossa) * Finland * Lithuania * Syria and Lebanon * Kiev * Iran * Leningrad * Moscow * Sevastopol

* Pearl Harbor

* The outbreak of the Pacific War

* Hong Kong * Philippines * Changsha * Malaya * Borneo (1941–42)

1942

* Burma * Changsha * Java Sea * Coral Sea * Gazala * Dutch Harbor * Attu (occupation) * Kiska * Zhejiang-Jiangxi * Midway * Rzhev * Blue * Stalingrad * Singapore * Dieppe * El Alamein * Guadalcanal * Torch

1943

* Tunisia * Kursk * Smolensk * Solomon Islands * Attu * Sicily * Cottage * Lower Dnieper

* Italy

* Armistice of Cassibile

* Gilbert and Marshall Islands * Burma * Northern Burma and Western Yunnan * Changde

1944

* Monte Cassino / Shingle * Narva * Korsun–Cherkassy * Tempest * Ichi-Go * Overlord * Neptune * Normandy * Mariana and Palau * Bagration * Western Ukraine * Tannenberg Line * Warsaw * Eastern Romania * Belgrade * Paris * Dragoon * Gothic Line * Market Garden * Estonia * Crossbow * Pointblank * Lapland * Hungary * Leyte

* Ardennes

* Bodenplatte

* Philippines (1944–1945) * Burma (1944–45)

1945

* Vistula–Oder * Iwo Jima * Western invasion of Germany * Okinawa * Italy (Spring 1945) * Borneo * Syrmian Front * Berlin * Czechoslovakia * Budapest * West Hunan * Guangxi * Surrender of Germany * Project Hula * Manchuria * Manila * Borneo * Taipei

* Atomic bombings

* Debate

* Kuril Islands

* Shumshu

* Surrender of Japan

* End of World War II in Asia

ASPECTS

GENERAL

FAMINES

* Bengal famine of 1943 * Chinese famine of 1942–43 * Greek Famine of 1941-1944 * Vietnamese Famine of 1945

* Air warfare of World War II * Blitzkrieg * Comparative military ranks * Cryptography * Diplomacy

* Home front

* United States * Australian * United Kingdom

* Lend-Lease * Manhattan Project * Military awards * Military equipment * Military production * Nazi plunder * Opposition

* Technology

* Allied cooperation

* Total war * Strategic bombing * Puppet states * Women * Art and World War II

AFTERMATH

* Expulsion of Germans * Operation Paperclip * Operation Osoaviakhim * Operation Keelhaul * Occupation of Germany * Territorial changes of Germany

* Soviet occupations

* Romania * Poland * Hungary * Baltic States

* Occupation of Japan * First Indochina War * Indonesian National Revolution * Cold War * Decolonization * Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany * Popular culture

WAR CRIMES

* Allied war crimes

* Soviet war crimes * British war crimes * United States war crimes

* German (Forced labour ) / Wehrmacht war crimes

* Holocaust * Aftermath * Response * Prosecution

* Italian war crimes

* Japanese war crimes

* Unit 731 * Prosecution

* Croatian war crimes

* against the Serbs * against the Jews

Wartime sexual violence

* German military brothels * Camp brothels * Rape during the occupation of Japan * Sook Ching * Comfort women * Rape of Nanking * Rape of Manila * Rape during the occupation of Germany * Rape during the liberation of France * Rape during the liberation of Poland

PRISONERS

* Finnish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union * German prisoners of war in the Soviet Union * German prisoners of war in the United States * Italian prisoners of war in the Soviet Union * Japanese prisoners of war in the Soviet Union * Japanese prisoners of war in World War II * German mistreatment of Soviet prisoners of war * Polish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union * Romanian prisoners of war in the Soviet Union

* Bibliography * Category * Portal

* v * t * e

States and territories in the sphere of influence of the Empire of Japan during World War II

* State of Burma * Kingdom of Cambodia (1945) * Provisional Government of China * Reformed Government of China * Occupied Hong Kong * Shanghai Great Way Government * East Hebei Autonomous Council * Provisional Government of Free India * Karafuto Prefecture * Korea under Japanese rule * South Pacific Mandate * Kingdom of Laos (1945) * Manchukuo * Mengjiang * Second Philippine Republic * Taiwan under Japanese rule * Kingdom of Thailand * Empire of Vietnam *   Reorganized National Government of China * Occupied Guam * French Indochina (1941–1945) * Occupied Dutch East Indies * Occupied Malaya * Occupied Sarawak, Brunei, Labuan and British North Borneo * Occupied Singapore * Portuguese Timor

* Greater East Asia Conference * Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere * Pa

.