HOME
The Info List - Asian Highway Network



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i)

The ASIAN HIGHWAY (AH) project , also known as the GREAT ASIAN HIGHWAY, is a cooperative project among countries in Asia and Europe and the United Nations
United Nations
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), to improve the highway systems in Asia. It is one of the three pillars of the Asian Land Transport Infrastructure Development (ALTID) project, endorsed by the ESCAP commission at its 48th session in 1992, comprising Asian Highway, Trans-Asian Railway (TAR) and facilitation of land transport projects.

Agreements have been signed by 32 countries to allow the highway to cross the continent and also reach to Europe. Some of the countries taking part in the highway project are India
India
, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
, Pakistan
Pakistan
, China
China
, Iran
Iran
, Japan
Japan
, South Korea
South Korea
and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
. Most of the funding comes from the larger, more advanced Asian nations like Japan, India, South Korea
South Korea
and China
China
as well as international agencies such as the Asian Development Bank
Asian Development Bank
.

The project aims to make maximum use of the continent's existing highways to avoid the construction of newer ones, except in cases where missing routes necessitate their construction. Project
Project
Monitor, an Asian infrastructure news website, has commented that "early beneficiaries of the Asian Highway
Highway
project are the planners within the national land transport department of the participating countries it assists them in planning the most cost-effective and efficient routes to promote domestic and international trade. Non-coastal areas, which are often negligible, are the other beneficiaries."

However, in the mid-2000s some transportation experts were sceptical about the viability of the project given the economic and political climate in both South and South-East Asia.

The Asian Highway
Highway
Network is going to take over 2 projects, one is the AH 45 and the other is the new AH 45A. AH 45A is the new highway all over Asia from Tonghua to Sana'a.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Implications * 3 Regional perceptions of the project * 4 Routes * 5 Numbering and signage * 6 First car crossing

* 7 Route log

* 7.1 AH1
AH1
to AH8: Continent-Wide Routes * 7.2 AH10 to AH29 and AH100 to AH299: Southeast Asia Routes * 7.3 AH30 to AH39 and AH300 to AH399: East Asia and Northeast Asia Routes * 7.4 AH40 to AH59 and AH400 to AH599: Indian Subcontinent Routes * 7.5 AH60 to AH89 and AH600 to AH899: North Asia, Central Asia and Southwest Asia Routes

* 8 Distance by country * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

The AH project was initiated by the United Nations
United Nations
in 1959 with the aim of promoting the development of international road transport in the region. During the first phase of the project (1960–1970) considerable progress was achieved, however, progress slowed down when financial assistance was suspended in 1975.

ESCAP has conducted several projects in cooperation with AH member countries step by step after the endorsement of ALTID in 1992.

The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway
Highway
Network (IGA) was adopted on November 18, 2003, by the Intergovernmental Meeting; the IGA includes Annex I, which identifies 55 AH routes among 32 member countries totalling approximately 140,000 km (87,500 miles), and Annex II "Classification and Design Standards". During the 60th session of the ESCAP Commission at Shanghai, China
China
, in April 2004, the IGA treaty was signed by 23 countries. By 2013, 29 countries had ratified the agreement.

IMPLICATIONS

The advanced highway network would provide for greater trade and social interactions between Asian countries, including personal contacts, project capitalizations, connections of major container terminals with transportation points, and promotion of tourism via the new roadways.

REGIONAL PERCEPTIONS OF THE PROJECT

According to Om Prakash, "It's an excellent step taken by ESCAP to gather all the Asian countries under one crown but the problem with this project is political disputes between some countries, notably Pakistan
Pakistan
and Myanmar
Myanmar
, which is delaying the project".

ROUTES

Route AH1
AH1
is proposed to extend from Tokyo
Tokyo
to the border with Bulgaria
Bulgaria
west of Istanbul
Istanbul
and Edirne
Edirne
, passing through both Koreas , China
China
and other countries in Southeast, Central and South Asia
South Asia
. The corridor is expected to improve trade links between East Asian countries, India
India
and Russia
Russia
. To complete the route, existing roads will be upgraded and new roads constructed to link the network. US$25 billion has been spent or committed as of 2007, with additional US$18 billion needed for upgrades and improvements to 26,000 km of highway.

NUMBERING AND SIGNAGE

The project new highway route numbers begin with "AH", standing for "Asian Highway", followed by one, two or three digits. Single-digit route numbers from 1 to 9 are assigned to major Asian Highway
Highway
routes which cross more than one subregion. Two- and three-digit route numbers are assigned to indicate the routes within subregions, including those connecting to neighbouring subregions, and self-contained highway routes within the participating countries. Route numbers are printed in the Latin script
Latin script
and Hindu-Arabic numerals and may simply be added to existing signage, like the E-road network .

The actual design of the signs has not been standardized, only that the letters and digits are in white or black, but the color, shape and size of the sign being completely flexible. Most examples feature a blue rectangular shield with a white inscription (similar to German Autobahn
Autobahn
signage) with further examples of white on green and black on white rectangular shields.

FIRST CAR CROSSING

What is believed to be the first car crossing of the full extent (East to West) of the new Asian Highway
Highway
was achieved by Britons Richard Meredith and Phil Colley in 2007 driving an Aston Martin .

Following the AH1
AH1
and the AH5
AH5
from Tokyo
Tokyo
(the Highway
Highway
grid's furthest point East) to Istanbul
Istanbul
(furthest West), they drove a total of 12089 km (7512 miles) before joining the European motorway network for another 3259 km (2025 miles) to London.

Including ferry trips and customs clearance delays, the journey took 49 days and crossed 18 countries.

The completed route was verified by Aston Martin and the UN\'s Asian Commission (UNESCAP) in Bangkok
Bangkok
, whose director of transport and tourism Barry Cable confirmed "I can warrant that, to my best knowledge, this was the first car to undertake this journey".

Eurowatch in London provided independent corroboration by tracking the car's location from satellite position reports and plotting the vehicle's location throughout the journey.

Meredith, a travel author and veteran of distance-driving events, agreed to make the attempt after attending the Asian Highway
Highway
Treaty's "coming into force" ceremony in Bangkok
Bangkok
on July 4, 2005.

He was lent an Aston Martin V8 Vantage which had previously been the personal transport of the company's chief executive Dr Ulrich Bez and recruited Phil Colley, a linguist and travel expert from Kennington
Kennington
, South London, to be his co-driver. The car was shipped out to Tokyo
Tokyo
by the company and they set off on June 25.

Although the trip was facilitated by UN ESCAP through its member nations, there were still extensive problems including enforced detours and interminable customs clearance delays in China, pot-holed roads in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and leaded-only fuel in Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
. In Tbilisi, Georgia , the journey car crashed after being left on a hillside with its handbrake unsecured.

When the record-setting car returned a welcome-home reception was staged by Aston Martin at the Park Lane Hotel in London and Meredith later received a civic award from his home town of Milton Keynes .

The car was sold at auction in December 2007 by Bonhams
Bonhams
and the proceeds donated to UNICEF
UNICEF
, the United Nations
United Nations
Children's Fund. In March 2008 a total collection of 83,000 euros was presented to UNICEF China
China
for a campaign to reduce child deaths on the roads of Beijing
Beijing
.

ROUTE LOG

AH1
AH1
TO AH8: CONTINENT-WIDE ROUTES

ROUTE NO. DISTANCE START END

AH1
AH1
20,557 km (12,848 miles) Tokyo
Tokyo
, Japan
Japan
Kapıkule , Turkey
Turkey
( Bulgaria
Bulgaria
- Turkey
Turkey
border)

AH2
AH2
13,177 km (8326 miles) Denpasar
Denpasar
, Bali
Bali
, Indonesia
Indonesia
Khosravi , Iran
Iran

AH3
AH3
7,331 km (4582 miles) Ulan-Ude , Russia
Russia
Shanghai
Shanghai
, China
China
Tanggu , China
China
Chiang Rai , Thailand
Thailand
and Kyaing Tong , Myanmar
Myanmar

AH4
AH4
6,024 km (3765 miles) Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk
, Russia
Russia
Karachi
Karachi
, Pakistan
Pakistan

AH5
AH5
10,380 km (6488 miles) Shanghai
Shanghai
, China
China
Kapıkule , Turkey
Turkey
( Bulgaria
Bulgaria
- Turkey
Turkey
border)

AH6
AH6
10,475 km (6547 miles) Busan
Busan
, South Korea
South Korea
Krasnoye , Russia
Russia
( Belarus
Belarus
- Russia
Russia
border)

AH7
AH7
5,868 km (3667.5 miles) Yekaterinburg
Yekaterinburg
, Russia
Russia
Karachi
Karachi
, Pakistan
Pakistan

AH8
AH8
4,718 km (2949 miles) Torfyanovka , Russia
Russia
( Russia
Russia
- Finland
Finland
border) Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni , Iran
Iran

AH10 TO AH29 AND AH100 TO AH299: SOUTHEAST ASIA ROUTES

SOUTHEAST ASIA ROUTES

ROUTE NO. DISTANCE START END NOTES

AH11 1,588 km (992.5 miles) Vientiane
Vientiane
, Laos
Laos
Sihanoukville , Cambodia
Cambodia

AH12
AH12
1,195 km (747 miles) Nateuy, Laos
Laos
Hin Kong , Thailand
Thailand

AH13
AH13
730 km (456 miles) Oudomxai , Laos
Laos
Nakhon Sawan , Thailand
Thailand

AH14 2,077 km (1298 miles) Hai Phong , Vietnam
Vietnam
Mandalay , Myanmar
Myanmar

AH15 566 km (354 miles) Vinh
Vinh
, Vietnam
Vietnam
Udon Thani , Thailand
Thailand

AH16 1,032 km (645 miles) Đông Hà , Vietnam
Vietnam
Tak , Thailand
Thailand

AH18
AH18
1,042 km (651 miles) Hat Yai
Hat Yai
, Thailand
Thailand
Johor Bahru Causeway , Johor Bahru , Malaysia
Malaysia

AH19 459 km (287 miles) Nakhon Ratchasima , Thailand
Thailand
Bangkok
Bangkok
, Thailand
Thailand

AH25 2,549 km (1593 miles) Banda Aceh , Indonesia
Indonesia
Merak , Indonesia
Indonesia
Also known as the Trans-Sumatran Highway
Highway

AH26 3,517 km (2198 miles) Laoag , Philippines
Philippines
Zamboanga , Philippines
Philippines
Also known as the Pan-Philippine Highway
Highway

AH111

Loilem, Myanmar
Myanmar
Thibaw, Myanmar
Myanmar

AH112

Thaton, Myanmar
Myanmar
Kawthaung
Kawthaung
, Myanmar
Myanmar

AH121

Mukdahan , Thailand
Thailand
Sa Kaeo , Thailand
Thailand

AH123

Dawei. Myanmar
Myanmar
AH2
AH2
in Thailand
Thailand

AH140
AH140

Butterworth, Malaysia
Malaysia
Pasir Puteh , Malaysia
Malaysia

AH141
AH141

Port Klang
Port Klang
Malaysia
Malaysia
Kuantan , Malaysia
Malaysia

AH142
AH142

Yong Peng , Malaysia
Malaysia
Gambang , Malaysia
Malaysia

AH143
AH143

Sengkang , Singapore
Singapore
Senai , Malaysia
Malaysia

AH150

Semantan , Sarawak
Sarawak
Tawau , Sabah
Sabah
Also known as the Pan-Borneo Highway
Highway

AH30 TO AH39 AND AH300 TO AH399: EAST ASIA AND NORTHEAST ASIA ROUTES

EAST ASIA AND NORTHEAST ASIA ROUTES

ROUTE NO. DISTANCE START END

AH30 2,739 km (1712 miles) Ussuriysk
Ussuriysk
, Russia
Russia
Chita , Russia
Russia

AH31 1,595 km (997 miles) Belogorsk , Russia
Russia
Dalian , China
China

AH32 3,748 km (2342.5 miles) Sonbong , North Korea
Korea
Khovd , Mongolia
Mongolia

AH33 575 km (359 miles) Harbin
Harbin
, China
China
Tongjiang , China
China

AH34
AH34
1,033 km (646 miles) Lianyungang , China
China
Xi\'an , China
China

AH368
AH368

Chek Lap Kok , Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Sha Tin , Hong Kong
Hong Kong

AH374

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
, China
China
Kennedy Town , Hong Kong
Hong Kong

AH40 TO AH59 AND AH400 TO AH599: INDIAN SUBCONTINENT ROUTES

EAST ASIA AND NORTHEAST ASIA ROUTES

ROUTE NO. DISTANCE START END NOTES

AH41
AH41
948 km (592.5 miles) Teknaf , Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Mongla , Bangladesh
Bangladesh

AH42 3,754 km (2346 miles) Lanzhou
Lanzhou
, China
China
Barhi , India
India

AH43 3,024 km (1892 miles) Agra
Agra
, India
India
Matara , Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka

AH44 107 km (67 miles) Dambulla
Dambulla
, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Trincomalee
Trincomalee
, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka

AH45 2,030 km (1269 miles) Kolkata
Kolkata
, India
India
Bengaluru , India
India

AH46 1,967 km (1,222 miles) Hazira, India
India
Howrah
Howrah
,(Kolkata)

AH47 2,057 km (1286 miles) Gwalior
Gwalior
, India
India
Bengaluru , India
India

AH48 90 km (56 miles) Phuentsholing , Bhutan
Bhutan
Changrabandha , India
India
Bangladesh- India
India
border

AH51 862 km (539 miles) Peshawar
Peshawar
, Pakistan
Pakistan
Quetta
Quetta
, Pakistan
Pakistan

AH60 TO AH89 AND AH600 TO AH899: NORTH ASIA, CENTRAL ASIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA ROUTES

* AH60 , 2,151 km (1344 miles); Omsk
Omsk
, Russia
Russia
(on AH6) to Burubaital , Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(on AH7) * AH61 , 4,158 km (2599 miles); Kashgar
Kashgar
, China
China
(on AH4/AH65) to border between Russia
Russia
and Ukraine
Ukraine
* AH62 , 2,722 km (1701 miles); Petropavl , Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(on AH6/AH64) to Mazari Sharif , Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(on AH76) * AH63 , 2,434 km (1521 miles); Samara , Russia
Russia
(on AH6) to Guzar
Guzar
, Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
(on AH62) * AH64 , 1,666 km (1041 miles); Petropavl , Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(on AH6/AH62) to Barnaul
Barnaul
, Russia
Russia
(on AH4) * AH65 , 1,250 km (781 miles); Kashgar
Kashgar
, China
China
(on AH4/AH61) to Termez
Termez
, Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
(on AH62) * AH66 , 995 km (622 miles); border between China
China
and Tajikistan
Tajikistan
to Dushanbe
Dushanbe
, Tajikistan
Tajikistan
* AH67 , 2,288 km (1430 miles); Kuitun , China
China
(on AH5) to Zhezkazgan , Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(on AH62) * AH68 , 278 km (174 miles); Jinghe , China
China
(on AH5) to Ucharal
Ucharal
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(on AH60) * AH70 , 4,832 km (3020 miles); border between Ukraine
Ukraine
and Russia
Russia
to Bandar Abbas , Iran
Iran
* AH71 , 426 km (266 miles); Dilaram , Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(on AH1) to Dashtak , Sistan and BaluchestanDashtak]], Iran
Iran
(on AH75) * AH72 , 1,147 km (717 miles); Tehran
Tehran
, Iran
Iran
(on AH1/AH2/AH8) to Bushehr
Bushehr
, Iran
Iran
* AH75 , 1,871 km (1169 miles); Tejen , Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
(on AH5) to Chabahar , Iran
Iran
* AH76 , 986 km (616 miles); Polekhumri , Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(on AH7) to Herat
Herat
, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(on AH1/AH77) * AH77 , 1,298 km (811 miles); Djbulsarcj , Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(on AH7) to Mary , Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
(on AH5) * AH78 , 1,076 km (672.5 miles); Ashgabat , Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
(on AH5) to Kerman
Kerman
, Iran
Iran
(on AH2) * AH81 , 1,143 km (714 miles); Larsi, Georgia to Aktau
Aktau
, Kazakhstan (on AH70) * AH82 , 1,261 km (788 miles); border between Russia
Russia
and Georgia to Ivughli , Iran
Iran
(on AH1) * AH83 , 172 km (107.5 miles); Kazakh , Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
(on AH5) to Yerevan
Yerevan
, Armenia
Armenia
(on AH81/AH82) * AH84 , 1,188 km (742.5 miles); Doğubeyazıt , Turkey
Turkey
(on AH1) to İçel , Turkey
Turkey
* AH85 , 338 km (211 miles); Refahiye , Turkey
Turkey
(on AH1) to Merzifon , Turkey
Turkey
(on AH5) * AH86 , 247 km (154 miles); Askale , Turkey
Turkey
(on AH1) to Trabzon
Trabzon
, Turkey
Turkey
(on AH5) * AH87 , 606 km (378.75 miles); Ankara
Ankara
, Turkey
Turkey
(on AH1) to İzmir
İzmir
, Turkey
Turkey

DISTANCE BY COUNTRY

The planned network runs a total of 140,479 kilometres (87,290 mi).

COUNTRY DISTANCE IN KM DISTANCE IN MILES

Afghanistan
Afghanistan
4,247 2,639

Armenia
Armenia
958 595

Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
1,442 896

Bangladesh
Bangladesh
1,804 1,121

Bhutan
Bhutan
1 0.621

Cambodia
Cambodia
1,339 832

China
China
25,579 15,894

North Korea
Korea
1,320 820

Georgia 1,154 717

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
91 57

India
India
11,432 7,104

Indonesia
Indonesia
3,989 2,479

Iran
Iran
11,152 6,930

Japan
Japan
1,200 746

Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
13,189 8,195

Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
1,695 1,053

Laos
Laos
2,297 1,427

Malaysia
Malaysia
4,006 2,489

Mongolia
Mongolia
4,286 2,663

Myanmar
Myanmar
3,003 1,866

Nepal
Nepal
1,321 821

Pakistan
Pakistan
5,377 3,341

Philippines
Philippines
3,517 2,185

Republic of Korea
Korea
907 564

Russia
Russia
16,869 10,482

Singapore
Singapore
19 12

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
650 404

Tajikistan
Tajikistan
1,925 1,196

Thailand
Thailand
5,112 3,176

Turkey
Turkey
5,254 3,265

Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
2,204 1,370

Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
2,966 1,843

Vietnam
Vietnam
2,678 1,664

SEE ALSO

* Asia portal

* International E-road network * Arab Mashreq International Road Network * Trans-Asian Railway * Japan– Korea
Korea
Undersea Tunnel * One Belt, One Road * Eurasian Land Bridge * Hippie trail
Hippie trail

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E F Kamat, Rahul The Great Asian Highway
Highway
Archived 2010-01-17 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
., Project
Project
Monitor website, 31 January 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-05 * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-28. Retrieved 2013-05-15. . * ^ "Priority Investment Needs for the Development for the Asian Highway
Highway
Network" Archived July 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
., accessed July 14, 2007 * ^ A B C D E Newswire Archived January 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine ., Tourism
Tourism
Commission of the International Geographical Union website. Retrieved 2009-05-05; * ^ McCartan, Brian Roadblocks on the Great Asian Highway, Asia Times website, 23 January 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-05; * ^ Letter 2007-07-09 Janette Green, Director Brand Communications, Aston Martin, Gaydon CV35 0DB, England * ^ Letter 2007-18-10 Barry Cable, Director Transport & Tourism Division, United Nations
United Nations
ESCAP (Economic & Social Commission for Asia color:white;">

* v * t * e

Asian Highway
Highway
Network

ACROSS THE WHOLE CONTINENT

* AH1
AH1
* AH2
AH2
* AH3
AH3
* AH4
AH4
* AH5
AH5
* AH6
AH6
* AH7
AH7
* AH8
AH8

SOUTHEAST ASIA

* AH11 * AH12
AH12
* AH13
AH13
* AH14 * AH15 * AH16 * AH17 * AH18
AH18
* AH19 * AH25 * AH26 * AH111 * AH112 * AH123 * AH140
AH140
* AH141
AH141
* AH142
AH142
* AH143
AH143
* AH150

EAST ASIA, NORTHEAST ASIA AND SOUTHEAST ASIA

* AH30 * AH31 * AH32 * AH33 * AH34
AH34
* AH368
AH368
* AH374

SOUTH ASIA

* AH41
AH41
* AH42 * AH43 * AH44 * AH45 * AH46 * AH47 * AH48 * AH51

NORTH ASIA, CENTRAL ASIA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA

* AH60 * AH61 * AH62 * AH63 * AH64 * AH65 * AH66 * AH67 * AH68 * AH70 * AH71 * AH72 * AH75 * AH76 * AH77 * AH78 * AH81 * AH82 * AH83 * AH84 * AH85 * AH86 * AH87

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asian_Highway_Network additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About * Disclaimers * Contact * Developers * Cookie statement * Mobile view

* *

Links: ------

.