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The Info List - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal


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The Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal[1] is a United States
United States
military award of the Second World War, which was awarded to any member of the United States
United States
Armed Forces who served in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater from 1941 to 1945. The medal was created on November 6, 1942 by Executive Order 9265[2] issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The medal was designed by Thomas Hudson Jones; the reverse side was designed by Adolph Alexander Weinman
Adolph Alexander Weinman
which is the same design as used on the reverse of the American Campaign Medal
American Campaign Medal
and European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal. There were 21 Army and 48 Navy-Marine Corps official campaigns of the Pacific Theater, denoted on the suspension and service ribbon of the medal by service stars which also were called "battle stars"; some Navy construction battalion units issued the medal with Arabic numerals. The Arrowhead device
Arrowhead device
is authorized for those campaigns which involved participation in amphibious assault landings. The Fleet Marine Force Combat Operation Insignia is also authorized for wear on the medal for Navy service members who participated in combat while assigned to a Marine Corps unit. The flag colors of the United States and Japan
Japan
are visible in the ribbon. The Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal
Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal
was first issued as a service ribbon in 1942. A full medal was authorized in 1947, the first of which was presented to General of the Army Douglas MacArthur. The European Theater
European Theater
equivalent of the medal was known as the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal. Boundaries of Asiatic-Pacific Theater. (1) The eastern boundary is coincident with the western boundary of the American Theater. (2) The western boundary is from the North Pole south along the 60th meridian east longitude to its intersection with the east boundary of Iran, then south along the Iran boundary to the Gulf of Oman and the intersection of the 60th meridian east longitude, then south along the 60th meridian east longitude to the South Pole.[3]

Contents

1 U.S. Army campaigns 2 U.S. Navy campaigns 3 Other campaigns 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

U.S. Army campaigns[edit] Authorized Army military campaigns for the Pacific Theater are as follows:[4]

Philippine Islands 7 Dec 41 - 10 May 42 Burma, 1942 7 Dec 41 - 26 May 42 Central Pacific 7 Dec 41 - 6 Dec 43 East Indies 1 Jan 42 - 22 Jul 42 India-Burma 2 Apr 42 - 28 Jan 45 Air Offensive, Japan
Japan
17 Apr 42 - 2 Sep 45 Aleutian Islands 3 Jun 42 - 24 Aug 43 China Defensive 4 Jul 42 - 4 May 45 Papua 23 Jul 42 - 23 Jan 43 Guadalcanal 7 Aug 42 - 21 Feb 43 New Guinea 24 Jan 43 - 31 Dec 44 Northern Solomons 22 Feb 43 - 21 Nov 44 Eastern Mandates 7 Dec 43 - 14 Jun 44 Bismarck Archipelago 15 Dec 43 - 27 Nov 44 Western Pacific 17 Apr 44 - 2 Sep 45 Leyte 17 Oct 44 - 1 Jul 45 Luzon 15 Dec 44 - 4 Jul 45 Central Burma 29 Jan 45 - 15 Jul 45 Southern Philippines 27 Feb 45 - 4 Jul 45 Ryukyus 26 Mar 45 - 2 Jul 45 China Offensive 5 May 45 - 2 Sep 45

U.S. Navy campaigns[edit] Authorized Navy military campaigns for the Pacific Theater are as follows:[5]

Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 Wake Island (Johnston Island December 15–22, 1941) December 8–23, 1941 Philippine Islands Operation December 8, 1941 – May 6, 1942 Netherlands East Indies engagements January 23 – February 27, 1942 Pacific Specified Raids—1942 February 1, 1942 – March 10, 1942 Coral Sea May 4–8, 1942 Midway June 3–6, 1942 Guadalcanal-Tulagi landings (including First Savo) August 7–9, 1942 Capture and defense of Guadalcanal August 10, 1942 – February 8, 1943 Makin Raid August 17–18, 1942 Eastern Solomons (Stewart Island) August 23–25, 1942 Buin-Faisi-Tonolai raid October 5, 1942 Cape Esperance (Second Savo) October 11–12, 1942 Santa Cruz Islands October 26, 1942 Guadalcanal (Third Savo) November 12–15, 1942 Tassafaronga (Fourth Savo) November 30 – December 1, 1942 Eastern New Guinea operation December 17, 1942 – July 24, 1944 Rennel Island January 29–30, 1943 Consolidation of Solomon Islands February 8, 1943 – March 15, 1945 Aleutians operation March 26 – June 2, 1943 New Georgia Group operation June 20 – October 16, 1943 Bismarck Archipelago operation June 25, 1943 – May 1, 1944 Pacific Specified Raids—1943 August 31, 1943 – October 6, 1943 Treasury-Bougainville operation October 27 – December 15, 1943 Gilbert Islands operation November 13 – December 8, 1943 Marshall Islands operation November 26, 1943 – March 2, 1944 Asiatic-Pacific Specified Raids—1944 February 16, 1944 – October 9, 1944 Western New Guinea operations April 21, 1944 – January 9, 1945 Marianas operation June 10 – August 27, 1944 Western Caroline Islands operation August 31 – October 14, 1944 Leyte operation October 10 – November 29, 1944 Luzon operation December 12, 1944 – April 1, 1945 Iwo Jima operation February 15 – March 16, 1945 Okinawa Gunto operation March 17 – June 30, 1945 3d Fleet operations against Japan
Japan
July 10 – August 15, 1945 Kurile Islands operation February 1, 1944 – August 11, 1945 Borneo operations April 27 – July 20, 1945 Tinian capture and occupation July 24 – August 1, 1944 Consolidation and capture of Southern Philippines February 28 – July 20, 1945 Hollandia operation (Aitape Humboldt Bay-Tanahmerah Bay) April 21 – June 1, 1944 Manila Bay-Bicol operations January 29 – April 16, 1945 U.S.S. Navajo—Salvage operations August 8, 1942 – February 3, 1943 Action off Vanikoro July 17–21, 1943 Naval Group China (6 months duty required) February 19, 1943 – May 4, 1945 Task Group 30.4 May 22 – June 15, 1944 Task Group 12.2 July 5 – August 9, 1944 Specified Minesweeping Operations Pacific June 23, 1945 – March 2, 1946 Submarine War Patrols (Pacific – 1 star for participation in each war patrol) December 7, 1941 – September 2, 1945

Other campaigns[edit] For members of the U.S. military who did not receive campaign credit, but still served on active duty in the Pacific Theater, the following “blanket” campaigns are authorized for which the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal is awarded without service stars.

Antisubmarine December 7, 1941 – September 2, 1945 Ground Combat: December 7, 1941 – September 2, 1945 Air Combat: December 7, 1941 – September 2, 1945

See also[edit]

Service Star Arrowhead device Awards and decorations of the United States
United States
military

References[edit]

^ 578.49 Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal ^ *Federal Register for Executive Order 9265 ^ [1] Army Regulation 600–8–22 ^ Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal description, Clothing and Insignia PSID, US Army TACOM ^ Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual, NAVPERS 15,790 (REV.1953), Part III. - List of Authorized Operations and Engagements, ASIATIC-PACIFIC AREA

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal.

Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal - Criteria, Background, and Images Navy Authorized Pacific Theater Engagements US Army TACOM, Clothing and Insignia PSID, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal

v t e

United States
United States
Campaign, Expeditionary, and Service Medals

19th century

  Civil War Campaign Medal   Indian Campaign Medal   Dewey Medal   Sampson Medal   Cardenas Medal
Cardenas Medal
of Honor   West Indies Campaign Medal   Spanish Campaign Medal   Spanish War Service Medal   Army of Cuban Occupation Medal   Army of Puerto Rican Occupation Medal   Philippine Campaign Medal   Philippine Congressional Medal

Early 20th century

  China Campaign Medal
China Campaign Medal
(Army)   China Relief Expedition Medal
China Relief Expedition Medal
(Navy)   Cuban Pacification Medal (Army)   Cuban Pacification Medal (Navy)   Nicaraguan Campaign Medal   Haitian Campaign Medal   Dominican Campaign Medal

World War I era

  Mexican Service Medal   Mexican Border Service Medal   World War I Victory Medal   Texas Cavalry Medal   Army of Occupation of Germany Medal

Inter war era

  Navy Expeditionary Medal   Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal   Haitian Campaign Medal   NC-4 Medal   Second Nicaraguan Campaign Medal   Yangtze Service Medal   Byrd Antarctic Expedition Medal   Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition Medal   United States
United States
Antarctic Expedition Medal

World War II era

  China Service Medal   American Defense Service Medal   Women's Army Corps Service Medal   American Campaign Medal   European–African–Middle Eastern Campaign Medal   Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal   World War II Victory Medal   Army of Occupation Medal   Navy Occupation Service Medal   Medal for Humane Action

Late 20th century

  National Defense Service Medal   Korean Service Medal   Antarctica Service Medal   Coast Guard Arctic Service Medal   Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal   Vietnam Service Medal   Southwest Asia Service Medal   Kosovo Campaign Medal   Armed Forces Service Medal   Humanitarian Service Medal   Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal

21st century

  Afghanistan Campaign Medal   Iraq Campaign Medal   Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal   Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal   Global War on Terrorism Service Medal   Korea Defense Service Medal   Air and Space Campaign Medal   Nuclear Deterrence Operat

.